Category: health and medicine

Episode 300: Is Grammar Elitist?

Does grammar matter?

On one side: the language sticklers, who hold that good grammar is a necessity for communication, and even a matter of upholding standards and courtesy. But there’s another side: that grammar rules are often just made up, designed to reinforce social barriers, and that an insistence on good grammar is a form of elitism and snobbery. Which view is supported by the facts?

Kylie, Ben, and Daniel are watching their words on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

Voynich manuscript: the solution
https://www.the-tls.co.uk/articles/public/voynich-manuscript-solution/

Sravana Reddy and Kevin Knight: What We Know About the Voynich Manuscript (PDF)
http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/%7Esravana/slides/voynich_latex_slides.pdf

Indecipherable Voynich Manuscript Finally Decoded After a Century
https://www.inverse.com/article/36271-voynich-manuscript-decoded

The mysterious Voynich manuscript has finally been decoded [UPDATED]
https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/09/the-mysterious-voynich-manuscript-has-finally-been-decoded/

So much for that Voynich manuscript “solution”
https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/09/experts-are-extremely-dubious-about-the-voynich-solution/

‘Devil’s letter’ written by 17th century possessed nun finally decoded thanks to dark web code
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/devils-letter-written-by-17th-century-possessed-nun-finally-decoded-thanks-dark-web-code-1638490

So Trump Makes Spelling Errors. In the Twitter Age, Whoo Doesn’t?
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/27/technology/donald-trump-twitter-spelling.html?_r=0

Why Kids Can’t Write
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/02/education/edlife/writing-education-grammar-students-children.html

No, Insisting on Proper English Grammar and Spelling Is Not ‘Elitist’
http://www.nationalreview.com/article/451030/proper-english-grammar-spelling-are-not-elitist

It’s Finally Time To Stop Correcting People’s Grammar, Linguist Says
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/accidence-will-happen-oliver-kamm-interview_us_576ae249e4b09926ce5d718e

Online Etymology Dictionary: typhoon
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=typhoon

The Word “Typhoon.” Its History and Origin. (1880)
https://www.jstor.org/stable/1798728?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Wiktionary: tornado (etymology)
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tornado#Etymology

Willy-Willy, Dust Devil or Cockeyed Bob?
https://pwlinfo.wordpress.com/2013/11/20/willy-willy-dust-devil-or-cockeyed-bob/

Bob Dixon: Australian Aboriginal words in English: their origin and meaning
Google Books link

Downburst Causes Damage, Closes Key U.S. Border Bridge in Laredo, Texas
https://weather.com/news/news/world-trade-bridge-downburst-damage-laredo-texas

WATCH: A “Rain Bomb” Drops on Queensland, Australia
http://www.sciencealert.com/watch-a-rain-bomb-drops-on-queensland-australia


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/500/0*5VbTEq794hL6bxDv.jpeg

Episode 255: Diagnosing from Words (featuring Katie Fraser)

Can our language tell us if we’re not well?

The words we use can reveal a lot of social information. But in the future, computers will examine our words to detect mental illnesses like dementia and motor neuron disease — even before lab tests. How would this work?

Researcher Katie Fraser talks to Daniel, Kylie, and Ben on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Cole Healy


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Show notes

How to Pronounce Latinx
http://la-negra-barbuda.tumblr.com/post/113404952782/how-to-pronounce-latinx

JFK: “I Am a Jelly Donut” (“Ich Bin ein Berliner”)
http://urbanlegends.about.com/cs/historical/a/jfk_berliner.htm

The Real Meaning of Ich Bin ein Berliner
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/08/the-real-meaning-of-ich-bin-ein-berliner/309500/

US now has more Spanish speakers than Spain – only Mexico has more
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jun/29/us-second-biggest-spanish-speaking-country

Read Tim Kaine’s Speech at the Democratic Convention
http://time.com/4426037/dnc-tim-kaine-speech-transcript-video/

In DNC speech peppered with Spanish, Tim Kaine says Clinton is ‘lista’ to be president
http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2016/07/27/in-dnc-speech-peppered-with-spanish-tim-kaine-says-clinton-is-lista-to-be/

Tim Kaine Spoke Spanish At The DNC, But Don’t Overlook These Important Perspectives From The Convention
http://www.bustle.com/articles/175382-tim-kaine-spoke-spanish-at-the-dnc-but-dont-overlook-these-important-perspectives-from-the-convention

Globalist: The Republicans’ barb: John Kerry ‘looks French’
http://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/03/news/globalist-the-republicans-barbjohn-kerry-looks-french.html?_r=0

Trump to Bush: This Is A Country Where We Speak English, Not Spanish
http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2015/09/16/trump_to_bush_this_is_a_country_where_we_speak_english_not_spanish.html

Trump Supporter on Kaine Speaking Spanish: At RNC, ‘I Didn’t Have to Get a Translator’
http://ktla.com/2016/07/23/trump-supporter-on-kaine-speaking-spanish-at-rnc-i-didnt-have-to-get-a-translator/

Scottie Nell Hughes on Kaine Speaking Spanish: Didn’t Need a ‘Translator’ for RNC Speeches
http://www.mediaite.com/tv/scottie-nell-hughes-on-kaine-speaking-spanish-didnt-need-a-translator-for-rnc-speeches/

GOP convention speaker breaks into Spanish
http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/288604-gop-convention-speaker-breaks-into-spanish

Ralph Alvarado addresses Hispanic voters in Spanish at GOP convention
https://www.washingtonpost.com/video/national/ralph-alvarado-addresses-hispanic-voters-in-spanish-at-gop-convention/2016/07/20/2a6ab230-4eca-11e6-bf27-405106836f96_video.html

With Vigorous Plea, Ralph Alvaredo Rises as Possible New GOP Star
http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2016/07/21/with-vigorous-plea-ky-lawmaker-ralph-alvarado-rises-as-possible-new-gop-star/

Republican convention staff try to make signs in Spanish, get grammar completely wrong
http://theweek.com/speedreads/638046/republican-convention-staff-try-make-signs-spanish-grammar-completely-wrong

Why Trump supporters are particularly likely to complain about Spanish speakers at the Democratic convention
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/07/25/why-trump-supporters-are-particularly-likely-to-complain-about-spanish-speakers-at-the-democratic-convention/

Kaine En Español: Pandering Or A Symbol Of Understanding For Latinos?
http://www.npr.org/2016/07/27/487491607/kaine-en-espa-ol-pandering-or-a-symbol-of-understanding-for-latinos

Can natural language processing help detect dementia? This U of T grad student is trying to find out
https://www.utoronto.ca/news/natural-language-processing-dementia

Kathleen (Katie) Fraser @UofT
http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~kfraser/

Research highlights misdiagnosis for people with Alzheimer’s disease
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-07-highlights-misdiagnosis-people-alzheimer-disease.html

Psychiatry When You Don’t Speak the Language
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/mind-guest-blog/psychiatry-when-you-don-t-speak-the-language/

Language Could Diagnose Parkinson’s, ALS and Schizophrenia before Lab Tests
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/language-could-diagnose-parkinson-s-als-and-schizophrenia-before-lab-tests/

Online Stroop Test
http://www.onlinestrooptest.com

Words Matter: Clinician’s Notes May Hold Key to Suicide Risk
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/853890

How does my therapist rate? New machine-learning software detects empathy in therapy sessions
http://phys.org/news/2015-12-therapist-machine-learning-software-empathy-therapy.html

GLAAD Media Reference Guide – Transgender Issues
https://www.glaad.org/reference/transgender

‘How could you?’ Viewers condemn Karl Stefanovic for ‘transphobic’ language
http://www.sbs.com.au/topics/sexuality/agenda/article/2016/07/28/how-could-you-viewers-condemn-karl-stefanovic-transphobic-language

Watch: Karl Stefanovic Offers Solid Apology For His Transphobic Comments
https://www.pedestrian.tv/news/arts-and-culture/watch-karl-stefanovic-offers-solid-apology-for-his/e06bfe40-c729-43e9-9ec1-bc227cf9ba17.htm


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/language-could-diagnose-parkinson-s-als-and-schizophrenia-before-lab-tests/

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