Episode 262: Universal Grammar

Why do all human languages resemble each other? And how do children learn language so fast?

For many linguists, the answer is Universal Grammar. It’s one of the biggest ideas in linguistics, but now it might possibly be coming unstuck. What is it, and what does its acceptance or rejection mean for modern linguistics?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

The French Number
http://www.thefrenchnumber.fr

Evidence Rebuts Chomsky’s Theory of Language Learning
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/evidence-rebuts-chomsky-s-theory-of-language-learning/

Don’t believe the rumours. Universal Grammar is alive and well.
https://medium.com/@dan.milway/dont-believe-the-rumours-universal-grammar-is-alive-and-well-58c1fbc5608b#.av7h2vini

The bonfire of Noam Chomsky: journalist Tom Wolfe targets the acclaimed linguist
http://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/9/14/12910180/noam-chomsky-tom-wolfe-linguist

Tom Wolfe plays mischief with language in ‘Kingdom of Speech’
http://articles.philly.com/2016-09-11/news/75354678_1_language-evolution-darwin-urdu

Noam Chomsky on the Evolution of Language: A Biolinguistic Perspective
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/37725-noam-chomsky-on-the-evolution-of-language-a-biolinguistic-perspective

Dr. Noam Chomsky’s answers to questions from r/linguistics
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/13buz0/dr_noam_chomskys_answers_to_questions_from/?

Universal Grammar- How Do You Back It?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/16avcv/universal_grammar_how_do_you_back_it/?

What are the leading anti-UG theories?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4es4pb/what_are_the_leading_antiug_theories/

The language faculty that wasn’t: a usage-based account of natural language recursion
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01182/full

A Cognitive Neural Architecture Able to Learn and Communicate through Natural Language
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0140866

Grammar rules aren’t nearly as clear-cut as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/01/grammar-rules-aren-t-nearly-clear-cut-we-thought

Child language acquisition: Why universal grammar doesn’t help
http://muse.jhu.edu/article/552064

‘Avengers’ assemble to take on ‘racist, abusive coward’ Donald Trump, urge people to vote
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/movies/avengers-assemble-take-on-racist-abusive-coward-donald-trump-urge-people-to-vote-20160921-grlnmt.html

‘Butt’ is an actual unit of measurement
http://gizmodo.com/butt-is-an-actual-unit-of-measurement-1622427091

The first fuckwit
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/09/14/the-first-fuckwit/

My table

sweary-units-of-measurement


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Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 261: Red Big Balloon (featuring Damián Blasi)

We love red big balloons — or are they big red balloons?

There’s a right way and a wrong way to do it, you know. But how do we know what the right way is? And what else does your brain know that you don’t know it knows?

Linguist Daniel Midgley blows your mind on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Our patrons Whitney Fielding and Matt are once again keeping the show going. Our sincerest thanks!

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Daniel’s interview with Chris Mason on RTRFM’s The Mag

https://rtrfm.com.au/story/sound-and-meaning/


Complete interview with Damián Blasi

https://www.patreon.com/posts/talk-talk-with-6817302

For Patreon patrons. (Let us know if you’d like to access the interview for research purposes.)


Show notes

Telegraph: Humans may speak a universal language, say scientists
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/09/12/humans-may-speak-a-universal-language-say-scientists/

LA Times: In world’s languages, scientists discover shared links between sound and meaning
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-languages-sound-meaning-20160912-snap-story.html

ABC: Linguistic study proves more than 6,000 languages use similar sounds for common words (formerly Linguists discover humans have ‘universal language’)
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-09-13/linguists-discover-humans-have-%27universal-language%27/7841134

Cornell Chronicle: A nose by any other name would sound the same, study finds
http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2016/09/nose-any-other-name-would-sound-same-study-finds

Max Planck Institute: Sound of words is no coincidence
https://www.mpg.de/10731041/language-sound-meaning-coincidence

“R” Is for Red: Common Words Share Similar Sounds in Many Languages
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/r-is-for-red-common-words-share-similar-sounds-in-many-languages/

Actual paper: Sound–meaning association biases evidenced across thousands of languages (paywall)
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/09/06/1605782113

The Secret Rules of Adjective Order
http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/the_good_word/2014/08/the_study_of_adjective_order_and_gsssacpm.single.html

The language rules we know – but don’t know we know
http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20160908-the-language-rules-we-know-but-dont-know-we-know

Big bad modifier order
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=27890

The language rule you never think about but always get right
http://www.dailydot.com/parsec/adjective-order-english-language/

Two things native English speakers know, but don’t know you know
http://www.thepoke.co.uk/2016/09/04/bish-bash-bosh/

Adjective attributes following noun in English?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4v874s/adjective_attributes_following_noun_in_english/

4 Things Most Native English Speakers Don’t Know About English
http://matadornetwork.com/abroad/4-things-most-native-english-speakers-dont-know-about-english/

4 More Unofficial Rules Native English Speakers Don’t Realize They Know
http://mentalfloss.com/article/85935/4-more-unofficial-rules-native-english-speakers-dont-realize-they-know

Separable Phrasal Verbs
https://www.grammarly.com/handbook/mechanics/phrasal-verb-and-idioms/3/separable-phrasal-verbs/

Clinton expresses regret for saying ‘half’ of Trump supporters are ‘deplorables’
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/09/09/politics/hillary-clinton-donald-trump-basket-of-deplorables/

Where Did Hillary Get a Phrase Like “Basket of Deplorables”?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/09/12/hillary_s_basket_of_deplorables_has_some_fascinating_legal_antecedents.html

Top constitutional experts say no problem with “self executing” plebiscite
http://hrlc.org.au/media-release-top-constitutional-barrister-says-there-is-no-problem-with-self-executing-plebiscite/

Labor could support ‘self-executing’ same-sex marriage plebiscite
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/labor-could-support-selfexecuting-samesex-marriage-plebiscite-20160905-gr9fum

An Unusual Way of Speaking, Yoda Has
http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/12/hmmmmm/420798/

Unclear Of Yoda’s Syntax The Principles Are, If Any
http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/002182.html

Incidental music thanks to Bensound
http://www.bensound.com


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Episode 260: Promoting LOTE (featuring Annie Demosthenous)

Language learning is important. Loads of kids are taking languages other than English (or LOTE). Lots of people are teaching them.

But for all that, we’re just not learning them. So why not? Are we doing it wrong? Not starting early enough? Or is it the culture of language learning in English-speaking countries? More importantly, how do we fix it?

Language teacher Annie Demosthenous chats with Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Dylan Websdane


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Show notes

Negative campaign: Votes sought for most disliked English word
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/aug/25/negative-campaign-votes-sought-for-most-disliked-english-word

Oxford Dictionaries’ campaign to find most hated English word scrapped
http://www.newkerala.com/news/2016/fullnews-111238.html

Now we’ll never know what the English language’s least favourite word is
http://www.aol.co.uk/news/2016/08/27/now-well-never-know-what-the-english-languages-least-favourite-word-is/

Offensive language ruins search for world’s worst word
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-37197699

#OneWordMap: mapping the world’s least favourite words
“Update: We regret to inform users that due to severe misuse we have had to remove this feature from our website.”
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2016/08/one-word-map-least-favourite-word/#

Part 1: Why LOTE is having trouble

Fewer students are taking languages
https://blogs.crikey.com.au/fullysic/2016/06/15/solve-australias-language-learning-crisis/

Schools are cutting back
http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/diplomatic-tensions-as-italian-and-greek-phased-out-of-school-20160805-gqlwpf.html

It’s difficult to teach LOTE anyway, with students get 1 hour a week.
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/teachers-know-dripfed-languages-fail-to-take-hold-20121102-28pms.html

We don’t have a culture of language learning in English-speaking countries
http://neoskosmos.com/news/en/Challenging-Australias-monolingual-mindset

What’s the big deal? Everyone speaks English
https://theconversation.com/why-native-english-speakers-fail-to-be-understood-in-english-and-lose-out-in-global-business-54436

Part 2: How to fix it

Should we be getting students to speak their home language (if they have one), instead of making everyone choose Indonesian or French?
https://theconversation.com/how-we-kill-languages-and-fail-our-cleverest-children-29137

How about dual-language programmes?
http://edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/dual-language-books-bridge-culture-language-for-english-learners-in-edmonton

How about language nests?
https://theconversation.com/language-nests-a-way-to-revive-indigenous-languages-at-risk-19824

Just making language learning compulsory?
https://theconversation.com/how-to-make-australia-more-bilingual-42609

What Is The Millennial Whoop? Once You Hear This Virulent Pop Hook You Won’t Be Able To Unhear It
http://www.nme.com/blogs/nme-blogs/what-is-the-millennial-whoop-songs

“The Millennial Whoop”: The same annoying whooping sound is showing up in every popular song
http://qz.com/767812/millennial-whoop/

The Millennial Whoop: the melodic hook that’s taken over pop music
https://www.theguardian.com/music/shortcuts/2016/aug/30/millennial-whoop-pop-music

You might not know what the Millennial Whoop is but you have definitely heard it
http://www.capetalk.co.za/articles/16330/you-might-not-know-what-the-millennial-whoop-is-but-you-have-definitely-heard-it

The millennial whoop: the key to modern pop
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p046j43s

Best Classical Tunes: Search with a virtual piano
http://bestclassicaltunes.com/DictionaryPiano.aspx


Show tunes

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Image credit: https://theconversation.com/from-hawke-to-turnbull-asian-language-learning-in-decline-47163

Episode 259: Does Your Dog Understand You? (featuring Monica)

Can our furry friends understand what we’re saying?

Before the Talk the Talk team can say no (like every other time), a very special listener wants us to consider the case for animals and language.

Listener Monica speaks with Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Scott Quigg


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Show notes

First Aboriginal female lower house MP Linda Burney’s moving maiden speech
http://www.news.com.au/national/politics/first-aboriginal-female-lower-house-mp-linda-burneys-moving-maiden-speech/news-story/f59808d73efe7b17b3748de43635d53a

Linda Burney (ALP-Barton) – Maiden Speech
http://australianpolitics.com/2016/08/31/linda-burney-alp-barton-maiden-speech.html

Watch: Linda Burney includes Wiradjuri song as part of maiden speech
http://www.sbs.com.au/nitv/article/2016/08/31/watch-linda-burney-includes-wiradjuri-song-part-maiden-speech

Ethnologue: Wiradhuri
http://www.ethnologue.com/language/wrh

Our Mother Tongue: Wiradjuri
https://open.abc.net.au/explore/22207

The Australian National Dictionary
http://australiannationaldictionary.com.au

Do you know a Bunji from a Boorie? Meet our dictionary’s new Indigenous words
https://theconversation.com/do-you-know-a-bunji-from-a-boorie-meet-our-dictionarys-new-indigenous-words-63993

WA linguist welcomes Indigenous words in Australian National Dictionary
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-24/wa-linguist-welcomes-indigenous-words-added-to-dictionary/7778316

We compared the new words in the Australian and Oxford dictionaries, and now we don’t know if we’re Arthur or Martha
http://qz.com/765207/we-compared-the-new-words-in-the-australian-and-oxford-dictionaries-and-now-we-dont-know-if-were-arthur-or-martha/

Dogs understand both vocabulary and intonation of human speech
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-08/aaft-dub082916.php

Dogs Process Language Like Us, but What Do They Understand?
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/dog-spies/dogs-process-language-like-us-but-what-do-they-understand/

Dogs really do understand human language, study suggests
http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/dogs-language-1.3740980

Neural mechanisms for lexical processing in dogs
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/353/6303/1030

Vagenda of manocide: our Facebook post
https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1459115720781882

14064275_10210351020396968_4851477356195484782_n

V of M: Card for Magic – the Gathering
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10153616719311568&set=a.45056011567.67220.522001567&type=3&theater

14021690_10153616719311568_5730992708675412802_n

‘Vagenda of Manocide’ URL Redirects to Hillary Clinton Campaign Site
http://www.thewrap.com/vagenda-of-manocide-url-redirects-to-hillary-clinton-campaign-site/

How the ‘Vagenda of Manocide’ meme turned into a fundraiser for Hillary Clinton
http://www.dailydot.com/layer8/hillary-clinton-vagenda-fundraiser/

Is Vagenda Of Manocide A Metal Band Yet?
http://www.vocativ.com/353841/vagenda-of-manocide-hillary-clinton/


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Episode 258: The Future of French (featuring Sophie Richard)

What’s going to happen to French?

We’re getting conflicting reports. While English-speaking pundits gloat over the decline in French influence, population shifts may see French becoming the next big thing. And French still has a lot of prestige. So what’s in French’s future?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie speak with linguist Sophie Richard on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Iran’s language watchdog battles ‘Nutella Bars’
http://www.dailysabah.com/life/2016/08/20/irans-language-watchdog-battles-nutella-bars

Iran’s language watchdog targets Nutella Bars in fight against Westernisation
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-19/iran-language-watchdog-battles-nutella-bars/7767296

In Iran, ‘Pizza’ Now Known as ‘Elastic Loaves’
http://slice.seriouseats.com/archives/2006/07/elastic-loaves.html

Iranian Leader: ‘Pizza’ to Be Called ‘Elastic Loaves’ in Foreign Word Ban
http://www.foxnews.com/story/2006/07/29/iranian-leader-pizza-to-be-called-elastic-loaves-in-foreign-word-ban.html

Iran Launches a Holy War on the English Language
http://www.algemeiner.com/2016/05/09/iran-launches-a-holy-war-on-the-english-language/

Understanding Khamenei’s objection to increased use of the English language in Iran
http://www.middleeasteye.net/columns/understanding-khamenei-s-objection-increased-use-english-language-iran-936032844

Let’s Stop Pretending That French Is an Important Language
https://newrepublic.com/article/116443/new-york-citys-french-dual-language-programs-are-mostly-pointless

Jeremy Paxman: French is a useless language and their achievements are ‘long past’
http://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/paxman-french-is-a-useless-language-and-their-achievements-are-long-past-a3220776.html

Zut alors, Jeremy Paxman! French isn’t a ‘useless’ language
https://theconversation.com/zut-alors-jeremy-paxman-french-isnt-a-useless-language-57990

French: Lingua Franca
http://www.ozy.com/acumen/french-lingua-franca/31780

Want To Know The Language Of The Future? The Data Suggests It Could Be…French
http://www.forbes.com/sites/pascalemmanuelgobry/2014/03/21/want-to-know-the-language-of-the-future-the-data-suggests-it-could-be-french/#5f24c13e3933

C’est impossible! French set to be the world’s most commonly spoken language by 2050 because of soaring population growth in sub-Saharan Africa
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3367012/C-est-impossible-French-course-world-s-commonly-spoken-language-2050.html

English is losing its status as the universal language of the Internet
http://www.techinsider.io/english-is-losing-its-status-as-the-universal-language-of-the-internet-heres-why-thats-a-good-thing-2015-12

Liège: le français est une des langues les plus enseignées au monde
https://www.rtbf.be/info/regions/liege/detail_liege-le-francais-est-une-des-langues-les-plus-enseignees-au-monde?id=9357228

Read The Full Text Of Hillary Clinton’s Speech On The Alt-Right
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/hillary-clinton-speech-text_us_57bf4575e4b02673444f2307

Trump’s shock troops: Who are the ‘alt-right’?
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-37021991

Presidential Campaign Brings the Alt-Right Out of the Shadows
http://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2016-election/presidential-campaign-brings-alt-right-out-shadows-n638396

New Democratic Ad Is Just People Reading Gross Breitbart Headlines, Because Breitbart Is Gross
http://wonkette.com/605845/new-democratic-ad-is-just-people-reading-gross-breitbart-headlines-because-breitbart-is-gross


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Image credit: http://www.gouvernement.fr/sites/default/files/affiche/image/2015/03/francophonie-maj.jpg

Episode 257: Alien Languages

What would an alien language be like?

The new trailer for the film Arrival has got us pretty excited, and there’s even a whole field of study called xenolinguistics. How will we know what to say when we make contact?

Linguist Daniel Midgley explores the final frontier on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

Try out problems from the International Linguistic Olympiad
http://www.ioling.org/problems/

Apple to replace gun emoji with water pistol when iOS 10 rolls out
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/08/03/apple-to-replace-gun-emoji-with-water-pistol-when-ios-10-rolls-out.html

Herhold: Apple got it right in changing emoji to water gun
http://www.mercurynews.com/scott-herhold/ci_30258541/apple-got-it-right-changing-gun-emoji

Microsoft replaced its toy gun emoji with a real revolver
http://www.theverge.com/2016/8/4/12382894/microsoft-emoji-toy-gun-revolver-update-apple

Finally, a Hollywood sci-fi alien movie with a linguist as the hero
http://qz.com/761363/finally-a-hollywood-sci-fi-alien-movie-with-a-linguist-as-the-hero/

‘Arrival’: First Full Trailer Further Reveals Denis Villeneuve’s Alien Encounter
http://collider.com/arrival-trailer-amy-adams-jeremy-renner/

Alien Linguists Like Amy Adams’s Character in ‘Arrival’ Exist
https://www.inverse.com/article/19803-arrival-alien-linguist-amy-adams

The Story of Your Life by Ted Chiang (PDF)
https://mathisgasser.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/ted-chiang_story-of-your-life_2000.pdf

Wittgenstein Light: Real Refreshment
https://wittgensteinforum.wordpress.com/2007/06/13/wittgenstein-if-a-lion-could-speak-we-could-not-understand-him-pi-p223/

Humpty Dumpty was a Wittgensteinian?
https://inferential.wordpress.com/2007/02/20/humpty-dumpty-was-a-wittgensteinian/

Why We Would Not Understand a Talking Lion (PDF)
http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1811&context=bts

Could We Understand Their Language?
http://personal.bgsu.edu/~swellsj/xenolinguistics/presentation.html

Languages without adjectives
https://linguistlist.org/issues/4/4-442.html

Driverless cars need Australia’s latitude and longitude coordinates to be corrected
http://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-28/why-it-matters-that-australias-coordinates-are-moving/7668014

What is a Datum?
https://www.maptoaster.com/maptoaster-topo-nz/articles/projection/datum-projection.html

Australia’s GPS Was Off Because the Whole Country Moved
http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/a22125/australia-gps/

Australia moving up in the world… literally
http://phys.org/news/2016-07-australia-world-literally.html

Language is messy, part 2: Arabic script in “Arrival”
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=27588

Hong Kong netizens rage over Hollywood film ‘Arrival’ poster blunder
http://mashable.com/2016/08/22/arrival-movie-poster-blunder/


Show tunes

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Image credit: https://qzprod.files.wordpress.com/2016/08/arrival-movie-4-e1471529984165.png?w=1497

Radiothon 2016 Special

This special Radiothon edition of Talk the Talk features special guests, including Greens senator Scott Ludlam, forensic specialist Kari Pitts, physicist Catalina Curceanu, and RTRFM regulars Dylan Websdane and Peter Barr. Plus we play Talk the Talk Against Humanity.

Support the station that supports Talk the Talk. Subscribe to RTRFM by heading to rtrfm.com.au


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Episode 256: Numbers

One, two, three… Sounds simple, doesn’t it?

And yet different languages express numbers in very different ways. How are they handled in our brains? And how did –illion get to be the suffix for truly astronomical sums?

Linguist Daniel Midgley runs the numbers on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Cole Healy


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Show notes

First major database of non-native English
http://phys.org/news/2016-07-major-database-non-native-english.html

Treebank of Learner English
http://esltreebank.org

Is “one, two, many” a myth?
https://numberwarrior.wordpress.com/2010/07/30/is-one-two-many-a-myth/

What Happens When a Language Has No Numbers?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2013/10/16/piraha_cognitive_anumeracy_in_a_language_without_numbers.html

The Munduruku people: Can You Count Your Chickens?
http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/can-you-count-your-chickens

Big and small numbers are processed in different sides of the brain
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160304092755.htm

Both hemispheres of the brain process numbers
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/01/160127083844.htm

Brain processes which lead to the concept of ‘zero’ on the number line
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160421133944.htm

Time and numbers mix together in the brain
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-07/afps-tan071911.php

Australian Aboriginal enumeration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Aboriginal_enumeration

Joan Rivers: her best one-liners
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/comedy/11064386/Joan-Rivers-her-best-one-liners.html

Why Is It ‘Eleven, Twelve’ Instead of ‘Oneteen, Twoteen’?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/76007/why-it-eleven-twelve-instead-oneteen-twoteen

French Numbers 1-100
http://blogs.transparent.com/french/french-numbers-1-100/

kasnas-blueberry-muffinpoptarts-source-quasi-normalcy-kellhorreur-sadjadewithcake-french-sixty-seven-sixty-eight-2474484

Number Systems of the World
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number.html

The Number System of Huli
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/huli.html

The Number System of Yoruba
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/yoruba.html

The Number System of Ndom
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/ndom.html

12 Mind Blowing Number Systems From Other Languages
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31879/12-mind-blowing-number-systems-other-languages

Vocabulary.com: You Be “-Illion”!
https://www.vocabulary.com/articles/dictionary/you-be-illion/

MILLIONS and BILLIONS…..
http://www.dozenalsociety.org.uk/numbers/millions.htm

-Illion Numbers
http://www.polytope.net/hedrondude/illion.htm

Names for Large Numbers
https://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/large.html

American / Japanese Higher Numbers
http://www.trussel.com/jnumbers.htm

Public urged to track ‘nurdles’ on Scotland’s beaches
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-36211895

Proud to Love Nerds!
http://www.candyfavorites.com/a-nerd-tastic-history

Gaelic: Counting Objects
http://www.irishgaelictranslator.com/articles/grammar/counting-objects/

How to Count to 10 in Irish
http://www.wikihow.com/Count-to-10-in-Irish

Berliner, Krapfen und Pfannkuchen
http://www.zeit.de/zeit-magazin/2014/53/pfannkuchen-berliner-sprache-deutschlandkarte

US Dialect maps:
caramelpecan


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Episode 255: Diagnosing from Words (featuring Katie Fraser)

Can our language tell us if we’re not well?

The words we use can reveal a lot of social information. But in the future, computers will examine our words to detect mental illnesses like dementia and motor neuron disease — even before lab tests. How would this work?

Researcher Katie Fraser talks to Daniel, Kylie, and Ben on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Cole Healy


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Show notes

How to Pronounce Latinx
http://la-negra-barbuda.tumblr.com/post/113404952782/how-to-pronounce-latinx

JFK: “I Am a Jelly Donut” (“Ich Bin ein Berliner”)
http://urbanlegends.about.com/cs/historical/a/jfk_berliner.htm

The Real Meaning of Ich Bin ein Berliner
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/08/the-real-meaning-of-ich-bin-ein-berliner/309500/

US now has more Spanish speakers than Spain – only Mexico has more
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jun/29/us-second-biggest-spanish-speaking-country

Read Tim Kaine’s Speech at the Democratic Convention
http://time.com/4426037/dnc-tim-kaine-speech-transcript-video/

In DNC speech peppered with Spanish, Tim Kaine says Clinton is ‘lista’ to be president
http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2016/07/27/in-dnc-speech-peppered-with-spanish-tim-kaine-says-clinton-is-lista-to-be/

Tim Kaine Spoke Spanish At The DNC, But Don’t Overlook These Important Perspectives From The Convention
http://www.bustle.com/articles/175382-tim-kaine-spoke-spanish-at-the-dnc-but-dont-overlook-these-important-perspectives-from-the-convention

Globalist: The Republicans’ barb: John Kerry ‘looks French’
http://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/03/news/globalist-the-republicans-barbjohn-kerry-looks-french.html?_r=0

Trump to Bush: This Is A Country Where We Speak English, Not Spanish
http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2015/09/16/trump_to_bush_this_is_a_country_where_we_speak_english_not_spanish.html

Trump Supporter on Kaine Speaking Spanish: At RNC, ‘I Didn’t Have to Get a Translator’
http://ktla.com/2016/07/23/trump-supporter-on-kaine-speaking-spanish-at-rnc-i-didnt-have-to-get-a-translator/

Scottie Nell Hughes on Kaine Speaking Spanish: Didn’t Need a ‘Translator’ for RNC Speeches
http://www.mediaite.com/tv/scottie-nell-hughes-on-kaine-speaking-spanish-didnt-need-a-translator-for-rnc-speeches/

GOP convention speaker breaks into Spanish
http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/288604-gop-convention-speaker-breaks-into-spanish

Ralph Alvarado addresses Hispanic voters in Spanish at GOP convention
https://www.washingtonpost.com/video/national/ralph-alvarado-addresses-hispanic-voters-in-spanish-at-gop-convention/2016/07/20/2a6ab230-4eca-11e6-bf27-405106836f96_video.html

With Vigorous Plea, Ralph Alvaredo Rises as Possible New GOP Star
http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2016/07/21/with-vigorous-plea-ky-lawmaker-ralph-alvarado-rises-as-possible-new-gop-star/

Republican convention staff try to make signs in Spanish, get grammar completely wrong
http://theweek.com/speedreads/638046/republican-convention-staff-try-make-signs-spanish-grammar-completely-wrong

Why Trump supporters are particularly likely to complain about Spanish speakers at the Democratic convention
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/07/25/why-trump-supporters-are-particularly-likely-to-complain-about-spanish-speakers-at-the-democratic-convention/

Kaine En Español: Pandering Or A Symbol Of Understanding For Latinos?
http://www.npr.org/2016/07/27/487491607/kaine-en-espa-ol-pandering-or-a-symbol-of-understanding-for-latinos

Can natural language processing help detect dementia? This U of T grad student is trying to find out
https://www.utoronto.ca/news/natural-language-processing-dementia

Kathleen (Katie) Fraser @UofT
http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~kfraser/

Research highlights misdiagnosis for people with Alzheimer’s disease
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-07-highlights-misdiagnosis-people-alzheimer-disease.html

Psychiatry When You Don’t Speak the Language
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/mind-guest-blog/psychiatry-when-you-don-t-speak-the-language/

Language Could Diagnose Parkinson’s, ALS and Schizophrenia before Lab Tests
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/language-could-diagnose-parkinson-s-als-and-schizophrenia-before-lab-tests/

Online Stroop Test
http://www.onlinestrooptest.com

Words Matter: Clinician’s Notes May Hold Key to Suicide Risk
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/853890

How does my therapist rate? New machine-learning software detects empathy in therapy sessions
http://phys.org/news/2015-12-therapist-machine-learning-software-empathy-therapy.html

GLAAD Media Reference Guide – Transgender Issues
https://www.glaad.org/reference/transgender

‘How could you?’ Viewers condemn Karl Stefanovic for ‘transphobic’ language
http://www.sbs.com.au/topics/sexuality/agenda/article/2016/07/28/how-could-you-viewers-condemn-karl-stefanovic-transphobic-language

Watch: Karl Stefanovic Offers Solid Apology For His Transphobic Comments
https://www.pedestrian.tv/news/arts-and-culture/watch-karl-stefanovic-offers-solid-apology-for-his/e06bfe40-c729-43e9-9ec1-bc227cf9ba17.htm


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Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/language-could-diagnose-parkinson-s-als-and-schizophrenia-before-lab-tests/

Episode 254: Plagiarism

Did Melania Trump really plagiarise that speech?

Yeah, she totally did. But how can you tell if someone is copying someone else’s work? How do plagiarism checkers work? And can you beat them?

Linguist Daniel Midgley shows his work on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

Authorities fry hard to fix Korean menus lost in translation http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2016/07/116_209371.html

Korea to fix mistranslations on English menu http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/culture/2016/07/135_209516.html

Kylie’s post on signs on the Sydney foreshore https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1364794563547332

Melania Trump speech appears to plagiarize Michelle Obama
http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/288274-melania-trump-speech-plagiarized-paragraph-from-michelle-obamas-2008

Team Trump shows how not to respond to a controversy
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/team-trump-shows-how-not-respond-controversy

Trump campaign rolls out brand new plagiarism explanation
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/trump-campaign-rolls-out-brand-new-plagiarism-explanation

Where Does “Your Word Is Your Bond” Come From, and Why Did Melania Steal It? http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/07/19/your_word_is_your_bond_history_and_origins_from_matthew_to_hip_hop.html

Anne Charity Hudley’s Facebook post: “Your word is your bond” https://www.facebook.com/AnneHarperCharityHudley/posts/10100909532616217?pnref=story

Here’s Why Some People Believe Melania Trump’s Speechwriter Doesn’t Really Exist http://www.inc.com/minda-zetlin/heres-why-some-people-believe-melania-trumps-speechwriter-doesnt-really-exist.html

Yes, Melania Speech Fall Woman Meredith McIver Is Real. Here’s Proof. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2016/07/20/yes_meredith_mciver_is_a_real_person_here_s_proof.html

Text: Remarks by First Lady Laura Bush to the Republican National Convention http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A50438-2004Aug31.html

Melania Trump: Astrophysicist calculates there was one in 87 billion chance speech was not plagiarised
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-20/maths-on-melania-trump-speech/7643658

Melania Trump speech: The odds of a word match
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/07/19/melania-trump-speech-the-odds-of-a-word-match.html

Weird and Funny Novelty Bets offered by William Hill and Notable Payouts
http://www.soccerwidow.com/football-gambling/betting-knowledge/betting-advice/bookmakers/weird-and-funny-novelty-bets-offered-by-william-hill-and-notable-payouts/

N-grams data: Corpus of Contemporary American English
http://www.ngrams.info/download_coca.asp

Did Melania Trump Rickroll in her Republican convention speech? http://www.rappler.com/entertainment/news/140321-melania-trump-rickroll-republican-convention-speech

Nowhere to Hide: Finding Plagiarized Documents Based on Sentence Similarity (PDF) http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1149&context=facpub

Turnitoff – Defeating Plagiarism Detection Systems (PDF) http://www.cs.surrey.ac.uk/BIMA/People/L.Gillam/downloads/publications/HEA-ICS_turnitoff.pdf

Plagiarism Detection across Distant Language Pairs (PDF)
http://mt-archive.info/Coling-2010-Barron.pdf

Melania Trump And The Age Of Borrowed Language http://www.forbes.com/sites/rodgerdeanduncan/2016/07/20/melania-trump-and-the-age-of-borrowed-language/

Stop referring to Pokémon Go as augmented reality
http://venturebeat.com/2016/07/14/stop-referring-to-pokemon-go-as-augmented-reality/

L. Frank Baum envisioned AR glasses: Augmented reality history, background and philosophy https://wiki.mq.edu.au/display/ar/Augmented+reality+history,+background+and+philosophy

Sorry AP, there is an accent mark in Pokémon
http://mashable.com/2016/07/12/pokemon-spelling-ap-style/

What’s that é doing in Pokémon? Wiktionary: saké
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/saké

There May Be Four Region Exclusive Pokemon in ‘Pokemon GO’ http://toucharcade.com/2016/07/22/pokemon-go-exclusives/

#115: Kangashkan
http://pokedream.com/pokedex/pokemon/kangaskhan

The Straight Dope: Did humans descend from “aquatic apes”?
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1991/did-humans-descend-from-aquatic-apes


Show tunes

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Image credit: http://newscurry.co/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/melania-michelle-800.jpg

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