Category: morphology

Episode 307: Sexy Neural Net (featuring Janelle Shane)

Are you stuck for what to go as for Halloween? AI to the rescue!

A computer scientist is using neural networks to invent Halloween costumes. Do you think you could pull off Punk Tree? Or perhaps Lady Garbage is more your style. So what are neural nets, and what is this deep learning that everyone is talking about? And what other names could AIs invent?

We’re talking with the creator Janelle Shane on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Download this episode
Listen on our Patreon page
Subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Simon Beaton


Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 307: Sexy Neural Net for everyone

Video episode 307: Sexy Neural Net coming soon

Cutting Room Floor 307: Sexy Neural Net coming soon

Become a Patron!


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including

Jerry

Anthony
Christopher

Beks
Chris
Christian
Damien
Erica
Erin
Kailyn
Kerstin of the Creative Language Learning Podcast
Mathias
Oleksandr
Sam

Abraham
Christy
Iain
kat
Matt
Whitney
and the podcast Lingthusiasm.

You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio and video, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Show notes

Kazakhstan to change from Cyrillic to Latin alphabet
http://www.dw.com/en/kazakhstan-to-change-from-cyrillic-to-latin-alphabet/a-41147396

Switchover to Latin-based script crucial for Kazakhstan – linguists
http://www.inform.kz/en/switchover-to-latin-based-script-crucial-for-kazakhstan-linguists_a3079380

Nazarbaev Signs Decree On Kazakh Language Switch To Latin-Based Alphabet
https://www.rferl.org/a/nazarbaev-signs-language-decree-latin-cyrillic/28819174.html

A neural network designs Halloween costumes
http://aiweirdness.com/post/166814009412/a-neural-network-designs-halloween-costumes

GitHub: halloween-costume-dataset/costumes
https://github.com/janelleshane/halloween-costume-dataset/blob/master/costumes

Deep learning and neural networks
https://theconversation.com/deep-learning-and-neural-networks-77259

An AI invented a bunch of new paint colors that are hilariously wrong
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/05/an-ai-invented-a-bunch-of-new-paint-colors-that-are-hilariously-wrong/

Daddy’s Car

AI Makes Pop Music
http://www.flow-machines.com/ai-makes-pop-music/

Dual citizenship: Which politicians still have questions to answer in this constitutional mess?
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-08-19/whos-next-in-the-dual-citizenship-mess/8819510

Malcolm Turnbull needs to admit he got MP citizenship crisis spectacularly wrong
http://www.theage.com.au/comment/the-age-editorial/malcolm-turnbull-needs-to-admit-he-got-mp-citizenship-crisis-spectacularly-wrong-20171029-gzaegv.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: bombshell
https://www.etymonline.com/word/bombshell

The Grammarphobia Blog: Bombshells, blonde & otherwise
https://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2016/06/bombshell.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: debacle
https://www.etymonline.com/word/debacle

Octopuses are slithering out of the water onto beaches in Wales, and locals say they have ‘never seen anything like it’
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/curled-horned-octopus-coming-ashore-wales-2017-10


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://aiweirdness.com/post/166814009412/a-neural-network-designs-halloween-costumes

Episode 285: Quick Shots

For this episode, we put out the call to listeners, and they responded. Daniel’s taking questions and giving answers.

Should we be fustrated or listen to vinyls? Is a movie based on or based off a true story? How do you recognise gaslighting? What does a linguistics career look like? And have you got another think coming?

Daniel answers them all and more on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or listen on our Patreon page
Subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Patreon supporters

This episode is facilitated by our great group of patrons. The list includes:

David W.
Christopher F.
Julie
Zoe
Whitney
Matt
Christy
and the wonderful podcast Lingthusiasm.

Thanks to all our patrons. You keep us going.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 285: Quick Shots for everyone

Become a Patron!


Show notes

Google Books: fustrated
Google Books link

Online Etymology Dictionary: fustrate
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=frustrate&allowed_in_frame=0

Grammarist: Another think coming
http://grammarist.com/usage/another-think-coming/

The Truth About Black Twitter
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/04/the-truth-about-black-twitter/390120/

Why Black Twitter Is Bigger Than Any One Story
http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/black-twitter-contains-multitudes-20150716

Black Twitter’s hilarious verification questions to prevent racist infiltration
https://qz.com/864372/black-twitters-twtr-hilarious-verification-questions-to-prevent-racist-infiltration/

What can you do with linguistics?

5 Common Phrases You May Not Realize Are Gaslighting
https://www.bustle.com/articles/132207-5-common-phrases-you-may-not-realize-are-gaslighting

From Theater to Therapy to Twitter, the Eerie History of Gaslighting
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/04/18/the_history_of_gaslighting_from_films_to_psychoanalysis_to_politics.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.guns.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/fast-cowboy1.jpg

Episode 280: Contractions

They’ll, we’ve, you’re, and even ain’t.

This week, we’re having contractions, but not the muscular kind — the word kind! We squash words together all the time, but why? And how well can you recognise them?

Daniel, Kylie, and Ben are gonna find out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or listen on our Patreon page
Subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Antonino Tati


Patreon supporters

We have the best patrons! Lots of people contributed to this show, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. Thanks to all of you!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 280: Contractions [128 kbps] for everyone

Cutting Room Floor 280: Contractions for patrons


Show notes

The Oxford comma: Do you or don’t you?
http://publishingresourceguide.com/writers-life/writing-ideas-inspiration/oxford-comma-yes-or-no

Oxford commas, Nelson Mandela, and Stephen King
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/09/15/oxford-commas-nelson-mandela-and-stephen-king/

The Best Shots Fired in the Oxford Comma Wars
http://mentalfloss.com/article/33637/best-shots-fired-oxford-comma-wars

An Oxford comma changed this court case completely
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/03/15/health/oxford-comma-maine-court-case-trnd/index.html

A Missing Oxford Comma Just Changed the Course of a Court Case
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/missing-oxford-comma-just-changed-course-court-case-180962551/

Infographic: The Oxford comma debate
https://www.ragan.com/Main/Articles/Infographic_The_Oxford_comma_debate_52369.aspx

Wikipedia: Contraction (grammar)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contraction_(grammar)

Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 1 (increased use of –n’t; interesting charts)
Google Books link

Amn’t
http://www.worldwidewords.org/qa/qa-amn1.htm

The Story of Ain’t
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=7100#more-7100

The Cockney and His Dialect
https://www.jstor.org/stable/534097?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

London dialect in Dickens
http://www.bl.uk/learning/timeline/item126779.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: won’t
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=won%27t

Why Does “Will Not” Become “Won’t”?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/55232/why-does-will-not-become-wont

Online Etymology Dictionary: contraction
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=contraction&searchmode=&p=3&allowed_in_frame=0

Word lengths are optimized for efficient communication
http://www.pnas.org/content/108/9/3526.long

Why “won’t” isn’t “willn’t”
http://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2013/03/wont-willnt.html

Throw Mama From the Train: Favorite Line
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4c1sgug6prw

(principle of) least effort [Zipf’s Law]
https://www.thoughtco.com/principle-of-least-effort-zipfs-law-1691104

Understanding Zipf’s Law
http://david.pilato.fr/blog/2016/01/05/understanding-zipfs-law/

The mystery of Zipf
https://plus.maths.org/content/mystery-zipf

A mysterious law that predicts the size of the world’s biggest cities
http://io9.gizmodo.com/the-mysterious-law-that-governs-the-size-of-your-city-1479244159

Applying Zipf’s Law to galaxies
https://phys.org/news/2016-04-zipf-law-galaxies.html

Wikipedia: List of placeholder names by language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_placeholder_names_by_language

UD: doovalacky
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=doovalacky

MW: doohickey
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/doohickey

Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll icon, dead at 90
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-03-19/chuck-berry-rock-n-roll-icon-dies-aged-90/8367220

How Chuck Berry Wrote “Johnny B. Goode” and Created the First Rock and Roll Guitar Hero
http://www.guitarworld.com/artist-news/how-chuck-berry-wrote-johnny-b-goode-and-created-first-rock-and-roll-guitar-hero/30217

Sister Rosetta Tharpe Biography
http://www.biography.com/people/sister-rosetta-tharpe-17172332

Sister Rosetta Tharpe – Didn’t It Rain
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SR2gR6SZC2M

Vapour Trails: Revisiting Shoegaze
https://www.xlr8r.com/features/2009/01/vapour-trails-revisiting-shoegaze/

List of rock genres
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rock_genres

Music Genres List
http://www.musicgenreslist.com

Our Least Favorite Genre Names
http://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2012/01/28/145858309/our-least-favorite-genre-names

Can -core survive normcore?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/04/can-core-survive-normcore/

Slutwave, Tumblr Rap, Rape Gaze: Obscure Musical Genres Explained
http://www.laweekly.com/music/slutwave-tumblr-rap-rape-gaze-obscure-musical-genres-explained-2409158

Eminem and The Beatles: The Top-Selling Artists of the 2000s
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/eminem-and-the-beatles-the-top-selling-artists-of-the-2000s-20091209

Google Ngram Viewer: on / in an island
Control-click the lines to make similar items collapse.


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://i2.kym-cdn.com/photos/images/facebook/001/217/719/10a.jpg

Episode 278: Like (featuring Alexandra D’Arcy)

Do you, like, like LIKE?

LIKE is often used and often reviled these days, but not everyone realises that LIKE has a long history. And it follows regular patterns — patterns we seem to know instinctively, but which we have a hard time articulating. How did LIKE get this way, and should you be trying to stop using it?

Daniel talks to sociolinguist Alexandra D’Arcy on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or listen on our Patreon page
Subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. Thanks to you and all our patrons!

Did you know that if you become a Patreon supporter yourself, you’ll have access to about eight hours of bonus audio? Our Cutting Room Floor posts are where you can hear all the stuff that we didn’t have time for on the show, plus a lot of us just talking about random crap. (Some of it is actually kind of funny.) You’ll also get to listen to the full versions of all our interviews. Plus merch, blog posts, and more more more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 278: Like (featuring Alexandra D’Arcy) [128 kbps]

Interview with Alexandra D’Arcy 2017-03-02 (complete) patrons only

Cutting Room Floor 278: Like patrons only


Show notes

Signs of Australia : a new dictionary of Auslan (the sign language of the Australian deaf community) / edited by Trevor Johnston
http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/377262

Coming soon: First-of-its-kind Indian sign language dictionary
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/coming-soon-first-of-its-kind-indian-sign-language-dictionary-4487058/

The people behind India’s first sign language dictionary
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-39101899

Ethnologue: Indian Sign Language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/ins

Empowering the Deaf
http://indiansignlanguage.org

Giphy Collects Together Thousands Of Animated GIFs To Help You Learn Sign Language
https://www.lifehacker.com.au/2017/02/giphy-collects-together-thousands-of-animated-gifs-to-help-you-learn-sign-language/

Call to give sign language official status
https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/governance/services/rights/disability-051212

Sign language users have better reaction times and peripheral vision
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170206084253.htm

Online Etymology Dictionary: like
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=like

Like, OMG! ‘Like’ Is, Like, Totally Cool, Linguist Says
http://www.themillions.com/2014/02/like-omg-like-is-like-totally-cool-linguist-says.html

Like, Why Do We Use Like So Much?
http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/lexicon_valley/2017/02/john_mcwhorter_with_alexandra_d_arcy_on_the_word_like.html

Discourse markers are, like, important
https://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2017/01/21/discourse-markers-are-like-important/Y92NncxhOIiYsDWQHIkdvJ/story.html

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913
https://www.oldbaileyonline.org

Wiktionary: uberize
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/uberize

How Uber Deceives the Authorities Worldwide
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/03/technology/uber-greyball-program-evade-authorities.html?_r=0

Uber’s unravelling: The stunning, 2 week string of blows that has upended the world’s most valuable startup
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/uber-scandal-recap-2017-3/?r=US&IR=T#/#sunday-february-19-the-beginning-1

Uberfy or Get Uberfied! The Psychology of Digital Disruption
http://digitalintelligencetoday.com/uberfy-or-get-uberfied-the-psychology-of-digital-disruption/

Sexism at Uber from female management #UberStory
https://medium.com/@contactkeala/sexism-at-uber-from-female-management-uberstory-238874075bbb#.w54lc2z4t

Much help from Word-Formation in English by Ingo Plag
https://books.google.com.au/books/about/Word_formation_in_English.html?id=78KFCIHtJS4C&redir_esc=y

What is the difference between the suffixes -ize and -ify
http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/189530/what-is-the-difference-between-the-suffixes-ize-and-ify


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://q.likesuccess.com/114/5673721-justin-bieber-fan-humor.jpg

Episode 274: Linguistic Activism (featuring Christine Mallinson)

How can you make a difference to language?

Linguists are doing a lot of great work, but what if you’re not a linguist? Is there anything that you can do to make the world a better place for language and the people who use it?

Daniel Midgley has some ideas, and he chats with linguist Christine Mallinson on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Dylan Websdane


Patreon supporters

Our fantastic patrons keep us going! We’ve got Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. Thanks to all our great patrons for their support.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 274: Linguistic Activism [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 274: Linguistic Activism


Show notes

On 22 April, empiricists around the country will march for science
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/02/april-22-empiricists-around-country-will-march-science

March for Science – Perth, Western Australia
https://www.facebook.com/MarchForSciencePerthWA/

Green Party launches plan to teach te reo Maori to ‘every New Zealand child’
https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/green-party-launches-plan-teach-te-reo-maori-every-new-zealand-child

Why does the idea of te reo Māori as a core subject make so many people flip out?
http://thespinoff.co.nz/society/03-02-2017/why-does-the-idea-of-te-reo-maori-as-a-core-subject-make-so-many-people-flip-out/

Māori Language Policy
http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PO1607/S00199/maori-language-policy.htm

Māori Language Week / Te Wiki o te Reo Māori 2017
http://planeta.com/maorilanguageweek/

Maori particles
http://everything2.com/title/Maori+particles

English-only speakers find learning Te Reo difficult
http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/te-manu-korihi/213544/english-only-speakers-find-learning-te-reo-difficult

Ethnologue: Maori in the Language Cloud
https://www.ethnologue.com/cloud/mri

Kickstarter: language
https://www.kickstarter.com/discover/advanced?ref=nav_search&term=language

The Endangered Languages Project
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com

Volunteering with the Refugee Council of Australia
http://www.refugeecouncil.org.au/volunteering/

AMES Australia
https://www.ames.net.au/find-sites

Adult Migrant English Program (AMEP)
https://central.wa.edu.au/amep/Pages/default.aspx

Read Write Now
http://www.read-write-now.org

volunteering.org.au: “language” in WA
https://volunteeringwa.org.au/volunteers/find-a-position/position-search-results#/search/language/?Locations=WA

New app Valuable Voices builds awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity in the classroom
http://news.umbc.edu/new-app-valuable-voices-builds-awareness-of-linguistic-and-cultural-diversity-in-the-classroom/

Valuable Voices on the App Store
https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/valuable-voices/id1145710477?mt=8

Phrase Detectives
http://anawiki.essex.ac.uk/phrasedetectives/

Wordrobe
http://wordrobe.housing.rug.nl/Wordrobe/public/HomePage.aspx

Macquarie Dictionary Word of the Year: Committee’s Choice and People’s Choice announced!
https://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/resources/view/word/of/the/year/

Ben Pobjie: Halal Snack Pack isn’t a word: It’s time to boycott Big Dictionary
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-02-02/halal-snack-pack-isnt-a-word-boycott-dictionary/8234744

Pauline Hanson loses it over halal snack packs
http://www.news.com.au/national/federal-election/pauline-hanson-loses-it-over-halal-snack-packs/news-story/a52ed6c717833bdc81c14839e5de9518

ACL: Multiword Expressions
https://www.aclweb.org/aclwiki/index.php?title=Multiword_Expressions

Morphological Typology: Modes of attachment (PDF)
http://sites.middlebury.edu/lngt101fall2015/files/2015/10/morphological-typology-of-languages-from-the-language-files.pdf

Morphological Typology
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/50939757945/morphological-typology-illustrations-from

yous v youse

The tale of Benny and Jenny
http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2012/09/the-tale-of-benny-and-jenny/

Meet Ben’s Sister Jane, History’s Forgotten Franklin
http://www.wbur.org/npr/231431080/meet-bens-sister-jane-historys-forgotten-franklin


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://is2.mzstatic.com/image/thumb/Purple62/v4/2b/bd/a1/2bbda13e-a9d9-5f5a-9c74-2b1a3ab9e04b/source/512x512bb.jpg

Episode 264: Spurious Etymologies (live at Camp Doogs)

With words, things are not always what they seem.

An etymology is a story about how a word or phrase got to be that way. How did your favourite phrases come about? Is it possible that the origins you’ve heard are not quite true? And how can you spot a fishy story?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are coming at you live for this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Jane Hebiton


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our patrons Whitney, Matt, and Christy. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, and more!


Show notes

Pinjarra
http://www.boodjar.sis.uwa.edu.au/boodjar-placenames/Pinjarra

Pinjarup | Ethnologue
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/pnj

Google’s Quest To Design A Typeface For Every Language On Earth
https://www.fastcodesign.com/3064379/googles-quest-to-design-a-typeface-for-every-language-on-earth

Google Fonts: Noto Sans
https://fonts.google.com/specimen/Noto+Sans

What’s new in Unicode 9.0?
http://babelstone.blogspot.com.au/2016/01/whats-new-in-unicode-90.html

13912551_10153802558073527_633204098457369152_n

Good luck takes a reverse
http://www.news.com.au/national/good-luck-takes-a-reverse/story-e6frfkp9-1111118083194

Wiktionary: chock
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/chock#Etymology_1

List of common false etymologies of English words
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_common_false_etymologies_of_English_words

Was ‘tip’ formed from an acronym of ‘To Insure Promptness’?
http://www.snopes.com/language/acronyms/tip.asp

Folk etymology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_etymology

The Word Detective: False etymologies
http://www.word-detective.com/2013/03/false-etymologies/

More about Break A Leg
http://www.theatrecrafts.com/pages/home/glossary-of-technical-theatre-terms/more-about-break-a-leg/

The Phrase Finder — a great resource.
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/b.html

Wiktionary: global weirding
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/global_weirding

Global Weirding Is Here – The New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/17/opinion/17friedman.html?_r=0

Global warming vs climate change
https://www.skepticalscience.com/print.php?r=326

Orthorexia: when healthy eating turns against you
https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/sep/26/orthorexia-eating-disorder-clean-eating-dsm-miracle-foods

Orthorexia nervosa: when righteous eating becomes an obsession
https://theconversation.com/orthorexia-nervosa-when-righteous-eating-becomes-an-obsession-36484

Orthorexia nervosa – when healthy eating is no longer healthy
http://www.eufic.org/article/en/artid/orthorexia-nervosa/

Pete Evans is clueless about nutrition
http://scepticalnutritionist.com.au/?p=1523

Pete Evans slammed for ‘potentially damaging’ paleo diet advice to osteoporosis sufferer
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-29/pete-evans-slammed-for-advice-to-osteoporosis-sufferer/7793572

Doctor criticises chef Pete Evans for giving ‘potentially deadly’ diet advice
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/doctor-criticises-chef-pete-evans-for-giving-potentially-deadly-diet-advice-20160829-gr3ydb.html

Clean eating trend can be dangerous for young people, experts warn
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/oct/01/clean-eating-trend-dangerous-young-people-food-obsession-mental-health-experts

CSIRO Total Wellbeing Diet online
http://www.csiro.au/en/Research/Health/CSIRO-diets/CSIRO-Total-Wellbeing-Diet-Online

The Butterfly Foundation
https://thebutterflyfoundation.org.au

Etymonline: helicopter
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=helicopter

Bully: A Vicious, Cowardly Word With a Long History
https://www.good.is/articles/the-history-of-the-word-bully


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: Kylie Sturgess

Episode 238: Questions, Questions

Our listeners have questions, and we have answers.

Why do we say boo? or a whole ‘nother? And our Latin-minded friends have a few questions, as well.

Linguist Daniel Midgley answers them all on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Scott Quigg


Show notes

Boaty McBoatface: Man behind the name apologises to company for social media ‘storm’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-22/boaty-mcboatface-inventor-apologises-to-nerc-for-storm/7265842

The linguistics of signifying time: The human gesture as clock
http://www.mpi.nl/the-linguistics-of-signifying-time-the-human-gesture-as-clock

Study Uncovers Unusual Method of Communicating Human Concept of Time
http://www.sci-news.com/othersciences/linguistics/nheengatu-language-method-concept-time-03711.html

Early draft of Dr Floyd’s paper (PDF)
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/archived-documents/Lg_92.1_Floyd.pdf

Global scare tactics: how to say “boo”
https://www.languagetrainers.com/blog/2011/01/07/global-scare-tactics-how-to-say-boo/

A Biography Of ‘Boo’ Across The World
http://www.npr.org/2014/10/31/360461195/a-biography-of-boo-across-the-world

When Did Ghosts Start Saying “Boo”?
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/explainer/2011/10/why_do_ghosts_say_boo_.html

An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language:
Google Books link

TravelTexas missed a big opportunity.
https://www.traveltexas.com/#/

Linguists discuss a whole ‘nother
https://linguistlist.org/issues/14/14-2909.html

Tmesis: A Whole Nother Word to Use!
https://speechdudes.wordpress.com/2013/10/03/tmesis-a-whole-nother-word-to-use/

What’s a “Napron”?
http://maevemaddox.com/books/bibliography/whats-a-napron

Examples of a whole ‘nother from the Cambridge History of the English Language
Google Books link

Is Irregardless a Word?
http://blog.dictionary.com/is-irregardless-a-word/

Etymonline: bacteria
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bacteria

Phubbing: An invented word that might be too useful to ignore
http://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/phubbing-words-we%27re-watching

Etymonline: snub
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=snub&allowed_in_frame=0


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://hdimagesnew.com/question-mark-hd-wallpaper/

Episode 213: Short and Sweet

Is there anything that all human languages have in common?

With all the diversity in the world’s languages, a true universal is hard to find. But new research has unearthed a principle involving the distances between words, and this discovery has revived a long-standing debate.

Linguist Daniel Midgley keeps it short and sweet on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Marmoset ‘conversations’ may give clues to evolution of human language
http://news.sciencemag.org/plants-animals/2015/04/marmoset-conversations-may-give-clues-evolution-human-language

Related to PharaohKatt’s post: some of my favourite linguistic developments
http://221–bee.tumblr.com/post/125666704553/some-of-my-favourite-linguistic-developments

Know Your Meme: Doge
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/doge

Know Your Meme: Son, I Am Disappoint
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/son-i-am-disappoint

LOLspeak
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/lolspeak-chanspeak/children

Follow Dog Solutions. It funny
https://twitter.com/DogSolutions

NatGeo: Bonobo “Baby Talk” Reveals Roots of Human Language
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/08/150808-animals-bonobos-apes-evolution-speech/

Guardian: Bonobos have mastered the art of babytalk, new research shows
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/aug/04/bonobos-mastered-art-of-babytalk-language-evolution

Daily Mail: Bonobos speak like HUMAN BABIES: Apes use high-pitched ‘peeps’ just like infants learning to talk
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3184869/Bonobos-speak-like-HUMAN-BABIES-Apes-use-high-pitched-peeps-just-like-infants-learning-talk.html

Scientific American: Bonobo Peeps May Be Necessary Language Precursors
http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/bonobo-peeps-may-be-necessary-language-precursors/

MIT Linguists Say Human Languages Might Be Predictable
https://www.inverse.com/article/5136-mit-linguists-say-human-languages-might-be-predictable

The paper: Large-scale evidence of dependency length minimization in 37 languages
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/07/28/1502134112

MIT Study Suggests a Universal Property of Language
http://languagemagazine.com/?p=124247

All languages have evolved to have this in common
http://news.sciencemag.org/social-sciences/2015/08/all-languages-have-evolved-have-common

More about language universals (PDF)
http://www.uio.no/studier/emner/hf/ikos/EXFAC03-AAS/h05/larestoff/linguistics/Chapter%203.(H05).pdf

Klittra wins the vote in Sweden as the new word for female masturbation. Don’t be surprised if English adopts it. http://t.co/gQjBOnjsN5

— Wordability (@WordabilityHugh) June 23, 2015

Jezebel: Add the Word ‘Klittra’ to Your Sexual Dictionary
http://jezebel.com/add-the-word-klittra-to-your-sexual-dictionary-1712951840

Guardian: Sweden invents a word for girls’ genitals equivalent to ‘willy’ for boys
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/01/sweden-girls-genitals-feminist-invention-snippa-vagina

Swedish children’s TV dancing genitals cartoon sparks parental outcry
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jan/14/swedish-childrens-tv-cartoon-dancing-sparks-parental-outcry-genitals-penis-vagina-dancing

English remix of Swedish ‘genitals’ song released
http://www.thelocal.se/20150305/english-remix-of-sweden-genitals-song-twinkle-willie

Inevitable dance remix
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4AWRwd6NlXA

Where does on the dole come from?
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=dole


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://news.sciencemag.org/social-sciences/2015/08/all-languages-have-evolved-have-common

Episode 201: The First Language

What was the first language, and what was it like?

Does it still exist? And out of all the languages on earth today, which one is the oldest?

These are tricky questions, and linguists have tricky answers. Linguist Daniel Midgley goes back to basics on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Jane Hebiton


Show notes

What Part of “No, Totally” Don’t You Understand?
http://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/what-part-of-no-totally-dont-you-understand

No, Yes, Definitely: On The Rise Of ‘No, Totally’ As Linguistic Quirk
http://www.npr.org/2015/04/12/399210557/the-rise-of-the-no-totally-linguistic-phenomenon

How to Say ‘Yes’ (by Not Saying ‘Yes’)
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/04/how-to-say-yes-by-not-saying-yes/390129/

People in Northern Sweden have the world’s weirdest way of saying ‘yes’
http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/real-life/people-in-northern-sweden-have-the-worlds-weirdest-way-of-saying-yes/story-fnq2oad4-1227187456841

Russian-language version of Apple personal assistant Siri gives ‘homophobic’ responses to questions about gay people
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3040346/Russian-language-version-Apple-s-Siri-gives-homophobic-responses-questions-gay-people.html

“In Soviet Russia Siri questions you”

Until yesterday, Russian Siri was giving out homophobic replies
http://www.theverge.com/2015/4/15/8420763/apple-russian-siri-homophobic-replies

Apple fixes ‘homophobic’ Russian Siri: ‘This emotion should be considered negative’
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/apr/16/apple-fixes-homophobic-russian-siri-emotion-should/

Russia’s Apple monument dismantled after Tim Cook comes out as gay
http://www.digitalspy.com.au/tech/news/a607640/russias-apple-monument-dismantled-after-tim-cook-comes-out-as-gay.html#~paaNX4QTTVCTl0

Barbara Klein Moss: The Search For The First Language
A good rundown of ideas about early language
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/barbara-klein-moss/the-search-for-the-first-_b_7011208.html

Another one: The first chapter of God’s Sacred Tongue: Hebrew and the American Imagination by Shalom L. Goldman
http://uncpress.unc.edu/browse/page/372

There was some idle talk about making Hebrew the official language of the USA.
http://www.languagepolicy.net/archives/LLPT1.htm
http://www.pbs.org/speak/seatosea/officialamerican/banenglish/

The Ten Lost Tribes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Lost_Tribes

Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism, borrowed the Hebrew origin story for his work of fiction, The Book of Mormon.
http://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/places/related-articles/mormon-scripture-and-the-lost-tribes-of-israel.aspx

Smith also speculated that the Ten Lost Tribes lived at the North Pole. In a kind of hollow.
http://mormonthink.com/QUOTES/losttribes.htm

This ties right into the ‘Hollow Earth’ theory that was also going around at the time. Smith picked up on a lot of stuff that was going around.
http://www.unmuseum.org/hollow.htm

RationalWiki: Sanskrit is not the first language
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Sanskrit

Nutty stuff from The Vedic Foundation: Sanskrit was the first language, and it’s never changed. Warning: crackpottery.
http://www.thevedicfoundation.org/valuable_resources/Sanskrit-The_Mother_of_All_Languages_partI.htm

MIT Press Release: The rapid rise of human language
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-03/miot-trr033115.php

The paper: The precedence of syntax in the rapid emergence of human language in evolution as defined by the integration hypothesis
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00271/full

New paper suggests speech developed in a now-familiar form
http://phys.org/news/2015-03-paper-speech-now-familiar.html

Early humans did not mumble and grunt: Language ‘developed rapidly’
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/early-humans-did-not-mumble-grunt-language-developed-rapidly-1494573

The authors think it all comes down to Merge.
We Got Merge: Noam Chomsky on the Cognitive Function that Made Language Evolve
http://www.brainpickings.org/2012/06/20/noam-chomsky-the-science-language/

Linguist List, Ask a Linguist: What’s the oldest language?
http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/oldest.cfm

Percy Sledge: Soul singer’s link to cricket’s sledging
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-04-15/percy-sledge-soul-singer-link-to-cricket-sledging/6393694

World Wide Words: Sledging
http://www.worldwidewords.org/weirdwords/ww-sle1.htm


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://phys.org/news/2015-03-paper-speech-now-familiar.html

Episode 175: Mother Tongues

Everyone knows it’s a good idea to get kids to learn a foreign language.

But lots of Australian kids already speak a foreign language — at home. Yet these ‘mother tongues’ are losing ground to English. How do we encourage the minority languages in our midst?

Linguist Daniel Midgley investigates on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Ronan Lane


We’re talking about this article in Slate:
One Planet, One Language: How Realistic Is Science Fiction Linguistics?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/09/08/one_planet_one_language_science_fiction_versus_earth_linguistic_diversity.html

Click here for more options: How to get Talk the Talk


Show notes

Uyghur Linguist, Two Associates Sentenced After One Year Detention
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/language-08262014235118.html

The Language Log post
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=14351

Uyghur is an official language of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyghur_language

In Australia, about one in five people speak a language other than English at home.
http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features30April+2013#back9

But for schoolkids, it’s more like one in three.
Push to get more Aussie kids speaking their native language
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2014/08/11/push-get-more-aussie-kids-speaking-their-native-language

How we kill languages and fail our cleverest children
http://theconversation.com/how-we-kill-languages-and-fail-our-cleverest-children-29137

How many are in your area? Find out using the SBS Census Explorer.
http://www.sbs.com.au/censusexplorer/

Some parents are concerned that bilingualism will hurt their child’s language skills. It doesn’t.
http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/biling2.cfm

Bilingualism is pretty normal.
http://www.hanen.org/Helpful-Info/Articles/Bilingualism-in-Young-Children–Separating-Fact-fr.aspx

There are perhaps 20 healthy Aboriginal languages in Australia
http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/language/

Here they are, under “Strong Indigenous Languages”.
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/1301.0Feature%20Article42009%E2%80%9310?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=1301.0&issue=2009%9610&num=&view=

Language nests can help
http://theconversation.com/language-nests-a-way-to-revive-indigenous-languages-at-risk-19824

They’re a way to facilitate trans-generational language transference.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language_nest

Canada is using them
http://www.ece.gov.nt.ca/early-childhood-and-school-services/early-childhood/language-nests

New South Wales made a big push for them last year.
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2013/10/28/culture-centre-aims-revive-wiradjuri-language

Economic success ‘drives language extinction’
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-29037168

And that’s bad, because language diversity is very positive.
http://linguisticmystic.com/2012/06/21/why-is-linguistic-diversity-a-good-thing/

Ish: How A Suffix Became A Word
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/06/09/ish_how_a_suffix_became_an_independent_word_even_though_it_s_not_in_all.html

Here’s where it comes from
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=-ish

It’s getting degrammaticalised
http://linguistlist.org/pubs/reviews/get-review.cfm?subid=2639294

And all that ish
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/06/16/ish_and_shoot_as_euphemisms_not_as_versatile_as_the_swear_words_they_replace.html


Show tunes

‘Beautiful Mother’ by Dirty Projectors + Björk
from the album Mount Wittenburg Orca

‘Hold the Line’ by SBTRKT
from the album Transitions

© 2017 Talk the Talk

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑