Episode 257: Alien Languages

What would an alien language be like?

The new trailer for the film Arrival has got us pretty excited, and there’s even a whole field of study called xenolinguistics. How will we know what to say when we make contact?

Linguist Daniel Midgley explores the final frontier on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Try out problems from the International Linguistic Olympiad
http://www.ioling.org/problems/

Apple to replace gun emoji with water pistol when iOS 10 rolls out
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/08/03/apple-to-replace-gun-emoji-with-water-pistol-when-ios-10-rolls-out.html

Herhold: Apple got it right in changing emoji to water gun
http://www.mercurynews.com/scott-herhold/ci_30258541/apple-got-it-right-changing-gun-emoji

Microsoft replaced its toy gun emoji with a real revolver
http://www.theverge.com/2016/8/4/12382894/microsoft-emoji-toy-gun-revolver-update-apple

Finally, a Hollywood sci-fi alien movie with a linguist as the hero
http://qz.com/761363/finally-a-hollywood-sci-fi-alien-movie-with-a-linguist-as-the-hero/

‘Arrival’: First Full Trailer Further Reveals Denis Villeneuve’s Alien Encounter
http://collider.com/arrival-trailer-amy-adams-jeremy-renner/

Alien Linguists Like Amy Adams’s Character in ‘Arrival’ Exist
https://www.inverse.com/article/19803-arrival-alien-linguist-amy-adams

The Story of Your Life by Ted Chiang (PDF)
https://mathisgasser.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/ted-chiang_story-of-your-life_2000.pdf

Wittgenstein Light: Real Refreshment
https://wittgensteinforum.wordpress.com/2007/06/13/wittgenstein-if-a-lion-could-speak-we-could-not-understand-him-pi-p223/

Humpty Dumpty was a Wittgensteinian?
https://inferential.wordpress.com/2007/02/20/humpty-dumpty-was-a-wittgensteinian/

Why We Would Not Understand a Talking Lion (PDF)
http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1811&context=bts

Could We Understand Their Language?
http://personal.bgsu.edu/~swellsj/xenolinguistics/presentation.html

Languages without adjectives
https://linguistlist.org/issues/4/4-442.html

Driverless cars need Australia’s latitude and longitude coordinates to be corrected
http://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-28/why-it-matters-that-australias-coordinates-are-moving/7668014

What is a Datum?
https://www.maptoaster.com/maptoaster-topo-nz/articles/projection/datum-projection.html

Australia’s GPS Was Off Because the Whole Country Moved
http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/a22125/australia-gps/

Australia moving up in the world… literally
http://phys.org/news/2016-07-australia-world-literally.html

Language is messy, part 2: Arabic script in “Arrival”
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=27588

Hong Kong netizens rage over Hollywood film ‘Arrival’ poster blunder
http://mashable.com/2016/08/22/arrival-movie-poster-blunder/


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Image credit: https://qzprod.files.wordpress.com/2016/08/arrival-movie-4-e1471529984165.png?w=1497

Radiothon 2016 Special

This special Radiothon edition of Talk the Talk features special guests, including Greens senator Scott Ludlam, forensic specialist Kari Pitts, physicist Catalina Curceanu, and RTRFM regulars Dylan Websdane and Peter Barr. Plus we play Talk the Talk Against Humanity.

Support the station that supports Talk the Talk. Subscribe to RTRFM by heading to rtrfm.com.au


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Episode 256: Numbers

One, two, three… Sounds simple, doesn’t it?

And yet different languages express numbers in very different ways. How are they handled in our brains? And how did –illion get to be the suffix for truly astronomical sums?

Linguist Daniel Midgley runs the numbers on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Cole Healy


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Show notes

First major database of non-native English
http://phys.org/news/2016-07-major-database-non-native-english.html

Treebank of Learner English
http://esltreebank.org

Is “one, two, many” a myth?
https://numberwarrior.wordpress.com/2010/07/30/is-one-two-many-a-myth/

What Happens When a Language Has No Numbers?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2013/10/16/piraha_cognitive_anumeracy_in_a_language_without_numbers.html

The Munduruku people: Can You Count Your Chickens?
http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/can-you-count-your-chickens

Big and small numbers are processed in different sides of the brain
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160304092755.htm

Both hemispheres of the brain process numbers
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/01/160127083844.htm

Brain processes which lead to the concept of ‘zero’ on the number line
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160421133944.htm

Time and numbers mix together in the brain
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-07/afps-tan071911.php

Australian Aboriginal enumeration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Aboriginal_enumeration

Joan Rivers: her best one-liners
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/comedy/11064386/Joan-Rivers-her-best-one-liners.html

Why Is It ‘Eleven, Twelve’ Instead of ‘Oneteen, Twoteen’?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/76007/why-it-eleven-twelve-instead-oneteen-twoteen

French Numbers 1-100
http://blogs.transparent.com/french/french-numbers-1-100/

kasnas-blueberry-muffinpoptarts-source-quasi-normalcy-kellhorreur-sadjadewithcake-french-sixty-seven-sixty-eight-2474484

Number Systems of the World
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number.html

The Number System of Huli
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/huli.html

The Number System of Yoruba
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/yoruba.html

The Number System of Ndom
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/ndom.html

12 Mind Blowing Number Systems From Other Languages
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31879/12-mind-blowing-number-systems-other-languages

Vocabulary.com: You Be “-Illion”!
https://www.vocabulary.com/articles/dictionary/you-be-illion/

MILLIONS and BILLIONS…..
http://www.dozenalsociety.org.uk/numbers/millions.htm

-Illion Numbers
http://www.polytope.net/hedrondude/illion.htm

Names for Large Numbers
https://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/large.html

American / Japanese Higher Numbers
http://www.trussel.com/jnumbers.htm

Public urged to track ‘nurdles’ on Scotland’s beaches
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-36211895

Proud to Love Nerds!
http://www.candyfavorites.com/a-nerd-tastic-history

Gaelic: Counting Objects
http://www.irishgaelictranslator.com/articles/grammar/counting-objects/

How to Count to 10 in Irish
http://www.wikihow.com/Count-to-10-in-Irish

Berliner, Krapfen und Pfannkuchen
http://www.zeit.de/zeit-magazin/2014/53/pfannkuchen-berliner-sprache-deutschlandkarte

US Dialect maps:
caramelpecan


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Episode 255: Diagnosing from Words (featuring Katie Fraser)

Can our language tell us if we’re not well?

The words we use can reveal a lot of social information. But in the future, computers will examine our words to detect mental illnesses like dementia and motor neuron disease — even before lab tests. How would this work?

Researcher Katie Fraser talks to Daniel, Kylie, and Ben on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Cole Healy


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Show notes

How to Pronounce Latinx
http://la-negra-barbuda.tumblr.com/post/113404952782/how-to-pronounce-latinx

JFK: “I Am a Jelly Donut” (“Ich Bin ein Berliner”)
http://urbanlegends.about.com/cs/historical/a/jfk_berliner.htm

The Real Meaning of Ich Bin ein Berliner
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/08/the-real-meaning-of-ich-bin-ein-berliner/309500/

US now has more Spanish speakers than Spain – only Mexico has more
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jun/29/us-second-biggest-spanish-speaking-country

Read Tim Kaine’s Speech at the Democratic Convention
http://time.com/4426037/dnc-tim-kaine-speech-transcript-video/

In DNC speech peppered with Spanish, Tim Kaine says Clinton is ‘lista’ to be president
http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2016/07/27/in-dnc-speech-peppered-with-spanish-tim-kaine-says-clinton-is-lista-to-be/

Tim Kaine Spoke Spanish At The DNC, But Don’t Overlook These Important Perspectives From The Convention
http://www.bustle.com/articles/175382-tim-kaine-spoke-spanish-at-the-dnc-but-dont-overlook-these-important-perspectives-from-the-convention

Globalist: The Republicans’ barb: John Kerry ‘looks French’
http://www.nytimes.com/2004/04/03/news/globalist-the-republicans-barbjohn-kerry-looks-french.html?_r=0

Trump to Bush: This Is A Country Where We Speak English, Not Spanish
http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2015/09/16/trump_to_bush_this_is_a_country_where_we_speak_english_not_spanish.html

Trump Supporter on Kaine Speaking Spanish: At RNC, ‘I Didn’t Have to Get a Translator’
http://ktla.com/2016/07/23/trump-supporter-on-kaine-speaking-spanish-at-rnc-i-didnt-have-to-get-a-translator/

Scottie Nell Hughes on Kaine Speaking Spanish: Didn’t Need a ‘Translator’ for RNC Speeches
http://www.mediaite.com/tv/scottie-nell-hughes-on-kaine-speaking-spanish-didnt-need-a-translator-for-rnc-speeches/

GOP convention speaker breaks into Spanish
http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/288604-gop-convention-speaker-breaks-into-spanish

Ralph Alvarado addresses Hispanic voters in Spanish at GOP convention
https://www.washingtonpost.com/video/national/ralph-alvarado-addresses-hispanic-voters-in-spanish-at-gop-convention/2016/07/20/2a6ab230-4eca-11e6-bf27-405106836f96_video.html

With Vigorous Plea, Ralph Alvaredo Rises as Possible New GOP Star
http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/politics/2016/07/21/with-vigorous-plea-ky-lawmaker-ralph-alvarado-rises-as-possible-new-gop-star/

Republican convention staff try to make signs in Spanish, get grammar completely wrong
http://theweek.com/speedreads/638046/republican-convention-staff-try-make-signs-spanish-grammar-completely-wrong

Why Trump supporters are particularly likely to complain about Spanish speakers at the Democratic convention
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/07/25/why-trump-supporters-are-particularly-likely-to-complain-about-spanish-speakers-at-the-democratic-convention/

Kaine En Español: Pandering Or A Symbol Of Understanding For Latinos?
http://www.npr.org/2016/07/27/487491607/kaine-en-espa-ol-pandering-or-a-symbol-of-understanding-for-latinos

Can natural language processing help detect dementia? This U of T grad student is trying to find out
https://www.utoronto.ca/news/natural-language-processing-dementia

Kathleen (Katie) Fraser @UofT
http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~kfraser/

Research highlights misdiagnosis for people with Alzheimer’s disease
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-07-highlights-misdiagnosis-people-alzheimer-disease.html

Psychiatry When You Don’t Speak the Language
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/mind-guest-blog/psychiatry-when-you-don-t-speak-the-language/

Language Could Diagnose Parkinson’s, ALS and Schizophrenia before Lab Tests
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/language-could-diagnose-parkinson-s-als-and-schizophrenia-before-lab-tests/

Online Stroop Test
http://www.onlinestrooptest.com

Words Matter: Clinician’s Notes May Hold Key to Suicide Risk
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/853890

How does my therapist rate? New machine-learning software detects empathy in therapy sessions
http://phys.org/news/2015-12-therapist-machine-learning-software-empathy-therapy.html

GLAAD Media Reference Guide – Transgender Issues
https://www.glaad.org/reference/transgender

‘How could you?’ Viewers condemn Karl Stefanovic for ‘transphobic’ language
http://www.sbs.com.au/topics/sexuality/agenda/article/2016/07/28/how-could-you-viewers-condemn-karl-stefanovic-transphobic-language

Watch: Karl Stefanovic Offers Solid Apology For His Transphobic Comments
https://www.pedestrian.tv/news/arts-and-culture/watch-karl-stefanovic-offers-solid-apology-for-his/e06bfe40-c729-43e9-9ec1-bc227cf9ba17.htm


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Image credit: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/language-could-diagnose-parkinson-s-als-and-schizophrenia-before-lab-tests/

Episode 254: Plagiarism

Did Melania Trump really plagiarise that speech?

Yeah, she totally did. But how can you tell if someone is copying someone else’s work? How do plagiarism checkers work? And can you beat them?

Linguist Daniel Midgley shows his work on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

Authorities fry hard to fix Korean menus lost in translation http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2016/07/116_209371.html

Korea to fix mistranslations on English menu http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/culture/2016/07/135_209516.html

Kylie’s post on signs on the Sydney foreshore https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1364794563547332

Melania Trump speech appears to plagiarize Michelle Obama
http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/288274-melania-trump-speech-plagiarized-paragraph-from-michelle-obamas-2008

Team Trump shows how not to respond to a controversy
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/team-trump-shows-how-not-respond-controversy

Trump campaign rolls out brand new plagiarism explanation
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/trump-campaign-rolls-out-brand-new-plagiarism-explanation

Where Does “Your Word Is Your Bond” Come From, and Why Did Melania Steal It? http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/07/19/your_word_is_your_bond_history_and_origins_from_matthew_to_hip_hop.html

Anne Charity Hudley’s Facebook post: “Your word is your bond” https://www.facebook.com/AnneHarperCharityHudley/posts/10100909532616217?pnref=story

Here’s Why Some People Believe Melania Trump’s Speechwriter Doesn’t Really Exist http://www.inc.com/minda-zetlin/heres-why-some-people-believe-melania-trumps-speechwriter-doesnt-really-exist.html

Yes, Melania Speech Fall Woman Meredith McIver Is Real. Here’s Proof. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2016/07/20/yes_meredith_mciver_is_a_real_person_here_s_proof.html

Text: Remarks by First Lady Laura Bush to the Republican National Convention http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A50438-2004Aug31.html

Melania Trump: Astrophysicist calculates there was one in 87 billion chance speech was not plagiarised
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-20/maths-on-melania-trump-speech/7643658

Melania Trump speech: The odds of a word match
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/07/19/melania-trump-speech-the-odds-of-a-word-match.html

Weird and Funny Novelty Bets offered by William Hill and Notable Payouts
http://www.soccerwidow.com/football-gambling/betting-knowledge/betting-advice/bookmakers/weird-and-funny-novelty-bets-offered-by-william-hill-and-notable-payouts/

N-grams data: Corpus of Contemporary American English
http://www.ngrams.info/download_coca.asp

Did Melania Trump Rickroll in her Republican convention speech? http://www.rappler.com/entertainment/news/140321-melania-trump-rickroll-republican-convention-speech

Nowhere to Hide: Finding Plagiarized Documents Based on Sentence Similarity (PDF) http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1149&context=facpub

Turnitoff – Defeating Plagiarism Detection Systems (PDF) http://www.cs.surrey.ac.uk/BIMA/People/L.Gillam/downloads/publications/HEA-ICS_turnitoff.pdf

Plagiarism Detection across Distant Language Pairs (PDF)
http://mt-archive.info/Coling-2010-Barron.pdf

Melania Trump And The Age Of Borrowed Language http://www.forbes.com/sites/rodgerdeanduncan/2016/07/20/melania-trump-and-the-age-of-borrowed-language/

Stop referring to Pokémon Go as augmented reality
http://venturebeat.com/2016/07/14/stop-referring-to-pokemon-go-as-augmented-reality/

L. Frank Baum envisioned AR glasses: Augmented reality history, background and philosophy https://wiki.mq.edu.au/display/ar/Augmented+reality+history,+background+and+philosophy

Sorry AP, there is an accent mark in Pokémon
http://mashable.com/2016/07/12/pokemon-spelling-ap-style/

What’s that é doing in Pokémon? Wiktionary: saké
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/saké

There May Be Four Region Exclusive Pokemon in ‘Pokemon GO’ http://toucharcade.com/2016/07/22/pokemon-go-exclusives/

#115: Kangashkan
http://pokedream.com/pokedex/pokemon/kangaskhan

The Straight Dope: Did humans descend from “aquatic apes”?
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1991/did-humans-descend-from-aquatic-apes


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Image credit: http://newscurry.co/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/melania-michelle-800.jpg

Episode 253: Secret Professional Slang (featuring Dr Brian Goldman and Ji-Soo Kweon)

Do you know what doctors are really saying?

How about tech support people? Or butchers? They’ve all got their own jargon that they use to communicate amongst themselves — or to exclude.

Linguist Daniel Midgley helps you crack the code on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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This episode is brought to you courtesy of our great patrons Whitney Fielding, and Matt. They’re amazing and wonderful human beings, and they keep us talking.

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Show notes

Google’s diverse emoji for women at work approved by Unicode Consortium
http://www.theverge.com/2016/7/14/12189442/google-new-emoji-women-jobs-unicode-consortium

Google’s New Emoji Aimed At Promoting Gender Equality Are Coming
https://slashdot.org/story/16/07/14/2031255/googles-new-emoji-aimed-at-promoting-gender-equality-are-coming

Apple creates mysterious ‘eye in speech bubble’ emoji for release in iOS 9.1
http://appleinsider.com/articles/15/09/21/apple-creates-mysterious-eye-in-speech-bubble-emoji-for-release-in-ios-91-

Apple Creates New ‘Eye in Speech Bubble’ Emoji For Release in iOS 9.1
http://www.iphoneincanada.ca/news/apple-creates-new-eye-in-speech-bubble-emoji-for-release-in-ios-9-1/

Emoji ZWJ Sequences: Three Letters, Many Possibilities
http://blog.emojipedia.org/emoji-zwj-sequences-three-letters-many-possibilities/

In Praise of Emoji as Tactful Conversation-Enders
http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2016/06/30/emoji_are_perfect_and_polite_ways_to_cut_off_a_written_interaction.html

Dr Brian Goldman: The Secret Language of Doctors
http://doctorbriangoldman.com/books/the-secret-language-of-doctors/

Dr Brian Goldman: Doctors make mistakes. Can we talk about that?
https://www.ted.com/talks/brian_goldman_doctors_make_mistakes_can_we_talk_about_that?language=en

Secret languages of doctors, waiters, flight attendants, butchers and teachers
http://www.smh.com.au/national/secret-languages-of-doctors-waiters-flight-attendants-butchers-and-teachers-20151022-gkgim1.html

Behind that tray of snags, there’s a rehctub talking backwards
http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2002/05/26/1022243290221.html

The secret language of butchers
http://blogs.smh.com.au/lifestyle/allmenareliars/archives/2006/08/the_secret_lang_1.html

Back Slang: Butchering the Language
http://people.sc.fsu.edu/~jburkardt/fun/wordplay/back_slang.html

The Secret Language Of Flight Attendants Is Your New Inflight Entertainment
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/flight-attendant-slang_n_6329064

The secret language of hotel staff
http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-advice/accommodation/the-secret-language-of-hotel-staff/news-story/181d06db931871d8cf40cabc104328b5

The secret language of Disney cast members and what all these strange words mean
https://www.yahoo.com/style/secret-language-disney-cast-members-150014968.html

The Secret Sign Language of 1970’s Sawmill Workers were expressed through Gestures?
http://www.newsgram.com/the-secret-sign-language-of-1970s-sawmill-workers-were-expressed-through-gestures/

Eddie McGuire joked about drowning a woman on Triple M radio
http://www.heraldsun.com.au/sport/afl/eddie-mcguire-joked-about-drowning-a-woman-on-triple-m-radio/news-story/55c438a71968a96e381d14623c9612a9

Eddie McGuire in hot water over Caroline Wilson ice pool gibe
http://www.theage.com.au/afl/afl-news/eddie-mcguire-in-hot-water-over-caroline-wilson-ice-pool-threat-20160619-gpmp1x.html

YouTube: Steve Price calls Van Badham ‘hysterical’ on Q and A

Q&A recap: Steve Price’s ‘hysterical’ insult prompts a mic drop from Van Badham
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/tv-and-radio/qa-recap-steve-prices-hysterical-insult-prompts-a-mic-drop-from-van-badham-20160711-gq3jco

Van Badham: I’m still reeling from Q&A – but not because I was called ‘hysterical’
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/12/im-still-reeling-from-qa-but-not-because-i-was-called-hysterical

#MyOvariesMadeMe: Van Badham retort trends after heated exchange with Steve Price on Q&A
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-12/my-ovaries-made-me-trends-on-twitter-after-q&a-spat/7589942

Etymonline: hysterical
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=hysterical

5 Reasons To Stop Calling Women Crazy
http://www.bustle.com/articles/129528-5-reasons-to-stop-calling-women-crazy

‘It’s just a joke’: the subtle effects of offensive language
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/thefeed/article/2016/07/14/its-just-joke-subtle-effects-offensive-language


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Image credit: http://img.medscape.com/thumbnail_library/ts_140401_doctors_talking_hospital_800x600.jpg

Episode 252: The Tower of Babel

Is there anything to the story of the Tower of Babel?

It’s a legend about why human languages are so different. So was there really only one human language a long time ago? Maybe — but how does this match up with the biblical account of the confounding of tongues?

Linguist Daniel Midgley puts an end to the confusion on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

All 72 New Unicode 9 Emoji, Definitively Ranked From Most Exciting To Most Meh
http://www.bustle.com/articles/168770-all-72-new-unicode-9-emoji-definitively-ranked-from-most-exciting-to-most-meh

Apple releases animated emoji sticker packs for iOS 10 Messages
http://appleinsider.com/articles/16/07/02/apple-releases-animated-emoji-sticker-packs-for-ios-10-messages

Apple, Facebook and Google ban rifle emoji from Olympics update
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2016/06/20/apple-facebook-and-google-ban-rifle-emoji-from-olympics-update/

Rifle emoji blocked from phones ‘after pressure from Apple’
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jun/20/apple-rifle-emoji-phones-unicode

Here’s The Reason Why There Will Be No Rifle Emoji
http://www.techtimes.com/articles/165709/20160618/here-s-reason-why-will-rifle-emoji.htm

What happened to the rifle emoji?
http://www.newstatesman.com/science-tech/social-media/2016/06/what-happened-rifle-emoji

Could an emoji death threat land you in jail?
http://www.cbc.ca/newsblogs/yourcommunity/2014/01/could-an-emoji-death-threat-land-you-in-jail.html

RationalWiki: Tower of Babel
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Tower_of_Babel

Skeptics Annotated Bible: Genesis 11
http://skepticsannotatedbible.com/gen/11.html

Focus On Tower of Babel
https://global.oup.com/obso/focus/focus_on_towerbabel/

The Wrathful Dispersion Controversy: A Canadian Perspective
http://specgram.com/CLI.1/06.pheevr.dispersion.html

Yes, people do believe this.
Gallup: “Twenty-eight percent of Americans believe the Bible is the actual word of God and that it should be taken literally.”
http://www.gallup.com/poll/170834/three-four-bible-word-god.aspx

Grain of salt alert for the next two articles!

The Tower of Babel Account: A Linguistic Consideration
http://smithandfranklin.com/current-issues/The-Tower-of-Babel-Account-A-Linguistic-Consideration/9/5/98/html

Answers in Genesis: Was the Dispersion at Babel a Real Event?
https://answersingenesis.org/tower-of-babel/was-the-dispersion-at-babel-a-real-event/

The Canterbury Tales (in Middle English)
http://www.librarius.com/cantales.htm

There are more things in prehistory than are dreamt of in our urheimat
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/gnxp/2012/08/there-are-more-things-in-prehistory-than-are-dreamt-of-in-our-urheimat/

Ussher Chronology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ussher_chronology

Can the Ussher Chronology Be Trusted?
http://www.icr.org/article/can-ussher-chronology-be-trusted/

Cuneiform
http://www.ancient.eu/cuneiform/

Makapansgat pebble
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makapansgat_pebble

paleo_pebble-1-400x500

I’m all ears: fossils reveal human ancestors’ hearing abilities
http://www.reuters.com/article/science-hearing-idUSL1N11U03020150925

2-million-year-old fossils reveal hearing abilities of early humans
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-09/bu-2fr092415.php

babel moon landings

Recovery Connection: Drunkorexia
https://www.recoveryconnection.com/addiction-resources/common-eating-disorders/drunkorexia/

‘Drunkorexia’ phenomena prominent in young Australian women, research finds
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-30/drunkorexia-phenomena-prominent-in-young-australian-women/7556476

The scary trend sweeping across Australian universities
http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/health/health-problems/the-scary-trend-sweeping-across-australian-universities/news-story/7b8959b65655d798253c161ae66e2816

The Butterfly Foundation — Support for Australians experiencing eating disorders
http://thebutterflyfoundation.org.au

Government of Western Australia — Drug and Alcohol Office
http://www.dao.health.wa.gov.au/Home.aspx

Bill Nye visited a Noah’s Ark he doesn’t believe should exist
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/arts-and-entertainment/wp/2016/07/10/bill-nye-visited-a-noahs-ark-he-doesnt-believe-should-exist/

Kan Ham’s Blog: Bill Nye Visits the Ark Encounter
https://answersingenesis.org/blogs/ken-ham/2016/07/08/bill-nye-visits-ark-encounter/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/d/dore/gustave/bible/plates/006.jpg

Episode 251: Brexit Language Fallout

Seems the UK is eyeing the exits on the EU, but what would a UK exodus mean for language?

Would language learning be affected? How about Britain’s minority languages? And would the English language even be in the EU at all?

Linguist Daniel Midgley is scoping out the implications on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Scott Quigg


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Show notes

Mapping words around Australia: What do you call a barbecued sausage, served in a single slice of bread?
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-01-05/mapping-words-around-australia:-what-do-you-call-a-barbecued-sa/7069710

Australia torn apart over sausage argument
http://www.theweeklyreview.com.au/eat/australia-torn-apart-over-sausage-argument/

NT minister gives historic speech in Warlpiri language
http://thenewdaily.com.au/news/2016/06/27/nt-minister-gives-historic-speech-warlpiri-language/

Aboriginal MP makes first language bid Indigenous
http://www.mix1049.com.au/news/local-news/48730-aboriginal-mp-makes-first-language-bid-indigenous

Celebrating NAIDOC Week
http://www.naidoc.org.au/celebrating-naidoc-week

Australia developing first ever school curriculum for Indigenous languages
https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/may/25/australia-developing-first-ever-school-curriculum-for-indigenous-languages

We should shout about the historic achievement of adding Indigenous languages to the national curriculum
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/we-should-shout-about-the-historic-achievement-of-adding-indigenous-languages-to-the-national-curriculum-20151220-glrwzt.html

‘Reconciliation one hour at a time’: Reviving Aboriginal culture in schools
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-07-26/aboriginal-language-classes-changing-attitudes-of-a-generation/6647342

Language revival could have mental health benefits for Aboriginal communities
http://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2015/s4278032.htm

Behind the News: Indigenous Language Lessons
http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s4460256.htm

Brexit may threaten the many minority languages of Britain
http://qz.com/713497/brexit-may-threaten-the-many-minority-languages-of-britain/

Signs in Cornish language to be put up at every police station in the county
http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/signs-cornish-language-put-up-6160394

Cornish language could be brought back to the classroom as a GCSE
http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/635296/Cornish-language-classroom-GCSE-education-school

Welsh is considered a model for language revitalization, but its fate is still uncertain
http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-06-24/welsh-considered-model-language-revitalization-its-fate-uncertain

How the Manx language came back from the dead
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2015/apr/02/how-manx-language-came-back-from-dead-isle-of-man

Return of the Manx
http://www.globallanguageservices.co.uk/return-manx/

Four British languages on ‘endangered’ list of dialects under threat of extinction… but experts claim tourism could help revival
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-2828917/Four-British-languages-endangered-list-dialects-threat-extinction-experts-claim-tourism-help-revival.html

Hold your tongues: why language learners fear a vote for Brexit
https://www.theguardian.com/media/mind-your-language/2016/jun/21/hold-your-tongues-why-language-learners-fear-a-vote-for-brexit

Why aren’t England’s A-level students learning languages?
https://www.britishcouncil.org/voices-magazine/why-arent-englands-level-students-learning-languages

English language could be dropped from European Union after Brexit
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/06/28/english-language-could-be-dropped-from-european-union-after-brex/

Could English be ousted as an official EU language?
http://www.euronews.com/2016/06/24/will-english-remain-as-de-facto-eu-official-language/

English will not be an official EU language after Brexit, says senior MEP
http://www.politico.eu/article/english-will-not-be-an-official-eu-language-after-brexit-senior-mep/

Au revoir, English? Now French say the language has ‘no legitimacy’ and should be kicked out of Europe too after Brexit
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3661838/Au-revoir-English-French-say-language-no-legitimacy-kicked-Europe-Brexit.html

God save(d) English in the EU: The lingua franca of Brussels isn’t likely to disappear any time soon.
http://www.politico.eu/article/god-save-english-in-the-eu-disapear-using-language-european-union/

From Grexit to Brexit: Eurosceptics Claim their -Exit
http://www.ipsnews.net/2016/06/from-grexit-to-brexit-eurosceptics-claim-their-exit/

WA-xit: history beckons
https://theconversation.com/wa-xit-history-beckons-61865

Language Hat: Semantic satiation
http://languagehat.com/semantic-satiation/

When Even the Simplest Word Looks Weird And Wrong You Have Wordnesia
Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/when-even-simplest-word-looks-weird-and-wrong-you-have-wordnesia-180954539/#2qTZGzjhUUPbtMmx.99

Rohds. Rowds. Row-ads? Rhowds???
http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/the_good_word/2015/03/wordnesia_that_strange_phenomenon_of_blanking_on_the_spelling_or_meaning.html

Jim Walker: When words look weird — you’ve got OI
http://www.signalscv.com/archives/50097/

GuruLang: Term for convincing yourself words are spelled incorrectly?
http://gurulang.com/index/show/26194


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://img.huffingtonpost.com/asset/scalefit_630_noupscalescalefit_630_noupscalescalefit_630_noupscalescalefit_630_noupscale/576ee1951500002a0073c99b.jpeg

Episode 250: Comma Sutra (featuring Louisa Fitzhardinge)

The Talk the Talk team is taking a break, but Daniel jumped at the chance to speak to Louisa Fitzhardinge, whose new comedy show ‘Comma Sutra’ looks at the lighter side of the use — and misuse — of grammar.

But linguists and self-described grammar mavens don’t always get along. Is concern for good grammar necessary, or does it lead to linguistic discrimination?


Listen to this episode

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Show notes

Louisa Fitzhardinge: News
http://www.louisafitzhardinge.com/#!news/ur1ar


Image credit: http://cdn.eventfinda.com.au/uploads/events/transformed/474251-205024-14.jpg

Episode 249: Big Big Mailbag

It’s time to return to our mailbag and answer some questions.

Is the translating earpiece a thing? Is thing a thing? What about New Zealand English? And is it sexist to say guys?

Linguist Daniel Midgley finds out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

This episode is brought to you by the generosity of Whitney Fielding and Matt — our greatest Patreons. Thanks, you guys! And we mean guys in the non-sexist sense.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, and more!


Show notes

Pilot Bluetooth earpiece crowdfunds the dream of universal, instant language translation
http://www.cnet.com/news/pilot-bluetooth-earpiece-crowdfunds-the-dream-of-universal-instant-language-translation/

Could Two People Use Real-Time Translation to Fall in Love?
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/05/language-and-machine-learning/484028/

Ben Yagoda: I Guess ‘It’s a Thing’
http://chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2012/12/13/i-guess-its-a-thing/

Is That Even a Thing?
http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/04/16/is-that-even-a-thing/?_r=0

Language Log: When did “a thing” become a thing?
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=25229

Proto-beat-poetry from 1900! It’s the latest thing!
Google Books link

New Zealand Accent Tip | Accents with Amy
https://youtu.be/Ab_MLnr1Q4I

Encyclopaedia of New Zealand: Story: Speech and accent
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/speech-and-accent

New Zealand English: “not an accent; it is a disease.”
https://uclinguistics.wordpress.com/2013/01/24/new-zealand-english-1/

#WordsAtWork: David Morrison wants Australians to stop saying gender-based terms like ‘guys’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-01/david-morrison-wants-australians-to-stop-saying-‘guys’/7465824

Hey guys: Oxford, Macquarie dictionary experts say using ‘guys’ is not sexist
http://www.afr.com/leadership/company-culture/hey-guys-oxford-macquarie-dictionary-experts-say-using-guys-is-not-sexist-20160601-gp8ssl

‘Gents’, ‘Fellas’, ‘Boys’ – How Language Is Telling Women They Don’t Belong
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kate-van-dellen/gents-fellas-boys-how-language_b_6980468.html

Hey You Guys, Does Being Called ‘You Guys’ Bother You?
http://www.forbes.com/2009/11/30/professional-behavior-sexism-forbes-woman-leadership-workplace-etiquette.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: guy
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=guy&allowed_in_frame=0

How a Country’s Land Shapes Its Language
http://nautil.us/blog/how-a-countrys-land-shapes-its-language

Children can go through a silent period as a result of sudden exposure to a new language
Language, Culture, and Adaptation in Immigrant Children
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3526379/

What parents want to know about bilingualism
http://www.francoisgrosjean.ch/for_parents_en.html

Etymologically Redundant Expressions
http://www.fun-with-words.com/redundant_etymology.html

Redundant Phrases – Pleonasms
http://www.fun-with-words.com/redundant_phrases.html

Why is digitize so often seen in British English? Here’s digitise and digitize from the British section of the Google Ngram Corpus.

And here’s acclimatis* and acclimatiz*.

Digitize (var)
http://www.lukemastin.com/testing/spelling/cgi-bin/database.cgi?action=view_category&database=spelling&category=D

Crosswords in other languages? Why, yes!
http://alwayspuzzling.blogspot.com.au/2013/05/crosswords-in-other-languages.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.open-mike.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/questions-2.jpg

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