Category: historical linguistics (page 1 of 2)

Episode 288: Letters Lost

English used to look a lot different.

We used to use a lot of letters that no longer exist. They had names like eth, wynn, thorn, and ash. Ben, Kylie, and Daniel talk about what they looked like, how they sounded… and ampersand‘s secret past.

It’s all happening on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Put your hands together for NZ Sign Language Week
http://ourauckland.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz/articles/news/2017/05/nzsl-week/

VIDEO: Sign language interpreter upstages Snoop Dogg
http://pickle.nine.com.au/2017/05/10/11/18/snoop-dogg-sign-language-interpreter-steals-show

Homo naledi may have lived at around same time as early humans
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/homo-naledi-may-have-lived-around-same-time-early-humans

Small-brained early human lived more recently than expected
http://www.nature.com/news/small-brained-early-human-lived-more-recently-than-expected-1.21961

12 Letters That Didn’t Make the Alphabet
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31904/12-letters-didnt-make-alphabet

We Used To Have 6 More Letters In Our Alphabet
https://omgfacts.com/we-used-to-have-6-more-letters-in-our-alphabet-a7e1a165853d

The Lost Letters Of The Alphabet
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-rosen/the-lost-letters-of-the-a_b_6666726.html

Orthography
http://people.umass.edu/sharris/in/gram/GrammarBook/orthography.html

Grammarphobia: An ædifying history
http://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2011/05/ae-digraph-ligature.html

How is “æ” supposed to be pronounced?
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/70927/how-is-æ-supposed-to-be-pronounced

Eth, thorn, and ash: they flunked the screen test for our alphabet
http://bookhaven.stanford.edu/2013/08/eth-thorn-and-ash-they-flunked-the-screen-test-for-our-alphabet/

Why is ‘w’ pronounced ‘double u’ rather than ‘double v’?
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/explore/why-is-w-pronounced-double-u

If “w” is double u, why is it made of two v’s?
http://blog.dictionary.com/w/

Letter Finder
http://www.scottishhandwriting.com/cmlfyo.asp

The Rules for Long S
http://babelstone.blogspot.com.au/2006/06/rules-for-long-s.html

Why does the ending -ough have six pronunciations?
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/31991/why-does-the-ending-ough-have-six-pronunciations

What Character Was Removed from the Alphabet?
http://blog.dictionary.com/ampersand/

Language Log: Priming the pump
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=32625

Language Log: Priming the pump: a cartoon history
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=32649

France just rejected the far right and elected Emmanuel Macron
https://www.vox.com/world/2017/5/7/15571666/french-elections-emmanuel-macron-marine-le-pen-front-national-vote-win

10 things to know about NOTA — a voter’s right to reject
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india/10-things-to-know-about-nota-a-voter-s-right-to-reject/story-SkX0EsDQbjG5e2sz0L5N9H.html

Trump to NBC’s Lester Holt: Comey’s ‘a showboat,’ ‘I was going to fire regardless of recommendation’
http://www.latimes.com/politics/washington/la-na-essential-washington-updates-trump-to-nbc-s-lester-holt-i-was-1494522620-htmlstory.html

The history of ransomware
http://www.csoonline.com/article/3095956/data-breach/the-history-of-ransomware.html#slide2

Ware: “Simple Simon met a pieman…”
http://www3.amherst.edu/~rjyanco94/literature/mothergoose/rhymes/simplesimonmetapieman.html

Rocky and Bullwinkle: Simple Simon

A 1987 reference to ransomware
Google Books link

4 Ways to Protect Against the Very Real Threat of Ransomware
https://www.wired.com/2016/05/4-ways-protect-ransomware-youre-target/

RANSOMWARE: Hostage Rescue Manual (PDF)
https://www.wired.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/RansomwareManual-1.pdf

Green’s Dictionary of Slang: cock
https://greensdictofslang.com/entry/kjbkjfi

Wikipedia: Cockburn (surname)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cockburn_(surname)

Online Etymology Dictionary
curse, cursive, cursor


Show tunes

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Episode 266: Names

What’s in a name?

Names contain a great deal of history, including our own personal history. Does your name have a meaning? How do names come about, and what are the conventions of naming in other places? And what about names that are vocationally appropriate?

DanielBen, and Kylie are taking names on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Cutting Room Floor 266: Names

Episode 266: Names [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Facial expressions—including fear—may not be as universal as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/10/facial-expressions-including-fear-may-not-be-universal-we-thought

The fear gasping face as a threat display in a Melanesian society
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/10/12/1611622113

The 6th Inside Out Emotion That Got Cut From The Movie
http://www.cinemablend.com/new/6th-Inside-Out-Emotion-Got-Cut-From-Movie-72055.html

The Science of ‘Inside Out’
http://www.paulekman.com/facial-expressions/the-science-of-inside-out/

A Linguist Who Cracks the Code in Names to Predict Ethnicity
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/16/jobs/a-linguist-who-cracks-the-code-in-names-to-predict-ethnicity.html?_r=1

What’s in a Name? A Method for Extracting Information about Ethnicity from Names
http://pan.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/03/06/pan.mpu038.full

Name Ethnicity Classifier
http://www.textmap.com/ethnicity/

Midgley Surname
https://www.houseofnames.com/midgley-family-crest

Last name: Midgley
http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Midgley

SAMUEL MIDGLEY – First Fleeter
http://midgleywebpages.com/index-5.html

Given Name JACOB
http://www.behindthename.com/name/jacob

Why is Ἰάκωβος James and not Jacob?
https://billmounce.com/blog/why-ἰάκωβος-james-and-not-jacob

A Boy Named Humiliation: Some Wacky, Cruel, and Bizarre Puritan Names
http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/09/13/puritan_names_lists_of_bizarre_religious_nomenclature_used_by_puritans.html

A great GIF of the most popular girl’s name in all 50 US states
http://static.businessinsider.com/image/526419676bb3f7ac6e0a2913/image.jpg

Wikipedia: Jill
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jill

The Origins of 10 Nicknames
http://mentalfloss.com/article/24761/origins-10-nicknames

A Guide to People’s Names in Bali
http://www.inbali.org/peoples-names-in-bali/

7 Naming Customs From Around the World
http://blog.tesol.org/7-naming-customs-from-around-the-world/

Mr Born Naked, meet Mrs Small Poops
https://www.rnw.org/archive/mr-born-naked-meet-mrs-small-poops

How The Dutch Got Their Funny Names
http://baheyeldin.com/writings/culture/how-the-dutch-got-their-funny-names.html

Urban Legend alert: People’s names were not changed at Ellis Island arbitrarily.

Why Your Family Name Was Not Changed at Ellis Island (and One That Was)
https://www.nypl.org/blog/2013/07/02/name-changes-ellis-island

What is an Aptonym?
https://aptonyms-wiki.wikispaces.com

Wayne Schmuck, Used-Car Distributor
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/chatterbox/2006/05/wayne_schmuck_usedcar_distributor.single.html

Bernard Salt: Moralisers, we need you!
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/life/weekend-australian-magazine/moralisers-we-need-you/news-story/6bdb24f77572be68330bd306c14ee8a3

Millennials react to Bernard Salt’s attack on smashed avo
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/life/columnists/bernard-salt/millenials-react-to-bernard-salts-attack-on-smashed-avo/news-story/a0e8473f9e80663d7569364930aa0321

Are millennials actually bad at saving or are houses just unaffordable?
https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2016/oct/18/are-millennials-actually-bad-at-saving-or-are-houses-just-unaffordable

Smashed avocado discounted in cafes in wake of controversial saving advice for millennials
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-10-19/smashed-avocado-australian-cafes-offering-discounts/7945014

It’s not avocado on toast that’s keeping me out of the housing market
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/its-not-avocado-on-toast-thats-keeping-me-out-of-the-housing-market-20161018-gs4uuo.html

How I, A Millennial, Afforded A Deposit On My Own Home
http://goodbadwugly.blogspot.com.au/2016/10/how-i-millennial-afforded-deposit-on-my.html

The ‘gig economy’ is coming. What will it mean for work?
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/26/will-we-get-by-gig-economy

Gig economy workers at Uber and Lyft aren’t happy, survey finds
http://mashable.com/2015/05/20/on-demand-study/

Wikipedia: Wendy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wendy


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 256: Numbers

One, two, three… Sounds simple, doesn’t it?

And yet different languages express numbers in very different ways. How are they handled in our brains? And how did –illion get to be the suffix for truly astronomical sums?

Linguist Daniel Midgley runs the numbers on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Cole Healy


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Show notes

First major database of non-native English
http://phys.org/news/2016-07-major-database-non-native-english.html

Treebank of Learner English
http://esltreebank.org

Is “one, two, many” a myth?
https://numberwarrior.wordpress.com/2010/07/30/is-one-two-many-a-myth/

What Happens When a Language Has No Numbers?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2013/10/16/piraha_cognitive_anumeracy_in_a_language_without_numbers.html

The Munduruku people: Can You Count Your Chickens?
http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/can-you-count-your-chickens

Big and small numbers are processed in different sides of the brain
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160304092755.htm

Both hemispheres of the brain process numbers
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/01/160127083844.htm

Brain processes which lead to the concept of ‘zero’ on the number line
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160421133944.htm

Time and numbers mix together in the brain
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-07/afps-tan071911.php

Australian Aboriginal enumeration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Aboriginal_enumeration

Joan Rivers: her best one-liners
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/comedy/11064386/Joan-Rivers-her-best-one-liners.html

Why Is It ‘Eleven, Twelve’ Instead of ‘Oneteen, Twoteen’?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/76007/why-it-eleven-twelve-instead-oneteen-twoteen

French Numbers 1-100
http://blogs.transparent.com/french/french-numbers-1-100/

kasnas-blueberry-muffinpoptarts-source-quasi-normalcy-kellhorreur-sadjadewithcake-french-sixty-seven-sixty-eight-2474484

Number Systems of the World
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number.html

The Number System of Huli
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/huli.html

The Number System of Yoruba
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/yoruba.html

The Number System of Ndom
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/ndom.html

12 Mind Blowing Number Systems From Other Languages
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31879/12-mind-blowing-number-systems-other-languages

Vocabulary.com: You Be “-Illion”!
https://www.vocabulary.com/articles/dictionary/you-be-illion/

MILLIONS and BILLIONS…..
http://www.dozenalsociety.org.uk/numbers/millions.htm

-Illion Numbers
http://www.polytope.net/hedrondude/illion.htm

Names for Large Numbers
https://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/large.html

American / Japanese Higher Numbers
http://www.trussel.com/jnumbers.htm

Public urged to track ‘nurdles’ on Scotland’s beaches
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-36211895

Proud to Love Nerds!
http://www.candyfavorites.com/a-nerd-tastic-history

Gaelic: Counting Objects
http://www.irishgaelictranslator.com/articles/grammar/counting-objects/

How to Count to 10 in Irish
http://www.wikihow.com/Count-to-10-in-Irish

Berliner, Krapfen und Pfannkuchen
http://www.zeit.de/zeit-magazin/2014/53/pfannkuchen-berliner-sprache-deutschlandkarte

US Dialect maps:
caramelpecan


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Episode 252: The Tower of Babel

Is there anything to the story of the Tower of Babel?

It’s a legend about why human languages are so different. So was there really only one human language a long time ago? Maybe — but how does this match up with the biblical account of the confounding of tongues?

Linguist Daniel Midgley puts an end to the confusion on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

All 72 New Unicode 9 Emoji, Definitively Ranked From Most Exciting To Most Meh
http://www.bustle.com/articles/168770-all-72-new-unicode-9-emoji-definitively-ranked-from-most-exciting-to-most-meh

Apple releases animated emoji sticker packs for iOS 10 Messages
http://appleinsider.com/articles/16/07/02/apple-releases-animated-emoji-sticker-packs-for-ios-10-messages

Apple, Facebook and Google ban rifle emoji from Olympics update
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2016/06/20/apple-facebook-and-google-ban-rifle-emoji-from-olympics-update/

Rifle emoji blocked from phones ‘after pressure from Apple’
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jun/20/apple-rifle-emoji-phones-unicode

Here’s The Reason Why There Will Be No Rifle Emoji
http://www.techtimes.com/articles/165709/20160618/here-s-reason-why-will-rifle-emoji.htm

What happened to the rifle emoji?
http://www.newstatesman.com/science-tech/social-media/2016/06/what-happened-rifle-emoji

Could an emoji death threat land you in jail?
http://www.cbc.ca/newsblogs/yourcommunity/2014/01/could-an-emoji-death-threat-land-you-in-jail.html

RationalWiki: Tower of Babel
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Tower_of_Babel

Skeptics Annotated Bible: Genesis 11
http://skepticsannotatedbible.com/gen/11.html

Focus On Tower of Babel
https://global.oup.com/obso/focus/focus_on_towerbabel/

The Wrathful Dispersion Controversy: A Canadian Perspective
http://specgram.com/CLI.1/06.pheevr.dispersion.html

Yes, people do believe this.
Gallup: “Twenty-eight percent of Americans believe the Bible is the actual word of God and that it should be taken literally.”
http://www.gallup.com/poll/170834/three-four-bible-word-god.aspx

Grain of salt alert for the next two articles!

The Tower of Babel Account: A Linguistic Consideration
http://smithandfranklin.com/current-issues/The-Tower-of-Babel-Account-A-Linguistic-Consideration/9/5/98/html

Answers in Genesis: Was the Dispersion at Babel a Real Event?
https://answersingenesis.org/tower-of-babel/was-the-dispersion-at-babel-a-real-event/

The Canterbury Tales (in Middle English)
http://www.librarius.com/cantales.htm

There are more things in prehistory than are dreamt of in our urheimat
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/gnxp/2012/08/there-are-more-things-in-prehistory-than-are-dreamt-of-in-our-urheimat/

Ussher Chronology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ussher_chronology

Can the Ussher Chronology Be Trusted?
http://www.icr.org/article/can-ussher-chronology-be-trusted/

Cuneiform
http://www.ancient.eu/cuneiform/

Makapansgat pebble
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makapansgat_pebble

paleo_pebble-1-400x500

I’m all ears: fossils reveal human ancestors’ hearing abilities
http://www.reuters.com/article/science-hearing-idUSL1N11U03020150925

2-million-year-old fossils reveal hearing abilities of early humans
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-09/bu-2fr092415.php

babel moon landings

Recovery Connection: Drunkorexia
https://www.recoveryconnection.com/addiction-resources/common-eating-disorders/drunkorexia/

‘Drunkorexia’ phenomena prominent in young Australian women, research finds
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-30/drunkorexia-phenomena-prominent-in-young-australian-women/7556476

The scary trend sweeping across Australian universities
http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/health/health-problems/the-scary-trend-sweeping-across-australian-universities/news-story/7b8959b65655d798253c161ae66e2816

The Butterfly Foundation — Support for Australians experiencing eating disorders
http://thebutterflyfoundation.org.au

Government of Western Australia — Drug and Alcohol Office
http://www.dao.health.wa.gov.au/Home.aspx

Bill Nye visited a Noah’s Ark he doesn’t believe should exist
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/arts-and-entertainment/wp/2016/07/10/bill-nye-visited-a-noahs-ark-he-doesnt-believe-should-exist/

Kan Ham’s Blog: Bill Nye Visits the Ark Encounter
https://answersingenesis.org/blogs/ken-ham/2016/07/08/bill-nye-visits-ark-encounter/


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Episode 226: Shakespeare in Translation (featuring Migdalia Cruz and Taylor Mac)

The Oregon Shakespeare Festival has commissioned all Shakespeare’s plays to be translated into contemporary English.

But how does one go about updating the words of the Bard? Does this task belong to playwrights, or to linguists?

Linguist Daniel Midgley speaks with playwrights Migdalia Cruz and Taylor Mac on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess and Dylan Websdane


Show notes

Your voice! Your story!: English in Western Australia
http://crowdresearch.uwa.edu.au/project/your-voice-your-story-english-in-western-australia/

Speaking giant panda: Secret language decoded as scientists set sights on hi-tech translator
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/speaking-giant-panda-secret-language-decoded-scientists-set-sights-hi-tech-translator-1527345

Scientists say they have decoded ‘panda language’
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/chinese-scientists-say-they-have-decoded-panda-language-a6722651.html

Chimpanzee language claims lost in translation, researchers conclude
http://www.nyu.edu/about/news-publications/news/2015/11/02/chimpanzee-language-claims-lost-in-translation-researchers-conclude.html

Migdalia Cruz
http://www.migdaliacruz.com

Taylor Mac
http://www.taylormac.org/

Oregon Shakespeare Festival
https://www.osfashland.org

OSF: Play On!
https://www.osfashland.org/experience-osf/upcoming/play-on.aspx

Conservative Christians Are Losing Their Minds Because Starbucks Now Has Red Cups
http://www.patheos.com/blogs/friendlyatheist/2015/11/08/conservative-christians-are-losing-their-minds-because-starbucks-now-has-red-cups/

Dunkin’ Donuts stirs Starbucks ‘brew-haha’ with festive holiday cup
http://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/dunkin-donuts-stirs-starbucks-brew-haha-festive-holiday-cup

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2015 is…
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2015/11/word-of-the-year-2015-emoji/

Oxford’s Word of the Year…isn’t a word

People getting pissy on Twitter and me fighting them.

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Episode 225: Shakespeare in Translation 1 (featuring Lue Douthit)

Shakespeare’s plays have been with us for 400 years. Is it time for an update?

The Oregon Shakespeare Festival has commissioned all the Bard’s plays to be translated into contemporary English. How will this work? And what’s the reaction?

Oregon Shakespeare Festival director Lue Douthit talks to linguist Daniel Midgley on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

What a Mass Exodus at a Linguistics Journal Means for Scholarly Publishing
http://chronicle.com/article/What-a-Mass-Exodus-at-a/234066

Clarifying a few facts for Elsevier and their response to Lingua
https://www.martineve.com/2015/11/05/clarifying-a-few-facts-for-elsevier-and-their-response-to-lingua/

Language Log: Lingua is dead. Long live Glossa!
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=22162

MIT: Open Access FAQ
https://libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/mit-open-access/general-information-about-open-access/open-access-faq/

Wikipedia: Washington Redskins name controversy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington_Redskins_name_controversy

Redskins Cite Protected Products With Controversial Language in Trademark Appeal
http://bleacherreport.com/articles/2585622-redskins-cite-protected-products-with-controversial-language-in-trademark-appeal

Obama again urges Redskins name change
http://www.usatoday.com/story/theoval/2015/11/06/obama-washington-redskins-adidas-tribal-nations-conference/75281088/

Obama suggests Adidas help Redskins change name
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/nov/5/obama-suggests-adidas-help-redskins-change-name/

California bans use of “Redskins” name
http://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2015/10/11/california-bans-use-of-redskins-name/

Spokane Indians Change Jerseys to Salish Language
http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2015/10/12/spokane-indians-change-jerseys-salish-language-162046

Spokane Indians’ New Uniforms Have Team Name in Native Spokane Salish Language
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/spokane-indians-new-uniforms-have-team-name-native-spokane-salish-language-180950168/?no-ist

Spokane Indians baseball uniforms sport Salish word
http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2014/mar/16/spokane-indians-baseball-players-uniforms-sport/

Wikipedia: Salish-Spokane-Kalispel language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salish-Spokane-Kalispel_language

William Shakespeare’s Plays to Be “Translated” into Modern English http://playbill.com/news/article/william-shakespeares-plays-to-be-translated-into-modern-english-364393

Oregon Shakespeare Festival: About Us
https://www.osfashland.org/en/experience-osf/education/about-us.aspx

A Facelift for Shakespeare
http://www.wsj.com/articles/a-facelift-for-shakespeare-1443194924

Oregon Shakespeare Festival Launches Shakespeare Translation Project
http://www.americantheatre.org/2015/09/30/oregon-shakespeare-festival-launches-shakespeare-translation-project/

What Can Be Done About the Incomprehensibility of Shakespeare?
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/put-differently/92750/shakespeare-as-you-like-it-language

O Romeo, Romeo, What The Heck Are You Saying?
http://www.npr.org/2015/10/17/449270557/o-romeo-romeo-what-the-heck-are-you-saying

Does ‘translating’ Shakespeare into modern English diminish its greatness?
https://theconversation.com/does-translating-shakespeare-into-modern-english-diminish-its-greatness-48297

David Marcus from the Federalist: Are We Too Dumb For Shakespeare?
http://thefederalist.com/2015/11/02/are-we-too-dumb-for-shakespeare/

Fresh Shakespeare from the Oregon Shakespeare Festival
http://www.orartswatch.org/fresh-shakespeare-from-the-oregon-shakespeare-festival/

Urban Dictionary: flauging
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=flauge

Five Reasons Why People Code-Switch
http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2013/04/13/177126294/five-reasons-why-people-code-switch

“Many a mickle makes a muckle” or something.
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/mickle


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://myinspiredlife.hubgarden.com/images/modern-shakespeare1.jpg

Episode 222: Brain, Body, Baby

For babies, learning language seems like child’s play.

But new research is showing us that there’s a lot going on in there, with contributions from brain, body, and memory. How does it all work?

Linguist Daniel Midgley bundles it all together on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Mama or Dada? Research looks at what words are easiest for kids to learn
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/10/151012132455.htm

Why we should be excited by 100,000 year old human teeth from China
https://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2015/10/15/why-we-should-be-excited-by-100000-year-old-human-teeth-from-china/

Humans Exited Africa, and Trekked to China, Fossils Reveal
http://www.livescience.com/52481-modern-humans-reached-china-before-europe.html

Evidence Challenges the “Out of Africa” Timeline of Human Evolution
http://io9.com/more-evidence-undermines-the-out-of-africa-theory-of-1619420466

Earliest Known Draft of King James Bible Is Found, Scholar Says
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/15/books/earliest-known-draft-of-king-james-bible-is-found-scholar-says.html

Oldest Draft of King James Bible Discovered
http://news.discovery.com/history/religion/oldest-draft-of-king-james-bible-discovered-15101.htm

Oldest King James Bible Draft Found In England, Suggests 17th Century Translation Wasn’t Group Effort
http://www.ibtimes.com/oldest-king-james-bible-draft-found-england-suggests-17th-century-translation-wasnt-2142463

English phrases and sayings that derive from the Bible
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/bible-phrases-sayings.html

Babies need free tongue movement to decipher speech sounds
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-10/uobc-bnf100915.php

Bruderer et al: Sensorimotor influences on speech perception in infancy
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/10/06/1508631112.abstract

“Help! I’m losing phonemes as you speak!”
http://www.cafepress.com/mf/63235081/phonemes_bodysuit?aid=1568734

Why ‘Mom’ and ‘Dad’ Sound So Similar in So Many Languages
http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2015/10/words-mom-dad-similar-languages/409810/

Gaze shifting helps babies learn new languages
http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/spectrum/society/gaze-shifting-helps-babies-learn-new-languages/112859.html

NINE-HUNDED DOLLARYDOOS (Simpsons clip)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-w3iPFl-cfI

Change the Australian currency name to Dollarydoos.
https://www.change.org/p/change-the-australian-currency-name-to-dollarydoos?source_location=trending_petitions_home_page&algorithm=curated_trending

Aussies get behind proposal to change currency to dollarydoos
http://www.9news.com.au/national/2015/10/16/15/39/aussies-get-behind-proposal-to-change-currency-to-dollarydoos

The Reserve Bank and Reform of the Currency: 1960–1988 — The Royal Controversy
http://www.rba.gov.au/Museum/Displays/1960_1988_rba_and_reform_of_the_currency/the_royal_controversy.html

Holt’s folly: one royal we rejected
‘”The Australian drawl, [Holt] warned, could easily reduce ”14 australs” to ”40 nostrils”.’
http://www.smh.com.au/money/on-the-money/holts-folly-one-royal-we-rejected-20130603-2nmoa.html

Simpsons neologisms
http://simpsons.wikia.com/wiki/Made-up_words

Sifting the fact from fiction about baby sign language
https://theconversation.com/sifting-the-fact-from-fiction-about-baby-sign-language-36924

Science Blogs on Dustan Baby Language: A Cry Is Just A Cry
http://scienceblogs.com/deanscorner/2011/05/17/a-cry-is-just-a-cry/

‘Linguistics experts point out that Dunstan’s hypothesis has not been subjected to rigorous testing or academic scrutiny. The Dunstan company had, at one time, developed a clinical trial plan with Brown University researchers to test its claims, but abandoned it for consumer surveys and small-group observations in order “to hasten the development of a system that could be used by parents,” skipping rigorous testing to go straight to market.’
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunstan_Baby_Language


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://tdlc.ucsd.edu/images/deak_lab.jpg

Episode 218: The F-word

Just how far back in history does the F-word go?

Further than we thought. A historian has discovered evidence that pushes the term back by hundreds of years. Meanwhile, researchers are finding which swears are most popular where.

Linguist Daniel Midgley drops some bombs on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Dubious Facebook graphic: “People who use a lot of swear words tend to be more honest and trustworthy, human behavioural studies suggest.”
https://www.facebook.com/wzpl995/photos/a.458588127782.245850.54234792782/10152326194707783/?type=1&theater

Are People who use a lot of Swear Words MORE Honest and Trust Worthy?
http://badpsychologyblog.org/post/55885010495/are-people-who-use-a-lot-of-swear-words-more

Ig Nobel prize for “Huh?”

Huh? An award for research into the word ‘huh’?
Saying ‘huh’ in 31 languages: huh?

ogle, oogle, oggle

What word do you use for gawking at someone in a lustful way?
http://www4.uwm.edu/FLL/linguistics/dialect/staticmaps/q_121.html

ogle/oggle/oogle
http://telophase.livejournal.com/2666679.html

Urban Dictionary: oogling
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=oogling

— Nancy Friedman (@Fritinancy) July 10, 2015

Learn to speak Australian, mate.

Senator told to “speak Australian” during question time
http://www.news.com.au/national/politics/senator-told-to-speak-australian-during-question-time/story-fns0jze1-1227531655033

US Republican Carly Fiorina unaware that English is not the US official language
http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/fact-check/2015/09/11/carly-fiorina-official-language-fact-check/72016642/

Note how many US politicians are happy to demand English-only laws
http://www.ontheissues.org/Immigration.htm

Fuck

HuffPo: A F*cking Short History of the F-Word by Melissa Mohr
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/melissa-mohr/a-fcking-short-history-of_b_3352948.html

Etymology of ‘fuck’
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=fuck&allowed_in_frame=0

1538: O d fuckin Abbott

Here’s the first recorded instance of the F-word in English
http://io9.com/heres-the-first-recorded-instance-of-the-f-word-in-eng-1519247071

1513: Be his feiris he wald haue fukkit.

William Dunbar: “Brash of Wowing”
Google Books link

1475: Flen, flyys and freris

“Non sunt in coeli, quia gxddbov xxkxzt pg ifmk.”

Language Hat: GXDDBOV XXKXZT PG IFMK.
http://languagehat.com/gxddbov-xxkxzt-pg-ifmk/

Fleas, Flies, Friars and the World’s First F***
http://innocentpleasures.blog.co.uk/2009/11/28/fleas-flies-friars-and-the-world-s-first-f-7475368/

1310: Roger Fuckebythenavele

We Interviewed the Historian Who Just Found the Oldest Use of the Word ‘Fuck’
http://www.vice.com/read/this-historian-just-found-the-oldest-use-of-fuck-920

Fuckebythenavele: Historians uncover oldest known use of the F-word in 1310 court records
http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/fuckebythenavele-historians-uncover-oldest-known-use-f-word-1310-court-020530

‘Fuckebythenavele’: Earliest use of famous Anglo-Saxon swearword unearthed by British historian
https://www.rt.com/uk/315279-oldest-use-swear-word/

1278: John le Fucker (etym. dub.)

Wikipedia: John le Fucker
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_le_Fucker

Jack Grieve’s swearing heatmaps

All the maps: Jack’s Twitter account
https://twitter.com/JWGrieve/media

Do You Live in a “Bitch” or a “Fuck” State? American Curses, Mapped
http://gawker.com/do-you-live-in-a-bitch-or-a-fuck-state-american-cu-1718259899

Bikelash

City Seeing Resistance To New Bike Lanes, Calling It “Bikelash”
http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2015/06/25/city-seeing-resistance-to-new-bike-lanes-calling-it-bikelash/

Is Bikelash Spreading to Some of the More Progressive Neighborhood Councils?
http://la.streetsblog.org/2015/09/03/is-bikelash-spreading-to-some-of-the-more-progressive-neighborhood-councils/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.medievalists.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/earliest-f-word-medieval.png

Episode 210: Listener Feedback

We get a lot of feedback from listeners.

So for this episode, we decided to answer questions, and settle some scores. We even ask the musical question: “How do you alphabetise your music collection?”

All on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

The Ladyslipper — a long-running catalogue for music by and for women (and everybody else).
https://www.ladyslipper.org

Feast Your Eyes on This Beautiful Linguistic Family Tree
http://mentalfloss.com/article/59665/feast-your-eyes-beautiful-linguistic-family-tree

The Wave Model of language change
https://prezi.com/_uvdnnm68kkl/wave-model-for-language-change/

What can you do with Linguistics?

Why are some words not allowed in Scrabble
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=125676618

Offensive words omitted from the OSPD3
http://home.teleport.com/%7Estevena/scrabble/expurg.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.parachutedigitalmarketing.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Digital-Questions-to-Ask.jpg

Episode 198: The Geography of Sound (featuring Caleb Everett)

Does climate affect language?

A linguist has found that tone languages appear in regions of high humidity. But the idea that human speech adapts to the environment is not a popular one. So what’s going on?

Daniel Midgley speaks with the author Caleb Everett on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

App That Aims To Make Books ‘Squeaky Clean’ Draws Ire From Edited Writers
http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/03/27/395788461/app-that-aims-to-make-books-squeaky-clean-draws-ire-from-edited-writers

Authors: end to censored versions of books is ‘victory for the world of dirt’
http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/mar/27/clean-reader-books-app-censorship-victory-authors-celebrate

Clean Reader: The app that censors rude words from ebooks
http://www.cnet.com/news/clean-reader-the-app-that-censors-rude-words-from-ebooks/

Jennifer Porter: “My Clean Reader App Experience” Hilarious!
http://www.romancenovelnews.com/joomla/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=1167:my-clean-reader-app-experience&Itemid=53

Some languages don’t have syllables: Larry Hyman on the universality of the syllable
http://dlc.hypotheses.org/263

The idea of syllables doesn’t work with some Native American languages
The Languages of Native North America
Salish Languages and Linguistics: Theoretical and Descriptive Perspectives

Linguists didn’t accept Everett’s first attempt on this theme. See “Ejectives, High Altitudes, and Grandiose Linguistic Hypotheses”
http://languagesoftheworld.info/geolinguistics/ejectives-high-altitudes-grandiose-linguistic-hypotheses.html

Everett pressed the point: “A return to ejectives at high altitude”
http://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:_Xu2id2MHQ0J:scholar.google.com/&hl=en&as_sdt=2005&sciodt=0,5

Long article with lots of background: “Correlational Studies in Typological and Historical Linguistics”
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/pubman/item/escidoc:2071367:4/component/escidoc:2071365/Ladd_roberts_dediu.pdf

Everett’s new paper: “Climate, vocal folds, and tonal languages: Connecting the physiological and geographic dots”
http://m.pnas.org/content/112/5/1322.abstract

Everett talks about the paper
http://serious-science.org/news/2152

Post in Replicated Typo: “Tone and Humidity”
http://www.replicatedtypo.com/tone-and-humidity/10207.html

Other linguists aren’t convinced. Here’s the interview with Ben Zimmer and Geoffrey Nunberg.
http://www.mprnews.org/story/2015/03/10/language-words

You can look at the data for tone in the World Atlas of Linguistic Structures. Lots of other data, too.
http://wals.info/feature/13A#1/6/142

Sweden will make a gender-neutral pronoun official by adding it to the dictionary
http://qz.com/369725/sweden-will-make-a-gender-neutral-pronoun-official-by-adding-it-to-the-dictionary/

Epenthesis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epenthesis

About every dictionary in the world has ‘whale’ as one syllable.
Hey, look, Em: it’s even got “hwayl”.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/whale

The ‘prayer hands’ emoji changed in the latest iPhone update and people are freaking out
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/the-prayer-hands-emoji-is-changing-2015-3

Emojipedia: Person With Folded Hands
http://emojipedia.org/person-with-folded-hands/

Gawker: No, the Praying Hands Emoji Is Not a “High Five”
http://gawker.com/no-the-praying-hands-emoji-is-not-a-high-five-1613936693


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.replicatedtypo.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Screen-Shot-2015-01-14-at-17.27.53.png

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