Category: children (page 1 of 3)

Episode 284: Feral Children

What can we learn about language from children who grew up without it?

People are fascinated by stories of “feral children”, raised apart from human contact. Can these children ever learn language, once they’re found? And what does this tell us about the human language faculty?

Daniel and Ben take a critical look at the stories on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


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and the podcast Lingthusiasm.

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Episode 284: Feral Children

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Show notes

AI programs exhibit racial and gender biases, research reveals
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/apr/13/ai-programs-exhibit-racist-and-sexist-biases-research-reveals

Scientists Taught A Robot Language. It Immediately Turned Racist.
https://www.buzzfeed.com/nidhisubbaraman/robot-racism-through-language

An AI stereotype catcher
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6334/133

Google searches expose racial bias, says study of names
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-21322183

The ‘three black teenagers’ search shows it is society, not Google, that is racist
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jun/10/three-black-teenagers-google-racist-tweet

Meet the 8-year-old girl raised by monkeys
http://nypost.com/2017/04/06/meet-the-8-year-old-girl-raised-by-monkeys/

Girl found living with monkeys in Indian forest
https://apnews.com/9bb6522fe5c642a38a62bd7f99b23708

Indian girl found in jungle was not living with monkeys, officials say
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/apr/08/indian-girl-found-in-jungle-was-not-living-with-monkeys-officials-say

Elissa Newport: Contrasting Conceptions of the Critical Period for Language
Google Books link

The History of Herodotus
http://classics.mit.edu/Herodotus/history.2.ii.html

Erik The Flutemaker: Egyptian Flute (used with permission)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnyW3R-v19Y

Erik’s YouTube channel
https://www.youtube.com/user/theflutemaker

The King of Scotland’s Peculiar Language Experiment
http://mentalfloss.com/article/75378/king-scotlands-peculiar-language-experiment

A creepy 15th century language experiment took place on this island
http://io9.gizmodo.com/a-creepy-15th-century-language-experiment-took-place-on-1484724484?IR=T

Peter Mundy’s account of Emperor Akbar
Google Books link

The Critical Period for Language Acquisition and Feral Children
https://sites.psu.edu/psych256sp16/2016/04/21/the-critical-period-for-language-acquisition-and-feral-children/

Wikipedia: Amala and Kamala
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amala_and_Kamala

Starved, tortured, forgotten: Genie, the feral child who left a mark on researchers
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/jul/14/genie-feral-child-los-angeles-researchers

The Heartbreaking Story Of Genie, A Feral Child Who Will Never Learn To Communicate
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/critical-period-for-language-acquisition-2013-10#xFbIh50RV7uI6TRo.99

Feral Children in Fact and Fiction
http://www.centerforinquiry.net/blogs/entry/feral_children_in_fact_and_fiction/

Urban Dictionary: re-accommodate
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=re-accommodate

Flight or fight? United’s ‘re-accommodation’ of passenger a colossal mistake
http://www.smh.com.au/business/aviation/flight-or-fight-uniteds-reaccommodation-of-passenger-a-colossal-mistake-20170410-gvi842.html

United C.E.O. offers the worst possible response to the airline’s P.R. disaster
http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2017/04/united-airlines-oscar-munoz

New United logo
http://imgur.com/gallery/SQLY2

Wiktionary: voluntell
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/voluntell

The Rice University Neologisms Database: voluntold
http://neologisms.rice.edu/index.php?a=term&d=1&t=7413

Slate: Why Do We Hate Certain Words? The curious phenomenon of word aversion.
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2013/04/word_aversion_hate_moist_slacks_crevice_why_do_people_hate_words.html

Urban Dictionary: jawn
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=jawn

The Enduring Mystery Of ‘Jawn’, Philadelphia’s All-Purpose Noun
http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-enduring-mystery-of-jawn-philadelphias-allpurpose-noun

Read This: The history of “jawn,” Philadelphia’s favorite all-purpose word
http://www.avclub.com/article/read-history-jawn-philadelphias-favorite-all-purpo-234368

Funky 4+1 Thats The Joint (Vinyl High Quality)
https://youtu.be/FzuskHUux6U

Language Hat: JAWN.
http://languagehat.com/jawn/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 277: All About Accents

Accents are like opinions: everybody’s got one. But how do opinions affect accents?

Listeners want to know: Why do people seem to lose their accent when they sing? And is there any reason why we think some accents sound attractive and others less so?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie talk it over on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Harry Malcolm


Patreon supporters

This episode was brought to you thanks to our community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W.ZoeWhitney, Matt, and Christy. A huge thank you to all our patrons!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 277: How We Feel About Accents [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 277: Accents


Show notes

NSW HSC: Back to the future in first major overhaul of the syllabus in 20 years
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/nsw-hsc-back-to-the-future-in-first-major-overhaul-of-the-syllabus-in-20-years-20170220-gugoum.html

NSW HSC syllabus overhaul places focus on English grammar and Asian history
https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/feb/21/nsw-hsc-syllabus-overhaul-places-focus-on-english-grammar-and-asian-history

The Australian Curriculum (AUTOMATIC PDF DOWNLOAD)
http://v7-5.australiancurriculum.edu.au/australian%20curriculum.pdf?Type=0&s=E&e=ScopeAndSequence
Cached version; loads without downloading

ACARA: Curriculum
http://v7-5.australiancurriculum.edu.au/english/curriculum/f-10?layout=1

HSC overhaul to be announced
http://www.skynews.com.au/news/national/nsw/2017/02/21/hsc-overhaul-to-be-announced.html

The Irish accent voted sexiest in the world
http://www.irishcentral.com/news/colin-farrell-helps-irish-beat-french-for-sexiest-accent-in-the-world-68840277-237766571

Why Are Some Accents Sexier than Others?
http://www.listenandlearnaustralia.com.au/blog/why-are-some-accents-sexier-than-others/

What makes a language attractive – its sound, national identity or familiarity?
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/jul/17/what-makes-a-language-attractive

Why are some accents more attractive?
https://blog.esl-languages.com/blog/esl/foreign-accents-attractive/

How German Sounds Compared To Other Languages (Ultimate / Full Version)

How beautiful German sounds compared to other languages

Trudgill: Acts of Conflicting Identity: The Sociolinguistics of British Pop-song Pronunciation
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-349-25582-5_21

Trudgill on Pop Song Pronunciation
http://positiveanymore.blogspot.com.au/2006/06/trudgill-on-pop-song-pronunciation.html

Indie girl singer introduces us to her kitchen
https://vine.co/v/OTg0nO2mFKU

On singing accents
http://david-crystal.blogspot.com.au/2009/11/on-singing-accents.html

Why British Singers Lose Their Accents When Singing
http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/08/why-british-singers-lose-their-accent-when-singing/

Talking tactics: Rihanna and the pop stars who change accent
https://www.theguardian.com/music/2016/feb/04/talk-that-talk-rihanna-the-cunning-linguist

Hot takes and hysteria: it’s time to park identity politics
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/feb/24/hot-takes-and-hysteria-its-time-to-park-identity-politics

‘Don’t play identity politics!’ The primal scream of the straight white male
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/dec/02/identity-politics-donald-trump-white-men

RationalWiki: Identity politics
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Identity_politics

Stop saying identity politics caused Trump
http://www.newstatesman.com/2017/01/stop-saying-identity-politics-caused-trump

The Combahee River Collective Statement
http://americanstudies.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Keyword%20Coalition_Readings.pdf

The Debate We Have To Have: Identity Politics And The Left
https://newmatilda.com/2015/07/16/debate-we-have-have-identity-politics-and-left/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 276: English Only

What’s behind the English Only movement?

Some people are trying to make English the “official” language of countries where there’s already a lot of English going on. Is this necessary? What are the pros and cons?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie talk it over on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., ZoeWhitney, Matt, and Christy. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 276: English Only [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 276: English Only patrons only


Show notes

Toddlers Learn Words Poorly in Noisy Environments
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/toddlers-learn-words-poorly-in-noisy-environments/

Background noise may hinder toddlers’ ability to learn words
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/sfri-bnm071816.php

A new corpus of ‘slips of the ear’ in English
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-02/uotb-anc021717.php

The English Consistent Confusion Corpus
http://spandh.dcs.shef.ac.uk/ECCC/

Does TV Watching Really Hurt Vocabulary Development?
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/keep-it-in-mind/201311/does-tv-watching-really-hurt-vocabulary-development

Can Toddlers Learn Vocabulary from Television? An Experimental Approach (PDF)
http://vrij-natuurlijk.nl/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/tv_study.pdf

Congress.gov: H.R.997
https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/997/text?r=4

Oregon lawmakers push to repeal sanctuary state designation, make English official language
http://www.oregonlive.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/02/oregon_lawmakers_push_to_repea.html

English-only and official English movements
http://immigrationtounitedstates.org/481-english-only-and-official-english-movements.html

Should English Be the Law?
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1997/04/should-english-be-the-law/376825/

Speak English or Go Home: The Anti- Immigrant Discourse of the American ‘English Only’ Movement (PDF)
http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/journals/cadaad/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Volume-7_Lawton.pdf

Language as Oppression: The English Only Movement in the United States
http://sdonline.org/33/language-as-oppression-the-english-only-movement-in-the-united-states/

Immigration Restriction Act
https://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/websites-mini/journeys-australia/1900s20s/immigration-restriction-act/

A Look at English-Only Laws Across the US
http://stories.avvo.com/rights/immigration/a-look-at-english-only-laws-across-the-us.html

Debate: English as US official language
http://debatepedia.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:_English_as_US_official_language#Background_and_context

English as an Official Language in the U.S.: Pros and Cons
https://officialenglishpolicy.wordpress.com/2011/07/25/english-as-an-official-language-in-the-u-s-pros-and-cons/

The Impact of English-Only Instructional Policies on English Learners
http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/impact-english-only-instructional-policies-english-learners#h-the-english-only-movement

English only spoken here
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2010/07/xenophobic_language_laws

English Only Town Of Homer, Illinois Has Little Knowledge Of English
https://dekerivers.wordpress.com/2010/07/19/english-only-town-of-homer-illinois-has-little-knowledge-of-english/

Student Suspended for Speaking Native American Language
https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/student-suspended-for-speaking-native-american-language/

Chicago-area teacher who punished students for speaking Spanish resigns in disgrace
http://www.rawstory.com/2016/08/chicago-area-teacher-who-punished-students-for-speaking-spanish-resigns-in-disgrace/

‘Speak in English’ Bus driver fired after pouring water on spanish-speaking student
http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/707226/bus-driver-sacked-abuse-spanish-speaking-student

Hispanics upset by teacher’s discipline
http://www.azbilingualed.org/AABE%20Site/AABE–News%202004/hispanics_upset_by_teacher.htm

2071.0 – Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0main+features902012-2013

Can my employer say that only English is allowed to be spoken in our workplace?
https://www.hrc.co.nz/enquiries-and-complaints/faqs/english-language-only-workplace/

You don’t need English to be an Australian citizen
https://blogs.crikey.com.au/fullysic/2015/06/03/you-dont-need-english-to-be-an-australian-citizen/

Who You Calling ‘Snowflake’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2016/12/04/who-you-calling-snowflake/

Snowflake, SJW, cuck: a guide to alt-right ideas and slang
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/snowflake-sjw-cuck-guide-alt-right-ideas-slang-1605911

Fight Club Author Slams ‘Modern Left’: “I Coined ‘Snowflake’ And I Stand By It”
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-24/fight-clubs-chuck-palahniuk-slams-modern-left-i-coined-snowflake-and-i-stand-it

Calvin and Hobbes: Snowflake
http://www.gocomics.com/calvinandhobbes/2013/02/07

Franco and Linguistic Fascism
http://www.thelinguafile.com/2012/12/franco-and-linguistic-fascism.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent)

You won’t believe what it takes to make a good linguistic article!

Listicles, or list articles, can be interesting, amusing, and even informative. What goes into the creation of a good linguistic listicle? How can they change someone’s mind about language? And what’s in the future for science communication?

Linguist and writer Arika Okrent talks to Daniel and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Our patrons keep us talking! And for this episode they include David W.Christopher F., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. Thanks to all our patrons — your support is very much appreciated.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent) [128 kbps]

Interview with Arika Okrent (complete) for patrons

Cutting Room Floor 275: The Linguistic Listician for patrons


Show notes

What’s the Correct Pronunciation of February?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/54846/whats-correct-pronunciation-february

Adoptees advantaged by birth language memory
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170118082828.htm

Infants Exposed to Languages Can Retain Them Later in Life
http://www.livescience.com/57718-infants-language-exposure-impacts-learning.html

Early development of abstract language knowledge: evidence from perception–production transfer of birth-language memory
http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/4/1/160660

Learn a New Lingo While Doing Something Else
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/learn-a-new-lingo-while-doing-something-else/

Maternal language shapes infants’ cry melodies
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160819084631.htm

Arika Okrent on Mental Floss
http://mentalfloss.com/authors/arika-okrent

12 Horrible Gobbledygook Words We Reluctantly Accepted
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31854/12-horrible-gobbledygook-words-we-reluctantly-accepted

The Grammar Rules Behind 3 Commonly Disparaged Dialects
http://mentalfloss.com/article/51741/grammar-rules-behind-3-commonly-disparaged-dialects

6 French and German Dialects That Are 100 Percent American
http://mentalfloss.com/article/91584/6-french-and-german-dialects-are-100-percent-american

The listicle as literary form
http://mag.uchicago.edu/arts-humanities/listicle-literary-form

Ben Zimmer: The rise of the shitgibbon
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2017/02/09/the-rise-of-the-shitgibbon/

Linguists Have Been Discussing “Shit Gibbon.” I Argue It’s Not Entirely About Gibbons.
http://www.languagejones.com/blog-1/2017/2/9/linguists-have-been-discussing-shit-gibbon-i-argue-its-not-entirely-about-gibbons

The orgin and constraints of “shitgibbon” compounds
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/157210818652/the-orgin-and-constraints-of-shitgibbon

Shitgibbon frequencies (by Daniel)
http://goodreasonblog.com/2017/02/shitgibbon-frequencies/

The Raised Fist Emoji Is Social Media’s Resistance Symbol
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/raised-fist-emoji-resistance_us_5899e39fe4b09bd304bd8ac9

Links to “might as well” in Google Books
1 | 2 | 3

May, Might, Muddle
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/14/may-might-muddle/?_r=0

“Tribune” (with commentary from Aven)
https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1658229270870525


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Episode 268: Dialect (featuring Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu)

Are dying languages worth saving?

That’s the concept of a new game that allows players to explore language creation, language community, and language death, all in the course of an evening. Heavy concepts. How does it work?

Linguist Daniel Midgley talks to the game’s creators, Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu, on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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This episode comes to you courtesy of our patrons Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. You guys rock! Thanks for supporting the show.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to the full audio of our interview with Kathryn and Hakan, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Interview with Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu of Thorny Games, 2016-11-02 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 268: Dialect

Episode 268: Dialect (featuring Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu) [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Foreign Accent Syndrome: This American Teen Woke Up Speaking Spanish
https://www.inverse.com/article/22798-what-is-foreign-accent-syndrome

Before his coma he spoke English; after waking up he’s fluent in Spanish
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/10/24/health/teen-spanish-new-language-trnd/

High school goalkeeper wakes up from a coma speaking fluent SPANISH
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c085GtExevo

Teen Wakes Up From Coma Speaking Fluent Spanish: ‘It Was Weird’
http://time.com/4542967/teen-coma-fluent-spanish-georgia/

Linguistic prodigy: 4yo Russian girl speaks 7 languages, incl Chinese & Arabic (VIDEO)
https://www.rt.com/viral/363656-child-prodigy-seven-languages/

Incredible four-year-old speaks seven languages fluently
http://www.news.com.au/travel/world-travel/europe/incredible-fouryearold-speaks-seven-languages-fluently/news-story/15e9bbebdc574e1c0f57eece6aa907a1

Thorny Games: Dialect
http://www.thornygames.com/dialect-rpg/

Kickstarter: Dialect: A Game about Language and How it Dies
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/347698129/dialect-a-game-about-language-and-how-it-dies

One Shot Podcast: 168. Dialect Part 1
http://oneshotpodcast.com/podcasts/one-shot/168-dialect-part-1/

LANGUAGE MATTERS: What do we lose when a language dies, and what does it take to save one?
http://www.pbs.org/program/language-matters/

Could the dominance of English harm global scholarship?
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-35282235

Court finds ‘f— Fred Nile’ not offensive language at marriage equality rally
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/court-finds-f-fred-nile-not-offensive-language-at-marriage-equality-rally-20161025-gs9ymc.html

It’s Perfectly Legal To Tell Anti-LGBT People To “Fuck Off”, Judge Says
https://www.buzzfeed.com/aliceworkman/fck-fred-nile

The ‘F Word’ Is No Longer Deemed Offensive In Australia
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2016/10/the-f-word-is-no-longer-deemed-offensive-in-australia/

Bono Would Call Appeals-Court Decision ‘Fucking Brilliant’
http://www.vulture.com/2007/06/bono_would_call_this_appeals_cou.html

Why are we still celebrating the art of Eric Gill?
http://www.womensviewsonnews.org/2015/07/why-are-we-still-celebrating-the-art-of-eric-gill/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 265: Universal Grammar 2 (featuring Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy)

The biggest idea in linguistics is back on the table.

Is there such a thing as the Universal Grammar? Do you have to have a human brain to learn language, or is learning a language just like learning anything else? And are one man’s insights into Amazonian languages sufficient to demolish this theoretical edifice?

Linguists Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy talk to Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Dylan Websdane


Patreon supporters

Support for this episode comes from our patrons: Christy, Matt, and Whitney. Thanks, all! Your support gives life its meaning and texture.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Interview with Dan Everett 2016-10-07 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 265: Universal Grammar 2

265: Universal Grammar 2 (featuring Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy) [128kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Warning: Bad linguistics alert

‘Th’ sound to vanish from English language by 2066 because of multiculturalism, say linguists
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/09/28/th-sound-to-vanish-from-english-language-by-2066-because-of-mult/

Here’s how the English language could sound incredibly different in 50 years
http://www.sciencealert.com/the-english-language-could-sound-incredibly-different-in-50-years-study-finds

Our accents are under threat: dialects may die as computers strip the beauty from language
http://www.wired.co.uk/article/dialect-english-regional-accents

It’s the end of the frog and toad for regional slang, says report
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/sep/29/its-the-end-of-the-frog-and-toad-for-regional-slang-says-report

XKCD:

Better linguistics alert

Researchers are using an app to crowdsource how the English language has changed
http://qz.com/694906/researchers-are-using-an-app-to-crowdsource-how-the-english-language-has-changed/

How do you say ‘scone’? English regional accents decline as ‘southern’ accent becomes widespread
http://home.bt.com/news/uk-news/how-do-you-say-scone-english-regional-accents-decline-as-southern-accent-becomes-widespread-11364064620130

How London has killed off elements of local dialects across England – in seven maps
https://www.indy100.com/article/how-london-has-killed-off-elements-of-local-dialects-across-englandin-seven-maps–ZJxofkDwH7Z

New Scientist: The Electric Kool-Aid language test
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2108618-the-electric-kool-aid-language-test/

Dan Everett: Who’s afraid of the big bad Wolfe? Apparently everyone.
https://daneverettbooks.com/whos-afraid-of-the-big-bad-wolfe-apparently-everyone/

Trump recorded having extremely lewd conversation about women in 2005
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trump-recorded-having-extremely-lewd-conversation-about-women-in-2005/2016/10/07/3b9ce776-8cb4-11e6-bf8a-3d26847eeed4_story.html

A banner day for profanity
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/10/08/a-banner-day-for-profanity/

An Oxford linguist on the dangers of dismissing comments about sexual assault as “locker-room talk”
http://qz.com/807395/donald-trump-oxford-linguist-deborah-cameron-explains-the-dangers-of-dismissing-comments-about-sexual-assault-as-locker-room-talk/

“Locker room” language encourages rape culture, even if it stays private
http://qz.com/806386/donald-trumps-lewd-access-hollywood-video-locker-room-language-encourages-rape-culture/

Lynne Murphy on Twitter: @lynneguist
https://twitter.com/lynneguist

Lynne’s blog: Separated by a Common Language
https://separatedbyacommonlanguage.blogspot.com.au

Linguistics explains why Trump sounds racist when he says “the” African Americans
http://qz.com/806174/second-presidential-debate-linguistics-explains-why-donald-trump-sounds-racist-when-he-says-the-african-americans/

Everything that was said at the second Donald Trump vs. Hillary Clinton debate, highlighted
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/10/09/everything-that-was-said-at-the-second-donald-trump-vs-hillary-clinton-debate-highlighted/

“open mic” and “on the mic”


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Episode 262: Universal Grammar

Why do all human languages resemble each other? And how do children learn language so fast?

For many linguists, the answer is Universal Grammar. It’s one of the biggest ideas in linguistics, but now it might possibly be coming unstuck. What is it, and what does its acceptance or rejection mean for modern linguistics?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

The French Number
http://www.thefrenchnumber.fr

Evidence Rebuts Chomsky’s Theory of Language Learning
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/evidence-rebuts-chomsky-s-theory-of-language-learning/

Don’t believe the rumours. Universal Grammar is alive and well.
https://medium.com/@dan.milway/dont-believe-the-rumours-universal-grammar-is-alive-and-well-58c1fbc5608b#.av7h2vini

The bonfire of Noam Chomsky: journalist Tom Wolfe targets the acclaimed linguist
http://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/9/14/12910180/noam-chomsky-tom-wolfe-linguist

Tom Wolfe plays mischief with language in ‘Kingdom of Speech’
http://articles.philly.com/2016-09-11/news/75354678_1_language-evolution-darwin-urdu

Noam Chomsky on the Evolution of Language: A Biolinguistic Perspective
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/37725-noam-chomsky-on-the-evolution-of-language-a-biolinguistic-perspective

Dr. Noam Chomsky’s answers to questions from r/linguistics
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/13buz0/dr_noam_chomskys_answers_to_questions_from/?

Universal Grammar- How Do You Back It?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/16avcv/universal_grammar_how_do_you_back_it/?

What are the leading anti-UG theories?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4es4pb/what_are_the_leading_antiug_theories/

The language faculty that wasn’t: a usage-based account of natural language recursion
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01182/full

A Cognitive Neural Architecture Able to Learn and Communicate through Natural Language
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0140866

Grammar rules aren’t nearly as clear-cut as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/01/grammar-rules-aren-t-nearly-clear-cut-we-thought

Child language acquisition: Why universal grammar doesn’t help
http://muse.jhu.edu/article/552064

‘Avengers’ assemble to take on ‘racist, abusive coward’ Donald Trump, urge people to vote
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/movies/avengers-assemble-take-on-racist-abusive-coward-donald-trump-urge-people-to-vote-20160921-grlnmt.html

‘Butt’ is an actual unit of measurement
http://gizmodo.com/butt-is-an-actual-unit-of-measurement-1622427091

The first fuckwit
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/09/14/the-first-fuckwit/

My table

sweary-units-of-measurement


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Episode 260: Promoting LOTE (featuring Annie Demosthenous)

Language learning is important. Loads of kids are taking languages other than English (or LOTE). Lots of people are teaching them.

But for all that, we’re just not learning them. So why not? Are we doing it wrong? Not starting early enough? Or is it the culture of language learning in English-speaking countries? More importantly, how do we fix it?

Language teacher Annie Demosthenous chats with Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Negative campaign: Votes sought for most disliked English word
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/aug/25/negative-campaign-votes-sought-for-most-disliked-english-word

Oxford Dictionaries’ campaign to find most hated English word scrapped
http://www.newkerala.com/news/2016/fullnews-111238.html

Now we’ll never know what the English language’s least favourite word is
http://www.aol.co.uk/news/2016/08/27/now-well-never-know-what-the-english-languages-least-favourite-word-is/

Offensive language ruins search for world’s worst word
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-37197699

#OneWordMap: mapping the world’s least favourite words
“Update: We regret to inform users that due to severe misuse we have had to remove this feature from our website.”
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2016/08/one-word-map-least-favourite-word/#

Part 1: Why LOTE is having trouble

Fewer students are taking languages
https://blogs.crikey.com.au/fullysic/2016/06/15/solve-australias-language-learning-crisis/

Schools are cutting back
http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/diplomatic-tensions-as-italian-and-greek-phased-out-of-school-20160805-gqlwpf.html

It’s difficult to teach LOTE anyway, with students get 1 hour a week.
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/teachers-know-dripfed-languages-fail-to-take-hold-20121102-28pms.html

We don’t have a culture of language learning in English-speaking countries
http://neoskosmos.com/news/en/Challenging-Australias-monolingual-mindset

What’s the big deal? Everyone speaks English
https://theconversation.com/why-native-english-speakers-fail-to-be-understood-in-english-and-lose-out-in-global-business-54436

Part 2: How to fix it

Should we be getting students to speak their home language (if they have one), instead of making everyone choose Indonesian or French?
https://theconversation.com/how-we-kill-languages-and-fail-our-cleverest-children-29137

How about dual-language programmes?
http://edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/dual-language-books-bridge-culture-language-for-english-learners-in-edmonton

How about language nests?
https://theconversation.com/language-nests-a-way-to-revive-indigenous-languages-at-risk-19824

Just making language learning compulsory?
https://theconversation.com/how-to-make-australia-more-bilingual-42609

What Is The Millennial Whoop? Once You Hear This Virulent Pop Hook You Won’t Be Able To Unhear It
http://www.nme.com/blogs/nme-blogs/what-is-the-millennial-whoop-songs

“The Millennial Whoop”: The same annoying whooping sound is showing up in every popular song
http://qz.com/767812/millennial-whoop/

The Millennial Whoop: the melodic hook that’s taken over pop music
https://www.theguardian.com/music/shortcuts/2016/aug/30/millennial-whoop-pop-music

You might not know what the Millennial Whoop is but you have definitely heard it
http://www.capetalk.co.za/articles/16330/you-might-not-know-what-the-millennial-whoop-is-but-you-have-definitely-heard-it

The millennial whoop: the key to modern pop
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p046j43s

Best Classical Tunes: Search with a virtual piano
http://bestclassicaltunes.com/DictionaryPiano.aspx


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Episode 249: Big Big Mailbag

It’s time to return to our mailbag and answer some questions.

Is the translating earpiece a thing? Is thing a thing? What about New Zealand English? And is it sexist to say guys?

Linguist Daniel Midgley finds out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

Pilot Bluetooth earpiece crowdfunds the dream of universal, instant language translation
http://www.cnet.com/news/pilot-bluetooth-earpiece-crowdfunds-the-dream-of-universal-instant-language-translation/

Could Two People Use Real-Time Translation to Fall in Love?
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/05/language-and-machine-learning/484028/

Ben Yagoda: I Guess ‘It’s a Thing’
http://chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2012/12/13/i-guess-its-a-thing/

Is That Even a Thing?
http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/04/16/is-that-even-a-thing/?_r=0

Language Log: When did “a thing” become a thing?
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=25229

Proto-beat-poetry from 1900! It’s the latest thing!
Google Books link

New Zealand Accent Tip | Accents with Amy
https://youtu.be/Ab_MLnr1Q4I

Encyclopaedia of New Zealand: Story: Speech and accent
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/speech-and-accent

New Zealand English: “not an accent; it is a disease.”
https://uclinguistics.wordpress.com/2013/01/24/new-zealand-english-1/

#WordsAtWork: David Morrison wants Australians to stop saying gender-based terms like ‘guys’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-01/david-morrison-wants-australians-to-stop-saying-‘guys’/7465824

Hey guys: Oxford, Macquarie dictionary experts say using ‘guys’ is not sexist
http://www.afr.com/leadership/company-culture/hey-guys-oxford-macquarie-dictionary-experts-say-using-guys-is-not-sexist-20160601-gp8ssl

‘Gents’, ‘Fellas’, ‘Boys’ – How Language Is Telling Women They Don’t Belong
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kate-van-dellen/gents-fellas-boys-how-language_b_6980468.html

Hey You Guys, Does Being Called ‘You Guys’ Bother You?
http://www.forbes.com/2009/11/30/professional-behavior-sexism-forbes-woman-leadership-workplace-etiquette.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: guy
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=guy&allowed_in_frame=0

How a Country’s Land Shapes Its Language
http://nautil.us/blog/how-a-countrys-land-shapes-its-language

Children can go through a silent period as a result of sudden exposure to a new language
Language, Culture, and Adaptation in Immigrant Children
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3526379/

What parents want to know about bilingualism
http://www.francoisgrosjean.ch/for_parents_en.html

Etymologically Redundant Expressions
http://www.fun-with-words.com/redundant_etymology.html

Redundant Phrases – Pleonasms
http://www.fun-with-words.com/redundant_phrases.html

Why is digitize so often seen in British English? Here’s digitise and digitize from the British section of the Google Ngram Corpus.

And here’s acclimatis* and acclimatiz*.

Digitize (var)
http://www.lukemastin.com/testing/spelling/cgi-bin/database.cgi?action=view_category&database=spelling&category=D

Crosswords in other languages? Why, yes!
http://alwayspuzzling.blogspot.com.au/2013/05/crosswords-in-other-languages.html


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Episode 239: Animal Syntax

Other animals don’t have language like we do, but some of them might be getting awfully close.

A recent experiment claims that some birds use a form of syntax — that they combine their signals in a way that’s always been thought to be unique to humans. Are these bird brains on to something?

Linguist Daniel Midgley sets things in order on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Microsoft’s New Twitter Bot Becomes Nazi Sympathizing Maniac Within 24 Hours
http://theantimedia.org/microsofts-new-twitter-bot-becomes-nazi-sympathizing-maniac-within-24-hours/

Microsoft: Tay
https://www.tay.ai

Microsoft killed its first sentient AI
https://imgur.com/gallery/VhlAW

Artificially Intelligent Robot Tells Creator It Will Keep Humans “In a People Zoo”
http://theantimedia.org/artificially-intelligent-robot-tells-creator-it-will-keep-humans-in-a-people-zoo/

A new study will figure out if cats pick up the dialects of their owners
http://www.sciencealert.com/a-new-study-will-figure-out-if-cats-pick-up-the-dialects-of-their-owners

WATCH: Do you understand what your cat is saying?
http://www.lunduniversity.lu.se/article/watch-do-you-understand-what-your-cat-is-saying

Syntax is not unique to human language
http://phys.org/news/2016-03-syntax-unique-human-language.html

Bird Uses Linguistics Thought to Be Exclusively Human
http://www.i4u.com/2016/03/106816/bird-uses-linguistics-thought-be-exclusively-human

Ape ‘language ace’ gets tripped up by simple grammar
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/03/ape-language-ace-gets-tripped-simple-grammar

Dendrophobia in Bonobo Comprehension of Spoken English (PDF)
http://evolang.org/neworleans/pdf/EVOLANG_11_paper_87.pdf

$380 million ship may be named Boaty McBoatface thanks to an online poll
http://www.smh.com.au/world/380-million-ship-may-be-named-boaty-mcboatface-thanks-to-an-online-poll-20160320-gnmtvx.html

Commuters salute guard after ‘Trainy McTrainface’ pulls into Waterloo
http://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/commuters-salute-guard-after-trainy-mctrainface-pulls-into-waterloo-a3209291.html

Mar 14th ’11: “I agree though. He’s definitely Sexy McSexFace. <3”
http://www.babygaga.com/t-1619410/you-watch-army-wives.html

Insulting nicknames involving “face”
http://ask.metafilter.com/166971/Gimme-some-nicknames-Dorks

Simpsons: Rome-old and Juli-eh — the origin of Esteban De La Sexface
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0918867/

From Cool McCool to Boaty McBoatface: An Investigationy McInvestigation
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/03/25/boaty_mcboatface_mcdreamy_tits_mcgee_and_the_internet_s_favorite_naming.html


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