Episode 269: Mailbag Episode

You asked. We answer.

Why do we talk the way we do? Where do our words and phrases come from? And why are they sometimes so very strange?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Our patrons Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda backed this episode. Thanks, everyone! You give us a reason to keep talking.

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Cutting Room Floor 269: Mailbag Episode

Episode 269: Mailbag Episode [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

The Word Detective: Go Bananas
http://www.word-detective.com/2015/04/go-bananas/

The mystery of “going bananas.”
http://discovolonte.typepad.com/discovolonte/2007/12/the-mystery-of.html

First instance of “cool bananas”
Google Books link

Oxford Dictionaries: What is the origin of ‘banana’?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/08/origin-banana/

Why are し/ち transliterated as ‘shi’/’chi’, and not ‘si’/’ti’?
http://japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/19807/why-are-し-ち-transliterated-as-shi-chi-and-not-si-ti

The photo:

Grammarist: Lieutenant
http://grammarist.com/spelling/lieutenant/

Online Etymology Dictionary: Lieutenant
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=lieutenant&allowed_in_frame=0

Online Etymology Dictionary: Colonel
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=colonel

Sorry, it was Roman Jakobsen, not Otto Jespersen who said “Languages differ essentially in what they must convey and not in what they may convey.”
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2010/09/language_and_thought

Wikipedia: Elizabeth (given name)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_(given_name)

Lindsay Lohan Explains Her Unusual New Accent
http://www.vanityfair.com/style/2016/11/lindsay-lohan-new-accent-explanation

Ecosexuals Believe Having Sex with the Earth Could Save It
http://www.vice.com/read/ecosexuals-believe-having-sex-with-the-earth-could-save-it

Ecosexual Bathhouse at Melbourne’s botanic gardens arousing interest in the environment
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-10/ecosexual-bathhouse-in-next-wave-arts-festival/7396720

You Can Literally Have Sex with the Environment in This ‘Ecosexual Bathhouse’
https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/you-can-literally-have-sex-with-the-environment-in-this-ecosexual-bathhouse

On Otherkin and Trans People
https://thingofthings.wordpress.com/2016/01/25/otherkin-are-not-harming-the-trans-movement/

Otherkin
https://www.otherkincommunity.org/wiki/Otherkin#Awakening

Otherkin Are People Too; They Just Identify as Nonhuman
http://www.vice.com/read/from-dragons-to-foxes-the-otherkin-community-believes-you-can-be-whatever-you-want-to-be

“Compersion: A Polyamorous Principle That Can Strengthen Any Relationship.” And the word’s origin.
http://polyinthemedia.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/compersion-polyamorous-principle-that.html

How do you pronounce debut?
https://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/news/view/editor/article/173/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 268: Dialect (featuring Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu)

Are dying languages worth saving?

That’s the concept of a new game that allows players to explore language creation, language community, and language death, all in the course of an evening. Heavy concepts. How does it work?

Linguist Daniel Midgley talks to the game’s creators, Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu, on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Interview with Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu of Thorny Games, 2016-11-02 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 268: Dialect

Episode 268: Dialect (featuring Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu) [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Foreign Accent Syndrome: This American Teen Woke Up Speaking Spanish
https://www.inverse.com/article/22798-what-is-foreign-accent-syndrome

Before his coma he spoke English; after waking up he’s fluent in Spanish
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/10/24/health/teen-spanish-new-language-trnd/

High school goalkeeper wakes up from a coma speaking fluent SPANISH
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c085GtExevo

Teen Wakes Up From Coma Speaking Fluent Spanish: ‘It Was Weird’
http://time.com/4542967/teen-coma-fluent-spanish-georgia/

Linguistic prodigy: 4yo Russian girl speaks 7 languages, incl Chinese & Arabic (VIDEO)
https://www.rt.com/viral/363656-child-prodigy-seven-languages/

Incredible four-year-old speaks seven languages fluently
http://www.news.com.au/travel/world-travel/europe/incredible-fouryearold-speaks-seven-languages-fluently/news-story/15e9bbebdc574e1c0f57eece6aa907a1

Thorny Games: Dialect
http://www.thornygames.com/dialect-rpg/

Kickstarter: Dialect: A Game about Language and How it Dies
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/347698129/dialect-a-game-about-language-and-how-it-dies

One Shot Podcast: 168. Dialect Part 1
http://oneshotpodcast.com/podcasts/one-shot/168-dialect-part-1/

LANGUAGE MATTERS: What do we lose when a language dies, and what does it take to save one?
http://www.pbs.org/program/language-matters/

Could the dominance of English harm global scholarship?
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-35282235

Court finds ‘f— Fred Nile’ not offensive language at marriage equality rally
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/court-finds-f-fred-nile-not-offensive-language-at-marriage-equality-rally-20161025-gs9ymc.html

It’s Perfectly Legal To Tell Anti-LGBT People To “Fuck Off”, Judge Says
https://www.buzzfeed.com/aliceworkman/fck-fred-nile

The ‘F Word’ Is No Longer Deemed Offensive In Australia
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2016/10/the-f-word-is-no-longer-deemed-offensive-in-australia/

Bono Would Call Appeals-Court Decision ‘Fucking Brilliant’
http://www.vulture.com/2007/06/bono_would_call_this_appeals_cou.html

Why are we still celebrating the art of Eric Gill?
http://www.womensviewsonnews.org/2015/07/why-are-we-still-celebrating-the-art-of-eric-gill/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 267: Shakespeare and Marlowe (featuring Eve Siebert)

Looks like Shakespeare’s got some company.

A new edition of Shakespeare’s works credits another author — Christopher Marlowe — with some of the Bard’s work. But how can you tell? Is this just another Shakespearean conspiracy theory? And what does this mean for Shakespeare’s legacy?

Scholar and skeptic Eve Siebert talks with Daniel, Kylie, and Ben on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Patreon extras for this episode

Interview with Eve Siebert 2016-10-29 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 267: Shakespeare and Marlowe

Episode 267: Shakespeare and Marlowe (featuring Eve Siebert) [128kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Facebook cartoon (discussed in promo)
https://www.facebook.com/editorial.political.cartoons/photos/a.422173394529544.98539.422169184529965/1153341188079424/?type=3&theater

cwjxg2xvuaa6opi

‘He’ vs ‘she’ in Australian media coverage: what the language of news tells us about gender imbalanc
https://theconversation.com/he-vs-she-in-australian-media-coverage-what-the-language-of-news-tells-us-about-gender-imbalance-67139

Julie Sedivy: Donald Trump Talks Like a Woman
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/10/trump-feminine-speaking-style-214391

John McWhorter: When linguistic analysis goes horribly wrong: no, Donald Trump doesn’t “talk like a woman”
http://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/10/27/13437050/donald-trump-linguistics-politico-female

Tyler Schnoebelen: Trump does NOT talk like a woman (BREAKING NEWS: gender continues to be complicated and confusing)
https://medium.com/@TSchnoebelen/trump-does-not-talk-like-a-woman-breaking-news-gender-continues-to-be-complicated-and-confusing-4c0d28b41d7#.w4y2lj8oz

A Linguistic Analysis Of Donald Trump Shows Why People Like Him So Much
http://digg.com/video/donald-trump-linguistics-answer-question

For presidential hopefuls, simpler language resonates
https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/politics/2015/10/20/donald-trump-and-ben-carson-speak-grade-school-level-that-today-voters-can-quickly-grasp/LUCBY6uwQAxiLvvXbVTSUN/story.html

Christopher Marlowe credited as one of Shakespeare’s co-writers
https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2016/oct/23/christopher-marlowe-credited-as-one-of-shakespeares-co-writers

New Oxford Shakespeare Edition Credits Christopher Marlowe as a Co-author
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/25/books/shakespeare-christopher-marlowe-henry-vi.html

Skeptical Humanities
https://skepticalhumanities.com/about/

HONORIFICABILITUDINITATIBUS
http://www.sirbacon.org/gallery/karl.html

Texas sharpshooter fallacy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_sharpshooter_fallacy

The Strange History of the October Surprise
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/strange-history-october-surprise-180960741/

Yes, Bernie Sanders Will Become President. Hillary Clinton’s FBI Investigation Isn’t a ‘Nothingburger’
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/h-a-goodman/yes-bernie-sanders-will-become-president_b_9726650.html

urbandictionary.com: nothingburger
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=nothingburger

Early reference to “nothing-burger” in 1983
Google Books reference (see #26)

Remote communities are ‘lifestyle choices’, says Tony Abbott
https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/mar/10/remote-communities-are-lifestyle-choices-says-tony-abbott

Are the creative arts a ‘lifestyle choice’?
http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/are-the-creative-arts-a-lifestyle-choice/7964662

No minister, creative arts are not a “lifestyle choice”
http://indaily.com.au/arts-and-culture/2016/10/24/no-minister-creative-arts-are-not-lifestyle-choice/

I was surprised to learn my career is actually a ”lifestyle choice”
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/i-was-surprised-to-learn-my-career-is-actually-a-lifestyle-choice-20161020-gs7ega.html


Show tunes

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Episode 266: Names

What’s in a name?

Names contain a great deal of history, including our own personal history. Does your name have a meaning? How do names come about, and what are the conventions of naming in other places? And what about names that are vocationally appropriate?

DanielBen, and Kylie are taking names on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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This episode comes to you courtesy of our patrons Whitney, Matt, Christy, and our newest patron Zoe! They keep us talking.

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Cutting Room Floor 266: Names

Episode 266: Names [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Facial expressions—including fear—may not be as universal as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/10/facial-expressions-including-fear-may-not-be-universal-we-thought

The fear gasping face as a threat display in a Melanesian society
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/10/12/1611622113

The 6th Inside Out Emotion That Got Cut From The Movie
http://www.cinemablend.com/new/6th-Inside-Out-Emotion-Got-Cut-From-Movie-72055.html

The Science of ‘Inside Out’
http://www.paulekman.com/facial-expressions/the-science-of-inside-out/

A Linguist Who Cracks the Code in Names to Predict Ethnicity
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/16/jobs/a-linguist-who-cracks-the-code-in-names-to-predict-ethnicity.html?_r=1

What’s in a Name? A Method for Extracting Information about Ethnicity from Names
http://pan.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/03/06/pan.mpu038.full

Name Ethnicity Classifier
http://www.textmap.com/ethnicity/

Midgley Surname
https://www.houseofnames.com/midgley-family-crest

Last name: Midgley
http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Midgley

SAMUEL MIDGLEY – First Fleeter
http://midgleywebpages.com/index-5.html

Given Name JACOB
http://www.behindthename.com/name/jacob

Why is Ἰάκωβος James and not Jacob?
https://billmounce.com/blog/why-ἰάκωβος-james-and-not-jacob

A Boy Named Humiliation: Some Wacky, Cruel, and Bizarre Puritan Names
http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/09/13/puritan_names_lists_of_bizarre_religious_nomenclature_used_by_puritans.html

A great GIF of the most popular girl’s name in all 50 US states
http://static.businessinsider.com/image/526419676bb3f7ac6e0a2913/image.jpg

Wikipedia: Jill
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jill

The Origins of 10 Nicknames
http://mentalfloss.com/article/24761/origins-10-nicknames

A Guide to People’s Names in Bali
http://www.inbali.org/peoples-names-in-bali/

7 Naming Customs From Around the World
http://blog.tesol.org/7-naming-customs-from-around-the-world/

Mr Born Naked, meet Mrs Small Poops
https://www.rnw.org/archive/mr-born-naked-meet-mrs-small-poops

How The Dutch Got Their Funny Names
http://baheyeldin.com/writings/culture/how-the-dutch-got-their-funny-names.html

Urban Legend alert: People’s names were not changed at Ellis Island arbitrarily.

Why Your Family Name Was Not Changed at Ellis Island (and One That Was)
https://www.nypl.org/blog/2013/07/02/name-changes-ellis-island

What is an Aptonym?
https://aptonyms-wiki.wikispaces.com

Wayne Schmuck, Used-Car Distributor
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/chatterbox/2006/05/wayne_schmuck_usedcar_distributor.single.html

Bernard Salt: Moralisers, we need you!
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/life/weekend-australian-magazine/moralisers-we-need-you/news-story/6bdb24f77572be68330bd306c14ee8a3

Millennials react to Bernard Salt’s attack on smashed avo
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/life/columnists/bernard-salt/millenials-react-to-bernard-salts-attack-on-smashed-avo/news-story/a0e8473f9e80663d7569364930aa0321

Are millennials actually bad at saving or are houses just unaffordable?
https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2016/oct/18/are-millennials-actually-bad-at-saving-or-are-houses-just-unaffordable

Smashed avocado discounted in cafes in wake of controversial saving advice for millennials
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-10-19/smashed-avocado-australian-cafes-offering-discounts/7945014

It’s not avocado on toast that’s keeping me out of the housing market
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/its-not-avocado-on-toast-thats-keeping-me-out-of-the-housing-market-20161018-gs4uuo.html

How I, A Millennial, Afforded A Deposit On My Own Home
http://goodbadwugly.blogspot.com.au/2016/10/how-i-millennial-afforded-deposit-on-my.html

The ‘gig economy’ is coming. What will it mean for work?
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/26/will-we-get-by-gig-economy

Gig economy workers at Uber and Lyft aren’t happy, survey finds
http://mashable.com/2015/05/20/on-demand-study/

Wikipedia: Wendy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wendy


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 265: Universal Grammar 2 (featuring Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy)

The biggest idea in linguistics is back on the table.

Is there such a thing as the Universal Grammar? Do you have to have a human brain to learn language, or is learning a language just like learning anything else? And are one man’s insights into Amazonian languages sufficient to demolish this theoretical edifice?

Linguists Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy talk to Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Dylan Websdane


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Support for this episode comes from our patrons: Christy, Matt, and Whitney. Thanks, all! Your support gives life its meaning and texture.

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Patreon extras for this episode

Interview with Dan Everett 2016-10-07 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 265: Universal Grammar 2

265: Universal Grammar 2 (featuring Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy) [128kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Warning: Bad linguistics alert

‘Th’ sound to vanish from English language by 2066 because of multiculturalism, say linguists
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/09/28/th-sound-to-vanish-from-english-language-by-2066-because-of-mult/

Here’s how the English language could sound incredibly different in 50 years
http://www.sciencealert.com/the-english-language-could-sound-incredibly-different-in-50-years-study-finds

Our accents are under threat: dialects may die as computers strip the beauty from language
http://www.wired.co.uk/article/dialect-english-regional-accents

It’s the end of the frog and toad for regional slang, says report
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/sep/29/its-the-end-of-the-frog-and-toad-for-regional-slang-says-report

XKCD:

Better linguistics alert

Researchers are using an app to crowdsource how the English language has changed
http://qz.com/694906/researchers-are-using-an-app-to-crowdsource-how-the-english-language-has-changed/

How do you say ‘scone’? English regional accents decline as ‘southern’ accent becomes widespread
http://home.bt.com/news/uk-news/how-do-you-say-scone-english-regional-accents-decline-as-southern-accent-becomes-widespread-11364064620130

How London has killed off elements of local dialects across England – in seven maps
https://www.indy100.com/article/how-london-has-killed-off-elements-of-local-dialects-across-englandin-seven-maps–ZJxofkDwH7Z

New Scientist: The Electric Kool-Aid language test
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2108618-the-electric-kool-aid-language-test/

Dan Everett: Who’s afraid of the big bad Wolfe? Apparently everyone.
https://daneverettbooks.com/whos-afraid-of-the-big-bad-wolfe-apparently-everyone/

Trump recorded having extremely lewd conversation about women in 2005
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trump-recorded-having-extremely-lewd-conversation-about-women-in-2005/2016/10/07/3b9ce776-8cb4-11e6-bf8a-3d26847eeed4_story.html

A banner day for profanity
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/10/08/a-banner-day-for-profanity/

An Oxford linguist on the dangers of dismissing comments about sexual assault as “locker-room talk”
http://qz.com/807395/donald-trump-oxford-linguist-deborah-cameron-explains-the-dangers-of-dismissing-comments-about-sexual-assault-as-locker-room-talk/

“Locker room” language encourages rape culture, even if it stays private
http://qz.com/806386/donald-trumps-lewd-access-hollywood-video-locker-room-language-encourages-rape-culture/

Lynne Murphy on Twitter: @lynneguist
https://twitter.com/lynneguist

Lynne’s blog: Separated by a Common Language
https://separatedbyacommonlanguage.blogspot.com.au

Linguistics explains why Trump sounds racist when he says “the” African Americans
http://qz.com/806174/second-presidential-debate-linguistics-explains-why-donald-trump-sounds-racist-when-he-says-the-african-americans/

Everything that was said at the second Donald Trump vs. Hillary Clinton debate, highlighted
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/10/09/everything-that-was-said-at-the-second-donald-trump-vs-hillary-clinton-debate-highlighted/

“open mic” and “on the mic”


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Episode 264: Spurious Etymologies (live at Camp Doogs)

With words, things are not always what they seem.

An etymology is a story about how a word or phrase got to be that way. How did your favourite phrases come about? Is it possible that the origins you’ve heard are not quite true? And how can you spot a fishy story?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are coming at you live for this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


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Show notes

Pinjarra
http://www.boodjar.sis.uwa.edu.au/boodjar-placenames/Pinjarra

Pinjarup | Ethnologue
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/pnj

Google’s Quest To Design A Typeface For Every Language On Earth
https://www.fastcodesign.com/3064379/googles-quest-to-design-a-typeface-for-every-language-on-earth

Google Fonts: Noto Sans
https://fonts.google.com/specimen/Noto+Sans

What’s new in Unicode 9.0?
http://babelstone.blogspot.com.au/2016/01/whats-new-in-unicode-90.html

13912551_10153802558073527_633204098457369152_n

Good luck takes a reverse
http://www.news.com.au/national/good-luck-takes-a-reverse/story-e6frfkp9-1111118083194

Wiktionary: chock
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/chock#Etymology_1

List of common false etymologies of English words
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_common_false_etymologies_of_English_words

Was ‘tip’ formed from an acronym of ‘To Insure Promptness’?
http://www.snopes.com/language/acronyms/tip.asp

Folk etymology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_etymology

The Word Detective: False etymologies
http://www.word-detective.com/2013/03/false-etymologies/

More about Break A Leg
http://www.theatrecrafts.com/pages/home/glossary-of-technical-theatre-terms/more-about-break-a-leg/

The Phrase Finder — a great resource.
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/b.html

Wiktionary: global weirding
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/global_weirding

Global Weirding Is Here – The New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/17/opinion/17friedman.html?_r=0

Global warming vs climate change
https://www.skepticalscience.com/print.php?r=326

Orthorexia: when healthy eating turns against you
https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/sep/26/orthorexia-eating-disorder-clean-eating-dsm-miracle-foods

Orthorexia nervosa: when righteous eating becomes an obsession
https://theconversation.com/orthorexia-nervosa-when-righteous-eating-becomes-an-obsession-36484

Orthorexia nervosa – when healthy eating is no longer healthy
http://www.eufic.org/article/en/artid/orthorexia-nervosa/

Pete Evans is clueless about nutrition
http://scepticalnutritionist.com.au/?p=1523

Pete Evans slammed for ‘potentially damaging’ paleo diet advice to osteoporosis sufferer
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-29/pete-evans-slammed-for-advice-to-osteoporosis-sufferer/7793572

Doctor criticises chef Pete Evans for giving ‘potentially deadly’ diet advice
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/doctor-criticises-chef-pete-evans-for-giving-potentially-deadly-diet-advice-20160829-gr3ydb.html

Clean eating trend can be dangerous for young people, experts warn
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/oct/01/clean-eating-trend-dangerous-young-people-food-obsession-mental-health-experts

CSIRO Total Wellbeing Diet online
http://www.csiro.au/en/Research/Health/CSIRO-diets/CSIRO-Total-Wellbeing-Diet-Online

The Butterfly Foundation
https://thebutterflyfoundation.org.au

Etymonline: helicopter
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=helicopter

Bully: A Vicious, Cowardly Word With a Long History
https://www.good.is/articles/the-history-of-the-word-bully


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: Kylie Sturgess

Episode 263: We Manterrupt This Broadcast

Are you constantly getting interrupted… or manterrupted?

Well, you’re in good company. After the first Trump/Clinton debate, we couldn’t help but notice a certain man continually talking over a certain woman. So for this episode, we’re talking language and men and women, and we’re going find out who talks more, once and for all.

Linguist Daniel Midgley explains — but doesn’t mansplain — on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


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Show notes

Machine learning has boosted Google’s translation capabilities to near-human levels
http://www.businessinsider.com/googles-translations-are-near-human-level-because-of-machine-learning-2016-9?IR=T

Google announces Neural Machine Translation to improve Google Translate
http://www.zdnet.com/article/google-announces-neural-machine-translation-to-improve-google-translate/

Google’s AI translation system is approaching human-level accuracy
http://www.theverge.com/2016/9/27/13078138/google-translate-ai-machine-learning-gnmt

Deep learning boosts Google Translate tool
http://www.nature.com/news/deep-learning-boosts-google-translate-tool-1.20696

Quartz has tested Google’s new AI-powered translator, and it needs to learn more Chinese
http://qz.com/795446/quartz-has-tested-googles-goog-new-ai-powered-translator-and-it-needs-to-learn-more-chinese/

Hillary Clinton Will Not Be Manterrupted – The New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/28/opinion/campaign-stops/hillary-clinton-will-not-be-manterrupted.html

Clinton got interrupted how many times? Debate night by the numbers
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/elections/2016/2016/09/27/debate-night-hofstra-university-by-the-numbers-trump-clinton/91150772/

Trump repeatedly interrupts Clinton
http://edition.cnn.com/videos/politics/2016/09/27/donald-trump-debate-art-of-interjection-origwx-js.cnn/video/playlists/2016-presidential-debate-donald-trump-hillary-clinton/

Trump interrupted Clinton 25 times in the first 26 minutes of the debate – Vox
http://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2016/9/26/13068010/presidential-debate-2016-trump-clinton-interruptions

Trump interrupted Clinton 51 times at the debate. She interrupted him just 17 times. – Vox
http://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2016/9/27/13017666/presidential-debate-trump-clinton-sexism-interruptions

I counted every interruption in the first presidential debate. And then I did the same for Obama-Romney. – Vox
http://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2016/9/30/13099424/counted-donald-trump-interrupted-hillary-clinton

For many women, watching Trump interrupt Clinton 51 times was unnerving but familiar | PBS NewsHour
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/for-many-women-watching-trump-interrupt-clinton-51-times-was-unnerving-but-familiar/

What Went Down In The First Presidential Debate | FiveThirtyEight
https://fivethirtyeight.com/live-blog/first-presidential-debate-election-2016/?ex_cid=2016-forecast

Mansplaining Tips Debate Trump Interrupting Clinton
http://www.refinery29.com/2016/09/124434/clinton-debate-performance-mansplaining-advice

Why men are prone to interrupting women – Women in the World in Association with The New York Times – WITW
http://nytlive.nytimes.com/womenintheworld/2015/03/19/google-chief-blasted-for-repeatedly-interrupting-female-government-official/

Obama’s Female Staffers Put Shine Theory to Test – Motto
http://motto.time.com/4493715/obama-staff-shine-theory/

Women on Obama’s Staff Used Amplification Tactic
http://www.attn.com/stories/11367/obamas-female-staff-used-amplification-tactics

Great intro: Gender, Status and Power in Discourse Behavior of Men and Women
http://www.linguistik-online.com/1_00/KUNSMANN.HTM

Language and gender
http://www.universalteacher.org.uk/lang/gender.htm

Slides: Language and gender
http://semantics.uchicago.edu/kennedy/classes/sum07/myths/myths4-gender.pdf

Gossip in same-gender and cross-gender friends’ conversations – LEAPERAND – 1995 – Personal Relationships – Wiley Online Library
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6811.1995.tb00089.x/abstract

Sheryl Sandberg and Adam Grant on Why Women Stay Quiet at Work – The New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/11/opinion/sunday/speaking-while-female.html?_r=0

Child interruption study: Boys learn to interrupt girls as young as 4 years old
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/08/14/child_interruption_study_boys_learn_to_interrupt_girls_as_young_as_4_years.html

Gender Language Differences: Women Get Interrupted More | New Republic
https://newrepublic.com/article/117757/gender-language-differences-women-get-interrupted-more

Conversation and the sexes: Johnson: Why men interrupt | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/blogs/prospero/2014/07/conversation-and-sexes

Politeness strategies in men’s and women’s voice mail messages ‎(PDF)
http://home.earthlink.net/~p37954/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/medium.pdf

Janet Holmes & Politeness in men’s and women’s conversation
https://aggslanguage.wordpress.com/2009/10/06/janet-holmes-politeness-in-mens-and-womens-conversation/

Donald Trump debate: ‘Braggadocious’ and other bigly words Trump didn’t make up
http://www.news.com.au/world/north-america/braggadocious-the-bigly-word-donald-trump-didnt-make-up/news-story/1dccfc64014e9d7f27f8a7d86dfba91f

Is ‘Braggadocious’ A Real Word? | Lifehacker Australia
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2016/09/is-braggadocious-a-real-word/

What does braggadocious mean? — Quartz
http://qz.com/793160/what-does-braggadocious-mean/

Online Etymology Dictionary: brag
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=brag

‘I Guess I’m Having an Aleppo Moment’: Gary Johnson Can’t Name a Single Foreign Leader – The New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/29/us/politics/gary-johnson-aleppo-moment.html?smid=fb-nytimes&smtyp=cur&_r=0


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://i.ytimg.com/vi/t7GUjKv9qSI/hqdefault.jpg

Episode 262: Universal Grammar

Why do all human languages resemble each other? And how do children learn language so fast?

For many linguists, the answer is Universal Grammar. It’s one of the biggest ideas in linguistics, but now it might possibly be coming unstuck. What is it, and what does its acceptance or rejection mean for modern linguistics?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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This episode comes to you with the help of our patrons Whitney, Matt, and now… Christy! Thanks, y’all.

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Show notes

The French Number
http://www.thefrenchnumber.fr

Evidence Rebuts Chomsky’s Theory of Language Learning
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/evidence-rebuts-chomsky-s-theory-of-language-learning/

Don’t believe the rumours. Universal Grammar is alive and well.
https://medium.com/@dan.milway/dont-believe-the-rumours-universal-grammar-is-alive-and-well-58c1fbc5608b#.av7h2vini

The bonfire of Noam Chomsky: journalist Tom Wolfe targets the acclaimed linguist
http://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/9/14/12910180/noam-chomsky-tom-wolfe-linguist

Tom Wolfe plays mischief with language in ‘Kingdom of Speech’
http://articles.philly.com/2016-09-11/news/75354678_1_language-evolution-darwin-urdu

Noam Chomsky on the Evolution of Language: A Biolinguistic Perspective
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/37725-noam-chomsky-on-the-evolution-of-language-a-biolinguistic-perspective

Dr. Noam Chomsky’s answers to questions from r/linguistics
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/13buz0/dr_noam_chomskys_answers_to_questions_from/?

Universal Grammar- How Do You Back It?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/16avcv/universal_grammar_how_do_you_back_it/?

What are the leading anti-UG theories?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4es4pb/what_are_the_leading_antiug_theories/

The language faculty that wasn’t: a usage-based account of natural language recursion
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01182/full

A Cognitive Neural Architecture Able to Learn and Communicate through Natural Language
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0140866

Grammar rules aren’t nearly as clear-cut as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/01/grammar-rules-aren-t-nearly-clear-cut-we-thought

Child language acquisition: Why universal grammar doesn’t help
http://muse.jhu.edu/article/552064

‘Avengers’ assemble to take on ‘racist, abusive coward’ Donald Trump, urge people to vote
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/movies/avengers-assemble-take-on-racist-abusive-coward-donald-trump-urge-people-to-vote-20160921-grlnmt.html

‘Butt’ is an actual unit of measurement
http://gizmodo.com/butt-is-an-actual-unit-of-measurement-1622427091

The first fuckwit
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/09/14/the-first-fuckwit/

My table

sweary-units-of-measurement


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-nunPOVzMWIc/T0V0fetGtxI/AAAAAAAAAEA/lesm9euhvVo/s1600/5368252303_c5af484d4f.jpg

Episode 261: Red Big Balloon (featuring Damián Blasi)

We love red big balloons — or are they big red balloons?

There’s a right way and a wrong way to do it, you know. But how do we know what the right way is? And what else does your brain know that you don’t know it knows?

Linguist Daniel Midgley blows your mind on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android

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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

Our patrons Whitney Fielding and Matt are once again keeping the show going. Our sincerest thanks!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, and more!


Daniel’s interview with Chris Mason on RTRFM’s The Mag

https://rtrfm.com.au/story/sound-and-meaning/


Complete interview with Damián Blasi

https://www.patreon.com/posts/talk-talk-with-6817302

For Patreon patrons. (Let us know if you’d like to access the interview for research purposes.)


Show notes

Telegraph: Humans may speak a universal language, say scientists
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/09/12/humans-may-speak-a-universal-language-say-scientists/

LA Times: In world’s languages, scientists discover shared links between sound and meaning
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-languages-sound-meaning-20160912-snap-story.html

ABC: Linguistic study proves more than 6,000 languages use similar sounds for common words (formerly Linguists discover humans have ‘universal language’)
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-09-13/linguists-discover-humans-have-%27universal-language%27/7841134

Cornell Chronicle: A nose by any other name would sound the same, study finds
http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2016/09/nose-any-other-name-would-sound-same-study-finds

Max Planck Institute: Sound of words is no coincidence
https://www.mpg.de/10731041/language-sound-meaning-coincidence

“R” Is for Red: Common Words Share Similar Sounds in Many Languages
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/r-is-for-red-common-words-share-similar-sounds-in-many-languages/

Actual paper: Sound–meaning association biases evidenced across thousands of languages (paywall)
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/09/06/1605782113

The Secret Rules of Adjective Order
http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/the_good_word/2014/08/the_study_of_adjective_order_and_gsssacpm.single.html

The language rules we know – but don’t know we know
http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20160908-the-language-rules-we-know-but-dont-know-we-know

Big bad modifier order
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=27890

The language rule you never think about but always get right
http://www.dailydot.com/parsec/adjective-order-english-language/

Two things native English speakers know, but don’t know you know
http://www.thepoke.co.uk/2016/09/04/bish-bash-bosh/

Adjective attributes following noun in English?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4v874s/adjective_attributes_following_noun_in_english/

4 Things Most Native English Speakers Don’t Know About English
http://matadornetwork.com/abroad/4-things-most-native-english-speakers-dont-know-about-english/

4 More Unofficial Rules Native English Speakers Don’t Realize They Know
http://mentalfloss.com/article/85935/4-more-unofficial-rules-native-english-speakers-dont-realize-they-know

Separable Phrasal Verbs
https://www.grammarly.com/handbook/mechanics/phrasal-verb-and-idioms/3/separable-phrasal-verbs/

Clinton expresses regret for saying ‘half’ of Trump supporters are ‘deplorables’
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/09/09/politics/hillary-clinton-donald-trump-basket-of-deplorables/

Where Did Hillary Get a Phrase Like “Basket of Deplorables”?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/09/12/hillary_s_basket_of_deplorables_has_some_fascinating_legal_antecedents.html

Top constitutional experts say no problem with “self executing” plebiscite
http://hrlc.org.au/media-release-top-constitutional-barrister-says-there-is-no-problem-with-self-executing-plebiscite/

Labor could support ‘self-executing’ same-sex marriage plebiscite
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/labor-could-support-selfexecuting-samesex-marriage-plebiscite-20160905-gr9fum

An Unusual Way of Speaking, Yoda Has
http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/12/hmmmmm/420798/

Unclear Of Yoda’s Syntax The Principles Are, If Any
http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/002182.html

Incidental music thanks to Bensound
http://www.bensound.com


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Episode 260: Promoting LOTE (featuring Annie Demosthenous)

Language learning is important. Loads of kids are taking languages other than English (or LOTE). Lots of people are teaching them.

But for all that, we’re just not learning them. So why not? Are we doing it wrong? Not starting early enough? Or is it the culture of language learning in English-speaking countries? More importantly, how do we fix it?

Language teacher Annie Demosthenous chats with Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Dylan Websdane


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This episode come to you courtesy of Whitney Fielding and Matt. They are the best. And as Patreon supporters, they keep us going.

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Show notes

Negative campaign: Votes sought for most disliked English word
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/aug/25/negative-campaign-votes-sought-for-most-disliked-english-word

Oxford Dictionaries’ campaign to find most hated English word scrapped
http://www.newkerala.com/news/2016/fullnews-111238.html

Now we’ll never know what the English language’s least favourite word is
http://www.aol.co.uk/news/2016/08/27/now-well-never-know-what-the-english-languages-least-favourite-word-is/

Offensive language ruins search for world’s worst word
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-37197699

#OneWordMap: mapping the world’s least favourite words
“Update: We regret to inform users that due to severe misuse we have had to remove this feature from our website.”
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2016/08/one-word-map-least-favourite-word/#

Part 1: Why LOTE is having trouble

Fewer students are taking languages
https://blogs.crikey.com.au/fullysic/2016/06/15/solve-australias-language-learning-crisis/

Schools are cutting back
http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/diplomatic-tensions-as-italian-and-greek-phased-out-of-school-20160805-gqlwpf.html

It’s difficult to teach LOTE anyway, with students get 1 hour a week.
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/teachers-know-dripfed-languages-fail-to-take-hold-20121102-28pms.html

We don’t have a culture of language learning in English-speaking countries
http://neoskosmos.com/news/en/Challenging-Australias-monolingual-mindset

What’s the big deal? Everyone speaks English
https://theconversation.com/why-native-english-speakers-fail-to-be-understood-in-english-and-lose-out-in-global-business-54436

Part 2: How to fix it

Should we be getting students to speak their home language (if they have one), instead of making everyone choose Indonesian or French?
https://theconversation.com/how-we-kill-languages-and-fail-our-cleverest-children-29137

How about dual-language programmes?
http://edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/dual-language-books-bridge-culture-language-for-english-learners-in-edmonton

How about language nests?
https://theconversation.com/language-nests-a-way-to-revive-indigenous-languages-at-risk-19824

Just making language learning compulsory?
https://theconversation.com/how-to-make-australia-more-bilingual-42609

What Is The Millennial Whoop? Once You Hear This Virulent Pop Hook You Won’t Be Able To Unhear It
http://www.nme.com/blogs/nme-blogs/what-is-the-millennial-whoop-songs

“The Millennial Whoop”: The same annoying whooping sound is showing up in every popular song
http://qz.com/767812/millennial-whoop/

The Millennial Whoop: the melodic hook that’s taken over pop music
https://www.theguardian.com/music/shortcuts/2016/aug/30/millennial-whoop-pop-music

You might not know what the Millennial Whoop is but you have definitely heard it
http://www.capetalk.co.za/articles/16330/you-might-not-know-what-the-millennial-whoop-is-but-you-have-definitely-heard-it

The millennial whoop: the key to modern pop
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p046j43s

Best Classical Tunes: Search with a virtual piano
http://bestclassicaltunes.com/DictionaryPiano.aspx


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://theconversation.com/from-hawke-to-turnbull-asian-language-learning-in-decline-47163

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