Episode 280: Contractions

They’ll, we’ve, you’re, and even ain’t.

This week, we’re having contractions, but not the muscular kind — the word kind! We squash words together all the time, but why? And how well can you recognise them?

Daniel, Kylie, and Ben are gonna find out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or listen on our Patreon page
Subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Antonino Tati


Patreon supporters

We have the best patrons! Lots of people contributed to this show, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. Thanks to all of you!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 280: Contractions [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 280: Contractions coming soon


Show notes

The Oxford comma: Do you or don’t you?
http://publishingresourceguide.com/writers-life/writing-ideas-inspiration/oxford-comma-yes-or-no

Oxford commas, Nelson Mandela, and Stephen King
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/09/15/oxford-commas-nelson-mandela-and-stephen-king/

The Best Shots Fired in the Oxford Comma Wars
http://mentalfloss.com/article/33637/best-shots-fired-oxford-comma-wars

An Oxford comma changed this court case completely
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/03/15/health/oxford-comma-maine-court-case-trnd/index.html

A Missing Oxford Comma Just Changed the Course of a Court Case
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/missing-oxford-comma-just-changed-course-court-case-180962551/

Infographic: The Oxford comma debate
https://www.ragan.com/Main/Articles/Infographic_The_Oxford_comma_debate_52369.aspx

Wikipedia: Contraction (grammar)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contraction_(grammar)

Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 1 (increased use of –n’t; interesting charts)
Google Books link

Amn’t
http://www.worldwidewords.org/qa/qa-amn1.htm

The Story of Ain’t
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=7100#more-7100

The Cockney and His Dialect
https://www.jstor.org/stable/534097?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

London dialect in Dickens
http://www.bl.uk/learning/timeline/item126779.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: won’t
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=won%27t

Why Does “Will Not” Become “Won’t”?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/55232/why-does-will-not-become-wont

Online Etymology Dictionary: contraction
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=contraction&searchmode=&p=3&allowed_in_frame=0

Word lengths are optimized for efficient communication
http://www.pnas.org/content/108/9/3526.long

Why “won’t” isn’t “willn’t”
http://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2013/03/wont-willnt.html

Throw Mama From the Train: Favorite Line
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4c1sgug6prw

(principle of) least effort [Zipf’s Law]
https://www.thoughtco.com/principle-of-least-effort-zipfs-law-1691104

Understanding Zipf’s Law
http://david.pilato.fr/blog/2016/01/05/understanding-zipfs-law/

The mystery of Zipf
https://plus.maths.org/content/mystery-zipf

A mysterious law that predicts the size of the world’s biggest cities
http://io9.gizmodo.com/the-mysterious-law-that-governs-the-size-of-your-city-1479244159

Applying Zipf’s Law to galaxies
https://phys.org/news/2016-04-zipf-law-galaxies.html

Wikipedia: List of placeholder names by language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_placeholder_names_by_language

UD: doovalacky
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=doovalacky

MW: doohickey
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/doohickey

Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll icon, dead at 90
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-03-19/chuck-berry-rock-n-roll-icon-dies-aged-90/8367220

How Chuck Berry Wrote “Johnny B. Goode” and Created the First Rock and Roll Guitar Hero
http://www.guitarworld.com/artist-news/how-chuck-berry-wrote-johnny-b-goode-and-created-first-rock-and-roll-guitar-hero/30217

Sister Rosetta Tharpe Biography
http://www.biography.com/people/sister-rosetta-tharpe-17172332

Sister Rosetta Tharpe – Didn’t It Rain
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SR2gR6SZC2M

Vapour Trails: Revisiting Shoegaze
https://www.xlr8r.com/features/2009/01/vapour-trails-revisiting-shoegaze/

List of rock genres
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rock_genres

Music Genres List
http://www.musicgenreslist.com

Our Least Favorite Genre Names
http://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2012/01/28/145858309/our-least-favorite-genre-names

Can -core survive normcore?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/04/can-core-survive-normcore/

Slutwave, Tumblr Rap, Rape Gaze: Obscure Musical Genres Explained
http://www.laweekly.com/music/slutwave-tumblr-rap-rape-gaze-obscure-musical-genres-explained-2409158

Eminem and The Beatles: The Top-Selling Artists of the 2000s
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/eminem-and-the-beatles-the-top-selling-artists-of-the-2000s-20091209

Google Ngram Viewer: on / in an island
Control-click the lines to make similar items collapse.


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://i2.kym-cdn.com/photos/images/facebook/001/217/719/10a.jpg

Episode 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition

We’re taking your questions on a Mailbag episode!

Along the way, we’re going to find out some pretty strange things about how words and phrases got to be how they are. Do you say zero or oh? What is begging the question? And has the French /r/ always been like that?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie answer them all on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or listen on our Patreon page
Subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Antonino Tati


Patreon supporters

Thanks to all our patrons for their support in this episode, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition for patrons


Show notes

The hazards of English spelling
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/lsoa-tho030917.php

Self-Organization In The Spelling Of English Suffixes: The Emergence Of Culture Out Of Anarchy
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/Berg_Aronoff.pdf

The Standardization of American English
http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/25489

till (prep.)
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=till&allowed_in_frame=0

Wikipedia: Names for the number 0 in English
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_for_the_number_0_in_English#.22O.22_.28.22oh.22.29

How many names does zero have?
http://inmadom-myenglishclass.blogspot.com.au/2011/09/how-many-names-does-zero-have.html

Why getting out for zero is called a “duck” in cricket
https://www.sportskeeda.com/cricket/why-getting-out-zero-called-duck-cricket

Begging the Question, Again
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/25/begging-the-question-again/?_r=1

Begging the question: How much should we fight for a correct English usage that no one actually seems to use?
https://www.theguardian.com/media/mind-your-language/2010/may/24/begging-the-question-mind-your-language

This troublesome 3-word phrase perfectly exemplified Antonin Scalia’s obsession with originalism
https://www.businessinsider.com/beg-the-question-meaning-definition-usage-2016-4

Questions to French native speakers…
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t16151.htm

r/French: The rolled “R”
https://www.reddit.com/r/French/comments/2wwz2y/the_rolled_r/

Rolled ‘R’ in French – what area?
http://www.forum.french-linguistics.co.uk/forum/topics/rolled-r-in-french-what-area

Studies in the History of the English Language: A Millennial Perspective
Google Books link

Flipped, rolled, trilled or other…How to deal with the French “r”?
https://dictioncorner.wordpress.com/2014/02/09/flipped-rolled-trilled-or-other-how-to-deal-with-the-french-r/

When did the trilled “r” fall out of use in French and become replaced with a uvular fricative?
https://www.quora.com/When-did-the-trilled-r-fall-out-of-use-in-French-and-become-replaced-with-a-uvular-fricative

The origin of the French uvular “R”
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t4808-15.htm

Frozen – Let It Go (French version)
https://youtu.be/wQP9XZc2Y_c

Georges Brassens – La Mauvaise Réputation
https://youtu.be/26Nuj6dhte8

What Is the F–kboy?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2015/08/18/what_does_fuckboy_mean.html

Green’s Dictionary of Slang
https://greensdictofslang.com

Diagram for 0800 0077 070


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.investmentu.com/assets/images/content/2014/03/rsz_dollarphotoclub_56153912-11.jpg

Episode 278: Like (featuring Alexandra D’Arcy)

Do you, like, like LIKE?

LIKE is often used and often reviled these days, but not everyone realises that LIKE has a long history. And it follows regular patterns — patterns we seem to know instinctively, but which we have a hard time articulating. How did LIKE get this way, and should you be trying to stop using it?

Daniel talks to sociolinguist Alexandra D’Arcy on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or listen on our Patreon page
Subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. Thanks to you and all our patrons!

Did you know that if you become a Patreon supporter yourself, you’ll have access to about eight hours of bonus audio? Our Cutting Room Floor posts are where you can hear all the stuff that we didn’t have time for on the show, plus a lot of us just talking about random crap. (Some of it is actually kind of funny.) You’ll also get to listen to the full versions of all our interviews. Plus merch, blog posts, and more more more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 278: Like (featuring Alexandra D’Arcy) [128 kbps]

Interview with Alexandra D’Arcy 2017-03-02 (complete) patrons only

Cutting Room Floor 278: Like patrons only


Show notes

Signs of Australia : a new dictionary of Auslan (the sign language of the Australian deaf community) / edited by Trevor Johnston
http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/377262

Coming soon: First-of-its-kind Indian sign language dictionary
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/coming-soon-first-of-its-kind-indian-sign-language-dictionary-4487058/

The people behind India’s first sign language dictionary
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-39101899

Ethnologue: Indian Sign Language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/ins

Empowering the Deaf
http://indiansignlanguage.org

Giphy Collects Together Thousands Of Animated GIFs To Help You Learn Sign Language
https://www.lifehacker.com.au/2017/02/giphy-collects-together-thousands-of-animated-gifs-to-help-you-learn-sign-language/

Call to give sign language official status
https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/governance/services/rights/disability-051212

Sign language users have better reaction times and peripheral vision
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170206084253.htm

Online Etymology Dictionary: like
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=like

Like, OMG! ‘Like’ Is, Like, Totally Cool, Linguist Says
http://www.themillions.com/2014/02/like-omg-like-is-like-totally-cool-linguist-says.html

Like, Why Do We Use Like So Much?
http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/lexicon_valley/2017/02/john_mcwhorter_with_alexandra_d_arcy_on_the_word_like.html

Discourse markers are, like, important
https://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2017/01/21/discourse-markers-are-like-important/Y92NncxhOIiYsDWQHIkdvJ/story.html

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913
https://www.oldbaileyonline.org

Wiktionary: uberize
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/uberize

How Uber Deceives the Authorities Worldwide
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/03/technology/uber-greyball-program-evade-authorities.html?_r=0

Uber’s unravelling: The stunning, 2 week string of blows that has upended the world’s most valuable startup
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/uber-scandal-recap-2017-3/?r=US&IR=T#/#sunday-february-19-the-beginning-1

Uberfy or Get Uberfied! The Psychology of Digital Disruption
http://digitalintelligencetoday.com/uberfy-or-get-uberfied-the-psychology-of-digital-disruption/

Sexism at Uber from female management #UberStory
https://medium.com/@contactkeala/sexism-at-uber-from-female-management-uberstory-238874075bbb#.w54lc2z4t

Much help from Word-Formation in English by Ingo Plag
https://books.google.com.au/books/about/Word_formation_in_English.html?id=78KFCIHtJS4C&redir_esc=y

What is the difference between the suffixes -ize and -ify
http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/189530/what-is-the-difference-between-the-suffixes-ize-and-ify


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://q.likesuccess.com/114/5673721-justin-bieber-fan-humor.jpg

Episode 277: All About Accents

Accents are like opinions: everybody’s got one. But how do opinions affect accents?

Listeners want to know: Why do people seem to lose their accent when they sing? And is there any reason why we think some accents sound attractive and others less so?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie talk it over on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Harry Malcolm


Patreon supporters

This episode was brought to you thanks to our community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W.ZoeWhitney, Matt, and Christy. A huge thank you to all our patrons!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 277: How We Feel About Accents [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 277: Accents


Show notes

NSW HSC: Back to the future in first major overhaul of the syllabus in 20 years
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/nsw-hsc-back-to-the-future-in-first-major-overhaul-of-the-syllabus-in-20-years-20170220-gugoum.html

NSW HSC syllabus overhaul places focus on English grammar and Asian history
https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/feb/21/nsw-hsc-syllabus-overhaul-places-focus-on-english-grammar-and-asian-history

The Australian Curriculum (AUTOMATIC PDF DOWNLOAD)
http://v7-5.australiancurriculum.edu.au/australian%20curriculum.pdf?Type=0&s=E&e=ScopeAndSequence
Cached version; loads without downloading

ACARA: Curriculum
http://v7-5.australiancurriculum.edu.au/english/curriculum/f-10?layout=1

HSC overhaul to be announced
http://www.skynews.com.au/news/national/nsw/2017/02/21/hsc-overhaul-to-be-announced.html

The Irish accent voted sexiest in the world
http://www.irishcentral.com/news/colin-farrell-helps-irish-beat-french-for-sexiest-accent-in-the-world-68840277-237766571

Why Are Some Accents Sexier than Others?
http://www.listenandlearnaustralia.com.au/blog/why-are-some-accents-sexier-than-others/

What makes a language attractive – its sound, national identity or familiarity?
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/jul/17/what-makes-a-language-attractive

Why are some accents more attractive?
https://blog.esl-languages.com/blog/esl/foreign-accents-attractive/

How German Sounds Compared To Other Languages (Ultimate / Full Version)

How beautiful German sounds compared to other languages

Trudgill: Acts of Conflicting Identity: The Sociolinguistics of British Pop-song Pronunciation
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-349-25582-5_21

Trudgill on Pop Song Pronunciation
http://positiveanymore.blogspot.com.au/2006/06/trudgill-on-pop-song-pronunciation.html

Indie girl singer introduces us to her kitchen
https://vine.co/v/OTg0nO2mFKU

On singing accents
http://david-crystal.blogspot.com.au/2009/11/on-singing-accents.html

Why British Singers Lose Their Accents When Singing
http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/08/why-british-singers-lose-their-accent-when-singing/

Talking tactics: Rihanna and the pop stars who change accent
https://www.theguardian.com/music/2016/feb/04/talk-that-talk-rihanna-the-cunning-linguist

Hot takes and hysteria: it’s time to park identity politics
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/feb/24/hot-takes-and-hysteria-its-time-to-park-identity-politics

‘Don’t play identity politics!’ The primal scream of the straight white male
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/dec/02/identity-politics-donald-trump-white-men

RationalWiki: Identity politics
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Identity_politics

Stop saying identity politics caused Trump
http://www.newstatesman.com/2017/01/stop-saying-identity-politics-caused-trump

The Combahee River Collective Statement
http://americanstudies.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Keyword%20Coalition_Readings.pdf

The Debate We Have To Have: Identity Politics And The Left
https://newmatilda.com/2015/07/16/debate-we-have-have-identity-politics-and-left/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://s22.postimg.org/4734hgn6p/BJORK9.jpg

Episode 276: English Only

What’s behind the English Only movement?

Some people are trying to make English the “official” language of countries where there’s already a lot of English going on. Is this necessary? What are the pros and cons?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie talk it over on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., ZoeWhitney, Matt, and Christy. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 276: English Only [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 276: English Only patrons only


Show notes

Toddlers Learn Words Poorly in Noisy Environments
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/toddlers-learn-words-poorly-in-noisy-environments/

Background noise may hinder toddlers’ ability to learn words
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/sfri-bnm071816.php

A new corpus of ‘slips of the ear’ in English
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-02/uotb-anc021717.php

The English Consistent Confusion Corpus
http://spandh.dcs.shef.ac.uk/ECCC/

Does TV Watching Really Hurt Vocabulary Development?
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/keep-it-in-mind/201311/does-tv-watching-really-hurt-vocabulary-development

Can Toddlers Learn Vocabulary from Television? An Experimental Approach (PDF)
http://vrij-natuurlijk.nl/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/tv_study.pdf

Congress.gov: H.R.997
https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/997/text?r=4

Oregon lawmakers push to repeal sanctuary state designation, make English official language
http://www.oregonlive.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/02/oregon_lawmakers_push_to_repea.html

English-only and official English movements
http://immigrationtounitedstates.org/481-english-only-and-official-english-movements.html

Should English Be the Law?
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1997/04/should-english-be-the-law/376825/

Speak English or Go Home: The Anti- Immigrant Discourse of the American ‘English Only’ Movement (PDF)
http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/journals/cadaad/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Volume-7_Lawton.pdf

Language as Oppression: The English Only Movement in the United States
http://sdonline.org/33/language-as-oppression-the-english-only-movement-in-the-united-states/

Immigration Restriction Act
https://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/websites-mini/journeys-australia/1900s20s/immigration-restriction-act/

A Look at English-Only Laws Across the US
http://stories.avvo.com/rights/immigration/a-look-at-english-only-laws-across-the-us.html

Debate: English as US official language
http://debatepedia.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:_English_as_US_official_language#Background_and_context

English as an Official Language in the U.S.: Pros and Cons
https://officialenglishpolicy.wordpress.com/2011/07/25/english-as-an-official-language-in-the-u-s-pros-and-cons/

The Impact of English-Only Instructional Policies on English Learners
http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/impact-english-only-instructional-policies-english-learners#h-the-english-only-movement

English only spoken here
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2010/07/xenophobic_language_laws

English Only Town Of Homer, Illinois Has Little Knowledge Of English
https://dekerivers.wordpress.com/2010/07/19/english-only-town-of-homer-illinois-has-little-knowledge-of-english/

Student Suspended for Speaking Native American Language
https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/student-suspended-for-speaking-native-american-language/

Chicago-area teacher who punished students for speaking Spanish resigns in disgrace
http://www.rawstory.com/2016/08/chicago-area-teacher-who-punished-students-for-speaking-spanish-resigns-in-disgrace/

‘Speak in English’ Bus driver fired after pouring water on spanish-speaking student
http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/707226/bus-driver-sacked-abuse-spanish-speaking-student

Hispanics upset by teacher’s discipline
http://www.azbilingualed.org/AABE%20Site/AABE–News%202004/hispanics_upset_by_teacher.htm

2071.0 – Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0main+features902012-2013

Can my employer say that only English is allowed to be spoken in our workplace?
https://www.hrc.co.nz/enquiries-and-complaints/faqs/english-language-only-workplace/

You don’t need English to be an Australian citizen
https://blogs.crikey.com.au/fullysic/2015/06/03/you-dont-need-english-to-be-an-australian-citizen/

Who You Calling ‘Snowflake’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2016/12/04/who-you-calling-snowflake/

Snowflake, SJW, cuck: a guide to alt-right ideas and slang
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/snowflake-sjw-cuck-guide-alt-right-ideas-slang-1605911

Fight Club Author Slams ‘Modern Left’: “I Coined ‘Snowflake’ And I Stand By It”
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-24/fight-clubs-chuck-palahniuk-slams-modern-left-i-coined-snowflake-and-i-stand-it

Calvin and Hobbes: Snowflake
http://www.gocomics.com/calvinandhobbes/2013/02/07

Franco and Linguistic Fascism
http://www.thelinguafile.com/2012/12/franco-and-linguistic-fascism.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://jmobraindump.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/slide_241322_1290487_free.jpg

Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent)

You won’t believe what it takes to make a good linguistic article!

Listicles, or list articles, can be interesting, amusing, and even informative. What goes into the creation of a good linguistic listicle? How can they change someone’s mind about language? And what’s in the future for science communication?

Linguist and writer Arika Okrent talks to Daniel and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

Our patrons keep us talking! And for this episode they include David W.Christopher F., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. Thanks to all our patrons — your support is very much appreciated.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent) [128 kbps]

Interview with Arika Okrent (complete) for patrons

Cutting Room Floor 275: The Linguistic Listician for patrons


Show notes

What’s the Correct Pronunciation of February?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/54846/whats-correct-pronunciation-february

Adoptees advantaged by birth language memory
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170118082828.htm

Infants Exposed to Languages Can Retain Them Later in Life
http://www.livescience.com/57718-infants-language-exposure-impacts-learning.html

Early development of abstract language knowledge: evidence from perception–production transfer of birth-language memory
http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/4/1/160660

Learn a New Lingo While Doing Something Else
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/learn-a-new-lingo-while-doing-something-else/

Maternal language shapes infants’ cry melodies
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160819084631.htm

Arika Okrent on Mental Floss
http://mentalfloss.com/authors/arika-okrent

12 Horrible Gobbledygook Words We Reluctantly Accepted
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31854/12-horrible-gobbledygook-words-we-reluctantly-accepted

The Grammar Rules Behind 3 Commonly Disparaged Dialects
http://mentalfloss.com/article/51741/grammar-rules-behind-3-commonly-disparaged-dialects

6 French and German Dialects That Are 100 Percent American
http://mentalfloss.com/article/91584/6-french-and-german-dialects-are-100-percent-american

The listicle as literary form
http://mag.uchicago.edu/arts-humanities/listicle-literary-form

Ben Zimmer: The rise of the shitgibbon
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2017/02/09/the-rise-of-the-shitgibbon/

Linguists Have Been Discussing “Shit Gibbon.” I Argue It’s Not Entirely About Gibbons.
http://www.languagejones.com/blog-1/2017/2/9/linguists-have-been-discussing-shit-gibbon-i-argue-its-not-entirely-about-gibbons

The orgin and constraints of “shitgibbon” compounds
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/157210818652/the-orgin-and-constraints-of-shitgibbon

Shitgibbon frequencies (by Daniel)
http://goodreasonblog.com/2017/02/shitgibbon-frequencies/

The Raised Fist Emoji Is Social Media’s Resistance Symbol
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/raised-fist-emoji-resistance_us_5899e39fe4b09bd304bd8ac9

Links to “might as well” in Google Books
1 | 2 | 3

May, Might, Muddle
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/14/may-might-muddle/?_r=0

“Tribune” (with commentary from Aven)
https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1658229270870525


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/501813553200779264/_JlNpDLs_400x400.jpeg

Episode 274: Linguistic Activism (featuring Christine Mallinson)

How can you make a difference to language?

Linguists are doing a lot of great work, but what if you’re not a linguist? Is there anything that you can do to make the world a better place for language and the people who use it?

Daniel Midgley has some ideas, and he chats with linguist Christine Mallinson on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Dylan Websdane


Patreon supporters

Our fantastic patrons keep us going! We’ve got Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. Thanks to all our great patrons for their support.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 274: Linguistic Activism [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 274: Linguistic Activism


Show notes

On 22 April, empiricists around the country will march for science
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/02/april-22-empiricists-around-country-will-march-science

March for Science – Perth, Western Australia
https://www.facebook.com/MarchForSciencePerthWA/

Green Party launches plan to teach te reo Maori to ‘every New Zealand child’
https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/green-party-launches-plan-teach-te-reo-maori-every-new-zealand-child

Why does the idea of te reo Māori as a core subject make so many people flip out?
http://thespinoff.co.nz/society/03-02-2017/why-does-the-idea-of-te-reo-maori-as-a-core-subject-make-so-many-people-flip-out/

Māori Language Policy
http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PO1607/S00199/maori-language-policy.htm

Māori Language Week / Te Wiki o te Reo Māori 2017
http://planeta.com/maorilanguageweek/

Maori particles
http://everything2.com/title/Maori+particles

English-only speakers find learning Te Reo difficult
http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/te-manu-korihi/213544/english-only-speakers-find-learning-te-reo-difficult

Ethnologue: Maori in the Language Cloud
https://www.ethnologue.com/cloud/mri

Kickstarter: language
https://www.kickstarter.com/discover/advanced?ref=nav_search&term=language

The Endangered Languages Project
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com

Volunteering with the Refugee Council of Australia
http://www.refugeecouncil.org.au/volunteering/

AMES Australia
https://www.ames.net.au/find-sites

Adult Migrant English Program (AMEP)
https://central.wa.edu.au/amep/Pages/default.aspx

Read Write Now
http://www.read-write-now.org

volunteering.org.au: “language” in WA
https://volunteeringwa.org.au/volunteers/find-a-position/position-search-results#/search/language/?Locations=WA

New app Valuable Voices builds awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity in the classroom
http://news.umbc.edu/new-app-valuable-voices-builds-awareness-of-linguistic-and-cultural-diversity-in-the-classroom/

Valuable Voices on the App Store
https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/valuable-voices/id1145710477?mt=8

Phrase Detectives
http://anawiki.essex.ac.uk/phrasedetectives/

Wordrobe
http://wordrobe.housing.rug.nl/Wordrobe/public/HomePage.aspx

Macquarie Dictionary Word of the Year: Committee’s Choice and People’s Choice announced!
https://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/resources/view/word/of/the/year/

Ben Pobjie: Halal Snack Pack isn’t a word: It’s time to boycott Big Dictionary
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-02-02/halal-snack-pack-isnt-a-word-boycott-dictionary/8234744

Pauline Hanson loses it over halal snack packs
http://www.news.com.au/national/federal-election/pauline-hanson-loses-it-over-halal-snack-packs/news-story/a52ed6c717833bdc81c14839e5de9518

ACL: Multiword Expressions
https://www.aclweb.org/aclwiki/index.php?title=Multiword_Expressions

Morphological Typology: Modes of attachment (PDF)
http://sites.middlebury.edu/lngt101fall2015/files/2015/10/morphological-typology-of-languages-from-the-language-files.pdf

Morphological Typology
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/50939757945/morphological-typology-illustrations-from

yous v youse

The tale of Benny and Jenny
http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2012/09/the-tale-of-benny-and-jenny/

Meet Ben’s Sister Jane, History’s Forgotten Franklin
http://www.wbur.org/npr/231431080/meet-bens-sister-jane-historys-forgotten-franklin


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://is2.mzstatic.com/image/thumb/Purple62/v4/2b/bd/a1/2bbda13e-a9d9-5f5a-9c74-2b1a3ab9e04b/source/512x512bb.jpg

Episode 273: Voice of the Apes

Why don’t monkeys talk to us?

New research tells us that if our primate cousins don’t do language, it’s not because of their vocal tracts. Those appear to be speech-ready. So if the voice is good to go, what’s the holdup?

Daniel is talking apes with Ben and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Coel Healy


Patreon supporters

Many thanks to our community of patrons for their support on this episode. That includes Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 273: Voice of the Apes [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 273: Voice of the Apes


Show notes

Swearing meme

Frankly, we do give a damn: The relationship between profanity and honesty
https://www.academia.edu/29725191/Frankly_we_do_give_a_damn_The_relationship_between_profanity_and_honesty

People who swear tend to be more honest
http://www.theverge.com/2017/1/21/14341850/profanity-swearing-honesty-linguistics-language

People who curse a lot have better vocabularies than those who don’t, study finds
http://www.sciencealert.com/people-who-curse-a-lot-have-better-vocabularies-than-those-who-don-t-study-finds

Swearing More Is Actually A Sign Of Having A Better Vocabulary, Study Finds
http://www.iflscience.com/brain/knowing-more-swear-words-linked-wider-vocabulary-study-finds/

People Who Can Swear A Lot Found To Have Larger Vocabularies, So Suck It
http://uproxx.com/life/swearing-correlates-with-bigger-vocabulary-f-ck-yeah-it-does/

Julia Roberts vs. Sally Field in Celebrity Curse Off
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0swXMgM284o

Orangutan Found To Mimic Human Speech
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpoydpDHT8A

Voice control in orangutan gives clues to early human speech
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/du-vci072616.php

Monkeys Could Talk, but They Don’t Have the Brains for It
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/09/science/monkeys-speech.html

Monkey vocal tracts are speech-ready
http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/2/12/e1600723

Fitch (and von Humboldt) on monkey talk
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/

New Thoughts on the Origins of Human Speech
http://www.archaeology.org/news/5197-170112-baboons-vowels-speech

Baboons use vowel sounds strikingly similar to humans
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/01/baboons-show-they-ve-got-another-building-block-language-vowellike-sounds

Why a lowered larynx is good for human speech production
http://www.ling.cam.ac.uk/mark/Lowered_larynx_MJJ_York_Jan_2010.pdf

The descended larynx is not uniquely human.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1088793/

From Grunting To Gabbing: Why Humans Can Talk
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129083762

Why monkeys can’t talk—and what they would sound like if they could
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/12/why-monkeys-can-t-talk-and-what-they-would-sound-if-they-could

Lemurs groom-at-a-distance through vocal networks
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347215003474

‘Baby talk’ in marmoset monkeys
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170116091416.htm

Rogue Scientists Race to Save Climate Data from Trump
https://www.wired.com/2017/01/rogue-scientists-race-save-climate-data-trump/

President Trump ordered the National Park Service to find photos that made his inauguration look huge
http://www.salon.com/2017/01/27/president-trump-ordered-the-national-park-service-to-find-photos-that-made-his-inauguration-look-huge/

Trump admin tells National Park Service to halt tweets
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/01/21/politics/trump-national-park-service-tweets/

Online Etymology Dictionary: rogue
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=rogue

Here’s a List of All the U.S. Govt’s Rogue Twitter Accounts Fighting Trump’s Crackdown on Science
http://www.core77.com/posts/60230/Heres-a-List-of-All-the-US-Govts-Rogue-Twitter-Accounts-Fighting-Trumps-Crackdown-on-Science

These 24 ‘rogue’ Twitter accounts claim to be from federal agencies
http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/opinion/the-conversation/sd-list-rogue-twitter-accounts-from-federal-agencies-20170125-htmlstory.html

Wikipedia: Samizdat
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samizdat

DataRefuge
https://www.datarefuge.org/about

Stony Brook student held at JFK in Trump travel ban released
http://www.newsday.com/long-island/suffolk/stony-brook-student-held-at-jfk-in-trump-travel-ban-released-1.13032310


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.simplish.org/media/images/gorilla.gif

Episode 272: Sing Loud Sing Proud (featuring Jo Randell)

The Noongar language is getting a boost through song.

A unique Fringe event will see singers — Aboriginal and not — blending their voices in songs featuring the Noongar language, as well as other languages of Australia.

Daniel and Kylie talk to choir coordinator Jo Randell on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

This episode comes to you courtesy of our patrons, including Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. Thanks to all of our amazing patrons!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 272: Sing Loud Sing Proud (featuring Jo Randell [128kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 272: Sing Loud Sing Proud


Show notes

The mind-blowing AI announcement from Google that you probably missed.
https://medium.freecodecamp.com/the-mind-blowing-ai-announcement-from-google-that-you-probably-missed-2ffd31334805#.rpc7zlv6n

The Great A.I. Awakening (Good explanation of neural nets.)
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/14/magazine/the-great-ai-awakening.html?_r=0

Google’s AI Can Now Translate Between Languages It Wasn’t Taught to Translate Between
https://futurism.com/googles-ai-can-now-translate-between-languages-it-wasnt-taught/

Google’s AI just created its own universal ‘language’
http://www.wired.co.uk/article/google-ai-language-create

Google Translate AI invents its own language to translate with
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2114748-google-translate-ai-invents-its-own-language-to-translate-with/

Google’s AI can translate language pairs it has never seen
https://www.engadget.com/2016/11/24/google-ai-translate-language-pairs-it-has-never-seen/

Madjitil Moorna
http://www.madjitilmoorna.org.au/home

SING LOUD, SING PROUD, WARANGKA NOONGAR (tickets)
https://www.fringeworld.com.au/whats_on/event/sing_loud_sing_proud_warangka_noongar/bec85cd1-aaef-444a-8b6c-bae7bb740ba9/

Inaugural address: Trump’s full speech
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/01/20/politics/trump-inaugural-address/index.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: carnage
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=carnage

White House press secretary attacks media for accurately reporting inauguration crowds
http://money.cnn.com/2017/01/21/media/sean-spicer-press-secretary-statement/index.html

Origin of the expression “never argue with someone who buys ink by the barrel”
http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/67527/origin-of-the-expression-never-argue-with-someone-who-buys-ink-by-the-barrel

Crowd Estimates (Women’s March)
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1xa0iLqYKz8x9Yc_rfhtmSOJQ2EGgeUVjvV4A8LsIaxY/edit#gid=0

Pussyhat Project
https://www.pussyhatproject.com

Donald Trump: Women’s marches in Australia, New Zealand launch post-inauguration protests
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-01-21/global-womens-marches-kick-off-in-new-zealand,-australia/8200236

The absolute best signs from the Women’s March
https://news.vice.com/story/womens-march-best-signs

The Best, Nastiest Protest Signs From the Women’s March on Washington
http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2017/01/21/the_best_protest_signs_from_the_women_s_march_on_washington.html

Kellyanne Conway v Chuck Todd: “Alternative Facts”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_tiAf_jFUo

The Handbook of the History of English: please
Google Books link


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://madjitilmoorna.org.au

Episode 271: Words of the Year 2016

Was 2016 a dumpster fire 🗑🔥? Or was it just fire 🔥?

It’s time to look back at the words that defined our time, enlivened our speech, and zeited our geist in the previous year.

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are staying woke on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 271: Words of the Year 2016 [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 271: Words of the Year 2016


Show notes

Sussex University to use gender neutral pronouns as students request greater respect for transgender
http://www.independent.co.uk/student/news/sussex-university-gender-neutral-pronouns-transgender-lgbt-rights-brighton-sexuality-politics-a7505671.html

BANSGENDER Students’ union asks members not to use ‘he’ or ‘she’ without asking first as they don’t want to assume gender
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/2510504/students-ban-using-offensive-he-and-she-pronouns-in-meetings-and-emails-as-they-dont-want-to-assume-gender/

Student union asks members to use ‘they’ instead of ‘he’ and ‘she’- because they ‘don’t want to make assumptions about gender’
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4079694/Student-union-bans-use-don-t-want-make-assumptions-gender.html

Oxford University students ‘told to use gender neutral pronoun ze’
http://www.independent.co.uk/student/news/oxford-university-students-gender-neutral-pronouns-peter-tatchell-student-union-ze-xe-a7470196.html

Oxford student union denies telling students to use gender-neutral pronoun
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/dec/13/oxford-student-union-denies-telling-students-to-use-gender-neutral-pronoun

No, Oxford University isn’t ‘banning’ the use of Mr and Mrs prefixes
http://thetab.com/uk/2016/12/19/no-oxford-university-isnt-banning-using-mr-mrs-prefixes-28595

Fear of New Pronouns (U Tenn)
https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/09/08/u-tennessee-withdraws-guide-pronouns-preferred-some-transgender-people

You can be fined for not calling people ‘ze’ or ‘hir,’ if that’s the pronoun they demand that you use
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2016/05/17/you-can-be-fined-for-not-calling-people-ze-or-hir-if-thats-the-pronoun-they-demand-that-you-use/

U of T professor’s stand against genderless pronouns draws fire
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/u-of-t-professors-stand-against-genderless-pronouns-draws-fire/article32303037/

U of T professor attacks political correctness, says he refuses to use genderless pronouns
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/u-of-t-professor-attacks-political-correctness-in-video-refuses-to-use-genderless-pronouns

University of Michigan Professors Will Face Disciplinary Action for Ignoring ‘Preferred Pronouns’
http://heatst.com/culture-wars/university-of-michigan-professors-will-face-disciplinary-action-for-ignoring-preferred-pronouns/

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2016 is post-truth
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/word-of-the-year/word-of-the-year-2016

M-W: Word of the Year 2016: Surreal
https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/word-of-the-year-2016

Dictionary.com’s 2016 Word of the Year: Xenophobia
http://blog.dictionary.com/xenophobia/

Top 10 Collins Words of the Year 2016: Brexit
https://www.collinsdictionary.com/word-lovers-blog/new/top-10-collins-words-of-the-year-2016,323,HCB.html

Democracy sausage snags Word of the Year as smashed avo, shoey lose out
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-12-14/democracy-sausage-snags-word-of-the-year/8117684

2016 Word of the Year is dumpster fire, as voted by American Dialect Society (Press release)
http://www.americandialect.org/wp-content/uploads/2016-Word-of-the-Year-PRESS-RELEASE.pdf

“Dumpster fire” is 2016 American Dialect Society word of the year
http://www.americandialect.org/dumpster-fire-is-2016-american-dialect-society-word-of-the-year

How ‘Dumpster Fire’ Became 2016’s Word of the Year
https://www.wired.com/2017/01/word-of-year-dumpster-fire/

The American Dialect Society’s word of the year is “dumpster fire”
https://qz.com/880501/2016s-word-of-the-year-is-dumpster-fire-beating-out-post-truth-deplorables-cuck-woke-and-slay-for-the-american-dialect-societys-title/

Dumpster Fire Is 2016’s Word Of The Year Because Even Linguists Are Over It
http://www.refinery29.com/2017/01/135191/dumpster-fire-word-of-the-year-2016-american-dialect-society

‘Dumpster Fire’ Is the American Dialect Society’s 2016 Word of the Year
http://time.com/4627056/dumpster-fire-2016-word-of-the-year/

It’s official — the 2016 US Word of the Year is ‘Dumpster fire’
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/2016-word-of-the-year-is-dumpster-fire-2017-1

How Old Is ‘Gaslighting’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2017/01/12/how-old-is-gaslight/

10 Things I’ve Learned About Gaslighting As An Abuse Tactic
http://everydayfeminism.com/2015/08/things-wish-known-gaslighting/

This Millennial Rant Deserves A Trophy For Being Most Wrong
http://www.cracked.com/blog/that-anti-millennial-rant-bs-cracked-destroys-meme/

Who You Calling ‘Snowflake’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2016/12/04/who-you-calling-snowflake/

The myth of millennial entitlement was created to hide their parents’ mistakes
https://qz.com/720456/the-myth-of-millennial-entitlement-was-created-to-hide-their-parents-mistakes/

How ‘woke’ went from black activist watchword to teen internet slang
http://fusion.net/story/252567/stay-woke/

The term ‘fake news’ is quickly losing meaning in the Trump era
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/the-term-fake-news-is-quickly-losing-meaning-in-the-trump-era/article33617746/

Will ‘Kompromat’ Make It into the Dictionary?
https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/what-does-kompromat-mean

Report alleges Donald Trump paid for ‘golden showers’ in Russia and Twitter cannot contain itself
http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/news-and-views/social/report-alleges-donald-trump-paid-for-golden-showers-in-russia-and-twitter-cannot-contain-itself-20170111-gtpcw7.html

#GoldenShowers Trends on Twitter Following Unverified Trump Intel Dump
http://www.mediaite.com/online/goldenshowers-trends-on-twitter-following-unverified-trump-intel-dump/

The Word of the Year for 2016 Isn’t a Word. It’s a Number.
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2016/12/14/_2016_s_word_of_the_year_isn_t_a_word_it_s_a_number.html

China’s Zhou Youguang, father of Pinyin writing system, dies aged 111
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-38621697


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

« Older posts

© 2017 Talk the Talk

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑