Episode 289: What Helps Babies Learn Language?

Is there anything you can do to help babies learn language?

Babies do a great job of learning language, but it’s still a pretty complex undertaking. Who wouldn’t like to help the little tackers figure it out? But does anything help babies learn language? Baby signs? Special toys?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are delving into the research on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Antonio Tati


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Episode 289: What Helps Babies Learn Language?

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Show notes

Samsung develops emoji-based chat app for people with language disorders
https://arstechnica.com/business/2017/04/samsung-develops-emoji-based-chat-app-for-people-with-language-disorders/

A Stroke Survivor Explains Why Samsung’s Emoji Translation App May Not Be a Cheap Gimmick
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/a-stroke-survivor-explains-why-samsungs-emoji-translation-app-may-not-be-a-cheap-gimmick

The End Is Near for Google’s Blob Emoji
http://au.pcmag.com/google-android-o/47987/news/the-end-is-near-for-googles-blob-emoji

Baby Sign Language: Does It Work?
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2015/02/04/baby-sign-language-work/

Does Baby Sign Make a Difference?
http://www.hanen.org/helpful-info/articles/does-baby-sign-make-a-difference-.aspx

Baby sign language: An evidence-based guide
http://www.parentingscience.com/baby-sign-language.html

Is baby sign language worthwhile?
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/expert-answers/baby-sign-language/faq-20057980

Traditional Toys May Beat Gadgets in Language Development
https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/12/23/traditional-toys-may-beat-gadgets-in-language-development/?_r=1

Electronic Toys May Hinder Baby Language Development
http://www.npr.org/2015/12/27/461173092/electronic-toys-may-hinder-baby-language-development

Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/aaop-hst042617.php

Music may help babies learn language skills
http://www.abc.net.au/news/science/2016-04-26/music-may-help-babies-learn-language-skills/7357642

Baby talk words with repeated sounds help infants learn language
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160527112647.htm

Pretending to Understand What Babies Say Can Make Them Smarter
https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/08/pretending-to-understand-what-babies-say-can-make-them-smarter/379324/

Parents, listen next time your baby babbles
https://now.uiowa.edu/2014/08/parents-listen-next-time-your-baby-babbles

Reading with children starting in infancy gives lasting literacy boost
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170504083146.htm

Storybook reading could help with language
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2017/04/02/storybook-reading-could-help-language

Can you see what I am talking about? Human speech triggers referential expectation in four-month-old infants
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep13594

Ask a Linguist: When should you worry about language development?
http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/lang-acq.cfm#worry

Mark Latham’s FB message
https://www.facebook.com/MarkLathamsOutsiders/posts/1500124996695501?match=bWFyayBsYXRoYW0ncw%3D%3D

Phrase Finder: Politically correct
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/287100.html

Tony Abbott calls for Safe Schools ‘social engineering program’ to be axed
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-01/abbott-calls-for-end-to-safe-schools/7209766

RationalWiki: Cultural Marxism
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Cultural_Marxism

‘Cultural Marxism’: a uniting theory for rightwingers who love to play the victim
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jan/19/cultural-marxism-a-uniting-theory-for-rightwingers-who-love-to-play-the-victim

The problem with evoking Marxism in the Safe Schools debate
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-24/bradley-marxism-and-safe-schools/7272764


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 288: Letters Lost

English used to look a lot different.

We used to use a lot of letters that no longer exist. They had names like eth, wynn, thorn, and ash. Ben, Kylie, and Daniel talk about what they looked like, how they sounded… and ampersand‘s secret past.

It’s all happening on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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David W.
Julie
Zoe
Whitney
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Show notes

Put your hands together for NZ Sign Language Week
http://ourauckland.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz/articles/news/2017/05/nzsl-week/

VIDEO: Sign language interpreter upstages Snoop Dogg
http://pickle.nine.com.au/2017/05/10/11/18/snoop-dogg-sign-language-interpreter-steals-show

Homo naledi may have lived at around same time as early humans
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/homo-naledi-may-have-lived-around-same-time-early-humans

Small-brained early human lived more recently than expected
http://www.nature.com/news/small-brained-early-human-lived-more-recently-than-expected-1.21961

12 Letters That Didn’t Make the Alphabet
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31904/12-letters-didnt-make-alphabet

We Used To Have 6 More Letters In Our Alphabet
https://omgfacts.com/we-used-to-have-6-more-letters-in-our-alphabet-a7e1a165853d

The Lost Letters Of The Alphabet
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-rosen/the-lost-letters-of-the-a_b_6666726.html

Orthography
http://people.umass.edu/sharris/in/gram/GrammarBook/orthography.html

Grammarphobia: An ædifying history
http://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2011/05/ae-digraph-ligature.html

How is “æ” supposed to be pronounced?
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/70927/how-is-æ-supposed-to-be-pronounced

Eth, thorn, and ash: they flunked the screen test for our alphabet
http://bookhaven.stanford.edu/2013/08/eth-thorn-and-ash-they-flunked-the-screen-test-for-our-alphabet/

Why is ‘w’ pronounced ‘double u’ rather than ‘double v’?
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/explore/why-is-w-pronounced-double-u

If “w” is double u, why is it made of two v’s?
http://blog.dictionary.com/w/

Letter Finder
http://www.scottishhandwriting.com/cmlfyo.asp

The Rules for Long S
http://babelstone.blogspot.com.au/2006/06/rules-for-long-s.html

Why does the ending -ough have six pronunciations?
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/31991/why-does-the-ending-ough-have-six-pronunciations

What Character Was Removed from the Alphabet?
http://blog.dictionary.com/ampersand/

Language Log: Priming the pump
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=32625

Language Log: Priming the pump: a cartoon history
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=32649

France just rejected the far right and elected Emmanuel Macron
https://www.vox.com/world/2017/5/7/15571666/french-elections-emmanuel-macron-marine-le-pen-front-national-vote-win

10 things to know about NOTA — a voter’s right to reject
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india/10-things-to-know-about-nota-a-voter-s-right-to-reject/story-SkX0EsDQbjG5e2sz0L5N9H.html

Trump to NBC’s Lester Holt: Comey’s ‘a showboat,’ ‘I was going to fire regardless of recommendation’
http://www.latimes.com/politics/washington/la-na-essential-washington-updates-trump-to-nbc-s-lester-holt-i-was-1494522620-htmlstory.html

The history of ransomware
http://www.csoonline.com/article/3095956/data-breach/the-history-of-ransomware.html#slide2

Ware: “Simple Simon met a pieman…”
http://www3.amherst.edu/~rjyanco94/literature/mothergoose/rhymes/simplesimonmetapieman.html

Rocky and Bullwinkle: Simple Simon

A 1987 reference to ransomware
Google Books link

4 Ways to Protect Against the Very Real Threat of Ransomware
https://www.wired.com/2016/05/4-ways-protect-ransomware-youre-target/

RANSOMWARE: Hostage Rescue Manual (PDF)
https://www.wired.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/RansomwareManual-1.pdf

Green’s Dictionary of Slang: cock
https://greensdictofslang.com/entry/kjbkjfi

Wikipedia: Cockburn (surname)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cockburn_(surname)

Online Etymology Dictionary
curse, cursive, cursor


Show tunes

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Episode 287: What Is a Sandwich?

What exactly is a sandwich?

The question is tearing the internet apart. Is a hot dog a sandwich? What about a burrito? But how do we even know what a sandwich is? Or anything else?

We have an answer, but it’s going to take us through some weird semantic territory on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Carly Laden


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Christopher F.
David W.
Julie
Zoe
Whitney
Matt
Christy
and the podcast Lingthusiasm.

Many thanks to all our patrons!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

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Episode 287: What Is a Sandwich?

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Show notes

Stephen Fry on God | The Meaning Of Life | RTÉ One

Stephen Fry faces blasphemy probe after God comments
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-39830447

Police launch blasphemy probe against Stephen Fry for calling ‘God’ monstrous
http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2017/05/06/police-launch-blasphemy-probe-against-stephen-fry-for-calling-god-monstrous/

BHA defends its patron Stephen Fry in face of Irish blasphemy probe
https://humanism.org.uk/2017/05/06/bha-defends-its-patron-stephen-fry-in-face-of-irish-blasphemy-probe/

Swearing Makes You Stronger And Increases Stamina, Study Finds
http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/swearing-stronger-more-stamina-strength-study-swear-words-university-keele-a7718981.html

Strong language: swearing makes you stronger, psychologists confirm
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/may/05/strong-language-swearing-makes-you-stronger-psychologists-confirm

Seebs, is a hotdog a sandwich?
http://glossylalia.tumblr.com/post/151262613501/seebs-is-a-hotdog-a-sandwich-i-mean-its-got-the

The sandwich alignment chart that’s tearing the internet apart
http://mashable.com/2017/05/03/sandwich-chart-hot-dog/

Kylie’s approach
Sorry, Merriam-Webster, but Hot Dogs Are Not Sandwiches
http://www.arrantpedantry.com/2016/06/15/sorry-merriam-webster-but-hot-dogs-are-not-sandwiches/

Cups and glasses: learning that boundaries are vague
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-child-language/article/cups-and-glasses-learning-that-boundaries-are-vague/4DE33B9F26DB68DB3FACBEB69DBB304B

Labov’s cups, mugs, glasses, and jugs
Google Books link

Family Resemblance in Wittgenstein
http://www.philosophy-index.com/wittgenstein/family-resemblance/

Wittgenstein: Language-games and Family Resemblance
https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/wittgenstein/#LangGameFamiRese

From Statistics to Meaning: Infants’ Acquisition of Lexical Categories
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3865606/

Twelve-Month-Old Infants Benefit From Prior Experience in Statistical Learning
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2967014/

Agate Rooms (Agate Chamber or Cold Baths)
http://saint-petersburg.guide/pushkin/agate-rooms-(agate-chamber-or-cold-baths)

A linguistic prejudice called native-speakerism (annoying ads)
https://www.dailytrust.com.ng/news/politics-of-grammar/a-linguistic-prejudice-called-native-speakerism/180756.html

Relevant Reddit thread
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/69j8ya/a_linguistic_prejudice_called_nativespeakerism/

Native and Nonnative Teachers of L2 Pronunciation: Effects on Learner Performance (paywall)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tesq.272/full

TEFL Equity Advocates
https://teflequityadvocates.com

Stephen Fry blasphemy probe dropped after gardaí fail to find ‘substantial number of outraged people’
http://www.independent.ie/irish-news/stephen-fry-blasphemy-probe-dropped-after-garda-fail-to-find-substantial-number-of-outraged-people-35692915.html


Show tunes

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Episode 286: Lexical Appropriation (featuring Nicole Holliday)

Are some words off-limits?

Many of us are aware of cultural appropriation: using symbols and clothing that pertain to another culture without attribution. But how does this relate to language? Is it okay to use the slang that originates from other language communities? And what about descriptivism and letting language do its thing?

Daniel speaks with Nicole Holliday on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Julie
Zoe
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Episode 286: Lexical Appropriation (featuring Nicole Holliday) for everyone

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Show notes

Malcolm Turnbull reveals tough new citizenship crackdown
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/speak-english-respect-our-values-malcolm-turnbulls-next-citizenship-crackdown-20170419-gvnq0y.html

PM defends tough citizenship English test
https://thewest.com.au/politics/pm-defends-tough-citizenship-english-test-ng-s-1713179

6 new requirements to acquire Australian citizenship
http://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/hindi/en/article/2017/04/21/6-new-requirements-acquire-australian-citizenship

Joint Media Release with the Hon. Malcolm Turnbull MP, Prime Minister – Strengthening the integrity of Australian citizenship
http://www.minister.border.gov.au/peterdutton/Pages/Strenghening-the-integrity-of-Australian-citizenship.aspx

There is one silver lining for Indians in Australia’s tough new citizenship rules: English skills
https://qz.com/966681/there-is-one-silver-lining-for-indians-in-australias-tough-new-citizenship-rules-english-skills/

English Language Bar for Australian Citizenship Likely to Further Disadvantage Refugees
https://theconversation.com/english-language-bar-for-citizenship-likely-to-further-disadvantage-refugees-76520

Henry Sherrell: English language testing and the exclusion of Australian citizenship
https://henrysherrell.wordpress.com/2017/04/24/english-language-testing-and-the-exclusion-of-australian-citizenship/

Nicole Holliday: When is lexical innovation cultural appropriation?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2017/04/cultural-appropriation-lexical-innovation/

Golden Pig, Coffin Man and Noodles: When Asian tattoos don’t turn out quite as planned
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2190806/Golden-Pig-Coffin-Man-Noodles-When-Asian-tattoos-dont-turn-quite-planned.html

Manipulation, abuse, deceit: How I learnt about ‘stealthing’ from a Tinder date
http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/manipulation-abuse-deceitl-how-i-learnt-about-stealthing/8480696

Man Convicted of Rape After Removing Condom During Sex Without Consent
https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/man-convicted-of-rape-after-removing-condom-during-sex-without-consent

‘Rape-Adjacent’: Imagining Legal Responses to Nonconsensual Condom Removal
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2954726

Boris Johnson attacks ‘mutton-headed mugwump’ Jeremy Corbyn
https://www.politicshome.com/news/uk/political-parties/conservative-party/boris-johnson/news/85431/boris-johnson-attacks-mutton

Wiktionary: mugwump
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mugwump

Online Etymology Dictionary: mugwump
http://etymonline.com/index.php?term=mugwump&allowed_in_frame=1


Show tunes

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Episode 285: Quick Shots

For this episode, we put out the call to listeners, and they responded. Daniel’s taking questions and giving answers.

Should we be fustrated or listen to vinyls? Is a movie based on or based off a true story? How do you recognise gaslighting? What does a linguistics career look like? And have you got another think coming?

Daniel answers them all and more on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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This episode is facilitated by our great group of patrons. The list includes:

David W.
Christopher F.
Julie
Zoe
Whitney
Matt
Christy
and the wonderful podcast Lingthusiasm.

Thanks to all our patrons. You keep us going.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

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Episode 285: Quick Shots for everyone

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Show notes

Google Books: fustrated
Google Books link

Online Etymology Dictionary: fustrate
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=frustrate&allowed_in_frame=0

Grammarist: Another think coming
http://grammarist.com/usage/another-think-coming/

The Truth About Black Twitter
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/04/the-truth-about-black-twitter/390120/

Why Black Twitter Is Bigger Than Any One Story
http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/black-twitter-contains-multitudes-20150716

Black Twitter’s hilarious verification questions to prevent racist infiltration
https://qz.com/864372/black-twitters-twtr-hilarious-verification-questions-to-prevent-racist-infiltration/

What can you do with linguistics?

5 Common Phrases You May Not Realize Are Gaslighting
https://www.bustle.com/articles/132207-5-common-phrases-you-may-not-realize-are-gaslighting

From Theater to Therapy to Twitter, the Eerie History of Gaslighting
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/04/18/the_history_of_gaslighting_from_films_to_psychoanalysis_to_politics.html


Show tunes

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Episode 284: Feral Children

What can we learn about language from children who grew up without it?

People are fascinated by stories of “feral children”, raised apart from human contact. Can these children ever learn language, once they’re found? And what does this tell us about the human language faculty?

Daniel and Ben take a critical look at the stories on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


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Christopher F.
David W.
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You are tremendous human beings! But not colossal anything, because apparently colossal is only for bad things.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

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Episode 284: Feral Children

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Show notes

AI programs exhibit racial and gender biases, research reveals
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/apr/13/ai-programs-exhibit-racist-and-sexist-biases-research-reveals

Scientists Taught A Robot Language. It Immediately Turned Racist.
https://www.buzzfeed.com/nidhisubbaraman/robot-racism-through-language

An AI stereotype catcher
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6334/133

Google searches expose racial bias, says study of names
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-21322183

The ‘three black teenagers’ search shows it is society, not Google, that is racist
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jun/10/three-black-teenagers-google-racist-tweet

Meet the 8-year-old girl raised by monkeys
http://nypost.com/2017/04/06/meet-the-8-year-old-girl-raised-by-monkeys/

Girl found living with monkeys in Indian forest
https://apnews.com/9bb6522fe5c642a38a62bd7f99b23708

Indian girl found in jungle was not living with monkeys, officials say
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/apr/08/indian-girl-found-in-jungle-was-not-living-with-monkeys-officials-say

Elissa Newport: Contrasting Conceptions of the Critical Period for Language
Google Books link

The History of Herodotus
http://classics.mit.edu/Herodotus/history.2.ii.html

Erik The Flutemaker: Egyptian Flute (used with permission)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnyW3R-v19Y

Erik’s YouTube channel
https://www.youtube.com/user/theflutemaker

The King of Scotland’s Peculiar Language Experiment
http://mentalfloss.com/article/75378/king-scotlands-peculiar-language-experiment

A creepy 15th century language experiment took place on this island
http://io9.gizmodo.com/a-creepy-15th-century-language-experiment-took-place-on-1484724484?IR=T

Peter Mundy’s account of Emperor Akbar
Google Books link

The Critical Period for Language Acquisition and Feral Children
https://sites.psu.edu/psych256sp16/2016/04/21/the-critical-period-for-language-acquisition-and-feral-children/

Wikipedia: Amala and Kamala
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amala_and_Kamala

Starved, tortured, forgotten: Genie, the feral child who left a mark on researchers
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/jul/14/genie-feral-child-los-angeles-researchers

The Heartbreaking Story Of Genie, A Feral Child Who Will Never Learn To Communicate
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/critical-period-for-language-acquisition-2013-10#xFbIh50RV7uI6TRo.99

Feral Children in Fact and Fiction
http://www.centerforinquiry.net/blogs/entry/feral_children_in_fact_and_fiction/

Urban Dictionary: re-accommodate
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=re-accommodate

Flight or fight? United’s ‘re-accommodation’ of passenger a colossal mistake
http://www.smh.com.au/business/aviation/flight-or-fight-uniteds-reaccommodation-of-passenger-a-colossal-mistake-20170410-gvi842.html

United C.E.O. offers the worst possible response to the airline’s P.R. disaster
http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2017/04/united-airlines-oscar-munoz

New United logo
http://imgur.com/gallery/SQLY2

Wiktionary: voluntell
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/voluntell

The Rice University Neologisms Database: voluntold
http://neologisms.rice.edu/index.php?a=term&d=1&t=7413

Slate: Why Do We Hate Certain Words? The curious phenomenon of word aversion.
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2013/04/word_aversion_hate_moist_slacks_crevice_why_do_people_hate_words.html

Urban Dictionary: jawn
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=jawn

The Enduring Mystery Of ‘Jawn’, Philadelphia’s All-Purpose Noun
http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-enduring-mystery-of-jawn-philadelphias-allpurpose-noun

Read This: The history of “jawn,” Philadelphia’s favorite all-purpose word
http://www.avclub.com/article/read-history-jawn-philadelphias-favorite-all-purpo-234368

Funky 4+1 Thats The Joint (Vinyl High Quality)
https://youtu.be/FzuskHUux6U

Language Hat: JAWN.
http://languagehat.com/jawn/


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Episode 283: Pun Intended (featuring Janani Krishnan-Jha and Hedvig Skirgård)

Puns. Some people love them, some people hate them.

But why do some people find puns so exasperating? And why do we make them anyway? What’s it like to be on the receiving end of a rapid-fire pun off?

Daniel and Kylie are going against the groan on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


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Show notes

The Great Language Game
https://greatlanguagegame.com

Paper: Why are some languages confused for others? Investigating data from the Great Language Game
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0165934

The great language game: Confusing languages
http://www.replicatedtypo.com/the-great-language-game-confusing-languages/7926.html

Linguistic and cultural knowledge affect whether languages are identified correctly
https://phys.org/news/2017-04-linguistic-cultural-knowledge-affect-languages.html

Linquest
https://www.languageininteraction.nl/lingquest.html

College Humour: Puns Intended
https://www.facebook.com/CollegeHumor/videos/vb.6363207806/10154267590532807/?type=3&theater

O.Henry Pun-Off World Championships
http://punoff.com

Watch Janani in action at the O. Henry Pun-off!

2016 O.Henry Pun-Off World Championships semi-final round (Janani Krishna-Jha vs Jerzy Gwiazdowski

John Pollack: The Pun Also Rises
http://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/307465/the-pun-also-rises-by-john-pollack/9781592406753/

Linguistic Anarchy! It’s All Pun And Games Until Somebody Loses a Sign
https://daily.jstor.org/linguistic-anarchy-pun-games-somebody-loses-sign/

What is a pun?
http://www-01.sil.org/linguistics/glossaryoflinguisticterms/whatisapun.htm

Goodreads: Quotes About Puns
http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/tag/puns

Monday Punday: A weekly game
http://mondaypunday.com/325

The Greatest Jokes Ever Told
http://www.esquire.com/entertainment/a35136/greatest-jokes-ever-told/

Tearable Puns
http://www.tearablepuns.org

Why Do Puns Make People Groan?
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/07/why-do-puns-make-people-groan/398252/

Meet the ‘Grammar Vigilante’ of Bristol
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-39459831

The ‘Apostrophiser’
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08kys4c

Who do you think you’re apostrophising? The dark side of grammar pedantry
https://theconversation.com/who-do-you-think-youre-apostrophising-the-dark-side-of-grammar-pedantry-75793

Are you a friendly language police?
https://educationallinguist.wordpress.com/2016/02/03/are-you-a-friendly-language-police/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 282: Why Subject First? (featuring Hedvig Skirgård)

This episode going to love you are!

Here’s a linguistic puzzle: Why does “I like you” sound okay, but “Like you I” sounds weird and Yoda-ish? Well, that’s just how English rolls: subjects come first. But surprisingly, most other human languages put their subjects first, too. But why?

Ben, Daniel, and Hedvig get structural on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Julie is our newest patron — welcome aboard! Our patrons keep us (and RTRFM) going. Among them are: Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, Christy, and the podcast Lingthusiasm. Many thanks to all our patrons for keeping the flag of public linguistics flying!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

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Cutting Room Floor 282: Why Subject First? (featuring Hedvig Skirgård) coming soon

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Show notes

Hedvig’s blog: Humans Who Read Grammars
http://humans-who-read-grammars.blogspot.com

Sarcasm looks the same in the brain whether it’s words or emoji
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/sarcasm-looks-same-brain-whether-its-words-or-emoji

Smiley Lore 🙂
https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~sef/sefSmiley.htm

Gender-neutral emoji approved for 2017
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2017/03/28/gender-neutral-emoji-approved-2017/

10 Important Conversations We Can Finally Have With the 69 New Emojis Just Announced
http://www.eonline.com/news/839141/10-important-conversations-we-can-finally-have-with-the-69-new-emojis-just-announced

This Year’s New Emoji Include a Hedgehog, Barf, and Brain, and, Yes, Finally, a Merman
http://nymag.com/selectall/2017/03/these-69-new-emoji-might-be-coming-to-your-phone-soon.html

Final 2017 Emoji List
http://blog.emojipedia.org/final-2017-emoji-list/

Reply All: #69 Disappeared (about YAAAS)
https://gimletmedia.com/episode/69-disappeared/

Feature 81A: Order of Subject, Object and Verb
http://wals.info/feature/81A#1/18/153

How to Understand the Deep Structures of Language
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-to-understand-the-deep-structures-of-language/

Charades reveals a universal sentence structure
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn14228-charades-reveals-a-universal-sentence-structure/

At the origin of language structure
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150827083532.htm

Charades does not reveal a universal sentence structure II
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=326

Why are some word orders more common than others? A uniform information density account
http://papers.nips.cc/paper/4085-why-are-some-word-orders-more-common-than-others-a-uniform-information-density-account.pdf

Political correctness: how the right invented a phantom enemy
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/nov/30/political-correctness-how-the-right-invented-phantom-enemy-donald-trump


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 281: The Emoji Code (featuring Vyvyan Evans)

Why does everyone ❤️ and 😡 emoji?

Emoji have been received enthusiastically in our electronic communication, and yet complaints about them continue. Is there anything wrong with using them? Are they really the equivalent of modern-day hieroglyphics? Do they represent a step backwards?

Daniel and Ben speak with digital communications expert Vyvyan Evans, author of The Emoji Code, on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


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Our community of patrons continues to burgeon, and now includes Christopher F., David W., Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Whitney. We’re also supported by a new podcast: Lingthusiasm! We’re happy to have all our patrons backing us. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 281: The Emoji Code (featuring Vyvyan Evans) [128 kbps] for everyone

Interview with Vyvyan Evans, 2017-03-23 (complete) for patrons

Cutting Room Floor 281: The Emoji Code for patrons

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Show notes

AP style change: Singular they is acceptable ‘in limited cases’
https://www.poynter.org/2017/ap-style-change-singular-they-is-acceptable-in-limited-cases/453356/

Question from ACES2015: Is it time to accept ‘they’ as a singular pronoun?
https://www.poynter.org/2015/question-from-aces2015-is-it-time-to-accept-they-as-a-singular-pronoun/330339/

Controversy over emojis used in NAPLAN practice questions
http://www.news.com.au/technology/gadgets/mobile-phones/controversy-over-emojis-used-in-naplan-practice-questions/news-story/a05c4fb508d5d7bd54749ef13faa75b2

Emojis in sample NAPLAN test cause alarm amongst educators | Herald Sun
http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/national/emojis-in-sample-naplan-test-cause-alarm-amongst-educators/news-story/367d293fb70e67210474fb153007f708

NAPLAN: using emoji to test English | The Courier-Mail
http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/opinion/opinion-classic-literary-texts-beats-dumb-txts/news-story/15e9f2f3ba5d7183d0b7164facab2b9e

Professor Vyvyan Evans
http://www.vyvevans.net

Why Millennial Pink Refuses to Go Away
http://nymag.com/thecut/2017/03/why-millennial-pink-refuses-to-go-away.html

The colour I showed Ben

When Did Girls Start Wearing Pink?
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/when-did-girls-start-wearing-pink-1370097/

The Surprisingly Recent Time Period When Boys Wore Pink, Girls Wore Blue, And Both Wore Dresses
http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2014/10/pink-used-common-color-boys-blue-girls/

Pantone: Introducing Rose Quartz & Serenity
https://www.pantone.com/color-of-the-year-2016

The evolution of Japanese color vocabulary over the past 30 years
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170302090820.htm

The Evolving Poetry Of Japanese Color Names
https://www.asianscientist.com/2017/03/in-the-lab/japan-colors-terms-evolution/

There Is No Word In The English Language For This Gorgeous Color
https://www.good.is/articles/what-color-is-this

xkcd: Color Survey Results
https://blog.xkcd.com/2010/05/03/color-survey-results/

Emojipedia: Exploding Head
http://emojipedia.org/shocked-face-with-exploding-head/

These Are The 10 Most Popular Emojis Used In 2016
http://www.elle.com.au/news/zeitgeist/2016/12/most-popular-emojis-2016/

Historical Thesaurus of English: Words for underwear
http://historicalthesaurus.arts.gla.ac.uk/category/?id=53582&qsearch=underwear&word=underwear&page=1


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 280: Contractions

They’ll, we’ve, you’re, and even ain’t.

This week, we’re having contractions, but not the muscular kind — the word kind! We squash words together all the time, but why? And how well can you recognise them?

Daniel, Kylie, and Ben are gonna find out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Antonino Tati


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Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 280: Contractions [128 kbps] for everyone

Cutting Room Floor 280: Contractions for patrons


Show notes

The Oxford comma: Do you or don’t you?
http://publishingresourceguide.com/writers-life/writing-ideas-inspiration/oxford-comma-yes-or-no

Oxford commas, Nelson Mandela, and Stephen King
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/09/15/oxford-commas-nelson-mandela-and-stephen-king/

The Best Shots Fired in the Oxford Comma Wars
http://mentalfloss.com/article/33637/best-shots-fired-oxford-comma-wars

An Oxford comma changed this court case completely
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/03/15/health/oxford-comma-maine-court-case-trnd/index.html

A Missing Oxford Comma Just Changed the Course of a Court Case
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/missing-oxford-comma-just-changed-course-court-case-180962551/

Infographic: The Oxford comma debate
https://www.ragan.com/Main/Articles/Infographic_The_Oxford_comma_debate_52369.aspx

Wikipedia: Contraction (grammar)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contraction_(grammar)

Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 1 (increased use of –n’t; interesting charts)
Google Books link

Amn’t
http://www.worldwidewords.org/qa/qa-amn1.htm

The Story of Ain’t
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=7100#more-7100

The Cockney and His Dialect
https://www.jstor.org/stable/534097?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

London dialect in Dickens
http://www.bl.uk/learning/timeline/item126779.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: won’t
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=won%27t

Why Does “Will Not” Become “Won’t”?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/55232/why-does-will-not-become-wont

Online Etymology Dictionary: contraction
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=contraction&searchmode=&p=3&allowed_in_frame=0

Word lengths are optimized for efficient communication
http://www.pnas.org/content/108/9/3526.long

Why “won’t” isn’t “willn’t”
http://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2013/03/wont-willnt.html

Throw Mama From the Train: Favorite Line
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4c1sgug6prw

(principle of) least effort [Zipf’s Law]
https://www.thoughtco.com/principle-of-least-effort-zipfs-law-1691104

Understanding Zipf’s Law
http://david.pilato.fr/blog/2016/01/05/understanding-zipfs-law/

The mystery of Zipf
https://plus.maths.org/content/mystery-zipf

A mysterious law that predicts the size of the world’s biggest cities
http://io9.gizmodo.com/the-mysterious-law-that-governs-the-size-of-your-city-1479244159

Applying Zipf’s Law to galaxies
https://phys.org/news/2016-04-zipf-law-galaxies.html

Wikipedia: List of placeholder names by language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_placeholder_names_by_language

UD: doovalacky
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=doovalacky

MW: doohickey
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/doohickey

Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll icon, dead at 90
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-03-19/chuck-berry-rock-n-roll-icon-dies-aged-90/8367220

How Chuck Berry Wrote “Johnny B. Goode” and Created the First Rock and Roll Guitar Hero
http://www.guitarworld.com/artist-news/how-chuck-berry-wrote-johnny-b-goode-and-created-first-rock-and-roll-guitar-hero/30217

Sister Rosetta Tharpe Biography
http://www.biography.com/people/sister-rosetta-tharpe-17172332

Sister Rosetta Tharpe – Didn’t It Rain
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SR2gR6SZC2M

Vapour Trails: Revisiting Shoegaze
https://www.xlr8r.com/features/2009/01/vapour-trails-revisiting-shoegaze/

List of rock genres
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rock_genres

Music Genres List
http://www.musicgenreslist.com

Our Least Favorite Genre Names
http://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2012/01/28/145858309/our-least-favorite-genre-names

Can -core survive normcore?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/04/can-core-survive-normcore/

Slutwave, Tumblr Rap, Rape Gaze: Obscure Musical Genres Explained
http://www.laweekly.com/music/slutwave-tumblr-rap-rape-gaze-obscure-musical-genres-explained-2409158

Eminem and The Beatles: The Top-Selling Artists of the 2000s
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/eminem-and-the-beatles-the-top-selling-artists-of-the-2000s-20091209

Google Ngram Viewer: on / in an island
Control-click the lines to make similar items collapse.


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