Emotions are fleeting. But when they’re captured in language, we can study how they spread from person to person, and even through time.

What impact does the emotional language of others have on you? And how many emotions are there anyway?

Linguist Daniel Midgley lets it all out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with James Hall


Show notes

Has the Voynich Manuscript been cracked? No, but another interesting teaser.
http://boingboing.net/2014/02/21/voynich-manuscript-partially-d.html
http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/176970-voynich-manuscript-most-mysterious-text-in-world-may-have-been-cracked
http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/engineering/news/has-the-most-mysterious-manuscript-in-the-world-finally-been-cracked-16532856

Sentiment analysis is an important subarea in computational linguistics.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentiment_analysis

When people post Facebook messages in rainy times, their posts have more negative emotion words — and so do those of their friends later.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-03/uoc–caf031114.php

Corvillo, et al.: Detecting Emotional Contagion in Massive Social Networks
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0090315

Also: Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0069841

Hard times means a decade of miserable literature.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140109004155.htm

How do you spot emotions in text anyway? You could try Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC).
http://www.liwc.net

One rather clunky but successful approach involves hand-built lists of positive and negative words.
http://www.slideshare.net/stevenkellyactor/positive-emotions-list
http://www.slideshare.net/stevenkellyactor/negative-emotions

Paul Ekman did research in PNG and found emotions were the same as for Americans (PDF)
https://www.uni-muenster.de/imperia/md/content/psyifp/aeechterhoff/wintersemester2011-12/vorlesungkommperskonflikt/ekman_friesen_constantsemofacialexpr_jpsp1971.pdf

More about his work
http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/ekmans-six-basic-emotions-list-definitions-quiz.html

Can you pick the emotions in this simple test?
http://www.cio.com/article/facial-expressions-test

People recognise four emotions rather than six.
http://www.gla.ac.uk/news/headline_306019_en.html
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-02/uog-wao020314.php

And, contra Ekman, these expressions do not appear to be universal.
http://www.northeastern.edu/news/2014/03/barrett-gendron/

The OED has added a bracket of new words
http://time.com/23817/oxford-english-dictionary-adds-bestie-crap-shoot-bathroom-break/

Including four versions of cunt
http://jezebel.com/cunty-cuntish-cunted-and-cunting-added-to-oxford-engl-1543768870

Here’s the full list
http://public.oed.com/the-oed-today/recent-updates-to-the-oed/march-2014-update/new-words-list-march-2014/

Hondle?
http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/hondle


Show tunes

‘I Gotta Feeling’ by the Eagles of Death Metal
from the album Death by Sexy

‘It All Feels Right’ by Washed Out
from the album Paracosm