Episode 276: English Only

What’s behind the English Only movement?

Some people are trying to make English the “official” language of countries where there’s already a lot of English going on. Is this necessary? What are the pros and cons?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie talk it over on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Episode 276: English Only [128 kbps]

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Show notes

Toddlers Learn Words Poorly in Noisy Environments
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/toddlers-learn-words-poorly-in-noisy-environments/

Background noise may hinder toddlers’ ability to learn words
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/sfri-bnm071816.php

A new corpus of ‘slips of the ear’ in English
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-02/uotb-anc021717.php

The English Consistent Confusion Corpus
http://spandh.dcs.shef.ac.uk/ECCC/

Does TV Watching Really Hurt Vocabulary Development?
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/keep-it-in-mind/201311/does-tv-watching-really-hurt-vocabulary-development

Can Toddlers Learn Vocabulary from Television? An Experimental Approach (PDF)
http://vrij-natuurlijk.nl/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/tv_study.pdf

Congress.gov: H.R.997
https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/997/text?r=4

Oregon lawmakers push to repeal sanctuary state designation, make English official language
http://www.oregonlive.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/02/oregon_lawmakers_push_to_repea.html

English-only and official English movements
http://immigrationtounitedstates.org/481-english-only-and-official-english-movements.html

Should English Be the Law?
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1997/04/should-english-be-the-law/376825/

Speak English or Go Home: The Anti- Immigrant Discourse of the American ‘English Only’ Movement (PDF)
http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/journals/cadaad/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Volume-7_Lawton.pdf

Language as Oppression: The English Only Movement in the United States
http://sdonline.org/33/language-as-oppression-the-english-only-movement-in-the-united-states/

Immigration Restriction Act
https://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/websites-mini/journeys-australia/1900s20s/immigration-restriction-act/

A Look at English-Only Laws Across the US
http://stories.avvo.com/rights/immigration/a-look-at-english-only-laws-across-the-us.html

Debate: English as US official language
http://debatepedia.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:_English_as_US_official_language#Background_and_context

English as an Official Language in the U.S.: Pros and Cons
https://officialenglishpolicy.wordpress.com/2011/07/25/english-as-an-official-language-in-the-u-s-pros-and-cons/

The Impact of English-Only Instructional Policies on English Learners
http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/impact-english-only-instructional-policies-english-learners#h-the-english-only-movement

English only spoken here
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2010/07/xenophobic_language_laws

English Only Town Of Homer, Illinois Has Little Knowledge Of English
https://dekerivers.wordpress.com/2010/07/19/english-only-town-of-homer-illinois-has-little-knowledge-of-english/

Student Suspended for Speaking Native American Language
https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/student-suspended-for-speaking-native-american-language/

Chicago-area teacher who punished students for speaking Spanish resigns in disgrace
http://www.rawstory.com/2016/08/chicago-area-teacher-who-punished-students-for-speaking-spanish-resigns-in-disgrace/

‘Speak in English’ Bus driver fired after pouring water on spanish-speaking student
http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/707226/bus-driver-sacked-abuse-spanish-speaking-student

Hispanics upset by teacher’s discipline
http://www.azbilingualed.org/AABE%20Site/AABE–News%202004/hispanics_upset_by_teacher.htm

2071.0 – Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0main+features902012-2013

Can my employer say that only English is allowed to be spoken in our workplace?
https://www.hrc.co.nz/enquiries-and-complaints/faqs/english-language-only-workplace/

You don’t need English to be an Australian citizen
https://blogs.crikey.com.au/fullysic/2015/06/03/you-dont-need-english-to-be-an-australian-citizen/

Who You Calling ‘Snowflake’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2016/12/04/who-you-calling-snowflake/

Snowflake, SJW, cuck: a guide to alt-right ideas and slang
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/snowflake-sjw-cuck-guide-alt-right-ideas-slang-1605911

Fight Club Author Slams ‘Modern Left’: “I Coined ‘Snowflake’ And I Stand By It”
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-24/fight-clubs-chuck-palahniuk-slams-modern-left-i-coined-snowflake-and-i-stand-it

Calvin and Hobbes: Snowflake
http://www.gocomics.com/calvinandhobbes/2013/02/07

Franco and Linguistic Fascism
http://www.thelinguafile.com/2012/12/franco-and-linguistic-fascism.html


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Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent)

You won’t believe what it takes to make a good linguistic article!

Listicles, or list articles, can be interesting, amusing, and even informative. What goes into the creation of a good linguistic listicle? How can they change someone’s mind about language? And what’s in the future for science communication?

Linguist and writer Arika Okrent talks to Daniel and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Our patrons keep us talking! And for this episode they include David W.Christopher F., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. Thanks to all our patrons — your support is very much appreciated.

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Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent) [128 kbps]

Interview with Arika Okrent (complete) for patrons

Cutting Room Floor 275: The Linguistic Listician for patrons


Show notes

What’s the Correct Pronunciation of February?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/54846/whats-correct-pronunciation-february

Adoptees advantaged by birth language memory
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170118082828.htm

Infants Exposed to Languages Can Retain Them Later in Life
http://www.livescience.com/57718-infants-language-exposure-impacts-learning.html

Early development of abstract language knowledge: evidence from perception–production transfer of birth-language memory
http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/4/1/160660

Learn a New Lingo While Doing Something Else
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/learn-a-new-lingo-while-doing-something-else/

Maternal language shapes infants’ cry melodies
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160819084631.htm

Arika Okrent on Mental Floss
http://mentalfloss.com/authors/arika-okrent

12 Horrible Gobbledygook Words We Reluctantly Accepted
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31854/12-horrible-gobbledygook-words-we-reluctantly-accepted

The Grammar Rules Behind 3 Commonly Disparaged Dialects
http://mentalfloss.com/article/51741/grammar-rules-behind-3-commonly-disparaged-dialects

6 French and German Dialects That Are 100 Percent American
http://mentalfloss.com/article/91584/6-french-and-german-dialects-are-100-percent-american

The listicle as literary form
http://mag.uchicago.edu/arts-humanities/listicle-literary-form

Ben Zimmer: The rise of the shitgibbon
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2017/02/09/the-rise-of-the-shitgibbon/

Linguists Have Been Discussing “Shit Gibbon.” I Argue It’s Not Entirely About Gibbons.
http://www.languagejones.com/blog-1/2017/2/9/linguists-have-been-discussing-shit-gibbon-i-argue-its-not-entirely-about-gibbons

The orgin and constraints of “shitgibbon” compounds
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/157210818652/the-orgin-and-constraints-of-shitgibbon

Shitgibbon frequencies (by Daniel)
http://goodreasonblog.com/2017/02/shitgibbon-frequencies/

The Raised Fist Emoji Is Social Media’s Resistance Symbol
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/raised-fist-emoji-resistance_us_5899e39fe4b09bd304bd8ac9

Links to “might as well” in Google Books
1 | 2 | 3

May, Might, Muddle
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/14/may-might-muddle/?_r=0

“Tribune” (with commentary from Aven)
https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1658229270870525


Show tunes

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Episode 274: Linguistic Activism (featuring Christine Mallinson)

How can you make a difference to language?

Linguists are doing a lot of great work, but what if you’re not a linguist? Is there anything that you can do to make the world a better place for language and the people who use it?

Daniel Midgley has some ideas, and he chats with linguist Christine Mallinson on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Dylan Websdane


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Episode 274: Linguistic Activism [128 kbps]

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Show notes

On 22 April, empiricists around the country will march for science
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/02/april-22-empiricists-around-country-will-march-science

March for Science – Perth, Western Australia
https://www.facebook.com/MarchForSciencePerthWA/

Green Party launches plan to teach te reo Maori to ‘every New Zealand child’
https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/green-party-launches-plan-teach-te-reo-maori-every-new-zealand-child

Why does the idea of te reo Māori as a core subject make so many people flip out?
http://thespinoff.co.nz/society/03-02-2017/why-does-the-idea-of-te-reo-maori-as-a-core-subject-make-so-many-people-flip-out/

Māori Language Policy
http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PO1607/S00199/maori-language-policy.htm

Māori Language Week / Te Wiki o te Reo Māori 2017
http://planeta.com/maorilanguageweek/

Maori particles
http://everything2.com/title/Maori+particles

English-only speakers find learning Te Reo difficult
http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/te-manu-korihi/213544/english-only-speakers-find-learning-te-reo-difficult

Ethnologue: Maori in the Language Cloud
https://www.ethnologue.com/cloud/mri

Kickstarter: language
https://www.kickstarter.com/discover/advanced?ref=nav_search&term=language

The Endangered Languages Project
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com

Volunteering with the Refugee Council of Australia
http://www.refugeecouncil.org.au/volunteering/

AMES Australia
https://www.ames.net.au/find-sites

Adult Migrant English Program (AMEP)
https://central.wa.edu.au/amep/Pages/default.aspx

Read Write Now
http://www.read-write-now.org

volunteering.org.au: “language” in WA
https://volunteeringwa.org.au/volunteers/find-a-position/position-search-results#/search/language/?Locations=WA

New app Valuable Voices builds awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity in the classroom
http://news.umbc.edu/new-app-valuable-voices-builds-awareness-of-linguistic-and-cultural-diversity-in-the-classroom/

Valuable Voices on the App Store
https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/valuable-voices/id1145710477?mt=8

Phrase Detectives
http://anawiki.essex.ac.uk/phrasedetectives/

Wordrobe
http://wordrobe.housing.rug.nl/Wordrobe/public/HomePage.aspx

Macquarie Dictionary Word of the Year: Committee’s Choice and People’s Choice announced!
https://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/resources/view/word/of/the/year/

Ben Pobjie: Halal Snack Pack isn’t a word: It’s time to boycott Big Dictionary
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-02-02/halal-snack-pack-isnt-a-word-boycott-dictionary/8234744

Pauline Hanson loses it over halal snack packs
http://www.news.com.au/national/federal-election/pauline-hanson-loses-it-over-halal-snack-packs/news-story/a52ed6c717833bdc81c14839e5de9518

ACL: Multiword Expressions
https://www.aclweb.org/aclwiki/index.php?title=Multiword_Expressions

Morphological Typology: Modes of attachment (PDF)
http://sites.middlebury.edu/lngt101fall2015/files/2015/10/morphological-typology-of-languages-from-the-language-files.pdf

Morphological Typology
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/50939757945/morphological-typology-illustrations-from

yous v youse

The tale of Benny and Jenny
http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2012/09/the-tale-of-benny-and-jenny/

Meet Ben’s Sister Jane, History’s Forgotten Franklin
http://www.wbur.org/npr/231431080/meet-bens-sister-jane-historys-forgotten-franklin


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Episode 273: Voice of the Apes

Why don’t monkeys talk to us?

New research tells us that if our primate cousins don’t do language, it’s not because of their vocal tracts. Those appear to be speech-ready. So if the voice is good to go, what’s the holdup?

Daniel is talking apes with Ben and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Coel Healy


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Episode 273: Voice of the Apes [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 273: Voice of the Apes


Show notes

Swearing meme

Frankly, we do give a damn: The relationship between profanity and honesty
https://www.academia.edu/29725191/Frankly_we_do_give_a_damn_The_relationship_between_profanity_and_honesty

People who swear tend to be more honest
http://www.theverge.com/2017/1/21/14341850/profanity-swearing-honesty-linguistics-language

People who curse a lot have better vocabularies than those who don’t, study finds
http://www.sciencealert.com/people-who-curse-a-lot-have-better-vocabularies-than-those-who-don-t-study-finds

Swearing More Is Actually A Sign Of Having A Better Vocabulary, Study Finds
http://www.iflscience.com/brain/knowing-more-swear-words-linked-wider-vocabulary-study-finds/

People Who Can Swear A Lot Found To Have Larger Vocabularies, So Suck It
http://uproxx.com/life/swearing-correlates-with-bigger-vocabulary-f-ck-yeah-it-does/

Julia Roberts vs. Sally Field in Celebrity Curse Off
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0swXMgM284o

Orangutan Found To Mimic Human Speech
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpoydpDHT8A

Voice control in orangutan gives clues to early human speech
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/du-vci072616.php

Monkeys Could Talk, but They Don’t Have the Brains for It
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/09/science/monkeys-speech.html

Monkey vocal tracts are speech-ready
http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/2/12/e1600723

Fitch (and von Humboldt) on monkey talk
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/

New Thoughts on the Origins of Human Speech
http://www.archaeology.org/news/5197-170112-baboons-vowels-speech

Baboons use vowel sounds strikingly similar to humans
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/01/baboons-show-they-ve-got-another-building-block-language-vowellike-sounds

Why a lowered larynx is good for human speech production
http://www.ling.cam.ac.uk/mark/Lowered_larynx_MJJ_York_Jan_2010.pdf

The descended larynx is not uniquely human.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1088793/

From Grunting To Gabbing: Why Humans Can Talk
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129083762

Why monkeys can’t talk—and what they would sound like if they could
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/12/why-monkeys-can-t-talk-and-what-they-would-sound-if-they-could

Lemurs groom-at-a-distance through vocal networks
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347215003474

‘Baby talk’ in marmoset monkeys
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170116091416.htm

Rogue Scientists Race to Save Climate Data from Trump
https://www.wired.com/2017/01/rogue-scientists-race-save-climate-data-trump/

President Trump ordered the National Park Service to find photos that made his inauguration look huge
http://www.salon.com/2017/01/27/president-trump-ordered-the-national-park-service-to-find-photos-that-made-his-inauguration-look-huge/

Trump admin tells National Park Service to halt tweets
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/01/21/politics/trump-national-park-service-tweets/

Online Etymology Dictionary: rogue
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=rogue

Here’s a List of All the U.S. Govt’s Rogue Twitter Accounts Fighting Trump’s Crackdown on Science
http://www.core77.com/posts/60230/Heres-a-List-of-All-the-US-Govts-Rogue-Twitter-Accounts-Fighting-Trumps-Crackdown-on-Science

These 24 ‘rogue’ Twitter accounts claim to be from federal agencies
http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/opinion/the-conversation/sd-list-rogue-twitter-accounts-from-federal-agencies-20170125-htmlstory.html

Wikipedia: Samizdat
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samizdat

DataRefuge
https://www.datarefuge.org/about

Stony Brook student held at JFK in Trump travel ban released
http://www.newsday.com/long-island/suffolk/stony-brook-student-held-at-jfk-in-trump-travel-ban-released-1.13032310


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Episode 272: Sing Loud Sing Proud (featuring Jo Randell)

The Noongar language is getting a boost through song.

A unique Fringe event will see singers — Aboriginal and not — blending their voices in songs featuring the Noongar language, as well as other languages of Australia.

Daniel and Kylie talk to choir coordinator Jo Randell on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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This episode comes to you courtesy of our patrons, including Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. Thanks to all of our amazing patrons!

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Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 272: Sing Loud Sing Proud (featuring Jo Randell [128kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 272: Sing Loud Sing Proud


Show notes

The mind-blowing AI announcement from Google that you probably missed.
https://medium.freecodecamp.com/the-mind-blowing-ai-announcement-from-google-that-you-probably-missed-2ffd31334805#.rpc7zlv6n

The Great A.I. Awakening (Good explanation of neural nets.)
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/14/magazine/the-great-ai-awakening.html?_r=0

Google’s AI Can Now Translate Between Languages It Wasn’t Taught to Translate Between
https://futurism.com/googles-ai-can-now-translate-between-languages-it-wasnt-taught/

Google’s AI just created its own universal ‘language’
http://www.wired.co.uk/article/google-ai-language-create

Google Translate AI invents its own language to translate with
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2114748-google-translate-ai-invents-its-own-language-to-translate-with/

Google’s AI can translate language pairs it has never seen
https://www.engadget.com/2016/11/24/google-ai-translate-language-pairs-it-has-never-seen/

Madjitil Moorna
http://www.madjitilmoorna.org.au/home

SING LOUD, SING PROUD, WARANGKA NOONGAR (tickets)
https://www.fringeworld.com.au/whats_on/event/sing_loud_sing_proud_warangka_noongar/bec85cd1-aaef-444a-8b6c-bae7bb740ba9/

Inaugural address: Trump’s full speech
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/01/20/politics/trump-inaugural-address/index.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: carnage
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=carnage

White House press secretary attacks media for accurately reporting inauguration crowds
http://money.cnn.com/2017/01/21/media/sean-spicer-press-secretary-statement/index.html

Origin of the expression “never argue with someone who buys ink by the barrel”
http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/67527/origin-of-the-expression-never-argue-with-someone-who-buys-ink-by-the-barrel

Crowd Estimates (Women’s March)
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1xa0iLqYKz8x9Yc_rfhtmSOJQ2EGgeUVjvV4A8LsIaxY/edit#gid=0

Pussyhat Project
https://www.pussyhatproject.com

Donald Trump: Women’s marches in Australia, New Zealand launch post-inauguration protests
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-01-21/global-womens-marches-kick-off-in-new-zealand,-australia/8200236

The absolute best signs from the Women’s March
https://news.vice.com/story/womens-march-best-signs

The Best, Nastiest Protest Signs From the Women’s March on Washington
http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2017/01/21/the_best_protest_signs_from_the_women_s_march_on_washington.html

Kellyanne Conway v Chuck Todd: “Alternative Facts”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_tiAf_jFUo

The Handbook of the History of English: please
Google Books link


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Episode 271: Words of the Year 2016

Was 2016 a dumpster fire 🗑🔥? Or was it just fire 🔥?

It’s time to look back at the words that defined our time, enlivened our speech, and zeited our geist in the previous year.

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are staying woke on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 271: Words of the Year 2016 [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 271: Words of the Year 2016


Show notes

Sussex University to use gender neutral pronouns as students request greater respect for transgender
http://www.independent.co.uk/student/news/sussex-university-gender-neutral-pronouns-transgender-lgbt-rights-brighton-sexuality-politics-a7505671.html

BANSGENDER Students’ union asks members not to use ‘he’ or ‘she’ without asking first as they don’t want to assume gender
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/2510504/students-ban-using-offensive-he-and-she-pronouns-in-meetings-and-emails-as-they-dont-want-to-assume-gender/

Student union asks members to use ‘they’ instead of ‘he’ and ‘she’- because they ‘don’t want to make assumptions about gender’
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4079694/Student-union-bans-use-don-t-want-make-assumptions-gender.html

Oxford University students ‘told to use gender neutral pronoun ze’
http://www.independent.co.uk/student/news/oxford-university-students-gender-neutral-pronouns-peter-tatchell-student-union-ze-xe-a7470196.html

Oxford student union denies telling students to use gender-neutral pronoun
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/dec/13/oxford-student-union-denies-telling-students-to-use-gender-neutral-pronoun

No, Oxford University isn’t ‘banning’ the use of Mr and Mrs prefixes
http://thetab.com/uk/2016/12/19/no-oxford-university-isnt-banning-using-mr-mrs-prefixes-28595

Fear of New Pronouns (U Tenn)
https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/09/08/u-tennessee-withdraws-guide-pronouns-preferred-some-transgender-people

You can be fined for not calling people ‘ze’ or ‘hir,’ if that’s the pronoun they demand that you use
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2016/05/17/you-can-be-fined-for-not-calling-people-ze-or-hir-if-thats-the-pronoun-they-demand-that-you-use/

U of T professor’s stand against genderless pronouns draws fire
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/u-of-t-professors-stand-against-genderless-pronouns-draws-fire/article32303037/

U of T professor attacks political correctness, says he refuses to use genderless pronouns
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/u-of-t-professor-attacks-political-correctness-in-video-refuses-to-use-genderless-pronouns

University of Michigan Professors Will Face Disciplinary Action for Ignoring ‘Preferred Pronouns’
http://heatst.com/culture-wars/university-of-michigan-professors-will-face-disciplinary-action-for-ignoring-preferred-pronouns/

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2016 is post-truth
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/word-of-the-year/word-of-the-year-2016

M-W: Word of the Year 2016: Surreal
https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/word-of-the-year-2016

Dictionary.com’s 2016 Word of the Year: Xenophobia
http://blog.dictionary.com/xenophobia/

Top 10 Collins Words of the Year 2016: Brexit
https://www.collinsdictionary.com/word-lovers-blog/new/top-10-collins-words-of-the-year-2016,323,HCB.html

Democracy sausage snags Word of the Year as smashed avo, shoey lose out
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-12-14/democracy-sausage-snags-word-of-the-year/8117684

2016 Word of the Year is dumpster fire, as voted by American Dialect Society (Press release)
http://www.americandialect.org/wp-content/uploads/2016-Word-of-the-Year-PRESS-RELEASE.pdf

“Dumpster fire” is 2016 American Dialect Society word of the year
http://www.americandialect.org/dumpster-fire-is-2016-american-dialect-society-word-of-the-year

How ‘Dumpster Fire’ Became 2016’s Word of the Year
https://www.wired.com/2017/01/word-of-year-dumpster-fire/

The American Dialect Society’s word of the year is “dumpster fire”
https://qz.com/880501/2016s-word-of-the-year-is-dumpster-fire-beating-out-post-truth-deplorables-cuck-woke-and-slay-for-the-american-dialect-societys-title/

Dumpster Fire Is 2016’s Word Of The Year Because Even Linguists Are Over It
http://www.refinery29.com/2017/01/135191/dumpster-fire-word-of-the-year-2016-american-dialect-society

‘Dumpster Fire’ Is the American Dialect Society’s 2016 Word of the Year
http://time.com/4627056/dumpster-fire-2016-word-of-the-year/

It’s official — the 2016 US Word of the Year is ‘Dumpster fire’
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/2016-word-of-the-year-is-dumpster-fire-2017-1

How Old Is ‘Gaslighting’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2017/01/12/how-old-is-gaslight/

10 Things I’ve Learned About Gaslighting As An Abuse Tactic
http://everydayfeminism.com/2015/08/things-wish-known-gaslighting/

This Millennial Rant Deserves A Trophy For Being Most Wrong
http://www.cracked.com/blog/that-anti-millennial-rant-bs-cracked-destroys-meme/

Who You Calling ‘Snowflake’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2016/12/04/who-you-calling-snowflake/

The myth of millennial entitlement was created to hide their parents’ mistakes
https://qz.com/720456/the-myth-of-millennial-entitlement-was-created-to-hide-their-parents-mistakes/

How ‘woke’ went from black activist watchword to teen internet slang
http://fusion.net/story/252567/stay-woke/

The term ‘fake news’ is quickly losing meaning in the Trump era
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/the-term-fake-news-is-quickly-losing-meaning-in-the-trump-era/article33617746/

Will ‘Kompromat’ Make It into the Dictionary?
https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/what-does-kompromat-mean

Report alleges Donald Trump paid for ‘golden showers’ in Russia and Twitter cannot contain itself
http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/news-and-views/social/report-alleges-donald-trump-paid-for-golden-showers-in-russia-and-twitter-cannot-contain-itself-20170111-gtpcw7.html

#GoldenShowers Trends on Twitter Following Unverified Trump Intel Dump
http://www.mediaite.com/online/goldenshowers-trends-on-twitter-following-unverified-trump-intel-dump/

The Word of the Year for 2016 Isn’t a Word. It’s a Number.
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2016/12/14/_2016_s_word_of_the_year_isn_t_a_word_it_s_a_number.html

China’s Zhou Youguang, father of Pinyin writing system, dies aged 111
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-38621697


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Episode 270: Post-Truth

Oxford Dictionaries has named its Word of the Year, and it’s post-truth.

Are we in a post-truth world? If you’re in the reality-based community, are you obsolete? Or do facts still matter?

We’ll also reveal what word is the winner for our Word of the Year on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Dylan Websdane


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Episode 270: Post-Truth [128 kbps]


Show notes

‘Post-truth’ named 2016 word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/11/16/post-truth-named-2016-word-of-the-year-by-oxford-dictionaries/?utm_term=.db7c0b7c7220

Why We’re Post-Fact
https://granta.com/why-were-post-fact/

The man who studies the spread of ignorance
http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160105-the-man-who-studies-the-spread-of-ignorance

Trump’s lies have a purpose. They are an assault on democracy.
https://thinkprogress.org/when-everything-is-a-lie-power-is-the-only-truth-1e641751d150#.xn6j8bo1m

Dan Rather, on why truth matters
https://www.facebook.com/theDanRather/posts/10157810937485716

Bursting the Facebook bubble: we asked voters on the left and right to swap feeds
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/nov/16/facebook-bias-bubble-us-election-conservative-liberal-news-feed

Zuckerberg Says He’ll Take Steps to Solve Facebook Fake News
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-11-19/zuckerberg-says-he-ll-take-steps-to-solve-facebook-fake-news

Facebook and Google to stop ads from appearing on fake news sites
http://money.cnn.com/2016/11/15/technology/facebook-google-fake-news-presidential-election/

Six easy ways to tell if that viral story is a hoax
https://theconversation.com/six-easy-ways-to-tell-if-that-viral-story-is-a-hoax-47673

Did racism Trump economic anxiety in the US election? @mehdirhasan’s Reality Check.
https://twitter.com/AJUpFront/status/802248756905115648/video/1

The ‘latte libel’ is a brilliant strategy. The left cannot counter it with facts alone
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/nov/28/the-latte-libel-is-a-brilliant-strategy-the-left-cannot-counter-it-with-facts-alone

These Are The Most Searched Words Since Donald Trump Was Elected
https://www.good.is/articles/trump-election-most-searched-words

Dictionary.com’s 2016 Word of the Year: Xenophobia
http://blog.dictionary.com/xenophobia/


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Episode 269: Mailbag Episode

You asked. We answer.

Why do we talk the way we do? Where do our words and phrases come from? And why are they sometimes so very strange?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Patreon extras for this episode

Cutting Room Floor 269: Mailbag Episode

Episode 269: Mailbag Episode [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

The Word Detective: Go Bananas
http://www.word-detective.com/2015/04/go-bananas/

The mystery of “going bananas.”
http://discovolonte.typepad.com/discovolonte/2007/12/the-mystery-of.html

First instance of “cool bananas”
Google Books link

Oxford Dictionaries: What is the origin of ‘banana’?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/08/origin-banana/

Why are し/ち transliterated as ‘shi’/’chi’, and not ‘si’/’ti’?
http://japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/19807/why-are-し-ち-transliterated-as-shi-chi-and-not-si-ti

The photo:

Grammarist: Lieutenant
http://grammarist.com/spelling/lieutenant/

Online Etymology Dictionary: Lieutenant
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=lieutenant&allowed_in_frame=0

Online Etymology Dictionary: Colonel
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=colonel

Sorry, it was Roman Jakobsen, not Otto Jespersen who said “Languages differ essentially in what they must convey and not in what they may convey.”
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2010/09/language_and_thought

Wikipedia: Elizabeth (given name)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_(given_name)

Lindsay Lohan Explains Her Unusual New Accent
http://www.vanityfair.com/style/2016/11/lindsay-lohan-new-accent-explanation

Ecosexuals Believe Having Sex with the Earth Could Save It
http://www.vice.com/read/ecosexuals-believe-having-sex-with-the-earth-could-save-it

Ecosexual Bathhouse at Melbourne’s botanic gardens arousing interest in the environment
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-10/ecosexual-bathhouse-in-next-wave-arts-festival/7396720

You Can Literally Have Sex with the Environment in This ‘Ecosexual Bathhouse’
https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/you-can-literally-have-sex-with-the-environment-in-this-ecosexual-bathhouse

On Otherkin and Trans People
https://thingofthings.wordpress.com/2016/01/25/otherkin-are-not-harming-the-trans-movement/

Otherkin
https://www.otherkincommunity.org/wiki/Otherkin#Awakening

Otherkin Are People Too; They Just Identify as Nonhuman
http://www.vice.com/read/from-dragons-to-foxes-the-otherkin-community-believes-you-can-be-whatever-you-want-to-be

“Compersion: A Polyamorous Principle That Can Strengthen Any Relationship.” And the word’s origin.
http://polyinthemedia.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/compersion-polyamorous-principle-that.html

How do you pronounce debut?
https://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/news/view/editor/article/173/


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Episode 268: Dialect (featuring Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu)

Are dying languages worth saving?

That’s the concept of a new game that allows players to explore language creation, language community, and language death, all in the course of an evening. Heavy concepts. How does it work?

Linguist Daniel Midgley talks to the game’s creators, Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu, on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Patreon extras for this episode

Interview with Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu of Thorny Games, 2016-11-02 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 268: Dialect

Episode 268: Dialect (featuring Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu) [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Foreign Accent Syndrome: This American Teen Woke Up Speaking Spanish
https://www.inverse.com/article/22798-what-is-foreign-accent-syndrome

Before his coma he spoke English; after waking up he’s fluent in Spanish
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/10/24/health/teen-spanish-new-language-trnd/

High school goalkeeper wakes up from a coma speaking fluent SPANISH
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c085GtExevo

Teen Wakes Up From Coma Speaking Fluent Spanish: ‘It Was Weird’
http://time.com/4542967/teen-coma-fluent-spanish-georgia/

Linguistic prodigy: 4yo Russian girl speaks 7 languages, incl Chinese & Arabic (VIDEO)
https://www.rt.com/viral/363656-child-prodigy-seven-languages/

Incredible four-year-old speaks seven languages fluently
http://www.news.com.au/travel/world-travel/europe/incredible-fouryearold-speaks-seven-languages-fluently/news-story/15e9bbebdc574e1c0f57eece6aa907a1

Thorny Games: Dialect
http://www.thornygames.com/dialect-rpg/

Kickstarter: Dialect: A Game about Language and How it Dies
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/347698129/dialect-a-game-about-language-and-how-it-dies

One Shot Podcast: 168. Dialect Part 1
http://oneshotpodcast.com/podcasts/one-shot/168-dialect-part-1/

LANGUAGE MATTERS: What do we lose when a language dies, and what does it take to save one?
http://www.pbs.org/program/language-matters/

Could the dominance of English harm global scholarship?
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-35282235

Court finds ‘f— Fred Nile’ not offensive language at marriage equality rally
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/court-finds-f-fred-nile-not-offensive-language-at-marriage-equality-rally-20161025-gs9ymc.html

It’s Perfectly Legal To Tell Anti-LGBT People To “Fuck Off”, Judge Says
https://www.buzzfeed.com/aliceworkman/fck-fred-nile

The ‘F Word’ Is No Longer Deemed Offensive In Australia
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2016/10/the-f-word-is-no-longer-deemed-offensive-in-australia/

Bono Would Call Appeals-Court Decision ‘Fucking Brilliant’
http://www.vulture.com/2007/06/bono_would_call_this_appeals_cou.html

Why are we still celebrating the art of Eric Gill?
http://www.womensviewsonnews.org/2015/07/why-are-we-still-celebrating-the-art-of-eric-gill/


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Episode 267: Shakespeare and Marlowe (featuring Eve Siebert)

Looks like Shakespeare’s got some company.

A new edition of Shakespeare’s works credits another author — Christopher Marlowe — with some of the Bard’s work. But how can you tell? Is this just another Shakespearean conspiracy theory? And what does this mean for Shakespeare’s legacy?

Scholar and skeptic Eve Siebert talks with Daniel, Kylie, and Ben on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Patreon extras for this episode

Interview with Eve Siebert 2016-10-29 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 267: Shakespeare and Marlowe

Episode 267: Shakespeare and Marlowe (featuring Eve Siebert) [128kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Facebook cartoon (discussed in promo)
https://www.facebook.com/editorial.political.cartoons/photos/a.422173394529544.98539.422169184529965/1153341188079424/?type=3&theater

cwjxg2xvuaa6opi

‘He’ vs ‘she’ in Australian media coverage: what the language of news tells us about gender imbalanc
https://theconversation.com/he-vs-she-in-australian-media-coverage-what-the-language-of-news-tells-us-about-gender-imbalance-67139

Julie Sedivy: Donald Trump Talks Like a Woman
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/10/trump-feminine-speaking-style-214391

John McWhorter: When linguistic analysis goes horribly wrong: no, Donald Trump doesn’t “talk like a woman”
http://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/10/27/13437050/donald-trump-linguistics-politico-female

Tyler Schnoebelen: Trump does NOT talk like a woman (BREAKING NEWS: gender continues to be complicated and confusing)
https://medium.com/@TSchnoebelen/trump-does-not-talk-like-a-woman-breaking-news-gender-continues-to-be-complicated-and-confusing-4c0d28b41d7#.w4y2lj8oz

A Linguistic Analysis Of Donald Trump Shows Why People Like Him So Much
http://digg.com/video/donald-trump-linguistics-answer-question

For presidential hopefuls, simpler language resonates
https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/politics/2015/10/20/donald-trump-and-ben-carson-speak-grade-school-level-that-today-voters-can-quickly-grasp/LUCBY6uwQAxiLvvXbVTSUN/story.html

Christopher Marlowe credited as one of Shakespeare’s co-writers
https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2016/oct/23/christopher-marlowe-credited-as-one-of-shakespeares-co-writers

New Oxford Shakespeare Edition Credits Christopher Marlowe as a Co-author
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/25/books/shakespeare-christopher-marlowe-henry-vi.html

Skeptical Humanities
https://skepticalhumanities.com/about/

HONORIFICABILITUDINITATIBUS
http://www.sirbacon.org/gallery/karl.html

Texas sharpshooter fallacy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_sharpshooter_fallacy

The Strange History of the October Surprise
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/strange-history-october-surprise-180960741/

Yes, Bernie Sanders Will Become President. Hillary Clinton’s FBI Investigation Isn’t a ‘Nothingburger’
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/h-a-goodman/yes-bernie-sanders-will-become-president_b_9726650.html

urbandictionary.com: nothingburger
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=nothingburger

Early reference to “nothing-burger” in 1983
Google Books reference (see #26)

Remote communities are ‘lifestyle choices’, says Tony Abbott
https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/mar/10/remote-communities-are-lifestyle-choices-says-tony-abbott

Are the creative arts a ‘lifestyle choice’?
http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/are-the-creative-arts-a-lifestyle-choice/7964662

No minister, creative arts are not a “lifestyle choice”
http://indaily.com.au/arts-and-culture/2016/10/24/no-minister-creative-arts-are-not-lifestyle-choice/

I was surprised to learn my career is actually a ”lifestyle choice”
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/i-was-surprised-to-learn-my-career-is-actually-a-lifestyle-choice-20161020-gs7ega.html


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