Category: language policy (page 1 of 2)

Episode 260: Promoting LOTE (featuring Annie Demosthenous)

Language learning is important. Loads of kids are taking languages other than English (or LOTE). Lots of people are teaching them.

But for all that, we’re just not learning them. So why not? Are we doing it wrong? Not starting early enough? Or is it the culture of language learning in English-speaking countries? More importantly, how do we fix it?

Language teacher Annie Demosthenous chats with Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Dylan Websdane


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Show notes

Negative campaign: Votes sought for most disliked English word
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/aug/25/negative-campaign-votes-sought-for-most-disliked-english-word

Oxford Dictionaries’ campaign to find most hated English word scrapped
http://www.newkerala.com/news/2016/fullnews-111238.html

Now we’ll never know what the English language’s least favourite word is
http://www.aol.co.uk/news/2016/08/27/now-well-never-know-what-the-english-languages-least-favourite-word-is/

Offensive language ruins search for world’s worst word
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-37197699

#OneWordMap: mapping the world’s least favourite words
“Update: We regret to inform users that due to severe misuse we have had to remove this feature from our website.”
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2016/08/one-word-map-least-favourite-word/#

Part 1: Why LOTE is having trouble

Fewer students are taking languages
https://blogs.crikey.com.au/fullysic/2016/06/15/solve-australias-language-learning-crisis/

Schools are cutting back
http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/diplomatic-tensions-as-italian-and-greek-phased-out-of-school-20160805-gqlwpf.html

It’s difficult to teach LOTE anyway, with students get 1 hour a week.
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/teachers-know-dripfed-languages-fail-to-take-hold-20121102-28pms.html

We don’t have a culture of language learning in English-speaking countries
http://neoskosmos.com/news/en/Challenging-Australias-monolingual-mindset

What’s the big deal? Everyone speaks English
https://theconversation.com/why-native-english-speakers-fail-to-be-understood-in-english-and-lose-out-in-global-business-54436

Part 2: How to fix it

Should we be getting students to speak their home language (if they have one), instead of making everyone choose Indonesian or French?
https://theconversation.com/how-we-kill-languages-and-fail-our-cleverest-children-29137

How about dual-language programmes?
http://edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/dual-language-books-bridge-culture-language-for-english-learners-in-edmonton

How about language nests?
https://theconversation.com/language-nests-a-way-to-revive-indigenous-languages-at-risk-19824

Just making language learning compulsory?
https://theconversation.com/how-to-make-australia-more-bilingual-42609

What Is The Millennial Whoop? Once You Hear This Virulent Pop Hook You Won’t Be Able To Unhear It
http://www.nme.com/blogs/nme-blogs/what-is-the-millennial-whoop-songs

“The Millennial Whoop”: The same annoying whooping sound is showing up in every popular song
http://qz.com/767812/millennial-whoop/

The Millennial Whoop: the melodic hook that’s taken over pop music
https://www.theguardian.com/music/shortcuts/2016/aug/30/millennial-whoop-pop-music

You might not know what the Millennial Whoop is but you have definitely heard it
http://www.capetalk.co.za/articles/16330/you-might-not-know-what-the-millennial-whoop-is-but-you-have-definitely-heard-it

The millennial whoop: the key to modern pop
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p046j43s

Best Classical Tunes: Search with a virtual piano
http://bestclassicaltunes.com/DictionaryPiano.aspx


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://theconversation.com/from-hawke-to-turnbull-asian-language-learning-in-decline-47163

Episode 233: Comedy in Translation (featuring Kuah Jenhan)

A joke’s a joke, but is it still funny in translation? How does a comic have to adapt things for different language audiences? And what’s going on in Malaysia’s burgeoning comedy scene?

Multilingual writer and comedian Kuah Jenhan is in the studio with Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

The full list (PDF, French)
http://www.orthographe-recommandee.info/enseignement/regles.pdf

End of the circumflex? Changes in French spelling cause uproar
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-35496893

Changes to spellings of over 2,000 French words sparks outrage
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/backlash-erupts-after-francer-changes-spelling-of-thousands-of-words-a6853551.html

Not the oignon: fury as France changes 2,000 spellings and drops some accents
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/05/not-the-oignon-fury-france-changes-2000-spellings-ditches-circumflex

French Spelling Changes, 26 Years in the Making, Cause a Fracas
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/06/world/europe/french-spelling-changes-26-years-in-the-making-cause-a-fracas.html?_r=0

People Are Freaking Out Over France’s Proposal To Remove The Circumflex
http://www.buzzfeed.com/krishrach/you-say-oignon-i-say-chill#.xw6eKqGzW

Quelle horreur! #JeSuisCirconflexe takes off with changes to French language
http://www.thestar.com/news/world/2016/02/05/quelle-horreur-jesuiscirconflexe-takes-off-with-changes-to-french-language.html

A Time article from the 1990s (paywall):
http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,972149,00.html

Wikipedia: Use of the circumflex in French
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Use_of_the_circumflex_in_French

Kuah Jenhan – Like This Like Dad
http://www.fringeworld.com.au/program/event/2b9074b2-2acc-463f-a6ff-6b3f610a4312/

A few facts about language shift in Malaysia
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~haroldfs/messeas/maltamil/node2.html

Indian Scientists Develop World’s First Zika Vaccine
https://www.good.is/articles/zika-virus-vaccine-brazil-india

Zika virus: Etymology
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Zika_virus#Etymology

Wikipedia: Zika Forest
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zika_Forest

Mapping Zika: From A Monkey In Uganda To A Growing Global Concern
http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/02/05/464442791/mapping-zika-from-a-monkey-in-uganda-to-a-growing-global-concern

Zika outbreak forces India’s Tata Motors to rename car
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/02/zika-outbreak-forces-india-tata-motors-rename-car-160203193201541.html

Indian carmaker Tata to change Zica car name after Zika virus spread
http://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/feb/02/indian-carmaker-tata-change-zica-car-name-zika-virus

11 Brand Names That Simply Couldn’t Survive the Times
http://www.adweek.com/news-gallery/advertising-branding/11-brand-names-simply-couldnt-survive-times-163440

Aunty English in: Aunty English on the Bus


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: Here.

Episode 215: Is Cantonese Endangered? (featuring Zoe Lam)

When we think of endangered languages, we tend to think of those with a small number of speakers in remote areas.

We don’t usually think of Cantonese.

And yet this language with millions of speakers on multiple continents is facing some big changes, and linguists are sounding the alarms.

Linguist Zoe Lam speaks with Daniel Midgley on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Oh, newspapers. https://t.co/ke2DBvGSW6

— Talk the Talk (@talkrtr) September 1, 2015

Fairfax leading jihad to bring down Abbott Government, Immigration Minister Peter Dutton says
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-09-01/fairfax-abc-trying-to-bring-government-down-dutton-says/6739158

Miley Cyrus goes undercover to find out what people really think of her
http://www.stuff.co.nz/entertainment/tv-radio/71569568/miley-cyrus-goes-undercover-to-find-out-what-people-really-think-of-her

Dialect Blog: Yod-Dropping in American Accents
http://dialectblog.com/2011/09/06/yod-dropping/

Oliver Glain: How Traditional Yod Forms are Disappearing from Contemporary English (PDF)
http://www.cercles.com/n22/glain.pdf

Quartz: The British Library is crowdsourcing the translation of a mysterious 13th-century sword inscription
http://qz.com/478065/the-british-library-is-crowdsourcing-the-translation-of-a-mysterious-13th-century-sword-inscription/

Karen Stollznow: Deciphering Proto-Elamite
http://karenstollznow.com/deciphering-proto-elamite/

BBC News (from 2012): Breakthrough in world’s oldest undeciphered writing
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-19964786

About Proto-Elamite
http://cdli.ox.ac.uk/wiki/doku.php?id=proto-elamite#proto-elamite

CBC News: Cantonese language could disappear, says UBC linguist Zoe Lam
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/cantonese-language-could-disappear-says-ubc-linguist-zoe-lam-1.3053933

Zoe Lam’s profile at UBC
http://linguistics.ubc.ca/persons/zoe-lam/

TimeOut.HK: The Death of Cantonese?
http://www.timeout.com.hk/big-smog/features/73305/the-death-of-cantonese.html

International NYT: A Telling Language Lesson in Hong Kong
“A new chief executive took the oath of office in Hong Kong on Sunday morning, and then, somewhat astoundingly, he made his inaugural speech in Mandarin.”
http://rendezvous.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/01/a-shocking-language-lesson-in-hong-kong/

81 Cantonese proverbs in one picture.
https://writecantonese8.wordpress.com/2014/02/25/cantonese-proverbs-in-one-picture/

UNESCO: Language Vitality and Endangerment (PDF)
http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CLT/pdf/Language_vitality_and_endangerment_EN.pdf

HKFP: Canadian university adds Cantonese course amid fears over its decline in Hong Kong
https://www.hongkongfp.com/2015/08/18/canadian-university-adds-cantonese-course-amid-fears-over-its-decline-in-hong-kong/

Wikipedia: Cantonese
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cantonese

Can a language with millions of speakers be endangered? (the case of Javanese) (PDF)
http://pacling.anu.edu.au/series/SEALS-PDFs/Ravindranath&Cohn2014language.pdf

Prof Stephen Matthews commented that Cantonese may be on its way out after 50 years.
http://www.chinapost.com.tw/china/local-news/hong-kong/2012/06/11/343926/Cantonese-increasingly.htm

Mother tongue squeezed out of the Chinese classroom in Cantonese-speaking Hong Kong
https://www.hongkongfp.com/2015/07/22/mother-tongue-squeezed-out-of-the-chinese-classroom-in-cantonese-speaking-hong-kong/

Plonkable heliostats
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/aug/24/south-african-team-may-have-solved-solar-puzzle-even-google-couldnt-crack

Wiktionary: plonk
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/plonk

Ngram chart for “plonk_VERB,plunk_VERB”

Logan Paul doing the splits around New York.
#plonkingisthenewplanking
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWNAXse1wYs

Wikipedia: List of English homographs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_homographs


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.localpresshk.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/putoo.jpg

Episode 212: Fourth Floor

Language change is all around us — even at department stores.

And it’s there that Linguist Daniel Midgley travelled to get in touch with a 50-year-old linguistic experiment that changed the world. And it all starts with a question: What’s on the fourth floor?

We find out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


Show notes

Gwenno: Y Dydd Olaf — translations for all the tracks
https://ydyddolaf.wordpress.com

Welsh history in the time of the Tudors
http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/history/sites/themes/society/language_tudors.shtml

Welsh revitalisation
https://www.academia.edu/5299722/Welsh_Language_Revitalisation_a_Failure

Welsh is considered a model for language revitalization, but its fate is still uncertain
http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-06-24/welsh-considered-model-language-revitalization-its-fate-uncertain

How is the Welsh language being preserved in Patagonia?
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-33726205

Gambia to drop English as ‘colonial relic’
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2014/03/gambia-drop-english-as-colonial-relic-2014313141814734996.html

TIME: Why Pakistan Is Replacing English With Urdu
http://time.com/3975587/pakistan-english-urdu/

Christian Science Monitor: Why Pakistan is changing its official language from English to Urdu
http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-News/2015/0729/Why-Pakistan-is-changing-its-official-language-from-English-to-Urdu

Quora: Why is Urdu the national language of Pakistan?
http://www.quora.com/Why-is-Urdu-the-national-language-of-Pakistan

Honda to use English as its official language (by 2020)
http://www.autoblog.com/2015/07/07/honda-english-official-language/

The article that started it all: The Social Stratification of (r) in New York City Department Stores (PDF)
http://web.stanford.edu/class/linguist62n/labov001.pdf

Revisiting New York department stores — about Mather’s 1992 replication
http://linguistics-research-digest.blogspot.com.au/2013/06/revisiting-new-york-department-stores.html

Dialect Blog: How Non-Rhotic Accents Become Rhotic
http://dialectblog.com/2011/09/12/rhotic-becomes-non-rhotic/

John Tierney of the NYT did a mini-replication in 1995. Really good background.
http://www.nytimes.com/1995/01/22/magazine/the-big-city-can-we-talk.html

i love english language: William Labov
https://aggslanguage.wordpress.com/2009/09/20/william-labov/

William Labov discusses his career in sociolinguistics
https://www.pbs.org/speak/speech/sociolinguistics/labov/

Google Books: Introducing Sociolinguistics
Link

What is jacklighting?
http://animalrights.about.com/od/wildlife/g/What-Is-Jacklighting.htm

‘Cecil Bill’ May End Trophy Hunting In America
https://www.thedodo.com/congress-cecil-lion-trophy-hunting-ban-1275558136.html

Jimmy Kimmel Tears Into ‘A-hole’ Dentist Who Killed Cecil The Lion
https://www.thedodo.com/jimmy-kimmel-dentist-killed-lion-1271676533.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Episode 204: Shibboleths

A shibboleth can mark you as a insider… or an outsider.

Shibboleths can be words, phrases, or even sounds, but getting them wrong can lead to social or political exclusion, and in some cases, they can be fatal.

Linguist Daniel Midgley gives himself away on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

Flat Adverbs Are Flat-Out Useful
http://www.dailywritingtips.com/flat-adverbs-are-flat-out-useful/

Banned words and flat adverbs
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/12/16/banned-words-and-flat-adverbs/

Nando’s: ‘Eat interesting’
http://mumbrella.com.au/nandos-eat-interesting-89851

A complaint about Nando’s
https://www.facebook.com/nandosaus/posts/10151492978849843

Grammatically Incorrect Slogans
https://frtim.wordpress.com/2014/02/15/grammatically-incorrect-slogans/

Wikipedia: List of shibboleths
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_shibboleths

Disney Research creates method enabling dialogue replacement for automated video redubbing
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-04/dr-drc041715.php

A Mouth Full of Words: Visually Consistent Acoustic Redubbing
http://www.disneyresearch.com/publication/a-mouth-full-of-words-visually-consistent-acoustic-redubbing/

“MEDIEVAL LAND FUN-TIME WORLD” EXTENDED TRAILER — A Bad Lip Reading of Game of Thrones
https://youtu.be/5Krz-dyD-UQ

‘Shibboleth’ in the Old Testament
http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/shibboleth

My blog post about ‘shibboleth’: Gospel Doctrine for the Godless
http://www.godlessdoctrine.com/2014/05/ot-lesson-19.html

Wikipedia: Frisian peasant rebellion
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arumer_Zwarte_Hoop

Wikipedia: Parsley Massacre
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsley_Massacre

Foucault That Noise: The Terror of Highbrow Mispronunciation
http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/02/foucault-that-noise-the-terror-of-highbrow-mispronunciation/385229/

List of shibboleth names by which the privileged judge their inferiors
http://lazenby.tumblr.com/post/109628210407/list-of-shibboleth-names

Slate: How Do You Pronounce “Bon Iver”?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2012/02/13/bon_iver_pronunciation_how_to_pronounce_the_name_of_the_grammy_winner.html

How To Pronounce 18 Indie Band Names
http://indie88.com/how-to-say-indie-band-names/

Turkish sex worker dialect Lubunca liberates, stigmatizes LGBT community
http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/1/17/turkish-languagesexworkers.html

Lubunca and the History of Istanbul Slang
http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/15704/lubunca-and-the-history-of-istanbul-slang

The secret language of Turkey’s LGBT community
http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-01-14/world-full-secret-languages-one-used-turkeys-lgbt-community

Diana Eades: Applied linguistics and language analysis in asylum seeker cases (PDF)
http://refugeestudies.org/files/appliedlinguisticsandlanguage_182.pdf

Tim McNamara: 21st Century Shibboleth: Language tests, identity, and intergroup conflict
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10993-005-2886-0#page-1

Immigration by Shibboleth By Michael Erard
http://www.legalaffairs.org/issues/November-December-2003/story_erad_novdec03.msp

Monika S. Schmid: Treacherous shibboleths: Language as an indicator of origin (PDF)
http://www.let.rug.nl/languageattrition/Papers/SchmidInaugural2011.pdf

More from Monika Schmid: Language as a passport
http://theforeigner.no/pages/columns/language-as-a-passport/

What’s the deal with Mx?
http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2015/05/06/whats-the-deal-with-mx/

Wikipedia: Mx
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mx_(title)

Mx flagged as possible title for transgender and other gender neutral people, according to Oxford English Dictionary
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-05-05/new-title-for-transgender-and-other-gender-neutral-people/6447256

Oxford English Dictionary could soon include gender-neutral title ‘Mx’
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/oxford-english-dictionary-soon-include-gender-neutral-title-mx/

When was the Mx gender-inclusive title created?
http://practicalandrogyny.com/2014/08/28/when-was-the-mx-gender-inclusive-title-created/

Mintox
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=mintox


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.thebricktestament.com/judges/42000_ephraimites_killed/jg12_06b.jpg

Episode 194: Auslan Advocacy (featuring Drisana Levitzke-Gray)

Auslan is one of Australia’s most popular signed languages.

But how many of us know it? And what is communication like for Deaf speakers in the wider society?

Auslan advocate and Young Australian of the Year Drisana Levitzke-Gray joins Daniel and Ben in the studio on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

More things that rhyme with ‘orange’
http://everything2.com/title/Things+that+rhyme+with+orange

Sporange, and a whole lot of other words.
http://www.sharonherald.com/community/they-re-in-oxford-dictionary-but-many-words-have-limited/article_972d5919-04ba-5ce1-9ce7-35ad055573a2.html

‘Sign guy’ stunned by social media attention following Tropical Cyclone Marcia
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-02-24/sign-guy-stunned-by-social-media-attention-following-cyclone/6247008

Why a ‘poetic’ sign language interpreter went viral in Australia
http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-ouch-31558277

Sign Guy Speaks!
http://www.4bc.com.au/news/sign-guy-speaks-20150223-13m50a.html

The ‘Sign Guy’ explains what he does
http://bmag.com.au/your-brisbane/galleries/2015/02/21/the-signguy-explains-what-he-does/

The Auslan sign for MOUSE in the Auslan Signbank
http://www.auslan.org.au/dictionary/words/mouse-1.html

The Auslan Corpus
http://www.auslan.org.au/about/corpus/

Find out about facial expression in Auslan, via this book by Trevor Johnston and Adam Schembri
Google Books link

Prepare yourself for National Grammar Day
http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/language-blog/bal-prepare-yourself-for-national-grammar-day-20150227-story.html

Brought to you by the Society for the Promotion of Good Grammar
http://grammatically.blogspot.com.au

Young Australian of the Year 2015, Drisana Levitzke-Gray
http://www.australianoftheyear.org.au/honour-roll/?view=fullView&recipientID=1253

Drisana’s interview with Channel 10’s Wake Up Program about Jury Duty
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cg8rcuiAjJk

Beautiful language: Drisana Levitzke-Gray recognised for efforts advocating for deaf rights
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-12-11/drisana-levitzke-gray-wa-young-australian-of-the-year/5960922

Deaf winner wants her sign language to be heard
https://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/a/26097577/deaf-winner-wants-her-sign-language-to-be-heard/

Deaf Advocate Drisana Levitzke-Gray explains why her fight for the rights of deaf-children is so important.
https://au.tv.yahoo.com/sunrise/video/watch/26097398/young-australian-of-the-year/

Did someone say new words? Here are selfie, photobomb, and duckface in American Sign Language (ASL). Not all signs look just like the thing, but in these cases, yeah, kinda.
http://petapixel.com/2015/02/28/heres-how-to-say-selfie-photobomb-and-duckface-in-sign-language/

Here’s an article about how they eventually achieve consensus for new signs.
http://www.hopesandfears.com/hopes/now/internet/168477-internet-american-sign-language

Is the Deaf community shrinking?
http://www.divine.vic.gov.au/lifestyle/relationships/deaf-community-shrinking

There is some speculation that Auslan might be an endangered language.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auslan

From 2004: Hear me out: lamenting a silent language falling out of favour
http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/06/06/1086460172692.html?from=storylhs

Dank
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Dank

“Dank beers”
http://allevents.in/portland/the-mic-at-the-end-of-the-universe/267255276679811


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Episode 175: Mother Tongues

Everyone knows it’s a good idea to get kids to learn a foreign language.

But lots of Australian kids already speak a foreign language — at home. Yet these ‘mother tongues’ are losing ground to English. How do we encourage the minority languages in our midst?

Linguist Daniel Midgley investigates on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Ronan Lane


We’re talking about this article in Slate:
One Planet, One Language: How Realistic Is Science Fiction Linguistics?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/09/08/one_planet_one_language_science_fiction_versus_earth_linguistic_diversity.html

Click here for more options: How to get Talk the Talk


Show notes

Uyghur Linguist, Two Associates Sentenced After One Year Detention
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/language-08262014235118.html

The Language Log post
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=14351

Uyghur is an official language of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyghur_language

In Australia, about one in five people speak a language other than English at home.
http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features30April+2013#back9

But for schoolkids, it’s more like one in three.
Push to get more Aussie kids speaking their native language
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2014/08/11/push-get-more-aussie-kids-speaking-their-native-language

How we kill languages and fail our cleverest children
http://theconversation.com/how-we-kill-languages-and-fail-our-cleverest-children-29137

How many are in your area? Find out using the SBS Census Explorer.
http://www.sbs.com.au/censusexplorer/

Some parents are concerned that bilingualism will hurt their child’s language skills. It doesn’t.
http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/biling2.cfm

Bilingualism is pretty normal.
http://www.hanen.org/Helpful-Info/Articles/Bilingualism-in-Young-Children–Separating-Fact-fr.aspx

There are perhaps 20 healthy Aboriginal languages in Australia
http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/language/

Here they are, under “Strong Indigenous Languages”.
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/1301.0Feature%20Article42009%E2%80%9310?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=1301.0&issue=2009%9610&num=&view=

Language nests can help
http://theconversation.com/language-nests-a-way-to-revive-indigenous-languages-at-risk-19824

They’re a way to facilitate trans-generational language transference.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language_nest

Canada is using them
http://www.ece.gov.nt.ca/early-childhood-and-school-services/early-childhood/language-nests

New South Wales made a big push for them last year.
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2013/10/28/culture-centre-aims-revive-wiradjuri-language

Economic success ‘drives language extinction’
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-29037168

And that’s bad, because language diversity is very positive.
http://linguisticmystic.com/2012/06/21/why-is-linguistic-diversity-a-good-thing/

Ish: How A Suffix Became A Word
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/06/09/ish_how_a_suffix_became_an_independent_word_even_though_it_s_not_in_all.html

Here’s where it comes from
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=-ish

It’s getting degrammaticalised
http://linguistlist.org/pubs/reviews/get-review.cfm?subid=2639294

And all that ish
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/06/16/ish_and_shoot_as_euphemisms_not_as_versatile_as_the_swear_words_they_replace.html


Show tunes

‘Beautiful Mother’ by Dirty Projectors + Björk
from the album Mount Wittenburg Orca

‘Hold the Line’ by SBTRKT
from the album Transitions

Episode 165: Little Sponges

Children seem to soak up language, even the things we’d rather they not say.

What do you do about your child’s swearing? And does using sign language help babies talk earlier?

Linguist Daniel Midgley is down with the kids on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

Or subscribe via iTunes
Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with James Hall


Show notes

Peru: Baby lacks ID documents because his name contains unusual letter
http://www.peruthisweek.com/news-peru-baby-lacks-id-documents-because-his-name-contains-unusual-letter-103026

Of course, there are characters you can’t use in Australia, too.
http://www.kidspot.com.au/chloe-renee-andre-need-apply-accents-baby-names-arent-allowed/
http://www.mccrindle.com.au/the-mccrindle-blog/baby-name-no-nos-rules-australia

Here’s the list of baby names that got Ben seeing red
http://www.mamamia.com.au/parenting/baby-names-2013/

Dr Timothy Jay talks about child swearing
http://www.npr.org/2014/04/20/304957688/like-little-language-vacuum-cleaners-kids-suck-up-swear-words

Jay and Jay (2013). A child’s garden of curses. (PDF)
https://www.mcla.edu/Undergraduate/uploads/textWidget/2891.00036/documents/Childrens_Cursing.pdf

Signing in babies does not accelerate language development, study suggests
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121004093155.htm

Does sign language make a difference?
http://www.hanen.org/Helpful-Info/Articles/Does-Baby-Sign-Make-a-Difference-.aspx

When should you worry about language development? Ask a linguist.
http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/lang-acq.cfm#worry

Entitlement, or the Age thereof
http://www.theage.com.au/comment/how-joe-hockey-ended-the-age-of-entitlement-20140516-zrfd1.html

Are we really living in the Age of Entitlement?
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/policy/are-we-really-living-in-the-age-of-entitlement/story-fn9hlxnq-1226912240631#

Yes, the Age of Entitlement is over. But don’t worry, everyone; Joe Hockey will be doing just fine.
http://www.theage.com.au/comment/how-joe-hockey-ended-the-age-of-entitlement-20140516-zrfd1.html

Mitt Romney tried chipping away at this, too.
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=4240

Aggrieved white male entitlement turns deadly
http://www.alternet.org/culture/santa-barbara-mass-shooting-elliot-rodger-and-aggrieved-white-male-entitlement-syndrome

Used to be that you were entitled to things, and it wasn’t a bad thing.
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=entitle&allowed_in_frame=0


Show tunes

‘A Child Is Waiting’ by Stephen Duffy
from the album Duffy

‘Only Child’ by Dead Owls
from the album Small Talk

Episode 157: Digital Extinction

Will the Internet save minority languages, or kill them?

Many small languages lack an online presence, as only a handful of languages dominate the Web. On the other hand, we’ve never had so many tools to include other languages in the global conversation. Are we seeing digital death, or an electronic renaissance?

Linguist Daniel Midgley weighs it up on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with James Hall


Show notes

About half of Wikipedia edits are now made by bots.
http://www.newsweek.com/wikipedia-edited-bots-thats-good-thing-230234

They’re doing the minor work of editing usually handled by WikiGnomes.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiGnome

Steiner’s paper (PDF)
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.0412v2.pdf

We may lose half of the world’s languages in 100 years.
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/themes/endangered-languages/

A tiny handful of languages have an enormous web presence
http://america.aljazeera.com/opinions/2014/3/language-linguisticstechnologyinternetdigitaldivideicann.html?ling

and while languages other than English are coming up, there’s still a divide.
http://qz.com/96054/english-is-no-longer-the-language-of-the-web/

The chart
http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm

Here are some stats on languages on the Internet
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_used_on_the_Internet

András Kornai’s paper: Digital Language Death
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0077056

and even Baltic languages are struggling.
http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/mar/26/digital-extinction-europe-languages-fight-survive?CMP=fb_gu

Even some well-established European languages are under-represented with regard to tech tools.
http://www.meta-net.eu/whitepapers/key-results-and-cross-language-comparison

Wikipedia, mapped
http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2011/nov/11/wikipedia-map-world-languages#_

Is it important to save endangered languages?
https://docs.google.com/document/d/19MvWf22roO_egGdcma1rSAplMrQitKskxL3xn0gBgSU/edit#

What will it take to save them?
http://phys.org/news/2014-01-minority-languages-digital-extinction.html
http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/news/articles/saving-minority-languages-from-digital-extinction-12343.html

Google’s Endangered Language Project is helping.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/google/9346048/Google-to-save-endangered-languages.html
http://endangeredlanguages.com

Tuvan has an app.
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-17081573

But speakers have to use it. Social media can help with this.
http://www.scpr.org/programs/airtalk/2014/01/16/35576/can-social-media-help-save-the-world-s-endangered/

Digital libraries are important.
http://www.cs.waikato.ac.nz/~tetaka/PDF/DLandMinority.pdf

“Conscious uncoupling”
http://o.canada.com/entertainment/celebrity/conscious-uncoupling/


Show tunes

‘Fragile, or Possibly Extinct’ by The Mercury Project
from the album A Data Learn the Language

‘Dead Sound’ by the Raveonettes
from the album Lust Lust Lust

Episode 151: Search Censorship

Search engines help us find what we’re looking for. So when governments put pressure on search companies, the results can be sinister.

A cyber-monitoring group says Microsoft’s Bing is squelching politically sensitive topics. What are their responsibilities, and what can people do to keep the information flowing?

Linguist Daniel Midgley searches for answers on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Or subscribe via iTunes
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Promo with James Hall


Show notes

Facebook allows custom genders
http://www.buzzfeed.com/ryanhatesthis/facebook-now-allows-users-to-pick-a-custom-gender-beyond-mal

About 50+ in all.
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/02/14/facebook_offers_50plus_new_gender_options_for_users/

Cis-
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/cis-

An Internet watchdog accuses Microsoft’s Bing of censoring Sino-sensitive results, even outside China.
http://phys.org/news/2014-02-microsoft-bing-accused-chinese-language-censorship.html
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/feb/11/bing-censors-chinese-language-search-results

Microsoft denies it
http://phys.org/news/2014-02-microsoft-denies-chinese-language-bing-censorship.html
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/feb/12/microsoft-bing-censor-chinese-search-results-system-error?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

Bing has some ‘splaining to do.
http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/herdict/2014/02/13/bing-needs-to-explain-its-search-algorithms/

What do you do if you’re a search engine in China?
http://www.economist.com/blogs/analects/2014/02/internet-censorship

Google’s history of censorship
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Censorship_by_Google

Google says it’s getting hammered
http://www.pcworld.com/article/257808/google_reports_alarming_rate_of_government_censorship.html

and puts out a transparency report to document it all.
http://www.google.com/transparencyreport/removals/government/

Bing could use one of those.
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/feb/14/micorsoft-bing-china-censorship-transparency

Google now explains the censorship, and provides suggestions.
http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2012/may/31/google-alert-chinese-users-censored

Blogger redirects you to a country-specific URL so it can censor country by country.
https://support.google.com/blogger/answer/2402711?hl=en

Chinese speakers have ways around this.
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=2699

Kevin Slavin on how algorithms shape our world
http://www.ted.com/talks/kevin_slavin_how_algorithms_shape_our_world.html

How do search engines work?
http://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet/basics/search-engine.htm
http://www.searchcatalyst.co.uk/learn/how-do-search-engines-work

There have been many Google Bombs over the years.
http://www.screamingfrog.co.uk/google-bombs/

Google put a stop to them.
http://searchengineland.com/google-kills-bushs-miserable-failure-search-other-google-bombs-10363

Why not try DuckDuckGo?
https://duckduckgo.com

The words of the Winter Olympics
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/othersports/winter-olympics/10627035/Winter-Olympics-the-language-explained.html


Show tunes

‘Stay’ by the Go Find
from the album Everybody Knows It’s Gonna Happen Only Not Tonight

‘Stadium Ice’ by Squarepusher
from the album Ufabulum

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