Category: emotion

Episode 304: Genericide (live at Camp Doogs)

Some big corporations are paying big money to make sure you don’t use their names.

Usually they love it if their trademark name is well-known. But if it becomes so well-known that the name becomes generic, the company can lose the right to its own trademark.

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are coming at you from Camp Doogs with a live episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Download this episode
Listen on our Patreon page
Subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including

Anthony
Christopher

Beks
Christian
Chris
Damien
Erin
Mathias
Oleksandr

Abraham
Christy
David W
Kat
Matt
Whitney
and the podcast Lingthusiasm.

You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio and video, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 304: Genericide for everyone

Video episode 304: Genericide for patrons

Become a Patron!


Show notes

Faroe Islands Translate
https://www.faroeislandstranslate.com/#!/

Faroe Islands creates its version of Google Translate after tech giant snub
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2017/10/06/faroe-islands-creates-its-version-google-translate-after-tech-giant-snub

Religious affiliation impacts language use on Facebook
https://phys.org/news/2017-08-religious-affiliation-impacts-language-facebook.html

Why Christians are More Positive on Facebook
http://www.ncregister.com/blog/dblackman/why-christians-are-more-positive-on-facebook

Strewth! Scrabble gets a makeover Down Under as Australia gets first slang edition
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/09/14/strewth-scrabble-gets-makeover-australia-gets-first-slang-edition/

Fair-dinkum true blue words hit new Aussie version of Scrabble
http://www.news.com.au/national/queensland/fairdinkum-true-blue-words-hit-new-aussie-version-of-scrabble/news-story/b57b046abbac9b9ff277fc86adfa91b8

‘Genericide’: When brands get too big
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/analysis-and-features/genericide-when-brands-get-too-big-2295428.html

15 Product Trademarks That Have Become Victims Of Genericization
https://consumerist.com/2014/07/19/15-product-trademarks-that-have-become-victims-of-genericization/

Velcro’s video implores consumers to say ‘hook and loop’
https://www.cnbc.com/2017/09/26/the-associated-press-velcros-video-implores-consumers-to-say-hook-and-loop.html

Don’t Say VELCRO®
https://www.velcro.com/about-us/dontsayvelcro/

‘Kleenex Is a Registered Trademark’ (and Other Desperate Appeals)
https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/09/kleenex-is-a-registered-trademark-and-other-appeals-to-journalists/380733/

Adobe says stop using ‘Photoshop’ as a generic term
https://www.slashgear.com/adobe-says-stop-using-photoshop-as-a-generic-term-26399495/

Check out this list from Adobe of things you’re not supposed to say, especially number 13.
https://www.adobe.com/legal/permissions/trademarks.html

Spam-maker loses bid to trademark ‘spam’
http://www.smh.com.au/news/security/spammaker-wants-us-to-stop-calling-pesky-emails-spam/2006/10/12/1160246238013.html

Can You Trademark the Phrase “Let’s Roll”?
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/explainer/2002/02/can_you_trademark_the_phrase_lets_roll.html

Australian government: Common and prohibited signs
https://www.ipaustralia.gov.au/trade-marks/applying-for-a-trade-mark/decide-if-you-have-trade-mark/common-and-prohibited-signs

Trademark Erosion: Avoiding Genericide
https://www.mediamiser.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/MediaMiser-whitepaper-trademarkerosion.pdf

Should’ve seen it coming: the trademarking of public language
https://www.theguardian.com/law/shortcuts/2016/aug/17/shouldve-seen-it-coming-the-trademarking-of-public-language

I’ve Got a Problem: ‘No Problem’
https://www.wsj.com/articles/ive-got-a-problem-no-problem-1506463807

“No problem” vs “you’re welcome”
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/124189121619/no-problem-vs-youre-welcome

Aaron Dinkin NWAV paper: It’s No Problem to Be Polite: Apparent-Time Change in Responses to Thanks (PDF)
http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~dinkin/NoProblemHandout.pdf

‘Total monster’: fatberg blocks London sewage system
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/sep/12/total-monster-concrete-fatberg-blocks-london-sewage-system

10-Tonne ‘Fatberg’ Breaks West London Sewer

What is the difference between burg and berg in German city names?
https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-burg-and-berg-in-German-city-names

Anne Curzan: Sad React
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2017/10/04/sad-react/

Is ‘AF’ even a word?
http://mashable.com/2017/10/04/af-dictionary-real-world/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://img1.ak.crunchyroll.com/i/spire1/80797298242680078c5b7758a508620e1230926462_full.jpg

Episode 266: Names

What’s in a name?

Names contain a great deal of history, including our own personal history. Does your name have a meaning? How do names come about, and what are the conventions of naming in other places? And what about names that are vocationally appropriate?

DanielBen, and Kylie are taking names on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

This episode comes to you courtesy of our patrons Whitney, Matt, Christy, and our newest patron Zoe! They keep us talking.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Cutting Room Floor 266: Names

Episode 266: Names [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Facial expressions—including fear—may not be as universal as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/10/facial-expressions-including-fear-may-not-be-universal-we-thought

The fear gasping face as a threat display in a Melanesian society
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/10/12/1611622113

The 6th Inside Out Emotion That Got Cut From The Movie
http://www.cinemablend.com/new/6th-Inside-Out-Emotion-Got-Cut-From-Movie-72055.html

The Science of ‘Inside Out’
http://www.paulekman.com/facial-expressions/the-science-of-inside-out/

A Linguist Who Cracks the Code in Names to Predict Ethnicity
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/16/jobs/a-linguist-who-cracks-the-code-in-names-to-predict-ethnicity.html?_r=1

What’s in a Name? A Method for Extracting Information about Ethnicity from Names
http://pan.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/03/06/pan.mpu038.full

Name Ethnicity Classifier
http://www.textmap.com/ethnicity/

Midgley Surname
https://www.houseofnames.com/midgley-family-crest

Last name: Midgley
http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Midgley

SAMUEL MIDGLEY – First Fleeter
http://midgleywebpages.com/index-5.html

Given Name JACOB
http://www.behindthename.com/name/jacob

Why is Ἰάκωβος James and not Jacob?
https://billmounce.com/blog/why-ἰάκωβος-james-and-not-jacob

A Boy Named Humiliation: Some Wacky, Cruel, and Bizarre Puritan Names
http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/09/13/puritan_names_lists_of_bizarre_religious_nomenclature_used_by_puritans.html

A great GIF of the most popular girl’s name in all 50 US states
http://static.businessinsider.com/image/526419676bb3f7ac6e0a2913/image.jpg

Wikipedia: Jill
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jill

The Origins of 10 Nicknames
http://mentalfloss.com/article/24761/origins-10-nicknames

A Guide to People’s Names in Bali
http://www.inbali.org/peoples-names-in-bali/

7 Naming Customs From Around the World
http://blog.tesol.org/7-naming-customs-from-around-the-world/

Mr Born Naked, meet Mrs Small Poops
https://www.rnw.org/archive/mr-born-naked-meet-mrs-small-poops

How The Dutch Got Their Funny Names
http://baheyeldin.com/writings/culture/how-the-dutch-got-their-funny-names.html

Urban Legend alert: People’s names were not changed at Ellis Island arbitrarily.

Why Your Family Name Was Not Changed at Ellis Island (and One That Was)
https://www.nypl.org/blog/2013/07/02/name-changes-ellis-island

What is an Aptonym?
https://aptonyms-wiki.wikispaces.com

Wayne Schmuck, Used-Car Distributor
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/chatterbox/2006/05/wayne_schmuck_usedcar_distributor.single.html

Bernard Salt: Moralisers, we need you!
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/life/weekend-australian-magazine/moralisers-we-need-you/news-story/6bdb24f77572be68330bd306c14ee8a3

Millennials react to Bernard Salt’s attack on smashed avo
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/life/columnists/bernard-salt/millenials-react-to-bernard-salts-attack-on-smashed-avo/news-story/a0e8473f9e80663d7569364930aa0321

Are millennials actually bad at saving or are houses just unaffordable?
https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2016/oct/18/are-millennials-actually-bad-at-saving-or-are-houses-just-unaffordable

Smashed avocado discounted in cafes in wake of controversial saving advice for millennials
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-10-19/smashed-avocado-australian-cafes-offering-discounts/7945014

It’s not avocado on toast that’s keeping me out of the housing market
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/its-not-avocado-on-toast-thats-keeping-me-out-of-the-housing-market-20161018-gs4uuo.html

How I, A Millennial, Afforded A Deposit On My Own Home
http://goodbadwugly.blogspot.com.au/2016/10/how-i-millennial-afforded-deposit-on-my.html

The ‘gig economy’ is coming. What will it mean for work?
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/26/will-we-get-by-gig-economy

Gig economy workers at Uber and Lyft aren’t happy, survey finds
http://mashable.com/2015/05/20/on-demand-study/

Wikipedia: Wendy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wendy


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_yMxt9IGV4d8/TUAtxU0LylI/AAAAAAAABfA/UaOdUGreNOg/s1600/Names-dtl1.jpg

Episode 241: Emoji Disasters

What happens when emoji go wrong?

We all love to use emoji, but their inherent ambiguity means that misunderstandings can happen — not only across cultures, but across devices.

Linguist Daniel Midgley makes it clear on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Skeptic’s Dictionary: Myers-Briggs
http://skepdic.com/myersb.html

OCEAN scale
http://psychology.about.com/od/personalitydevelopment/a/bigfive.htm

Grammar Police Influenced By Personality Traits
http://wemu.org/post/grammar-police-influenced-personality-traits#stream/0

Personality influences how one reacts to email errors
http://www.healthcanal.com/life-style-fitness/71647-personality-influences-how-one-reacts-to-email-errors.html

The actual paper: If You’re House Is Still Available, Send Me an Email: Personality Influences Reactions to Written Errors in Email Messages
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0149885

Emojipedia
http://emojipedia.org

Sassy hand girl! 💁

High-five? or prayer? 🙏

Person raising both hands in celebration 🙌

Grinning face with smiling eyes 😁

What Your Favourite Emoji Symbols Actually Mean
http://www.popsugar.com.au/celebrity/What-Do-Emoji-Faces-Symbols-Mean-34639445#opening-slide

We’re All Using These Emoji Wrong
http://www.wired.com/2015/05/using-emoji-wrong/

No, the Praying Hands Emoji Is Not a “High Five”
http://gawker.com/no-the-praying-hands-emoji-is-not-a-high-five-1613936693

Can YOU decipher these emoji messages? Translators from 11 regions misunderstand ‘universal’ symbols – with hilarious results
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3196583/Can-decipher-emoji-messages-Translators-11-regions-misunderstand-universal-symbols-hilarious-results.html

What’s that emoji mean? It all depends on the device you’re using
http://www.pcworld.com/article/3053967/consumer-electronics/whats-that-emoji-mean-it-all-depends-on-the-device-youre-using.html

Careful… That Emoji Might Mean Something Very Different To Its Recipient
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2016/04/careful-that-emoji-might-mean-something-very-different-to-its-recipient/

9 Emojis That Look Completely Different on Other Phones
http://mentalfloss.com/article/70879/9-emojis-look-completely-different-other-phones

Investigating the Potential for Miscommunication Using Emoji
http://grouplens.org/blog/investigating-the-potential-for-miscommunication-using-emoji/

The actual paper: “Blissfully happy” or “ready to fight”: Varying Interpretations of Emoji
http://grouplens.org/site-content/uploads/Emoji_Interpretation.pdf

What does Slacktivism mean?
https://www.techopedia.com/definition/28252/slacktivism

The Panama Papers: leaktivism’s coming of age
http://www.theguardian.com/news/commentisfree/2016/apr/05/panama-papers-leak-activism-leaktivism

From Ricki: the dreaded Android hairy heart!
http://blog.emojipedia.org/android-50-emoji-changelog/

Phrase Finder: “talk the talk”
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/walk-the-walk.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.


Special thanks

To our very first Patreon benefactor: Matt Chilcote! Thanks!

Become a supporter on Patreon.

Midyear hiatus, 2014

Ben and I are taking a break, getting ready for the next round of language science, news, and interviews. So we’re in repeats for the next few weeks.

But I’m still talking to James Hall every Tuesday. Here we are talking about the origin of the word soccer.

Promo on 24 June 2014 with James Hall: “Soccer”

Here’s the map:
https://imgur.com/gallery/2GHdRDg

Why do we call it soccer?
http://iowapublicradio.org/post/why-do-we-call-it-soccer
http://www.history.com/news/ask-history/why-do-some-people-call-it-soccer

Bola sepak
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bola_sepak#Etymology


Promo on 1 July 2014 with James Hall: “Facebook emotion experiment”

Huffington Post: You May Have Been A Lab Rat In A Huge Facebook Experiment
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/06/29/facebook-experiment-psychological_n_5540018.html

Everything We Know About Facebook’s Secret Mood Manipulation Experiment
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/06/everything-we-know-about-facebooks-secret-mood-manipulation-experiment/373648/

The experimenter speaks out
https://www.facebook.com/akramer/posts/10152987150867796

Facebook researcher: ‘We care about the emotional impact of Facebook’
http://www.pcworld.com/article/2449040/facebook-researcher-defends-controversial-psychology-experiment-on-users.html

Facebook’s Experiment On Emotions Sounds Creepier Than It Was
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffbercovici/2014/06/30/facebooks-experiment-on-emotions-sounds-creepier-than-it-was/


Promo on 8 July 2014 with James Hall: “That’s So Gay”

Article: Maybe ‘that’s so gay’ is actually ok for young people to say
https://theconversation.com/maybe-thats-so-gay-is-actually-ok-for-young-people-to-say-28687

But lots of gay people feel that this is derogatory. There are other things to say.
http://www.thinkb4youspeak.com


Promo on 15 July 2014 with James Hall: “Supermoon”

Information about the supermoon
http://earthsky.org/space/what-is-a-supermoon

Maybe the super moon isn’t such a big deal after all
http://xkcd.com/1394/
but I’ll still check it out in August and September.

New episodes starting next week!

Episode 156: Emotional Language

Emotions are fleeting. But when they’re captured in language, we can study how they spread from person to person, and even through time.

What impact does the emotional language of others have on you? And how many emotions are there anyway?

Linguist Daniel Midgley lets it all out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with James Hall


Show notes

Has the Voynich Manuscript been cracked? No, but another interesting teaser.
http://boingboing.net/2014/02/21/voynich-manuscript-partially-d.html
http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/176970-voynich-manuscript-most-mysterious-text-in-world-may-have-been-cracked
http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/engineering/news/has-the-most-mysterious-manuscript-in-the-world-finally-been-cracked-16532856

Sentiment analysis is an important subarea in computational linguistics.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentiment_analysis

When people post Facebook messages in rainy times, their posts have more negative emotion words — and so do those of their friends later.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-03/uoc–caf031114.php

Corvillo, et al.: Detecting Emotional Contagion in Massive Social Networks
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0090315

Also: Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0069841

Hard times means a decade of miserable literature.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140109004155.htm

How do you spot emotions in text anyway? You could try Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC).
http://www.liwc.net

One rather clunky but successful approach involves hand-built lists of positive and negative words.
http://www.slideshare.net/stevenkellyactor/positive-emotions-list
http://www.slideshare.net/stevenkellyactor/negative-emotions

Paul Ekman did research in PNG and found emotions were the same as for Americans (PDF)
https://www.uni-muenster.de/imperia/md/content/psyifp/aeechterhoff/wintersemester2011-12/vorlesungkommperskonflikt/ekman_friesen_constantsemofacialexpr_jpsp1971.pdf

More about his work
http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/ekmans-six-basic-emotions-list-definitions-quiz.html

Can you pick the emotions in this simple test?
http://www.cio.com/article/facial-expressions-test

People recognise four emotions rather than six.
http://www.gla.ac.uk/news/headline_306019_en.html
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-02/uog-wao020314.php

And, contra Ekman, these expressions do not appear to be universal.
http://www.northeastern.edu/news/2014/03/barrett-gendron/

The OED has added a bracket of new words
http://time.com/23817/oxford-english-dictionary-adds-bestie-crap-shoot-bathroom-break/

Including four versions of cunt
http://jezebel.com/cunty-cuntish-cunted-and-cunting-added-to-oxford-engl-1543768870

Here’s the full list
http://public.oed.com/the-oed-today/recent-updates-to-the-oed/march-2014-update/new-words-list-march-2014/

Hondle?
http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/hondle


Show tunes

‘I Gotta Feeling’ by the Eagles of Death Metal
from the album Death by Sexy

‘It All Feels Right’ by Washed Out
from the album Paracosm

Episode 155: The Language of Denialism (featuring Kylie Sturgess)

How do you convince others of your views when the facts are overwhelmingly against you?

If you’re one of the many hoaxers, cranks, and denialists out there, you use language. What rhetorical tactics do they rely on, and how can you spot them?

Skeptic Kylie Sturgess joins Daniel and Ben in the studio on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with James Hall


Show notes

A device that will try to decode dog thoughts.
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/checking-the-claim-this-device-would-allow-dogs-to-talk-like-humans-180949895/?no-ist
http://www.indiegogo.com/projects/no-more-woof

‘Far Side’ cartoon: What dogs really say.
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-GqtGgbvgjsA/T1jOSuHvSGI/AAAAAAAABC4/4yy1fceJiXk/s1600/what+dogs+really+say,+from+The+Far+Side+by+Gary+Larson.jpg

Kylie Sturgess: Token Skeptic
http://tokenskeptic.org

Token Skeptic blog
http://www.patheos.com/blogs/tokenskeptic/

The AVN changes its name to include ‘skeptic’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-03-11/nsw-anti-vaccination-group-changes-its-name-after-complaints/5312910

Here are some of their tactics.
http://www.danbuzzard.net/journal/anti-vaxxers-resort-to-vandalism.html

Anti-vaxxers are bringing back diseases that were once under control.
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/03/13/thanks-anti-vaxxers-you-just-brought-back-measles-in-nyc.html

How anti-vax is being challenged on many fronts in Australia (not just the business of skeptics!)
http://www.csicop.org/specialarticles/show/retreating_to_the_church_of_anti-vaccination/

Here are some ideas for how to communicate climate change.
http://talkingclimate.org/guides/language-words-phrases/

Here’s a plain-language guide to climate change
http://nas-sites.org/americasclimatechoices/events/a-discussion-on-climate-change-evidence-and-causes/

How to estimate the risk involved in climate change
http://news.discovery.com/earth/global-warming/understanding-the-probabilities-of-climate-science-130929.htm

‘Warmist’
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Warmist

Kylie’s interview on GM foods with Dr Ashley Ng
http://tokenskeptic.org/2012/10/04/one-hundred-and-thirty-nine-on-the-seralini-affair-and-gm-foods-interview-with-dr-ashley-ng/

Skeptical Science: Rebutting climate change denialists’ arguments
https://www.skepticalscience.com

Linguistically modified foods? How language shapes our perception of GMs.
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/food-matters/2013/09/25/linguistically-modified-foods-how-language-may-shape-perception-of-gms/

“Fear and Politics” by Carmen Lawrence
http://scribepublications.com.au/books-authors/title/fear-and-politics/

The Rod Lambert’s interview mentioned near the end of the interview
http://theconversation.com/facts-wont-beat-the-climate-deniers-using-their-tactics-will-24074

Tape measure? How about a ‘roll of inches’?
http://www.reddit.com/r/funny/comments/1zon1v/my_russian_wife_was_trying_to_say_tape_measure/
http://cheezburger.com/212229


Show tunes

‘Girl, You Have No Faith in Medicine’ by the White Stripes
from the album Elephant

‘Do You Believe Her?’ by the Raveonettes
from the album Whip It On

Episode 113: Laughter and Tears

Why do we guffaw or weep, chortle or bawl?

Laughter and tears don’t just show emotion; they’re forms of communication. And these signs of joy or grief may have developed along with our capacity for empathy and a theory of mind. How does this tie in with language?

Linguist Daniel Midgley gets emotional on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Emotional states — and emotional displays — were important precursors to language. Curious that humans aren’t the only ones to laugh, but they are the only ones to cry. Why and how? Well, Ben and I discuss the whole thing on this episode of Talk the Talk. There’s a lot more laughing than crying, you’ll notice.

I’m not sure how this happened, but I think we committed ourselves to a dinner date with the highest bidder. It’ll be the week of Radiothon. I suppose we’d better lay down some ground rules: it’s only open to people within the Perth area, and let’s keep it platonic, mm-kay?


Show notes

Laughter helps manage pain, especially in groups.
http://www.oxfordscibar.com/laughing-away-the-pain.html

Robin Dunbar thinks language (and laughter) emerged as a stand-in for grooming.
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~grace/dunbar.html

Laughter started out as something physical, but with language, it could become social.
http://phys.org/news/2013-03-laughter.html

Michael Arbib says that language started because we were able to first understand, then imitate, the gestures of others. (PDF link)
http://goldin-meadow-lab.uchicago.edu/courses/psyc43700/03_Apr9/arbib_plus_comments%20bbs_copy.pdf

Kamala cried when her sister died.
http://books.google.com.au/books?id=PgWVdizyDK0C&pg=PA35&lpg=PA35&dq=amala+kamala+%22cried%22&source=bl&ots=1LZBG_gkwW&sig=tu4eiLYNI25yenl6qBKKC6ay8vc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GjxZUfKcIcmSiAf-6IGgCQ&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAg#v=snippet&q=amala%20kamala&f=false

Crying served as a means of social communication before language.
http://www.medicaldaily.com/articles/14036/20130201/why-humans-cry-scientist-tears-served-means.htm

It’s a sign of distress, and a plea for compassion
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=why-humans-like-to-cry

How do they write ‘ha ha’ in other languages?
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/12/55555-or-how-to-laugh-online-in-other-languages/266175/


Show tunes

‘We Hate It When Our Friends Become Successful’ by Morrissey
from the album Your Arsenal

‘Cry’ by the Sundays
from the album Static and Silence
Here’s a beautiful live version.

© 2017 Talk the Talk

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑