Category: metaphor

Episode 301: Mailbag of Wonder

We’re taking your questions on this episode.

What’s happening with tildes and Facebook? Can you have a big huge balloon, or could it also be huge big? And if you move a meeting forward, is it later or earlier?

The answers may surprise you on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

Miscellany № 60: the secret life of the tilde
http://www.shadycharacters.co.uk/2015/03/miscellany-60-tilde/

French baby boy banned from having name containing tilde
https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/sep/13/french-baby-boy-banned-from-getting-name-containing-symbol

The French baby names the law wouldn’t allow
https://www.thelocal.fr/20161118/french-baby-names-banned-nutella-renault

JoAnna’s message
https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1907400722620044?notif_t=like&notif_id=1505468825260191

Facebook Is Testing Rich Text Formatting With Markdown
http://wersm.com/facebook-is-testing-rich-text-formatting-with-markdown/

The Hidden Language Of The ~Tilde~
https://www.buzzfeed.com/josephbernstein/the-hidden-language-of-the-tilde

Irony & Sarcasm marks, part 3 of 3
http://www.shadycharacters.co.uk/2011/10/irony-sarcasm-marks-part-3-of-3/

Now you can impress your friends with bold, italics and strikethrough in WhatsApp
https://techcrunch.com/2016/03/29/now-you-can-impress-your-friends-with-bold-italics-and-strikethrough-in-whatsapp/

Wikipedia: List of dialects of the English language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_dialects_of_the_English_language

Why Doesn’t Modern Australia Have Diverse Regional Accents?
https://pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/why-doesn-t-modern-australia-have-diverse-regional-accents

Dialect Blog: The 3 Types of Australian Accents
http://dialectblog.com/2011/07/10/types-of-australian-accents/

Monash University: Inclusive language
http://www.monash.edu/about/editorialstyle/writing/inclusive-language

How to name Aboriginal people?
https://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/people/how-to-name-aboriginal-people

Indigenous, Aboriginal or Aborigine? It’s not black and white
https://www.crikey.com.au/2012/08/15/indigenous-aboriginal-or-aborigine-its-not-black-and-white/

Men Also Like Shopping: Reducing Gender Bias Amplification using Corpus-level Constraints
https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.09457

Nuñez et al.: Time after time: The psychological reality of the Ego- and Time-Reference-Point distinction in metaphorical construals of time. (PDF)
http://www.cogsci.ucsd.edu/~nunez/web/timeaftertimeF+.pdf

Grammarphobia: Forward thinking
https://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2009/09/forward-thinking.html

Google’s comment-ranking system will be a hit with the alt-right
https://www.engadget.com/2017/09/01/google-perspective-comment-ranking-system/

Google: Perspective API
http://www.perspectiveapi.com/#/

FBI: Sextortion
https://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/sextortion

Tips on how to deal with webcam blackmail, or sextortion, if you’re a victim
http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/38150192/tips-on-how-to-deal-with-webcam-blackmail-or-sextortion-if-youre-a-victim

Sextortion Advice
https://www.cleveland.police.uk/advice-information/Sextortion.aspx

‘Sextortion’ on the rise: NCA’s advice for blackmail victims
http://www.theweek.co.uk/79215/sextortion-on-the-rise-ncas-advice-for-blackmail-victims

‘Don’t take nude selfies’ and other ways men treat women with contempt
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-27/nude-selfies-and-why-men-treat-women-with-contempt/7790720

How to Avoid Email Bankruptcy: 5 Rules That Work
http://www.lifehack.org/articles/communication/how-to-avoid-email-bankruptcy-5-rules-that-work.html

The right way to deal with ’email bankruptcy’
http://www.zdnet.com/article/the-right-way-to-deal-with-email-bankruptcy/

Language Hat: Cultural Adaptation.
http://languagehat.com/cultural-adaptation/


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Episode 290: Language Does Not Determine Your Thoughts (Whorfianism 1)

Does language influence the way we think?

Many people have thought so. And this thought has worked its way into an enormously popular idea called the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Yet linguists often dismiss this idea as unfounded. So what’s the story?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie begin an exploration of language, perception, and mind on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Coel Healy


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Show notes

Fathers’ brains respond differently to daughters than sons
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170525100325.htm

Child gender influences paternal behavior, language, and brain function.
http://psycnet.apa.org/?&fa=main.doiLanding&doi=10.1037/bne0000199

No one could see the colour blue until modern times
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/what-is-blue-and-how-do-we-see-color-2015-2

How Speaking Another Language Can Change Your Personality
https://curiosity.com/topics/how-speaking-another-language-can-change-your-personality-curiosity/

How the language you speak changes your view of the world
https://theconversation.com/how-the-language-you-speak-changes-your-view-of-the-world-40721

Bylund and Athanasopoulos: The Whorfian Time Warp: Representing Duration Through the Language Hourglass.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28447839

The Language You Speak Affects How Your Brain Experiences The Passage Of Time
http://www.ibtimes.com/language-you-speak-affects-how-your-brain-experiences-passage-time-2533953

The language you speak changes your perception of time
http://www.popsci.com.au/science/the-language-you-speak-changes-your-perception-of-time,461144

Australian National Dictionary Centre: Word Box
http://andc.anu.edu.au/webform/word-box

Fidget Spinners: What They Are, How They Work and Why the Controversy
http://www.livescience.com/58916-fidget-spinner-faq.html

Patent for “Spinning toy : US 5591062 A”
https://www.google.com/patents/US5591062

How the fidget spinner origin story spun out of control
http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-fidget-spinner-origin-story-20170515-story.html

Millions sold: Was the original fidget spinner made in Suquamish?
http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/our-high-end-fidget-spinner-will-beat-the-competition-local-makers-say/

Yes, guy rompers are a real thing. Here are 12 styles to consider
http://www.latimes.com/fashion/la-ig-rompers-for-men-20170525-htmlstory.html

Why everyone is suddenly talking about male rompers
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/05/17/health/male-romper-romphim-trend-trnd/

The Hottest Bro-Rompers for Men to Rock!
http://www.ebony.com/style/bro-rompers

WALS Online: Feature 78A: Coding of Evidentiality
http://wals.info/feature/78A#2/16.6/149.6


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Episode 192: Linguistic Movies

It’s Oscars time, and the film about Alan Turing “The Imitation Game” is in contention for best picture.

But that’s not the only language movie out there — there are plenty of cinematic delights to quench your passion for linguistic film.

Linguist Daniel Midgley goes to the movies on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

¿Qué? Siri destroys Cortana and Google Now on language accuracy http://www.cultofmac.com/312335/que-siri-destroys-cortana-google-now-language-accuracy/

Check out the Hedonometer
http://hedonometer.org/index.html?from=2012-08-26&to=2015-02-27

The Mathematicians Trying to Prove that Every Language Is Inherently Positive
http://motherboard.vice.com/read/the-mathematicians-trying-to-prove-that-every-language-is-inherently-positive

The paper: Human language reveals a universal positivity bias
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/02/04/1411678112

EYE-GOUGINGLY BAD REPORTING ALERT

ScienceAlert: Spanish is the happiest language, Chinese the most balanced, new study reveals
http://www.sciencealert.com/spanish-is-the-happiest-language-chinese-is-the-most-balanced-new-study-reveals

ScienceMag: Spanish is the happiest language; Chinese, not so much
http://news.sciencemag.org/social-sciences/2015/02/spanish-happiest-language-chinese-not-so-much?rss=1

ABC Science: Language proves we’re all optimists at heart
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2015/02/10/4176587.htm

USA Today: Spanish is the happiest language
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2015/02/14/spanish-will-make-you-smile/23411681/

END OF ALERT

The sunny side always looks up
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2014/04/03/3972149.htm

The Poem That Passed the Turing Test
http://motherboard.vice.com/read/the-poem-that-passed-the-turing-test

From the programmer’s blog
https://rpiai.wordpress.com/2015/01/24/turing-test-passed-using-computer-generated-poetry/

The Imitation Game (2014): is it history, drama or myth?
https://theconversation.com/the-imitation-game-is-it-history-drama-or-myth-35849

The coin toss scene from ‘No Country for Old Men’.
WATCH: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLCL6OYbSTw
Script: http://gointothestory.blcklst.com/2009/03/great-scene-no-country-for-old-men.html

Roger Ebert reviews ‘Nell’.
http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/nell-1994

And a similar film: The Wild Child
http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/the-wild-child-1970

WATCH: The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez (1982)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YlrP2IR58es

About Gregorio Cortez
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregorio_Cortez

More about The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez
http://www.tcm.com/this-month/article/235288%7C235313/The-Ballad-of-Gregorio-Cortez.html

Windtalkers (2002)
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0245562/

Navajo Code Talkers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_talker#Navajo_code_talkers

WATCH: Singin’ in the Rain (1952): “Moses Supposes”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tciT9bmCMq8

WATCH: My Fair Lady (1964)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2TH8jOxVoM

Here are even more linguistically significant films
http://linguistlist.org/issues/16/16-1639.html

Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) quotes
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2015381/quotes

And more:
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2013/09/23/films-of-linguistic-interest/

Nut rage
http://news.nationalpost.com/2015/02/12/one-year-in-prison-for-korean-air-heiress-whose-tantrum-over-macadamia-nuts-delayed-flight/

Wikipedia: Nut rage incident
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nut_rage_incident

Desk rage
http://rigorousintuition.ca/board2/viewtopic.php?t=19387&p=201740

Lollipop rage
http://listserv.linguistlist.org/pipermail/worldwidewords/2006-May/000377.html

Word rage on Language Log
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1573

V for Vendetta speech
https://storyspeaker.wordpress.com/2007/06/04/v-for-vendetta-v’s-introductory-speech-and-remember-remember-poem/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 173: Metaphor in Brainspace (featuring Thalia Wheatley and Beth Castieau)

Do you like long discussions or heavy conversations?

If you understood that, you’re good at metaphors. They help us express ourselves, and even understand things. But what’s happening in our brains when we hear them? And can metaphors change our perception of the world?

Social neuroscientist Thalia Wheatley discusses deep thoughts with linguist Daniel Midgley on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


Show notes

Revolting Rhymes pulled from shelves at Aldi.
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/28/aldi-takes-roald-dahls-revolting-rhymes-off-shelves-over-the-word-slut

Thalia Wheatley’s work in metaphor
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-02/dc-dsp_1020414.php

Follow her @ThaliaWheatley
https://twitter.com/ThaliaWheatley

Metaphors actually trigger the sensory parts of our brains
http://io9.com/5883554/metaphors-actually-trigger-the-sensory-parts-of-our-brains

Rogeting
http://www.theguardian.com/education/shortcuts/2014/aug/08/rogeting-sinister-buttocks-students-essays-plagiarising-thesaurus

Such buttocks. Much sinister. Wow.
http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/sinister-buttocks-roget-would-blush-at-the-crafty-cheek/2015027.article

Please stop.
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/education/2014/08/writing_clearly_in_student_papers_the_right_click_thesaurus_and_rogeting.html


Show tunes

‘Heart Is a Drum’ by Beck
from the album Morning Phase

‘Everything You Do Is a Balloon’ by Boards of Canada
from the album Boc Maxima

Episode 28: Spying for Metaphor

The US intelligence agency IARPA is putting a heavy research focus, not into lie detection or speech recognition, but metaphor.

That’s right, the figure of speech where you describe something as something else. But why would that be useful for national security? What can we learn about human language by studying metaphor?

UWA linguist Daniel Midgley will illuminate the issue (so to speak) on this week’s Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Some introductory articles:
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/05/why-are-spy-researchers-building-a-metaphor-program/239402/
http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2011/jun/05/john-naughton-networker-spooks

Here’s the IARPA call for proposals, if you’re keen (PDF):
http://www.iarpa.gov/Metaphor_Presentations/Metaphor_Proposers_Day_Brief.pdf

Excerpts from “Metaphors We Live By” by Lakoff and Johnson:
http://theliterarylink.com/metaphors.html

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