Category: spelling (page 1 of 2)

Episode 280: Contractions

They’ll, we’ve, you’re, and even ain’t.

This week, we’re having contractions, but not the muscular kind — the word kind! We squash words together all the time, but why? And how well can you recognise them?

Daniel, Kylie, and Ben are gonna find out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Antonino Tati


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We have the best patrons! Lots of people contributed to this show, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. Thanks to all of you!

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Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 280: Contractions [128 kbps] for everyone

Cutting Room Floor 280: Contractions for patrons


Show notes

The Oxford comma: Do you or don’t you?
http://publishingresourceguide.com/writers-life/writing-ideas-inspiration/oxford-comma-yes-or-no

Oxford commas, Nelson Mandela, and Stephen King
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/09/15/oxford-commas-nelson-mandela-and-stephen-king/

The Best Shots Fired in the Oxford Comma Wars
http://mentalfloss.com/article/33637/best-shots-fired-oxford-comma-wars

An Oxford comma changed this court case completely
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/03/15/health/oxford-comma-maine-court-case-trnd/index.html

A Missing Oxford Comma Just Changed the Course of a Court Case
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/missing-oxford-comma-just-changed-course-court-case-180962551/

Infographic: The Oxford comma debate
https://www.ragan.com/Main/Articles/Infographic_The_Oxford_comma_debate_52369.aspx

Wikipedia: Contraction (grammar)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contraction_(grammar)

Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 1 (increased use of –n’t; interesting charts)
Google Books link

Amn’t
http://www.worldwidewords.org/qa/qa-amn1.htm

The Story of Ain’t
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=7100#more-7100

The Cockney and His Dialect
https://www.jstor.org/stable/534097?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

London dialect in Dickens
http://www.bl.uk/learning/timeline/item126779.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: won’t
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=won%27t

Why Does “Will Not” Become “Won’t”?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/55232/why-does-will-not-become-wont

Online Etymology Dictionary: contraction
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=contraction&searchmode=&p=3&allowed_in_frame=0

Word lengths are optimized for efficient communication
http://www.pnas.org/content/108/9/3526.long

Why “won’t” isn’t “willn’t”
http://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2013/03/wont-willnt.html

Throw Mama From the Train: Favorite Line
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4c1sgug6prw

(principle of) least effort [Zipf’s Law]
https://www.thoughtco.com/principle-of-least-effort-zipfs-law-1691104

Understanding Zipf’s Law
http://david.pilato.fr/blog/2016/01/05/understanding-zipfs-law/

The mystery of Zipf
https://plus.maths.org/content/mystery-zipf

A mysterious law that predicts the size of the world’s biggest cities
http://io9.gizmodo.com/the-mysterious-law-that-governs-the-size-of-your-city-1479244159

Applying Zipf’s Law to galaxies
https://phys.org/news/2016-04-zipf-law-galaxies.html

Wikipedia: List of placeholder names by language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_placeholder_names_by_language

UD: doovalacky
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=doovalacky

MW: doohickey
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/doohickey

Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll icon, dead at 90
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-03-19/chuck-berry-rock-n-roll-icon-dies-aged-90/8367220

How Chuck Berry Wrote “Johnny B. Goode” and Created the First Rock and Roll Guitar Hero
http://www.guitarworld.com/artist-news/how-chuck-berry-wrote-johnny-b-goode-and-created-first-rock-and-roll-guitar-hero/30217

Sister Rosetta Tharpe Biography
http://www.biography.com/people/sister-rosetta-tharpe-17172332

Sister Rosetta Tharpe – Didn’t It Rain
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SR2gR6SZC2M

Vapour Trails: Revisiting Shoegaze
https://www.xlr8r.com/features/2009/01/vapour-trails-revisiting-shoegaze/

List of rock genres
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rock_genres

Music Genres List
http://www.musicgenreslist.com

Our Least Favorite Genre Names
http://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2012/01/28/145858309/our-least-favorite-genre-names

Can -core survive normcore?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/04/can-core-survive-normcore/

Slutwave, Tumblr Rap, Rape Gaze: Obscure Musical Genres Explained
http://www.laweekly.com/music/slutwave-tumblr-rap-rape-gaze-obscure-musical-genres-explained-2409158

Eminem and The Beatles: The Top-Selling Artists of the 2000s
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/eminem-and-the-beatles-the-top-selling-artists-of-the-2000s-20091209

Google Ngram Viewer: on / in an island
Control-click the lines to make similar items collapse.


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition

We’re taking your questions on a Mailbag episode!

Along the way, we’re going to find out some pretty strange things about how words and phrases got to be how they are. Do you say zero or oh? What is begging the question? And has the French /r/ always been like that?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie answer them all on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Antonino Tati


Patreon supporters

Thanks to all our patrons for their support in this episode, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition for patrons


Show notes

The hazards of English spelling
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/lsoa-tho030917.php

Self-Organization In The Spelling Of English Suffixes: The Emergence Of Culture Out Of Anarchy
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/Berg_Aronoff.pdf

The Standardization of American English
http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/25489

till (prep.)
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=till&allowed_in_frame=0

Wikipedia: Names for the number 0 in English
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_for_the_number_0_in_English#.22O.22_.28.22oh.22.29

How many names does zero have?
http://inmadom-myenglishclass.blogspot.com.au/2011/09/how-many-names-does-zero-have.html

Why getting out for zero is called a “duck” in cricket
https://www.sportskeeda.com/cricket/why-getting-out-zero-called-duck-cricket

Begging the Question, Again
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/25/begging-the-question-again/?_r=1

Begging the question: How much should we fight for a correct English usage that no one actually seems to use?
https://www.theguardian.com/media/mind-your-language/2010/may/24/begging-the-question-mind-your-language

This troublesome 3-word phrase perfectly exemplified Antonin Scalia’s obsession with originalism
https://www.businessinsider.com/beg-the-question-meaning-definition-usage-2016-4

Questions to French native speakers…
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t16151.htm

r/French: The rolled “R”
https://www.reddit.com/r/French/comments/2wwz2y/the_rolled_r/

Rolled ‘R’ in French – what area?
http://www.forum.french-linguistics.co.uk/forum/topics/rolled-r-in-french-what-area

Studies in the History of the English Language: A Millennial Perspective
Google Books link

Flipped, rolled, trilled or other…How to deal with the French “r”?
https://dictioncorner.wordpress.com/2014/02/09/flipped-rolled-trilled-or-other-how-to-deal-with-the-french-r/

When did the trilled “r” fall out of use in French and become replaced with a uvular fricative?
https://www.quora.com/When-did-the-trilled-r-fall-out-of-use-in-French-and-become-replaced-with-a-uvular-fricative

The origin of the French uvular “R”
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t4808-15.htm

Frozen – Let It Go (French version)
https://youtu.be/wQP9XZc2Y_c

Georges Brassens – La Mauvaise Réputation
https://youtu.be/26Nuj6dhte8

What Is the F–kboy?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2015/08/18/what_does_fuckboy_mean.html

Green’s Dictionary of Slang
https://greensdictofslang.com

Diagram for 0800 0077 070


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.investmentu.com/assets/images/content/2014/03/rsz_dollarphotoclub_56153912-11.jpg

Episode 269: Mailbag Episode

You asked. We answer.

Why do we talk the way we do? Where do our words and phrases come from? And why are they sometimes so very strange?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

Our patrons Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda backed this episode. Thanks, everyone! You give us a reason to keep talking.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Cutting Room Floor 269: Mailbag Episode

Episode 269: Mailbag Episode [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

The Word Detective: Go Bananas
http://www.word-detective.com/2015/04/go-bananas/

The mystery of “going bananas.”
http://discovolonte.typepad.com/discovolonte/2007/12/the-mystery-of.html

First instance of “cool bananas”
Google Books link

Oxford Dictionaries: What is the origin of ‘banana’?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/08/origin-banana/

Why are し/ち transliterated as ‘shi’/’chi’, and not ‘si’/’ti’?
http://japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/19807/why-are-し-ち-transliterated-as-shi-chi-and-not-si-ti

The photo:

Grammarist: Lieutenant
http://grammarist.com/spelling/lieutenant/

Online Etymology Dictionary: Lieutenant
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=lieutenant&allowed_in_frame=0

Online Etymology Dictionary: Colonel
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=colonel

Sorry, it was Roman Jakobsen, not Otto Jespersen who said “Languages differ essentially in what they must convey and not in what they may convey.”
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2010/09/language_and_thought

Wikipedia: Elizabeth (given name)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_(given_name)

Lindsay Lohan Explains Her Unusual New Accent
http://www.vanityfair.com/style/2016/11/lindsay-lohan-new-accent-explanation

Ecosexuals Believe Having Sex with the Earth Could Save It
http://www.vice.com/read/ecosexuals-believe-having-sex-with-the-earth-could-save-it

Ecosexual Bathhouse at Melbourne’s botanic gardens arousing interest in the environment
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-10/ecosexual-bathhouse-in-next-wave-arts-festival/7396720

You Can Literally Have Sex with the Environment in This ‘Ecosexual Bathhouse’
https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/you-can-literally-have-sex-with-the-environment-in-this-ecosexual-bathhouse

On Otherkin and Trans People
https://thingofthings.wordpress.com/2016/01/25/otherkin-are-not-harming-the-trans-movement/

Otherkin
https://www.otherkincommunity.org/wiki/Otherkin#Awakening

Otherkin Are People Too; They Just Identify as Nonhuman
http://www.vice.com/read/from-dragons-to-foxes-the-otherkin-community-believes-you-can-be-whatever-you-want-to-be

“Compersion: A Polyamorous Principle That Can Strengthen Any Relationship.” And the word’s origin.
http://polyinthemedia.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/compersion-polyamorous-principle-that.html

How do you pronounce debut?
https://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/news/view/editor/article/173/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.investmentu.com/assets/images/content/2014/03/rsz_dollarphotoclub_56153912-11.jpg

Episode 254: Plagiarism

Did Melania Trump really plagiarise that speech?

Yeah, she totally did. But how can you tell if someone is copying someone else’s work? How do plagiarism checkers work? And can you beat them?

Linguist Daniel Midgley shows his work on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Big ups to Whitney Fielding and Matt, our special patrons who keep us talking.

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Show notes

Authorities fry hard to fix Korean menus lost in translation http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2016/07/116_209371.html

Korea to fix mistranslations on English menu http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/culture/2016/07/135_209516.html

Kylie’s post on signs on the Sydney foreshore https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1364794563547332

Melania Trump speech appears to plagiarize Michelle Obama
http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/288274-melania-trump-speech-plagiarized-paragraph-from-michelle-obamas-2008

Team Trump shows how not to respond to a controversy
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/team-trump-shows-how-not-respond-controversy

Trump campaign rolls out brand new plagiarism explanation
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/trump-campaign-rolls-out-brand-new-plagiarism-explanation

Where Does “Your Word Is Your Bond” Come From, and Why Did Melania Steal It? http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/07/19/your_word_is_your_bond_history_and_origins_from_matthew_to_hip_hop.html

Anne Charity Hudley’s Facebook post: “Your word is your bond” https://www.facebook.com/AnneHarperCharityHudley/posts/10100909532616217?pnref=story

Here’s Why Some People Believe Melania Trump’s Speechwriter Doesn’t Really Exist http://www.inc.com/minda-zetlin/heres-why-some-people-believe-melania-trumps-speechwriter-doesnt-really-exist.html

Yes, Melania Speech Fall Woman Meredith McIver Is Real. Here’s Proof. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2016/07/20/yes_meredith_mciver_is_a_real_person_here_s_proof.html

Text: Remarks by First Lady Laura Bush to the Republican National Convention http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A50438-2004Aug31.html

Melania Trump: Astrophysicist calculates there was one in 87 billion chance speech was not plagiarised
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-20/maths-on-melania-trump-speech/7643658

Melania Trump speech: The odds of a word match
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/07/19/melania-trump-speech-the-odds-of-a-word-match.html

Weird and Funny Novelty Bets offered by William Hill and Notable Payouts
http://www.soccerwidow.com/football-gambling/betting-knowledge/betting-advice/bookmakers/weird-and-funny-novelty-bets-offered-by-william-hill-and-notable-payouts/

N-grams data: Corpus of Contemporary American English
http://www.ngrams.info/download_coca.asp

Did Melania Trump Rickroll in her Republican convention speech? http://www.rappler.com/entertainment/news/140321-melania-trump-rickroll-republican-convention-speech

Nowhere to Hide: Finding Plagiarized Documents Based on Sentence Similarity (PDF) http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1149&context=facpub

Turnitoff – Defeating Plagiarism Detection Systems (PDF) http://www.cs.surrey.ac.uk/BIMA/People/L.Gillam/downloads/publications/HEA-ICS_turnitoff.pdf

Plagiarism Detection across Distant Language Pairs (PDF)
http://mt-archive.info/Coling-2010-Barron.pdf

Melania Trump And The Age Of Borrowed Language http://www.forbes.com/sites/rodgerdeanduncan/2016/07/20/melania-trump-and-the-age-of-borrowed-language/

Stop referring to Pokémon Go as augmented reality
http://venturebeat.com/2016/07/14/stop-referring-to-pokemon-go-as-augmented-reality/

L. Frank Baum envisioned AR glasses: Augmented reality history, background and philosophy https://wiki.mq.edu.au/display/ar/Augmented+reality+history,+background+and+philosophy

Sorry AP, there is an accent mark in Pokémon
http://mashable.com/2016/07/12/pokemon-spelling-ap-style/

What’s that é doing in Pokémon? Wiktionary: saké
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/saké

There May Be Four Region Exclusive Pokemon in ‘Pokemon GO’ http://toucharcade.com/2016/07/22/pokemon-go-exclusives/

#115: Kangashkan
http://pokedream.com/pokedex/pokemon/kangaskhan

The Straight Dope: Did humans descend from “aquatic apes”?
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1991/did-humans-descend-from-aquatic-apes


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 250: Comma Sutra (featuring Louisa Fitzhardinge)

The Talk the Talk team is taking a break, but Daniel jumped at the chance to speak to Louisa Fitzhardinge, whose new comedy show ‘Comma Sutra’ looks at the lighter side of the use — and misuse — of grammar.

But linguists and self-described grammar mavens don’t always get along. Is concern for good grammar necessary, or does it lead to linguistic discrimination?


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Show notes

Louisa Fitzhardinge: News
http://www.louisafitzhardinge.com/#!news/ur1ar


Image credit: http://cdn.eventfinda.com.au/uploads/events/transformed/474251-205024-14.jpg

Episode 243: Synaesthesia

Can you hear colours? Or smell sounds?

We’re starting to understand synaesthesia — the blending of senses that some people experience. Now language researchers are using synaesthesia to understand how we process language, and even how language got started in the first place.

Linguist Daniel Midgley finds the synaesthete in all of us on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Justine Dandy


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our patrons Whitney Fielding and Matt. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, and more!


Show notes

Higgledy-piggledy
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=higgledy-piggledy

The Kiki-Bouba effect
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/bring-science-home-bouba-kiki-effect/

Google Books just won a decade-long copyright fight
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2016/04/18/google-books-just-won-a-decade-long-copyright-fight/

Google wins book-scanning copyright case against Authors Guild
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-04-19/google-wins-long-running-book-scanning-copyright-case/7336622

Google’s Court Victory Is Good for Scholarly Authors. Here’s Why.
http://chronicle.com/article/Google-s-Court-Victory-Is/233940

Synesthesia: Why some people hear color, taste sounds
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150413214343.htm

Some Rules of Language are Wired in the Brain
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/some-rules-of-language-are-wired-in-the-brain/

Study links synaesthesia with coloured fridge magnets
http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2013-01/24/synaesthesia

Lots of Cases of Synesthesia Are Based on Alphabet Magnets
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2015/03/04/synesthesia-based-alphabet-magnets/

Synaesthesia could help us understand how the brain processes language
https://www.theguardian.com/science/head-quarters/2016/feb/26/synaesthesia-could-help-us-understand-how-the-brain-processes-language

Paper: Processing compound words: Evidence from synaesthesia (paywall)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027716300075

V.S. Ramachandran and E.M. Hubbard: Synaesthesia — A Window Into Perception, Thought and Language (long read, but worth it)
http://www.imprint.co.uk/rama/synaesthesia.pdf

Weak Synesthesia in Perception and Language (paywall)
http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199603329.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199603329-e-038

Why ‘Cool’ Is Still Cool
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/22/opinion/why-cool-is-still-cool.html?_r=1

The Birth of Cool
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/cool_story/2013/10/cool_the_etymology_and_history_of_the_concept_of_coolness.html

froobs blog: bork megapost
http://froobs.tumblr.com/post/134822731279/bork-megapost

Stop It Son, You Are Doing Me A Frighten
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/stop-it-son-you-are-doing-me-a-frighten

@ProBirdRights on Twitter
https://twitter.com/ProBirdRights

What Do Swedes Think of the Swedish Chef?
http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/culturebox/2012/08/swedish_chef_what_do_swedes_think_of_him_they_think_he_sounds_norwegian_.html

Understanding the Swedish Pitch Accent
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lXp7_Sjgm34

Brr: It’s in the Duden, the official German dictionary
http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/brr

Cold Comfort: Is Brr Meant to be Spoken, or Only Written?http://www.theparisreview.org/blog/2015/01/26/cold-comfort/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 241: Emoji Disasters

What happens when emoji go wrong?

We all love to use emoji, but their inherent ambiguity means that misunderstandings can happen — not only across cultures, but across devices.

Linguist Daniel Midgley makes it clear on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Skeptic’s Dictionary: Myers-Briggs
http://skepdic.com/myersb.html

OCEAN scale
http://psychology.about.com/od/personalitydevelopment/a/bigfive.htm

Grammar Police Influenced By Personality Traits
http://wemu.org/post/grammar-police-influenced-personality-traits#stream/0

Personality influences how one reacts to email errors
http://www.healthcanal.com/life-style-fitness/71647-personality-influences-how-one-reacts-to-email-errors.html

The actual paper: If You’re House Is Still Available, Send Me an Email: Personality Influences Reactions to Written Errors in Email Messages
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0149885

Emojipedia
http://emojipedia.org

Sassy hand girl! 💁

High-five? or prayer? 🙏

Person raising both hands in celebration 🙌

Grinning face with smiling eyes 😁

What Your Favourite Emoji Symbols Actually Mean
http://www.popsugar.com.au/celebrity/What-Do-Emoji-Faces-Symbols-Mean-34639445#opening-slide

We’re All Using These Emoji Wrong
http://www.wired.com/2015/05/using-emoji-wrong/

No, the Praying Hands Emoji Is Not a “High Five”
http://gawker.com/no-the-praying-hands-emoji-is-not-a-high-five-1613936693

Can YOU decipher these emoji messages? Translators from 11 regions misunderstand ‘universal’ symbols – with hilarious results
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3196583/Can-decipher-emoji-messages-Translators-11-regions-misunderstand-universal-symbols-hilarious-results.html

What’s that emoji mean? It all depends on the device you’re using
http://www.pcworld.com/article/3053967/consumer-electronics/whats-that-emoji-mean-it-all-depends-on-the-device-youre-using.html

Careful… That Emoji Might Mean Something Very Different To Its Recipient
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2016/04/careful-that-emoji-might-mean-something-very-different-to-its-recipient/

9 Emojis That Look Completely Different on Other Phones
http://mentalfloss.com/article/70879/9-emojis-look-completely-different-other-phones

Investigating the Potential for Miscommunication Using Emoji
http://grouplens.org/blog/investigating-the-potential-for-miscommunication-using-emoji/

The actual paper: “Blissfully happy” or “ready to fight”: Varying Interpretations of Emoji
http://grouplens.org/site-content/uploads/Emoji_Interpretation.pdf

What does Slacktivism mean?
https://www.techopedia.com/definition/28252/slacktivism

The Panama Papers: leaktivism’s coming of age
http://www.theguardian.com/news/commentisfree/2016/apr/05/panama-papers-leak-activism-leaktivism

From Ricki: the dreaded Android hairy heart!
http://blog.emojipedia.org/android-50-emoji-changelog/

Phrase Finder: “talk the talk”
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/walk-the-walk.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.


Special thanks

To our very first Patreon benefactor: Matt Chilcote! Thanks!

Become a supporter on Patreon.

Episode 236: Spelling Reform

Sometimes English spelling doesn’t make much sense.

But even though many influential people have tried to reform our wacky orthography, the anomalies persist. Will English spelling reform ever work?

Linguist Daniel Midgley spells it out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Scott Quigg


Show notes

Facebook Reactions, the Totally Redesigned Like Button, Is Here
http://www.wired.com/2016/02/facebook-reactions-totally-redesigned-like-button/

Facebook: Emojis to beat words with ‘Reactions’ icons
http://www.deccanchronicle.com/technology/in-other-news/260216/on-facebook-emojis-beat-words.html

Mark Zuckerberg Asks Racist Facebook Employees to Stop Crossing Out Black Lives Matter Slogans
http://gizmodo.com/mark-zuckerberg-asks-racist-facebook-employees-to-stop-1761272768

Mark Zuckerberg Chastises Employees Who Crossed Out ‘Black Lives Matter’ on Facebook’s Signature Wall
https://www.good.is/articles/zuck-stands-up-for-black-lives-matter

Wikipedia: German orthography reform of 1996
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_orthography_reform_of_1996

English Spelling Society: What is wrong with English spelling?
http://www.spellingsociety.org

Stan Carey: A brief history of English spelling reform
http://www.historytoday.com/stan-carey/brief-history-english-spelling-reform

History of Spelling Reform
http://www.barnsdle.demon.co.uk/spell/histsp.html

RationalWiki: English spelling reform
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/English_spelling_reform

Wikipedia: English-language spelling reform
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English-language_spelling_reform#Spelling_reform_proposals

26 of Noah Webster’s Spelling Changes That Didn’t Catch On
http://mentalfloss.com/article/53723/26-noah-webster’s-spelling-changes-didn’t-catch

Cut Spelling (CS)
http://grammar.about.com/od/c/g/cutspellingterm.htm

NPR: Changes To French Spelling Make Us Wonder: Why Is English So Weird?
http://www.npr.org/2016/02/24/467218639/new-changes-to-french-beg-the-question-why-are-english-spellings-so-weird

Failed Attempts to Reform English Spelling: 8 Spelling Suggestions That Didn’t Stick
http://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/spelling-suggestions-that-didnt-stick/kist-instead-of-kissed

What is the origin of the silent ‘b’ at the end of English words such as lamb, comb, crumb and bomb?
“The b-sound was lost by about 1300.”
http://www.theguardian.com/notesandqueries/query/0,,-1417,00.html

Etymonline: limb
“The parasitic -b began to appear late 1500s for no etymological reason”
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=limb&allowed_in_frame=0

Etymonline: indict
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=indict

Oxford: 11 spelling changes that would make English easier
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2015/06/spellings-changes-that-would-make-english-easier/

Trying to change English’s complex spelling is a waste of time
https://theconversation.com/trying-to-change-englishs-complex-spelling-is-a-waste-of-time-38027

Oxford Owl: What is synthetic phonics?
http://www.oxfordowl.co.uk/home/reading-owl/expert-help/what-is-synthetic-phonics

Panicum v panic
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=Panic

Pellie: Steve Price under fire as Tim Minchin rejects George Pell’s sick note
http://www.9news.com.au/national/2016/02/17/06/24/steve-price-takes-on-tim-minchin-as-cardinal-george-pell-faces-visit-from-survivors

Australian Christian Lobby condemns Sydney school’s ‘rainbow politics’ for allowing male students to wear female uniforms
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-02-23/australian-christian-lobby-condemns-sydney-school-uniform-policy/7191908

SBS Backburner: Safe Schools Course Teaches Shorten To Stand Up To Bully
http://www.sbs.com.au/comedy/article/2016/02/24/safe-schools-course-teaches-shorten-stand-bully

As it happened: Unicorns, pixies and politicians hurling abuse over claims of homophobia
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-02-24/federal-politics-live-coverage-feb-24/7194712

A Rainbow Marriage: How did the rainbow become a symbol of gay pride?
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/explainer/2012/06/rainbows_and_gay_pride_how_the_rainbow_became_a_symbol_of_the_glbt_movement_.html

Malcolm Turnbull Issues Language Warning to MPs Over Safe Schools Debate
https://www.pedestrian.tv/news/arts-and-culture/malcolm-turnbull-issues-language-warning-to-mps-ov/9840567e-adaf-4a36-a499-52ac2135afd1.htm

Support the Safe Schools Coalition
http://campaigns.greens.org.au/ea-action/action?ea.client.id=1792&ea.campaign.id=48027&ea.tracking.id=fb&en_chan=fb&en_ref=17768456

Myths debunked: Sadly, Theodore Roosevelt never rode a moose
https://blogs.harvard.edu/houghton/2013/09/20/myths-debunked-sadly-theodore-roosevelt-never-rode-a-moose/

Gizmodo: That Famous Photo of Teddy Roosevelt Riding a Moose Is Fake
http://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/that-famous-photo-of-teddy-roosevelt-riding-a-moose-is-1355349896


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

 

Episode 233: Comedy in Translation (featuring Kuah Jenhan)

A joke’s a joke, but is it still funny in translation? How does a comic have to adapt things for different language audiences? And what’s going on in Malaysia’s burgeoning comedy scene?

Multilingual writer and comedian Kuah Jenhan is in the studio with Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

The full list (PDF, French)
http://www.orthographe-recommandee.info/enseignement/regles.pdf

End of the circumflex? Changes in French spelling cause uproar
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-35496893

Changes to spellings of over 2,000 French words sparks outrage
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/backlash-erupts-after-francer-changes-spelling-of-thousands-of-words-a6853551.html

Not the oignon: fury as France changes 2,000 spellings and drops some accents
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/05/not-the-oignon-fury-france-changes-2000-spellings-ditches-circumflex

French Spelling Changes, 26 Years in the Making, Cause a Fracas
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/06/world/europe/french-spelling-changes-26-years-in-the-making-cause-a-fracas.html?_r=0

People Are Freaking Out Over France’s Proposal To Remove The Circumflex
http://www.buzzfeed.com/krishrach/you-say-oignon-i-say-chill#.xw6eKqGzW

Quelle horreur! #JeSuisCirconflexe takes off with changes to French language
http://www.thestar.com/news/world/2016/02/05/quelle-horreur-jesuiscirconflexe-takes-off-with-changes-to-french-language.html

A Time article from the 1990s (paywall):
http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,972149,00.html

Wikipedia: Use of the circumflex in French
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Use_of_the_circumflex_in_French

Kuah Jenhan – Like This Like Dad
http://www.fringeworld.com.au/program/event/2b9074b2-2acc-463f-a6ff-6b3f610a4312/

A few facts about language shift in Malaysia
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~haroldfs/messeas/maltamil/node2.html

Indian Scientists Develop World’s First Zika Vaccine
https://www.good.is/articles/zika-virus-vaccine-brazil-india

Zika virus: Etymology
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Zika_virus#Etymology

Wikipedia: Zika Forest
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zika_Forest

Mapping Zika: From A Monkey In Uganda To A Growing Global Concern
http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/02/05/464442791/mapping-zika-from-a-monkey-in-uganda-to-a-growing-global-concern

Zika outbreak forces India’s Tata Motors to rename car
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/02/zika-outbreak-forces-india-tata-motors-rename-car-160203193201541.html

Indian carmaker Tata to change Zica car name after Zika virus spread
http://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/feb/02/indian-carmaker-tata-change-zica-car-name-zika-virus

11 Brand Names That Simply Couldn’t Survive the Times
http://www.adweek.com/news-gallery/advertising-branding/11-brand-names-simply-couldnt-survive-times-163440

Aunty English in: Aunty English on the Bus


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: Here.

Episode 227: Are Emoji Words?

Can an emoji be a word?

Oxford Dictionaries thinks so — they chose one as their Word of the Year. And this has language purists fuming. But what exactly is a word?

Linguist Daniel Midgley explains on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Subscribe on Android
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

The Linguistics Roadshow: Dialect Maps!
http://lingroadshow.com/resources/englishes-in-australia/vocabulary/mapping-words-around-australia/

Optus removes Arabic ads from shopping centre after alleged threat to staff
http://www.smh.com.au/business/media-and-marketing/optus-removes-arabic-ads-from-shopping-centre-after-alleged-threat-to-staff-20151116-gl0njn.html

This Phone Company Had To Explain What Islam Was To Angry Customers
http://www.buzzfeed.com/bradesposito/optus-had-to-take-down-its-arabic-posters-after-people-kept#.siJ8qAKp4

Islamophobia in US: The Arabic language
http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/civil-rights/237556-islamophobia-in-us-the-arabic-language

Philly Passengers Pulled off Flight for Speaking Arabic
http://www.nbcchicago.com/news/national-international/Philly-Pizza-Shop-Owner-Profiled-Southwest-Airlines-351944441.html

Forget French and Mandarin – Arabic is the language to learn
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/forget-french-and-mandarin-arabic-is-the-language-to-learn-10382690.html

Arabic is fastest-growing language at U.S. colleges (2010)
http://www.thegazette.com/2010/03/25/arabic-is-fastest-growing-language-at-u-s-colleges

Commentary: Teach Arabic in public schools
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/opinion/commentary/ct-arabic-language-public-schools-perspec-0406-20150403-story.html

Teaching Arabic is no cause for fear
http://edition.cnn.com/2011/OPINION/02/10/navarrette.arabic.curriculum/

Alabama: Residents Fear Teaching Arabic To Students Is A Threat To Christianity
http://www.loonwatch.com/2013/10/alabama-residents-fear-teaching-arabic-to-students-is-a-threat-to-christianity/

Here’s an interesting account of what it was like for British Navy soldiers to be learning Russian in the 1950s.
http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/25314/2/Centaur_russia.pdf

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2015 is… 😂
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2015/11/word-of-the-year-2015-emoji/

— Oxford Dictionaries (@OxfordWords) November 17, 2015

Oxford Dictionaries Chooses ‘Pictograph’ as Word of the Year
http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/oxford-dictionaries-chooses-pictograph-as-word-of-the-year/225933/

Oxford Dictionary’s word of the year is an emoji, and that is awesome
http://news.nationalpost.com/arts/oxford-dictionarys-word-of-the-year-not-only-reflects-the-current-linguistic-landscape-but-also-the-times-in-which-we-live

Emoji versus the rest
http://www.livemint.com/Home-Page/nCilLJGgCT0A7hT8rjt7rO/Emoji-versus-the-rest.html

Scholarly reflections on ’emoji’
http://blog.oup.com/2015/11/scholarly-reflections-on-emoji-word-of-the-year/

Are Emojis Words? Science And Language Experts Explain.
http://thinkprogress.org/culture/2015/11/20/3724423/an-emoji-investigation/

An emoji was named the Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year and people want to leave planet Earth
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/12000092/An-emoji-was-named-the-Oxford-Dictionaries-Word-of-the-Year-and-people-want-to-leave-planet-Earth.html

Oxford’s Word of the Year…isn’t a word
http://www.skynews.com.au/culture/offbeat/2015/11/17/oxford-s-word-of-the-year—isn-t-a-word.html

Vyv Evans – Signs of our times: why emoji can be even more powerful than words
https://theconversation.com/signs-of-our-times-why-emoji-can-be-even-more-powerful-than-words-50893

Google: word definition
https://www.google.com.au/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=word+definition&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&gfe_rd=cr&ei=ho5KVvWwJqLu8wfomYGQCw&gws_rd=cr

Over time, words in English have had a tendency to compound.

phonological word
http://grammar.about.com/od/pq/g/Phonological-Word.htm

emojitracker.com
http://emojitracker.com

Urban Dictionary: Nyorn
NOTE the downvotes! People hate this definition, so it’s probably wrong. But also note the connection to Aboriginal English.
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Nyorn&defid=7088728

Nyorn dard
https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20120821023225AAfkSRn


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/02946/emoji_2946521b.jpg

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