Episode 293: A Computer Walks into a Bar

What kind of jokes would computers write?

Humour is a very human thing to do, but can computers learn to do it? They will, if the new generation of computational linguists has their way. But what would a computer find funny? And are computer scientists funny enough to pull this off?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie get serious about comedy on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Can quantum theory explain why jokes are funny?
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170317102438.htm

447 people have been shot and killed by police in 2017.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/national/police-shootings-2017/

Body cams reveal U.S. police use less respectful language with black drivers
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/06/body-cams-reveal-us-police-use-less-respectful-language-black-drivers

Paper: Language from police body camera footage shows racial disparities in officer respect
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2017/05/30/1702413114

How funny is this word? The ‘snunkoople’ effect
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151130131847.htm

Paper: Telling the world’s least funny jokes: On the quantification of humor as entropy (PDF)
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Cyrus_Shaoul/publication/282817301_Telling_the_world’s_least_funny_jokes_On_the_quantification_of_humor_as_entropy/links/561d46d708ae50795afd7bcd.pdf

Paper: Unsupervised joke generation from big data (PDF)
http://aclweb.org/anthology/P13-2041

Paper: Humor Recognition and Humor Anchor Extraction (PDF)
http://aclweb.org/anthology/D15-1284

Paper: HAHAcronym: A Computational Humor System (PDF)
http://aclweb.org/anthology/P05-3029

Paper: Automatic Humor Classification on Twitter (PDF)
http://aclweb.org/anthology/N12-2012

Meet the Goopies
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/14/fashion/gwyneth-paltrow-in-goop-health-wellness.html

Gwyneth Paltrow advises women to ‘steam-clean’ their vaginas
http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/beauty/gwyneth-paltrow-advises-women-to-steamclean-their-vaginas-20150130-131xsp.html

Gwyneth Paltrow Doesn’t Know What Goop Is Selling
http://www.vanityfair.com/style/2017/06/gwyneth-paltrow-goop-i-dont-know

Word ‘milk’ banned for use in branding of plant-based products
https://www.fginsight.com/news/word-milk-banned-for-use-in-branding-of-plant-based-products-22024

The Battle Over the Word ‘Milk’
https://www.outsideonline.com/2152336/should-nut-milk-be-considered-milk

The surprisingly heated political battle raging over the word ‘milk’
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/02/10/the-surprisingly-heated-political-battle-raging-over-the-word-milk/

A block of “Greek text” found its way into a newspaper page.
https://irp-cdn.multiscreensite.com/b25a98a2/files/uploaded/No%20Gains%20From%20Taking%20Drugs.pdf

Online Etymology Dictionary: ear
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=ear

Online Etymology Dictionary: earth
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=earth


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Episode 292: Mailbag of Destiny

We love taking questions, and for this episode, we’ve got a lot of them.

What’s behind the things we say, and why is language the way it is? Is calling someone a drop-kick secretly obscene? Why does Germany have so many names? And why are there italics?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie will answer these and so many more on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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David W
Julie
Anthony
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Whitney
Matt
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and the podcast Lingthusiasm.

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Episode 292: Mailbag of Destiny

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Show notes

Andrzej M. Łęcki: Grammaticalisation Paths of Have in English
Google Books link

Mari Johanne Hertzenberg: The Use and Development of Habere + Infinitive in Latin (PDF)
http://www.hf.uio.no/ifikk/english/research/projects/proiel/Activities/proiel/publications/Mari_ICHL.pdf

login the noun v. login the verb

Online Etymology Dictionary: log
http://etymonline.com/index.php?term=log&allowed_in_frame=0

Oxford Dictionaries: Different from, than, or to?
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/usage/different-from-than-or-to

Stack Exchange: Differences between “price point” and “price”
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/11879/differences-between-price-point-and-price

Green’s Dictionary of Slang: dropkick and punt
https://greensdictofslang.com/search/basic?q=dropkick+and+punt

Why Are There Different Names for the Same Country?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/30810/why-are-there-different-names-same-country

Wikipedia: Names of Germany
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_Germany

土澳 or TuAo: Is this Chinese popular term for Australia affectionate or condescending?
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-07/is-chinese-tuao-for-australia-condescending/8591168

The Visionary Behind Italics
https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/03/highlights-of-a-printer-who-invented-italics/386845/

The Origin of Italics
http://www.blakeatwood.com/origin-italics/

The Hidden Language Of The ~Tilde~
https://www.buzzfeed.com/josephbernstein/the-hidden-language-of-the-tilde

TypeTalk: Italic vs. Oblique
https://creativepro.com/typetalk-italic-vs-oblique/

Bilinguals find it easier to learn a third language
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110201110915.htm

Can a Second Language Help You Learn a Third?
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/life-bilingual/201506/can-second-language-help-you-learn-third

WALS: Number of Cases
http://wals.info/chapter/49

This is the most important moment of the Comey testimony
https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/6/8/15762266/comey-day-hearing-i-took-it-as-direction-risch

The Brussels Binder: Give the Women of Brussels a Voice
https://brusselsbinder.org

Congrats, you have an all male panel!
http://allmalepanels.tumblr.com

The ‘Manels Affliction’ – or those all-male conference panels talking about stuff that affects everyone
http://linkis.com/m.mgafrica.com/artic/hEsFB

Men cite themselves more than women do
http://www.nature.com/news/men-cite-themselves-more-than-women-do-1.20176


Show tunes

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Episode 291: Covfefe

It’s not just about the covfefe.

This week, we are buried under an avalanche of words, and we’re trying to dig ourselves out. Yes, covfefe happened, but Wonder Woman has also given rise to an ascendant gynocracy. And what about that spelling bee?

Daniel, Kylie, and Ben are looking at all the words on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Chris Butler


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Episode 291: Covfefe

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Show notes

Research shows prejudice, not principle, often underpins ‘free-speech defense’ of racist language
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/uok-rsp050317.php

Gretchen McColloch: Herefefe is why it’s toughfefe to say ‘covfefe’
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/herefefe-is-why-its-toughfefe-to-say-covfefe/2017/05/31/3f43587e-463b-11e7-bcde-624ad94170ab_story.html

How the hell do you pronounce ‘Covfefe’? Our nation is divided.
http://mashable.com/2017/05/31/how-do-you-pronounce-covfefe/

How Do You Correctly Pronounce “Covfefe”?
https://www.buzzfeed.com/tomnamako/how-do-you-correctly-pronounce-covfefe

How to make covfefe
https://www.facebook.com/smosh/videos/10154578237056765/

Sean Spicer just had the worst possible answer to the “covfefe” question
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/05/31/politics/sean-spicer-press-conference/index.html

Sean Spicer says ‘covfefe’ wasn’t a typo: Trump knew ‘exactly what he meant’
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2017/05/31/sean-spicer-says-covfefe-wasnt-typo-trump-knew-exactly-what-he-meant/102355728/

Spicer’s Razor: How the White House press secretary turned “covfefe” into a covfspiracy
https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2017/05/spicers-razor/528750/

Trump fans have convinced themselves ‘covfefe’ was a secret Arabic message against terrorism
http://www.rawstory.com/2017/06/trump-fans-have-convinced-themselves-covfefe-was-a-secret-arabic-message-against-terrorism/

Is ‘Covfefe’ Arabic for ‘I Will Stand Up’? (No.)
http://www.snopes.com/covfefe-arabic-antediluvian/

Levenshtein demo
http://www.let.rug.nl/~kleiweg/lev/

Covfefe, the song
https://www.reddit.com/r/ClassicalMemes/comments/6ep7o7/covfefe_the_song/
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10154649422448581&set=a.45311783580.58844.607633580&type=3&theater

Alamo Drafthouse Apologizes for Starting Manpocalypse With Women-Only Screening
https://medium.com/@BethyBSQU/alamo-drafthouse-apologizes-for-starting-manpocalypse-with-women-only-screening-ccf6f4090a14

“Wonder Woman” Female-Only Screenings Receive Formal Civil Rights Complaint
http://www.teenvogue.com/story/wonder-woman-female-only-premiere-civil-rights-complaint

Two Human Rights Complaints Have Been Filed Over Alamo Drafthouse’s Women-Only ‘Wonder Woman’ Screenings
http://gothamist.com/2017/06/03/wonder_woman_human_rights_complaint.php

National Spelling Bee champ clinches title with ‘marocain’
http://www.kiro7.com/news/national-spelling-bee-champ-clinches-title-with-marocain_/528893154

Guardian: Scripps National Spelling Bee 2017: championship finals – as it happened
https://www.theguardian.com/sport/live/2017/jun/01/scripps-national-spelling-bee-2017-finals-live

Video: Ananya Vinay goes NUTS when she wins the Scripps National Spelling Bee 2017
https://www.theguardian.com/sport/video/2017/jun/02/ananya-vinay-wins-us-scripps-national-spelling-bee-video-report

Scripps Spelling Bee: Take the Test
http://spellingbee.com/take-test

The 35 words you’re (probably) getting wrong
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/jun/05/the-35-words-youre-probably-getting-wrong


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Episode 290: Language Does Not Determine Your Thoughts (Whorfianism 1)

Does language influence the way we think?

Many people have thought so. And this thought has worked its way into an enormously popular idea called the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis. Yet linguists often dismiss this idea as unfounded. So what’s the story?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie begin an exploration of language, perception, and mind on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Coel Healy


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Show notes

Fathers’ brains respond differently to daughters than sons
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170525100325.htm

Child gender influences paternal behavior, language, and brain function.
http://psycnet.apa.org/?&fa=main.doiLanding&doi=10.1037/bne0000199

No one could see the colour blue until modern times
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/what-is-blue-and-how-do-we-see-color-2015-2

How Speaking Another Language Can Change Your Personality
https://curiosity.com/topics/how-speaking-another-language-can-change-your-personality-curiosity/

How the language you speak changes your view of the world
https://theconversation.com/how-the-language-you-speak-changes-your-view-of-the-world-40721

Bylund and Athanasopoulos: The Whorfian Time Warp: Representing Duration Through the Language Hourglass.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28447839

The Language You Speak Affects How Your Brain Experiences The Passage Of Time
http://www.ibtimes.com/language-you-speak-affects-how-your-brain-experiences-passage-time-2533953

The language you speak changes your perception of time
http://www.popsci.com.au/science/the-language-you-speak-changes-your-perception-of-time,461144

Australian National Dictionary Centre: Word Box
http://andc.anu.edu.au/webform/word-box

Fidget Spinners: What They Are, How They Work and Why the Controversy
http://www.livescience.com/58916-fidget-spinner-faq.html

Patent for “Spinning toy : US 5591062 A”
https://www.google.com/patents/US5591062

How the fidget spinner origin story spun out of control
http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-fidget-spinner-origin-story-20170515-story.html

Millions sold: Was the original fidget spinner made in Suquamish?
http://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/our-high-end-fidget-spinner-will-beat-the-competition-local-makers-say/

Yes, guy rompers are a real thing. Here are 12 styles to consider
http://www.latimes.com/fashion/la-ig-rompers-for-men-20170525-htmlstory.html

Why everyone is suddenly talking about male rompers
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/05/17/health/male-romper-romphim-trend-trnd/

The Hottest Bro-Rompers for Men to Rock!
http://www.ebony.com/style/bro-rompers

WALS Online: Feature 78A: Coding of Evidentiality
http://wals.info/feature/78A#2/16.6/149.6


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Episode 289: What Helps Babies Learn Language?

Is there anything you can do to help babies learn language?

Babies do a great job of learning language, but it’s still a pretty complex undertaking. Who wouldn’t like to help the little tackers figure it out? But does anything help babies learn language? Baby signs? Special toys?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are delving into the research on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Antonio Tati


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David W.
Julie
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Episode 289: What Helps Babies Learn Language?

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Show notes

Samsung develops emoji-based chat app for people with language disorders
https://arstechnica.com/business/2017/04/samsung-develops-emoji-based-chat-app-for-people-with-language-disorders/

A Stroke Survivor Explains Why Samsung’s Emoji Translation App May Not Be a Cheap Gimmick
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/a-stroke-survivor-explains-why-samsungs-emoji-translation-app-may-not-be-a-cheap-gimmick

The End Is Near for Google’s Blob Emoji
http://au.pcmag.com/google-android-o/47987/news/the-end-is-near-for-googles-blob-emoji

Baby Sign Language: Does It Work?
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2015/02/04/baby-sign-language-work/

Does Baby Sign Make a Difference?
http://www.hanen.org/helpful-info/articles/does-baby-sign-make-a-difference-.aspx

Baby sign language: An evidence-based guide
http://www.parentingscience.com/baby-sign-language.html

Is baby sign language worthwhile?
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/expert-answers/baby-sign-language/faq-20057980

Traditional Toys May Beat Gadgets in Language Development
https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/12/23/traditional-toys-may-beat-gadgets-in-language-development/?_r=1

Electronic Toys May Hinder Baby Language Development
http://www.npr.org/2015/12/27/461173092/electronic-toys-may-hinder-baby-language-development

Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/aaop-hst042617.php

Music may help babies learn language skills
http://www.abc.net.au/news/science/2016-04-26/music-may-help-babies-learn-language-skills/7357642

Baby talk words with repeated sounds help infants learn language
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160527112647.htm

Pretending to Understand What Babies Say Can Make Them Smarter
https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/08/pretending-to-understand-what-babies-say-can-make-them-smarter/379324/

Parents, listen next time your baby babbles
https://now.uiowa.edu/2014/08/parents-listen-next-time-your-baby-babbles

Reading with children starting in infancy gives lasting literacy boost
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170504083146.htm

Storybook reading could help with language
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2017/04/02/storybook-reading-could-help-language

Can you see what I am talking about? Human speech triggers referential expectation in four-month-old infants
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep13594

Ask a Linguist: When should you worry about language development?
http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/lang-acq.cfm#worry

Mark Latham’s FB message
https://www.facebook.com/MarkLathamsOutsiders/posts/1500124996695501?match=bWFyayBsYXRoYW0ncw%3D%3D

Phrase Finder: Politically correct
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/287100.html

Tony Abbott calls for Safe Schools ‘social engineering program’ to be axed
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-01/abbott-calls-for-end-to-safe-schools/7209766

RationalWiki: Cultural Marxism
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Cultural_Marxism

‘Cultural Marxism’: a uniting theory for rightwingers who love to play the victim
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jan/19/cultural-marxism-a-uniting-theory-for-rightwingers-who-love-to-play-the-victim

The problem with evoking Marxism in the Safe Schools debate
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-24/bradley-marxism-and-safe-schools/7272764


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Episode 288: Letters Lost

English used to look a lot different.

We used to use a lot of letters that no longer exist. They had names like eth, wynn, thorn, and ash. Ben, Kylie, and Daniel talk about what they looked like, how they sounded… and ampersand‘s secret past.

It’s all happening on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Christopher F.
David W.
Julie
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Many thanks to all our great patrons.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

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Show notes

Put your hands together for NZ Sign Language Week
http://ourauckland.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz/articles/news/2017/05/nzsl-week/

VIDEO: Sign language interpreter upstages Snoop Dogg
http://pickle.nine.com.au/2017/05/10/11/18/snoop-dogg-sign-language-interpreter-steals-show

Homo naledi may have lived at around same time as early humans
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/homo-naledi-may-have-lived-around-same-time-early-humans

Small-brained early human lived more recently than expected
http://www.nature.com/news/small-brained-early-human-lived-more-recently-than-expected-1.21961

12 Letters That Didn’t Make the Alphabet
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31904/12-letters-didnt-make-alphabet

We Used To Have 6 More Letters In Our Alphabet
https://omgfacts.com/we-used-to-have-6-more-letters-in-our-alphabet-a7e1a165853d

The Lost Letters Of The Alphabet
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-rosen/the-lost-letters-of-the-a_b_6666726.html

Orthography
http://people.umass.edu/sharris/in/gram/GrammarBook/orthography.html

Grammarphobia: An ædifying history
http://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2011/05/ae-digraph-ligature.html

How is “æ” supposed to be pronounced?
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/70927/how-is-æ-supposed-to-be-pronounced

Eth, thorn, and ash: they flunked the screen test for our alphabet
http://bookhaven.stanford.edu/2013/08/eth-thorn-and-ash-they-flunked-the-screen-test-for-our-alphabet/

Why is ‘w’ pronounced ‘double u’ rather than ‘double v’?
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/explore/why-is-w-pronounced-double-u

If “w” is double u, why is it made of two v’s?
http://blog.dictionary.com/w/

Letter Finder
http://www.scottishhandwriting.com/cmlfyo.asp

The Rules for Long S
http://babelstone.blogspot.com.au/2006/06/rules-for-long-s.html

Why does the ending -ough have six pronunciations?
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/31991/why-does-the-ending-ough-have-six-pronunciations

What Character Was Removed from the Alphabet?
http://blog.dictionary.com/ampersand/

Language Log: Priming the pump
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=32625

Language Log: Priming the pump: a cartoon history
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=32649

France just rejected the far right and elected Emmanuel Macron
https://www.vox.com/world/2017/5/7/15571666/french-elections-emmanuel-macron-marine-le-pen-front-national-vote-win

10 things to know about NOTA — a voter’s right to reject
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india/10-things-to-know-about-nota-a-voter-s-right-to-reject/story-SkX0EsDQbjG5e2sz0L5N9H.html

Trump to NBC’s Lester Holt: Comey’s ‘a showboat,’ ‘I was going to fire regardless of recommendation’
http://www.latimes.com/politics/washington/la-na-essential-washington-updates-trump-to-nbc-s-lester-holt-i-was-1494522620-htmlstory.html

The history of ransomware
http://www.csoonline.com/article/3095956/data-breach/the-history-of-ransomware.html#slide2

Ware: “Simple Simon met a pieman…”
http://www3.amherst.edu/~rjyanco94/literature/mothergoose/rhymes/simplesimonmetapieman.html

Rocky and Bullwinkle: Simple Simon

A 1987 reference to ransomware
Google Books link

4 Ways to Protect Against the Very Real Threat of Ransomware
https://www.wired.com/2016/05/4-ways-protect-ransomware-youre-target/

RANSOMWARE: Hostage Rescue Manual (PDF)
https://www.wired.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/RansomwareManual-1.pdf

Green’s Dictionary of Slang: cock
https://greensdictofslang.com/entry/kjbkjfi

Wikipedia: Cockburn (surname)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cockburn_(surname)

Online Etymology Dictionary
curse, cursive, cursor


Show tunes

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Episode 287: What Is a Sandwich?

What exactly is a sandwich?

The question is tearing the internet apart. Is a hot dog a sandwich? What about a burrito? But how do we even know what a sandwich is? Or anything else?

We have an answer, but it’s going to take us through some weird semantic territory on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Carly Laden


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Our patrons are amazing people who keep us going. This episode is brought to you by the generosity of

Christopher F.
David W.
Julie
Zoe
Whitney
Matt
Christy
and the podcast Lingthusiasm.

Many thanks to all our patrons!

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Episode 287: What Is a Sandwich?

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Show notes

Stephen Fry on God | The Meaning Of Life | RTÉ One

Stephen Fry faces blasphemy probe after God comments
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-39830447

Police launch blasphemy probe against Stephen Fry for calling ‘God’ monstrous
http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2017/05/06/police-launch-blasphemy-probe-against-stephen-fry-for-calling-god-monstrous/

BHA defends its patron Stephen Fry in face of Irish blasphemy probe
https://humanism.org.uk/2017/05/06/bha-defends-its-patron-stephen-fry-in-face-of-irish-blasphemy-probe/

Swearing Makes You Stronger And Increases Stamina, Study Finds
http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/swearing-stronger-more-stamina-strength-study-swear-words-university-keele-a7718981.html

Strong language: swearing makes you stronger, psychologists confirm
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/may/05/strong-language-swearing-makes-you-stronger-psychologists-confirm

Seebs, is a hotdog a sandwich?
http://glossylalia.tumblr.com/post/151262613501/seebs-is-a-hotdog-a-sandwich-i-mean-its-got-the

The sandwich alignment chart that’s tearing the internet apart
http://mashable.com/2017/05/03/sandwich-chart-hot-dog/

Kylie’s approach
Sorry, Merriam-Webster, but Hot Dogs Are Not Sandwiches
http://www.arrantpedantry.com/2016/06/15/sorry-merriam-webster-but-hot-dogs-are-not-sandwiches/

Cups and glasses: learning that boundaries are vague
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-child-language/article/cups-and-glasses-learning-that-boundaries-are-vague/4DE33B9F26DB68DB3FACBEB69DBB304B

Labov’s cups, mugs, glasses, and jugs
Google Books link

Family Resemblance in Wittgenstein
http://www.philosophy-index.com/wittgenstein/family-resemblance/

Wittgenstein: Language-games and Family Resemblance
https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/wittgenstein/#LangGameFamiRese

From Statistics to Meaning: Infants’ Acquisition of Lexical Categories
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3865606/

Twelve-Month-Old Infants Benefit From Prior Experience in Statistical Learning
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2967014/

Agate Rooms (Agate Chamber or Cold Baths)
http://saint-petersburg.guide/pushkin/agate-rooms-(agate-chamber-or-cold-baths)

A linguistic prejudice called native-speakerism (annoying ads)
https://www.dailytrust.com.ng/news/politics-of-grammar/a-linguistic-prejudice-called-native-speakerism/180756.html

Relevant Reddit thread
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/69j8ya/a_linguistic_prejudice_called_nativespeakerism/

Native and Nonnative Teachers of L2 Pronunciation: Effects on Learner Performance (paywall)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tesq.272/full

TEFL Equity Advocates
https://teflequityadvocates.com

Stephen Fry blasphemy probe dropped after gardaí fail to find ‘substantial number of outraged people’
http://www.independent.ie/irish-news/stephen-fry-blasphemy-probe-dropped-after-garda-fail-to-find-substantial-number-of-outraged-people-35692915.html


Show tunes

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Episode 286: Lexical Appropriation (featuring Nicole Holliday)

Are some words off-limits?

Many of us are aware of cultural appropriation: using symbols and clothing that pertain to another culture without attribution. But how does this relate to language? Is it okay to use the slang that originates from other language communities? And what about descriptivism and letting language do its thing?

Daniel speaks with Nicole Holliday on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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David W.
Julie
Zoe
Whitney
Matt
Christy
and the podcast Lingthusiasm.

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Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 286: Lexical Appropriation (featuring Nicole Holliday) for everyone

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Show notes

Malcolm Turnbull reveals tough new citizenship crackdown
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/speak-english-respect-our-values-malcolm-turnbulls-next-citizenship-crackdown-20170419-gvnq0y.html

PM defends tough citizenship English test
https://thewest.com.au/politics/pm-defends-tough-citizenship-english-test-ng-s-1713179

6 new requirements to acquire Australian citizenship
http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/hindi/en/article/2017/04/21/6-new-requirements-acquire-australian-citizenship

Joint Media Release with the Hon. Malcolm Turnbull MP, Prime Minister – Strengthening the integrity of Australian citizenship
http://www.minister.border.gov.au/peterdutton/Pages/Strenghening-the-integrity-of-Australian-citizenship.aspx

There is one silver lining for Indians in Australia’s tough new citizenship rules: English skills
https://qz.com/966681/there-is-one-silver-lining-for-indians-in-australias-tough-new-citizenship-rules-english-skills/

English Language Bar for Australian Citizenship Likely to Further Disadvantage Refugees
https://theconversation.com/english-language-bar-for-citizenship-likely-to-further-disadvantage-refugees-76520

Henry Sherrell: English language testing and the exclusion of Australian citizenship
https://henrysherrell.wordpress.com/2017/04/24/english-language-testing-and-the-exclusion-of-australian-citizenship/

Nicole Holliday: When is lexical innovation cultural appropriation?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2017/04/cultural-appropriation-lexical-innovation/

Golden Pig, Coffin Man and Noodles: When Asian tattoos don’t turn out quite as planned
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2190806/Golden-Pig-Coffin-Man-Noodles-When-Asian-tattoos-dont-turn-quite-planned.html

Manipulation, abuse, deceit: How I learnt about ‘stealthing’ from a Tinder date
http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/manipulation-abuse-deceitl-how-i-learnt-about-stealthing/8480696

Man Convicted of Rape After Removing Condom During Sex Without Consent
https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/man-convicted-of-rape-after-removing-condom-during-sex-without-consent

‘Rape-Adjacent’: Imagining Legal Responses to Nonconsensual Condom Removal
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2954726

Boris Johnson attacks ‘mutton-headed mugwump’ Jeremy Corbyn
https://www.politicshome.com/news/uk/political-parties/conservative-party/boris-johnson/news/85431/boris-johnson-attacks-mutton

Wiktionary: mugwump
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mugwump

Online Etymology Dictionary: mugwump
http://etymonline.com/index.php?term=mugwump&allowed_in_frame=1


Show tunes

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Episode 285: Quick Shots

For this episode, we put out the call to listeners, and they responded. Daniel’s taking questions and giving answers.

Should we be fustrated or listen to vinyls? Is a movie based on or based off a true story? How do you recognise gaslighting? What does a linguistics career look like? And have you got another think coming?

Daniel answers them all and more on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Patreon supporters

This episode is facilitated by our great group of patrons. The list includes:

David W.
Christopher F.
Julie
Zoe
Whitney
Matt
Christy
and the wonderful podcast Lingthusiasm.

Thanks to all our patrons. You keep us going.

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Episode 285: Quick Shots for everyone

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Show notes

Google Books: fustrated
Google Books link

Online Etymology Dictionary: fustrate
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=frustrate&allowed_in_frame=0

Grammarist: Another think coming
http://grammarist.com/usage/another-think-coming/

The Truth About Black Twitter
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/04/the-truth-about-black-twitter/390120/

Why Black Twitter Is Bigger Than Any One Story
http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/black-twitter-contains-multitudes-20150716

Black Twitter’s hilarious verification questions to prevent racist infiltration
https://qz.com/864372/black-twitters-twtr-hilarious-verification-questions-to-prevent-racist-infiltration/

What can you do with linguistics?

5 Common Phrases You May Not Realize Are Gaslighting
https://www.bustle.com/articles/132207-5-common-phrases-you-may-not-realize-are-gaslighting

From Theater to Therapy to Twitter, the Eerie History of Gaslighting
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/04/18/the_history_of_gaslighting_from_films_to_psychoanalysis_to_politics.html


Show tunes

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Episode 284: Feral Children

What can we learn about language from children who grew up without it?

People are fascinated by stories of “feral children”, raised apart from human contact. Can these children ever learn language, once they’re found? And what does this tell us about the human language faculty?

Daniel and Ben take a critical look at the stories on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


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Christopher F.
David W.
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Matt
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and the podcast Lingthusiasm.

You are tremendous human beings! But not colossal anything, because apparently colossal is only for bad things.

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Episode 284: Feral Children

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Show notes

AI programs exhibit racial and gender biases, research reveals
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/apr/13/ai-programs-exhibit-racist-and-sexist-biases-research-reveals

Scientists Taught A Robot Language. It Immediately Turned Racist.
https://www.buzzfeed.com/nidhisubbaraman/robot-racism-through-language

An AI stereotype catcher
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6334/133

Google searches expose racial bias, says study of names
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-21322183

The ‘three black teenagers’ search shows it is society, not Google, that is racist
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jun/10/three-black-teenagers-google-racist-tweet

Meet the 8-year-old girl raised by monkeys
http://nypost.com/2017/04/06/meet-the-8-year-old-girl-raised-by-monkeys/

Girl found living with monkeys in Indian forest
https://apnews.com/9bb6522fe5c642a38a62bd7f99b23708

Indian girl found in jungle was not living with monkeys, officials say
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/apr/08/indian-girl-found-in-jungle-was-not-living-with-monkeys-officials-say

Elissa Newport: Contrasting Conceptions of the Critical Period for Language
Google Books link

The History of Herodotus
http://classics.mit.edu/Herodotus/history.2.ii.html

Erik The Flutemaker: Egyptian Flute (used with permission)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnyW3R-v19Y

Erik’s YouTube channel
https://www.youtube.com/user/theflutemaker

The King of Scotland’s Peculiar Language Experiment
http://mentalfloss.com/article/75378/king-scotlands-peculiar-language-experiment

A creepy 15th century language experiment took place on this island
http://io9.gizmodo.com/a-creepy-15th-century-language-experiment-took-place-on-1484724484?IR=T

Peter Mundy’s account of Emperor Akbar
Google Books link

The Critical Period for Language Acquisition and Feral Children
https://sites.psu.edu/psych256sp16/2016/04/21/the-critical-period-for-language-acquisition-and-feral-children/

Wikipedia: Amala and Kamala
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amala_and_Kamala

Starved, tortured, forgotten: Genie, the feral child who left a mark on researchers
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/jul/14/genie-feral-child-los-angeles-researchers

The Heartbreaking Story Of Genie, A Feral Child Who Will Never Learn To Communicate
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/critical-period-for-language-acquisition-2013-10#xFbIh50RV7uI6TRo.99

Feral Children in Fact and Fiction
http://www.centerforinquiry.net/blogs/entry/feral_children_in_fact_and_fiction/

Urban Dictionary: re-accommodate
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=re-accommodate

Flight or fight? United’s ‘re-accommodation’ of passenger a colossal mistake
http://www.smh.com.au/business/aviation/flight-or-fight-uniteds-reaccommodation-of-passenger-a-colossal-mistake-20170410-gvi842.html

United C.E.O. offers the worst possible response to the airline’s P.R. disaster
http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2017/04/united-airlines-oscar-munoz

New United logo
http://imgur.com/gallery/SQLY2

Wiktionary: voluntell
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/voluntell

The Rice University Neologisms Database: voluntold
http://neologisms.rice.edu/index.php?a=term&d=1&t=7413

Slate: Why Do We Hate Certain Words? The curious phenomenon of word aversion.
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2013/04/word_aversion_hate_moist_slacks_crevice_why_do_people_hate_words.html

Urban Dictionary: jawn
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=jawn

The Enduring Mystery Of ‘Jawn’, Philadelphia’s All-Purpose Noun
http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-enduring-mystery-of-jawn-philadelphias-allpurpose-noun

Read This: The history of “jawn,” Philadelphia’s favorite all-purpose word
http://www.avclub.com/article/read-history-jawn-philadelphias-favorite-all-purpo-234368

Funky 4+1 Thats The Joint (Vinyl High Quality)
https://youtu.be/FzuskHUux6U

Language Hat: JAWN.
http://languagehat.com/jawn/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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