Category: grammar (page 1 of 2)

Episode 300: Is Grammar Elitist?

Does grammar matter?

On one side: the language sticklers, who hold that good grammar is a necessity for communication, and even a matter of upholding standards and courtesy. But there’s another side: that grammar rules are often just made up, designed to reinforce social barriers, and that an insistence on good grammar is a form of elitism and snobbery. Which view is supported by the facts?

Kylie, Ben, and Daniel are watching their words on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Voynich manuscript: the solution
https://www.the-tls.co.uk/articles/public/voynich-manuscript-solution/

Sravana Reddy and Kevin Knight: What We Know About the Voynich Manuscript (PDF)
http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/%7Esravana/slides/voynich_latex_slides.pdf

Indecipherable Voynich Manuscript Finally Decoded After a Century
https://www.inverse.com/article/36271-voynich-manuscript-decoded

The mysterious Voynich manuscript has finally been decoded [UPDATED]
https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/09/the-mysterious-voynich-manuscript-has-finally-been-decoded/

So much for that Voynich manuscript “solution”
https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/09/experts-are-extremely-dubious-about-the-voynich-solution/

‘Devil’s letter’ written by 17th century possessed nun finally decoded thanks to dark web code
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/devils-letter-written-by-17th-century-possessed-nun-finally-decoded-thanks-dark-web-code-1638490

So Trump Makes Spelling Errors. In the Twitter Age, Whoo Doesn’t?
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/27/technology/donald-trump-twitter-spelling.html?_r=0

Why Kids Can’t Write
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/02/education/edlife/writing-education-grammar-students-children.html

No, Insisting on Proper English Grammar and Spelling Is Not ‘Elitist’
http://www.nationalreview.com/article/451030/proper-english-grammar-spelling-are-not-elitist

It’s Finally Time To Stop Correcting People’s Grammar, Linguist Says
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/accidence-will-happen-oliver-kamm-interview_us_576ae249e4b09926ce5d718e

Online Etymology Dictionary: typhoon
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=typhoon

The Word “Typhoon.” Its History and Origin. (1880)
https://www.jstor.org/stable/1798728?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Wiktionary: tornado (etymology)
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tornado#Etymology

Willy-Willy, Dust Devil or Cockeyed Bob?
https://pwlinfo.wordpress.com/2013/11/20/willy-willy-dust-devil-or-cockeyed-bob/

Bob Dixon: Australian Aboriginal words in English: their origin and meaning
Google Books link

Downburst Causes Damage, Closes Key U.S. Border Bridge in Laredo, Texas
https://weather.com/news/news/world-trade-bridge-downburst-damage-laredo-texas

WATCH: A “Rain Bomb” Drops on Queensland, Australia
http://www.sciencealert.com/watch-a-rain-bomb-drops-on-queensland-australia


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Episode 285: Quick Shots

For this episode, we put out the call to listeners, and they responded. Daniel’s taking questions and giving answers.

Should we be fustrated or listen to vinyls? Is a movie based on or based off a true story? How do you recognise gaslighting? What does a linguistics career look like? And have you got another think coming?

Daniel answers them all and more on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Julie
Zoe
Whitney
Matt
Christy
and the wonderful podcast Lingthusiasm.

Thanks to all our patrons. You keep us going.

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Episode 285: Quick Shots for everyone

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Show notes

Google Books: fustrated
Google Books link

Online Etymology Dictionary: fustrate
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=frustrate&allowed_in_frame=0

Grammarist: Another think coming
http://grammarist.com/usage/another-think-coming/

The Truth About Black Twitter
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/04/the-truth-about-black-twitter/390120/

Why Black Twitter Is Bigger Than Any One Story
http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/black-twitter-contains-multitudes-20150716

Black Twitter’s hilarious verification questions to prevent racist infiltration
https://qz.com/864372/black-twitters-twtr-hilarious-verification-questions-to-prevent-racist-infiltration/

What can you do with linguistics?

5 Common Phrases You May Not Realize Are Gaslighting
https://www.bustle.com/articles/132207-5-common-phrases-you-may-not-realize-are-gaslighting

From Theater to Therapy to Twitter, the Eerie History of Gaslighting
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/04/18/the_history_of_gaslighting_from_films_to_psychoanalysis_to_politics.html


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Episode 277: All About Accents

Accents are like opinions: everybody’s got one. But how do opinions affect accents?

Listeners want to know: Why do people seem to lose their accent when they sing? And is there any reason why we think some accents sound attractive and others less so?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie talk it over on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Harry Malcolm


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This episode was brought to you thanks to our community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W.ZoeWhitney, Matt, and Christy. A huge thank you to all our patrons!

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Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 277: How We Feel About Accents [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 277: Accents


Show notes

NSW HSC: Back to the future in first major overhaul of the syllabus in 20 years
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/nsw-hsc-back-to-the-future-in-first-major-overhaul-of-the-syllabus-in-20-years-20170220-gugoum.html

NSW HSC syllabus overhaul places focus on English grammar and Asian history
https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/feb/21/nsw-hsc-syllabus-overhaul-places-focus-on-english-grammar-and-asian-history

The Australian Curriculum (AUTOMATIC PDF DOWNLOAD)
http://v7-5.australiancurriculum.edu.au/australian%20curriculum.pdf?Type=0&s=E&e=ScopeAndSequence
Cached version; loads without downloading

ACARA: Curriculum
http://v7-5.australiancurriculum.edu.au/english/curriculum/f-10?layout=1

HSC overhaul to be announced
http://www.skynews.com.au/news/national/nsw/2017/02/21/hsc-overhaul-to-be-announced.html

The Irish accent voted sexiest in the world
http://www.irishcentral.com/news/colin-farrell-helps-irish-beat-french-for-sexiest-accent-in-the-world-68840277-237766571

Why Are Some Accents Sexier than Others?
http://www.listenandlearnaustralia.com.au/blog/why-are-some-accents-sexier-than-others/

What makes a language attractive – its sound, national identity or familiarity?
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/jul/17/what-makes-a-language-attractive

Why are some accents more attractive?
https://blog.esl-languages.com/blog/esl/foreign-accents-attractive/

How German Sounds Compared To Other Languages (Ultimate / Full Version)

How beautiful German sounds compared to other languages

Trudgill: Acts of Conflicting Identity: The Sociolinguistics of British Pop-song Pronunciation
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-349-25582-5_21

Trudgill on Pop Song Pronunciation
http://positiveanymore.blogspot.com.au/2006/06/trudgill-on-pop-song-pronunciation.html

Indie girl singer introduces us to her kitchen
https://vine.co/v/OTg0nO2mFKU

On singing accents
http://david-crystal.blogspot.com.au/2009/11/on-singing-accents.html

Why British Singers Lose Their Accents When Singing
http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/08/why-british-singers-lose-their-accent-when-singing/

Talking tactics: Rihanna and the pop stars who change accent
https://www.theguardian.com/music/2016/feb/04/talk-that-talk-rihanna-the-cunning-linguist

Hot takes and hysteria: it’s time to park identity politics
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/feb/24/hot-takes-and-hysteria-its-time-to-park-identity-politics

‘Don’t play identity politics!’ The primal scream of the straight white male
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/dec/02/identity-politics-donald-trump-white-men

RationalWiki: Identity politics
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Identity_politics

Stop saying identity politics caused Trump
http://www.newstatesman.com/2017/01/stop-saying-identity-politics-caused-trump

The Combahee River Collective Statement
http://americanstudies.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Keyword%20Coalition_Readings.pdf

The Debate We Have To Have: Identity Politics And The Left
https://newmatilda.com/2015/07/16/debate-we-have-have-identity-politics-and-left/


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Episode 262: Universal Grammar

Why do all human languages resemble each other? And how do children learn language so fast?

For many linguists, the answer is Universal Grammar. It’s one of the biggest ideas in linguistics, but now it might possibly be coming unstuck. What is it, and what does its acceptance or rejection mean for modern linguistics?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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This episode comes to you with the help of our patrons Whitney, Matt, and now… Christy! Thanks, y’all.

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Show notes

The French Number
http://www.thefrenchnumber.fr

Evidence Rebuts Chomsky’s Theory of Language Learning
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/evidence-rebuts-chomsky-s-theory-of-language-learning/

Don’t believe the rumours. Universal Grammar is alive and well.
https://medium.com/@dan.milway/dont-believe-the-rumours-universal-grammar-is-alive-and-well-58c1fbc5608b#.av7h2vini

The bonfire of Noam Chomsky: journalist Tom Wolfe targets the acclaimed linguist
http://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/9/14/12910180/noam-chomsky-tom-wolfe-linguist

Tom Wolfe plays mischief with language in ‘Kingdom of Speech’
http://articles.philly.com/2016-09-11/news/75354678_1_language-evolution-darwin-urdu

Noam Chomsky on the Evolution of Language: A Biolinguistic Perspective
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/37725-noam-chomsky-on-the-evolution-of-language-a-biolinguistic-perspective

Dr. Noam Chomsky’s answers to questions from r/linguistics
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/13buz0/dr_noam_chomskys_answers_to_questions_from/?

Universal Grammar- How Do You Back It?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/16avcv/universal_grammar_how_do_you_back_it/?

What are the leading anti-UG theories?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4es4pb/what_are_the_leading_antiug_theories/

The language faculty that wasn’t: a usage-based account of natural language recursion
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01182/full

A Cognitive Neural Architecture Able to Learn and Communicate through Natural Language
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0140866

Grammar rules aren’t nearly as clear-cut as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/01/grammar-rules-aren-t-nearly-clear-cut-we-thought

Child language acquisition: Why universal grammar doesn’t help
http://muse.jhu.edu/article/552064

‘Avengers’ assemble to take on ‘racist, abusive coward’ Donald Trump, urge people to vote
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/movies/avengers-assemble-take-on-racist-abusive-coward-donald-trump-urge-people-to-vote-20160921-grlnmt.html

‘Butt’ is an actual unit of measurement
http://gizmodo.com/butt-is-an-actual-unit-of-measurement-1622427091

The first fuckwit
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/09/14/the-first-fuckwit/

My table

sweary-units-of-measurement


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Episode 261: Red Big Balloon (featuring Damián Blasi)

We love red big balloons — or are they big red balloons?

There’s a right way and a wrong way to do it, you know. But how do we know what the right way is? And what else does your brain know that you don’t know it knows?

Linguist Daniel Midgley blows your mind on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Our patrons Whitney Fielding and Matt are once again keeping the show going. Our sincerest thanks!

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Daniel’s interview with Chris Mason on RTRFM’s The Mag

https://rtrfm.com.au/story/sound-and-meaning/


Complete interview with Damián Blasi

https://www.patreon.com/posts/talk-talk-with-6817302

For Patreon patrons. (Let us know if you’d like to access the interview for research purposes.)


Show notes

Telegraph: Humans may speak a universal language, say scientists
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/09/12/humans-may-speak-a-universal-language-say-scientists/

LA Times: In world’s languages, scientists discover shared links between sound and meaning
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-languages-sound-meaning-20160912-snap-story.html

ABC: Linguistic study proves more than 6,000 languages use similar sounds for common words (formerly Linguists discover humans have ‘universal language’)
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-09-13/linguists-discover-humans-have-%27universal-language%27/7841134

Cornell Chronicle: A nose by any other name would sound the same, study finds
http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2016/09/nose-any-other-name-would-sound-same-study-finds

Max Planck Institute: Sound of words is no coincidence
https://www.mpg.de/10731041/language-sound-meaning-coincidence

“R” Is for Red: Common Words Share Similar Sounds in Many Languages
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/r-is-for-red-common-words-share-similar-sounds-in-many-languages/

Actual paper: Sound–meaning association biases evidenced across thousands of languages (paywall)
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/09/06/1605782113

The Secret Rules of Adjective Order
http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/the_good_word/2014/08/the_study_of_adjective_order_and_gsssacpm.single.html

The language rules we know – but don’t know we know
http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20160908-the-language-rules-we-know-but-dont-know-we-know

Big bad modifier order
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=27890

The language rule you never think about but always get right
http://www.dailydot.com/parsec/adjective-order-english-language/

Two things native English speakers know, but don’t know you know
http://www.thepoke.co.uk/2016/09/04/bish-bash-bosh/

Adjective attributes following noun in English?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4v874s/adjective_attributes_following_noun_in_english/

4 Things Most Native English Speakers Don’t Know About English
http://matadornetwork.com/abroad/4-things-most-native-english-speakers-dont-know-about-english/

4 More Unofficial Rules Native English Speakers Don’t Realize They Know
http://mentalfloss.com/article/85935/4-more-unofficial-rules-native-english-speakers-dont-realize-they-know

Separable Phrasal Verbs
https://www.grammarly.com/handbook/mechanics/phrasal-verb-and-idioms/3/separable-phrasal-verbs/

Clinton expresses regret for saying ‘half’ of Trump supporters are ‘deplorables’
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/09/09/politics/hillary-clinton-donald-trump-basket-of-deplorables/

Where Did Hillary Get a Phrase Like “Basket of Deplorables”?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/09/12/hillary_s_basket_of_deplorables_has_some_fascinating_legal_antecedents.html

Top constitutional experts say no problem with “self executing” plebiscite
http://hrlc.org.au/media-release-top-constitutional-barrister-says-there-is-no-problem-with-self-executing-plebiscite/

Labor could support ‘self-executing’ same-sex marriage plebiscite
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/labor-could-support-selfexecuting-samesex-marriage-plebiscite-20160905-gr9fum

An Unusual Way of Speaking, Yoda Has
http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/12/hmmmmm/420798/

Unclear Of Yoda’s Syntax The Principles Are, If Any
http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/002182.html

Incidental music thanks to Bensound
http://www.bensound.com


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Episode 250: Comma Sutra (featuring Louisa Fitzhardinge)

The Talk the Talk team is taking a break, but Daniel jumped at the chance to speak to Louisa Fitzhardinge, whose new comedy show ‘Comma Sutra’ looks at the lighter side of the use — and misuse — of grammar.

But linguists and self-described grammar mavens don’t always get along. Is concern for good grammar necessary, or does it lead to linguistic discrimination?


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Show notes

Louisa Fitzhardinge: News
http://www.louisafitzhardinge.com/#!news/ur1ar


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Episode 241: Emoji Disasters

What happens when emoji go wrong?

We all love to use emoji, but their inherent ambiguity means that misunderstandings can happen — not only across cultures, but across devices.

Linguist Daniel Midgley makes it clear on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Skeptic’s Dictionary: Myers-Briggs
http://skepdic.com/myersb.html

OCEAN scale
http://psychology.about.com/od/personalitydevelopment/a/bigfive.htm

Grammar Police Influenced By Personality Traits
http://wemu.org/post/grammar-police-influenced-personality-traits#stream/0

Personality influences how one reacts to email errors
http://www.healthcanal.com/life-style-fitness/71647-personality-influences-how-one-reacts-to-email-errors.html

The actual paper: If You’re House Is Still Available, Send Me an Email: Personality Influences Reactions to Written Errors in Email Messages
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0149885

Emojipedia
http://emojipedia.org

Sassy hand girl! 💁

High-five? or prayer? 🙏

Person raising both hands in celebration 🙌

Grinning face with smiling eyes 😁

What Your Favourite Emoji Symbols Actually Mean
http://www.popsugar.com.au/celebrity/What-Do-Emoji-Faces-Symbols-Mean-34639445#opening-slide

We’re All Using These Emoji Wrong
http://www.wired.com/2015/05/using-emoji-wrong/

No, the Praying Hands Emoji Is Not a “High Five”
http://gawker.com/no-the-praying-hands-emoji-is-not-a-high-five-1613936693

Can YOU decipher these emoji messages? Translators from 11 regions misunderstand ‘universal’ symbols – with hilarious results
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3196583/Can-decipher-emoji-messages-Translators-11-regions-misunderstand-universal-symbols-hilarious-results.html

What’s that emoji mean? It all depends on the device you’re using
http://www.pcworld.com/article/3053967/consumer-electronics/whats-that-emoji-mean-it-all-depends-on-the-device-youre-using.html

Careful… That Emoji Might Mean Something Very Different To Its Recipient
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2016/04/careful-that-emoji-might-mean-something-very-different-to-its-recipient/

9 Emojis That Look Completely Different on Other Phones
http://mentalfloss.com/article/70879/9-emojis-look-completely-different-other-phones

Investigating the Potential for Miscommunication Using Emoji
http://grouplens.org/blog/investigating-the-potential-for-miscommunication-using-emoji/

The actual paper: “Blissfully happy” or “ready to fight”: Varying Interpretations of Emoji
http://grouplens.org/site-content/uploads/Emoji_Interpretation.pdf

What does Slacktivism mean?
https://www.techopedia.com/definition/28252/slacktivism

The Panama Papers: leaktivism’s coming of age
http://www.theguardian.com/news/commentisfree/2016/apr/05/panama-papers-leak-activism-leaktivism

From Ricki: the dreaded Android hairy heart!
http://blog.emojipedia.org/android-50-emoji-changelog/

Phrase Finder: “talk the talk”
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/walk-the-walk.html


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Episode 239: Animal Syntax

Other animals don’t have language like we do, but some of them might be getting awfully close.

A recent experiment claims that some birds use a form of syntax — that they combine their signals in a way that’s always been thought to be unique to humans. Are these bird brains on to something?

Linguist Daniel Midgley sets things in order on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Microsoft’s New Twitter Bot Becomes Nazi Sympathizing Maniac Within 24 Hours
http://theantimedia.org/microsofts-new-twitter-bot-becomes-nazi-sympathizing-maniac-within-24-hours/

Microsoft: Tay
https://www.tay.ai

Microsoft killed its first sentient AI
https://imgur.com/gallery/VhlAW

Artificially Intelligent Robot Tells Creator It Will Keep Humans “In a People Zoo”
http://theantimedia.org/artificially-intelligent-robot-tells-creator-it-will-keep-humans-in-a-people-zoo/

A new study will figure out if cats pick up the dialects of their owners
http://www.sciencealert.com/a-new-study-will-figure-out-if-cats-pick-up-the-dialects-of-their-owners

WATCH: Do you understand what your cat is saying?
http://www.lunduniversity.lu.se/article/watch-do-you-understand-what-your-cat-is-saying

Syntax is not unique to human language
http://phys.org/news/2016-03-syntax-unique-human-language.html

Bird Uses Linguistics Thought to Be Exclusively Human
http://www.i4u.com/2016/03/106816/bird-uses-linguistics-thought-be-exclusively-human

Ape ‘language ace’ gets tripped up by simple grammar
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/03/ape-language-ace-gets-tripped-simple-grammar

Dendrophobia in Bonobo Comprehension of Spoken English (PDF)
http://evolang.org/neworleans/pdf/EVOLANG_11_paper_87.pdf

$380 million ship may be named Boaty McBoatface thanks to an online poll
http://www.smh.com.au/world/380-million-ship-may-be-named-boaty-mcboatface-thanks-to-an-online-poll-20160320-gnmtvx.html

Commuters salute guard after ‘Trainy McTrainface’ pulls into Waterloo
http://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/commuters-salute-guard-after-trainy-mctrainface-pulls-into-waterloo-a3209291.html

Mar 14th ’11: “I agree though. He’s definitely Sexy McSexFace. <3”
http://www.babygaga.com/t-1619410/you-watch-army-wives.html

Insulting nicknames involving “face”
http://ask.metafilter.com/166971/Gimme-some-nicknames-Dorks

Simpsons: Rome-old and Juli-eh — the origin of Esteban De La Sexface
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0918867/

From Cool McCool to Boaty McBoatface: An Investigationy McInvestigation
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/03/25/boaty_mcboatface_mcdreamy_tits_mcgee_and_the_internet_s_favorite_naming.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/animals/blogs/birds-use-syntax-humbling-humanity

Episode 205: Lost Writing

The written word lasts longer than speech, at least in principle.

But what happens when a writing system is lost in the mist of history? Lost writing can be deciphered, but these scripts have resisted all attempts.

Linguist Daniel Midgley makes it clear on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


Show notes

NoForbiddenQuestions raises the Talk Signal

— NoForbiddenQuestions (@NFQblog) May 18, 2015

The venereal game
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1113761/

The Venereal Game: or, You Don’t Have a Dirty Mind, Do You…?
https://newsoutherngentleman.wordpress.com/2014/07/30/the-venereal-game-or-you-dont-have-a-dirty-mind-do-you/

50 Collective Nouns to Bolster Your Vocabulary
http://mentalfloss.com/article/33580/50-collective-nouns-bolster-your-vocabulary

Wikipedia: List of English terms of venery, by animal
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_terms_of_venery,_by_animal

Oxford Dictionaries: What do you call a group of …?
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/what-do-you-call-a-group-of

Lehrer, 1986: English Classifier Constructions (PDF)
http://semantics.uchicago.edu/kennedy/classes/f11/na/docs/lehrer86.pdf

About waters and coffees: This countable/non-countabe thing is kind of recent.
Junichi Toyota: When the Mass Was Counted: English as Classifier and Non-Classifier Language (PDF)
http://www.skase.sk/Volumes/JTL13/pdf_doc/07.pdf

Twitter announces crackdown on abuse with new filter and tighter rules
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/apr/21/twitter-filter-notifications-for-all-accounts-abuse

Women, Action, and the Media: Twitter’s Abuse Problem: Now With Actual Solutions And Science
http://womenactionmedia.org/twitter-report/

Twitter’s new anti-harassment filter screens out online trolls and abuse
http://www.theage.com.au/comment/twitters-new-antiharassment-filter-screens-out-online-trolls-and-abuse-20150401-1mcjym.html

How Twitter’s New Abuse Filter Could Backfire
http://readwrite.com/2015/04/23/twitter-abuse-filter-backfire

Here’s how Twitter is finally attempting to cut down on harassment
http://bgr.com/2015/03/24/twitter-harassment-policy-feature/

Arika Okrent: 7 Ancient Writing Systems That Haven’t Been Deciphered Yet
http://mentalfloss.com/article/12884/7-ancient-writing-systems-havent-been-deciphered-yet

Omniglot: Undeciphered scripts
http://www.omniglot.com/writing/undeciphered.htm

Old European / Vinča / Danube script
http://www.omniglot.com/writing/vinca.htm

More about Vinča script
http://www.prehistory.it/ftp/winn.htm

Wikipedia: Phaistos Disc
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaistos_Disc

Huffington Post: Scientists Finally Crack The Code Of The Ancient ‘Phaistos Disk’
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/10/28/ancient-cd-rom-phaistos-disk-code_n_6055178.html

Omniglot: Linear A
http://www.omniglot.com/writing/lineara.htm

Ancient Scripts: Linear A
http://www.ancientscripts.com/lineara.html

Omniglot: Linear B
http://www.omniglot.com/writing/linearb.htm

Riddle of the script: how the world’s most fiendish language puzzle was solved
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/greece/10158135/Riddle-of-the-script-how-the-worlds-most-fiendish-language-puzzle-was-solved.html

Why Girls Love The Dad Bod
http://theodysseyonline.com/clemson/dad-bod/97484

The “Dad Bod” Is In At The Moment And We Couldn’t Be Happier About It
http://www.theladbible.com/articles/the-dad-bod-is-in-at-the-moment-and-we-couldn-t-be-happier-about-it

Give me an easy-going ‘dad bod’ any day
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/may/17/vain-preening-men-versus-dad-bods-no-contest

The Dadbod: Why beer guts are hotter than 6-packs
http://www.cbc.ca/news/trending/the-dadbod-why-beer-guts-are-hotter-than-6-packs-1.3058032

We need to talk about the Dad Bod
http://www.dailylife.com.au/news-and-views/dl-opinion/we-need-to-talk-about-the-dad-bod-20150504-ggu0wc.html

The Real Problem With The Dad Bod Trend
http://elitedaily.com/life/problem-dad-bod-trend/1024023/

‘Dad Bod’ Is a Sexist Atrocity
http://time.com/3846828/dad-bod-is-a-sexist-atrocity/

Kristin Schaal on the Daily Show: ‘Dad Bod’
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRcrHP4xmlg


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Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 204: Shibboleths

A shibboleth can mark you as a insider… or an outsider.

Shibboleths can be words, phrases, or even sounds, but getting them wrong can lead to social or political exclusion, and in some cases, they can be fatal.

Linguist Daniel Midgley gives himself away on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

Flat Adverbs Are Flat-Out Useful
http://www.dailywritingtips.com/flat-adverbs-are-flat-out-useful/

Banned words and flat adverbs
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/12/16/banned-words-and-flat-adverbs/

Nando’s: ‘Eat interesting’
http://mumbrella.com.au/nandos-eat-interesting-89851

A complaint about Nando’s
https://www.facebook.com/nandosaus/posts/10151492978849843

Grammatically Incorrect Slogans
https://frtim.wordpress.com/2014/02/15/grammatically-incorrect-slogans/

Wikipedia: List of shibboleths
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shibboleths

Disney Research creates method enabling dialogue replacement for automated video redubbing
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-04/dr-drc041715.php

A Mouth Full of Words: Visually Consistent Acoustic Redubbing
http://www.disneyresearch.com/publication/a-mouth-full-of-words-visually-consistent-acoustic-redubbing/

“MEDIEVAL LAND FUN-TIME WORLD” EXTENDED TRAILER — A Bad Lip Reading of Game of Thrones
https://youtu.be/5Krz-dyD-UQ

‘Shibboleth’ in the Old Testament
http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/shibboleth

My blog post about ‘shibboleth’: Gospel Doctrine for the Godless
http://www.godlessdoctrine.com/2014/05/ot-lesson-19.html

Wikipedia: Frisian peasant rebellion
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arumer_Zwarte_Hoop

Wikipedia: Parsley Massacre
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsley_Massacre

Foucault That Noise: The Terror of Highbrow Mispronunciation
http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/02/foucault-that-noise-the-terror-of-highbrow-mispronunciation/385229/

List of shibboleth names by which the privileged judge their inferiors
http://lazenby.tumblr.com/post/109628210407/list-of-shibboleth-names

Slate: How Do You Pronounce “Bon Iver”?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2012/02/13/bon_iver_pronunciation_how_to_pronounce_the_name_of_the_grammy_winner.html

How To Pronounce 18 Indie Band Names
http://indie88.com/how-to-say-indie-band-names/

Turkish sex worker dialect Lubunca liberates, stigmatizes LGBT community
http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/1/17/turkish-languagesexworkers.html

Lubunca and the History of Istanbul Slang
http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/15704/lubunca-and-the-history-of-istanbul-slang

The secret language of Turkey’s LGBT community
http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-01-14/world-full-secret-languages-one-used-turkeys-lgbt-community

Diana Eades: Applied linguistics and language analysis in asylum seeker cases (PDF)
http://refugeestudies.org/files/appliedlinguisticsandlanguage_182.pdf

Tim McNamara: 21st Century Shibboleth: Language tests, identity, and intergroup conflict
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10993-005-2886-0#page-1

Immigration by Shibboleth By Michael Erard
http://www.legalaffairs.org/issues/November-December-2003/story_erad_novdec03.msp

Monika S. Schmid: Treacherous shibboleths: Language as an indicator of origin (PDF)
http://www.let.rug.nl/languageattrition/Papers/SchmidInaugural2011.pdf

More from Monika Schmid: Language as a passport
http://theforeigner.no/pages/columns/language-as-a-passport/

What’s the deal with Mx?
http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2015/05/06/whats-the-deal-with-mx/

Wikipedia: Mx
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mx_(title)

Mx flagged as possible title for transgender and other gender neutral people, according to Oxford English Dictionary
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-05-05/new-title-for-transgender-and-other-gender-neutral-people/6447256

Oxford English Dictionary could soon include gender-neutral title ‘Mx’
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/oxford-english-dictionary-soon-include-gender-neutral-title-mx/

When was the Mx gender-inclusive title created?
http://practicalandrogyny.com/2014/08/28/when-was-the-mx-gender-inclusive-title-created/

Mintox
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=mintox


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.thebricktestament.com/judges/42000_ephraimites_killed/jg12_06b.jpg

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