Category: world Englishes (page 1 of 3)

Episode 280: Contractions

They’ll, we’ve, you’re, and even ain’t.

This week, we’re having contractions, but not the muscular kind — the word kind! We squash words together all the time, but why? And how well can you recognise them?

Daniel, Kylie, and Ben are gonna find out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Antonino Tati


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Episode 280: Contractions [128 kbps] for everyone

Cutting Room Floor 280: Contractions for patrons


Show notes

The Oxford comma: Do you or don’t you?
http://publishingresourceguide.com/writers-life/writing-ideas-inspiration/oxford-comma-yes-or-no

Oxford commas, Nelson Mandela, and Stephen King
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/09/15/oxford-commas-nelson-mandela-and-stephen-king/

The Best Shots Fired in the Oxford Comma Wars
http://mentalfloss.com/article/33637/best-shots-fired-oxford-comma-wars

An Oxford comma changed this court case completely
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/03/15/health/oxford-comma-maine-court-case-trnd/index.html

A Missing Oxford Comma Just Changed the Course of a Court Case
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/missing-oxford-comma-just-changed-course-court-case-180962551/

Infographic: The Oxford comma debate
https://www.ragan.com/Main/Articles/Infographic_The_Oxford_comma_debate_52369.aspx

Wikipedia: Contraction (grammar)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contraction_(grammar)

Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 1 (increased use of –n’t; interesting charts)
Google Books link

Amn’t
http://www.worldwidewords.org/qa/qa-amn1.htm

The Story of Ain’t
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=7100#more-7100

The Cockney and His Dialect
https://www.jstor.org/stable/534097?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

London dialect in Dickens
http://www.bl.uk/learning/timeline/item126779.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: won’t
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=won%27t

Why Does “Will Not” Become “Won’t”?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/55232/why-does-will-not-become-wont

Online Etymology Dictionary: contraction
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=contraction&searchmode=&p=3&allowed_in_frame=0

Word lengths are optimized for efficient communication
http://www.pnas.org/content/108/9/3526.long

Why “won’t” isn’t “willn’t”
http://www.grammarphobia.com/blog/2013/03/wont-willnt.html

Throw Mama From the Train: Favorite Line
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4c1sgug6prw

(principle of) least effort [Zipf’s Law]
https://www.thoughtco.com/principle-of-least-effort-zipfs-law-1691104

Understanding Zipf’s Law
http://david.pilato.fr/blog/2016/01/05/understanding-zipfs-law/

The mystery of Zipf
https://plus.maths.org/content/mystery-zipf

A mysterious law that predicts the size of the world’s biggest cities
http://io9.gizmodo.com/the-mysterious-law-that-governs-the-size-of-your-city-1479244159

Applying Zipf’s Law to galaxies
https://phys.org/news/2016-04-zipf-law-galaxies.html

Wikipedia: List of placeholder names by language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_placeholder_names_by_language

UD: doovalacky
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=doovalacky

MW: doohickey
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/doohickey

Chuck Berry, rock ‘n’ roll icon, dead at 90
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-03-19/chuck-berry-rock-n-roll-icon-dies-aged-90/8367220

How Chuck Berry Wrote “Johnny B. Goode” and Created the First Rock and Roll Guitar Hero
http://www.guitarworld.com/artist-news/how-chuck-berry-wrote-johnny-b-goode-and-created-first-rock-and-roll-guitar-hero/30217

Sister Rosetta Tharpe Biography
http://www.biography.com/people/sister-rosetta-tharpe-17172332

Sister Rosetta Tharpe – Didn’t It Rain
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SR2gR6SZC2M

Vapour Trails: Revisiting Shoegaze
https://www.xlr8r.com/features/2009/01/vapour-trails-revisiting-shoegaze/

List of rock genres
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rock_genres

Music Genres List
http://www.musicgenreslist.com

Our Least Favorite Genre Names
http://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2012/01/28/145858309/our-least-favorite-genre-names

Can -core survive normcore?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/04/can-core-survive-normcore/

Slutwave, Tumblr Rap, Rape Gaze: Obscure Musical Genres Explained
http://www.laweekly.com/music/slutwave-tumblr-rap-rape-gaze-obscure-musical-genres-explained-2409158

Eminem and The Beatles: The Top-Selling Artists of the 2000s
http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/eminem-and-the-beatles-the-top-selling-artists-of-the-2000s-20091209

Google Ngram Viewer: on / in an island
Control-click the lines to make similar items collapse.


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 276: English Only

What’s behind the English Only movement?

Some people are trying to make English the “official” language of countries where there’s already a lot of English going on. Is this necessary? What are the pros and cons?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie talk it over on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., ZoeWhitney, Matt, and Christy. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

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Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 276: English Only [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 276: English Only patrons only


Show notes

Toddlers Learn Words Poorly in Noisy Environments
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/toddlers-learn-words-poorly-in-noisy-environments/

Background noise may hinder toddlers’ ability to learn words
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/sfri-bnm071816.php

A new corpus of ‘slips of the ear’ in English
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-02/uotb-anc021717.php

The English Consistent Confusion Corpus
http://spandh.dcs.shef.ac.uk/ECCC/

Does TV Watching Really Hurt Vocabulary Development?
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/keep-it-in-mind/201311/does-tv-watching-really-hurt-vocabulary-development

Can Toddlers Learn Vocabulary from Television? An Experimental Approach (PDF)
http://vrij-natuurlijk.nl/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/tv_study.pdf

Congress.gov: H.R.997
https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/997/text?r=4

Oregon lawmakers push to repeal sanctuary state designation, make English official language
http://www.oregonlive.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/02/oregon_lawmakers_push_to_repea.html

English-only and official English movements
http://immigrationtounitedstates.org/481-english-only-and-official-english-movements.html

Should English Be the Law?
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1997/04/should-english-be-the-law/376825/

Speak English or Go Home: The Anti- Immigrant Discourse of the American ‘English Only’ Movement (PDF)
http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/journals/cadaad/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Volume-7_Lawton.pdf

Language as Oppression: The English Only Movement in the United States
http://sdonline.org/33/language-as-oppression-the-english-only-movement-in-the-united-states/

Immigration Restriction Act
https://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/websites-mini/journeys-australia/1900s20s/immigration-restriction-act/

A Look at English-Only Laws Across the US
http://stories.avvo.com/rights/immigration/a-look-at-english-only-laws-across-the-us.html

Debate: English as US official language
http://debatepedia.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:_English_as_US_official_language#Background_and_context

English as an Official Language in the U.S.: Pros and Cons
https://officialenglishpolicy.wordpress.com/2011/07/25/english-as-an-official-language-in-the-u-s-pros-and-cons/

The Impact of English-Only Instructional Policies on English Learners
http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/impact-english-only-instructional-policies-english-learners#h-the-english-only-movement

English only spoken here
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2010/07/xenophobic_language_laws

English Only Town Of Homer, Illinois Has Little Knowledge Of English
https://dekerivers.wordpress.com/2010/07/19/english-only-town-of-homer-illinois-has-little-knowledge-of-english/

Student Suspended for Speaking Native American Language
https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/student-suspended-for-speaking-native-american-language/

Chicago-area teacher who punished students for speaking Spanish resigns in disgrace
http://www.rawstory.com/2016/08/chicago-area-teacher-who-punished-students-for-speaking-spanish-resigns-in-disgrace/

‘Speak in English’ Bus driver fired after pouring water on spanish-speaking student
http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/707226/bus-driver-sacked-abuse-spanish-speaking-student

Hispanics upset by teacher’s discipline
http://www.azbilingualed.org/AABE%20Site/AABE–News%202004/hispanics_upset_by_teacher.htm

2071.0 – Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0main+features902012-2013

Can my employer say that only English is allowed to be spoken in our workplace?
https://www.hrc.co.nz/enquiries-and-complaints/faqs/english-language-only-workplace/

You don’t need English to be an Australian citizen
https://blogs.crikey.com.au/fullysic/2015/06/03/you-dont-need-english-to-be-an-australian-citizen/

Who You Calling ‘Snowflake’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2016/12/04/who-you-calling-snowflake/

Snowflake, SJW, cuck: a guide to alt-right ideas and slang
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/snowflake-sjw-cuck-guide-alt-right-ideas-slang-1605911

Fight Club Author Slams ‘Modern Left’: “I Coined ‘Snowflake’ And I Stand By It”
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-01-24/fight-clubs-chuck-palahniuk-slams-modern-left-i-coined-snowflake-and-i-stand-it

Calvin and Hobbes: Snowflake
http://www.gocomics.com/calvinandhobbes/2013/02/07

Franco and Linguistic Fascism
http://www.thelinguafile.com/2012/12/franco-and-linguistic-fascism.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent)

You won’t believe what it takes to make a good linguistic article!

Listicles, or list articles, can be interesting, amusing, and even informative. What goes into the creation of a good linguistic listicle? How can they change someone’s mind about language? And what’s in the future for science communication?

Linguist and writer Arika Okrent talks to Daniel and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

Our patrons keep us talking! And for this episode they include David W.Christopher F., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. Thanks to all our patrons — your support is very much appreciated.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent) [128 kbps]

Interview with Arika Okrent (complete) for patrons

Cutting Room Floor 275: The Linguistic Listician for patrons


Show notes

What’s the Correct Pronunciation of February?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/54846/whats-correct-pronunciation-february

Adoptees advantaged by birth language memory
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170118082828.htm

Infants Exposed to Languages Can Retain Them Later in Life
http://www.livescience.com/57718-infants-language-exposure-impacts-learning.html

Early development of abstract language knowledge: evidence from perception–production transfer of birth-language memory
http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/4/1/160660

Learn a New Lingo While Doing Something Else
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/learn-a-new-lingo-while-doing-something-else/

Maternal language shapes infants’ cry melodies
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160819084631.htm

Arika Okrent on Mental Floss
http://mentalfloss.com/authors/arika-okrent

12 Horrible Gobbledygook Words We Reluctantly Accepted
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31854/12-horrible-gobbledygook-words-we-reluctantly-accepted

The Grammar Rules Behind 3 Commonly Disparaged Dialects
http://mentalfloss.com/article/51741/grammar-rules-behind-3-commonly-disparaged-dialects

6 French and German Dialects That Are 100 Percent American
http://mentalfloss.com/article/91584/6-french-and-german-dialects-are-100-percent-american

The listicle as literary form
http://mag.uchicago.edu/arts-humanities/listicle-literary-form

Ben Zimmer: The rise of the shitgibbon
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2017/02/09/the-rise-of-the-shitgibbon/

Linguists Have Been Discussing “Shit Gibbon.” I Argue It’s Not Entirely About Gibbons.
http://www.languagejones.com/blog-1/2017/2/9/linguists-have-been-discussing-shit-gibbon-i-argue-its-not-entirely-about-gibbons

The orgin and constraints of “shitgibbon” compounds
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/157210818652/the-orgin-and-constraints-of-shitgibbon

Shitgibbon frequencies (by Daniel)
http://goodreasonblog.com/2017/02/shitgibbon-frequencies/

The Raised Fist Emoji Is Social Media’s Resistance Symbol
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/raised-fist-emoji-resistance_us_5899e39fe4b09bd304bd8ac9

Links to “might as well” in Google Books
1 | 2 | 3

May, Might, Muddle
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/14/may-might-muddle/?_r=0

“Tribune” (with commentary from Aven)
https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1658229270870525


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 271: Words of the Year 2016

Was 2016 a dumpster fire 🗑🔥? Or was it just fire 🔥?

It’s time to look back at the words that defined our time, enlivened our speech, and zeited our geist in the previous year.

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are staying woke on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Patreon supporters

We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 271: Words of the Year 2016 [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 271: Words of the Year 2016


Show notes

Sussex University to use gender neutral pronouns as students request greater respect for transgender
http://www.independent.co.uk/student/news/sussex-university-gender-neutral-pronouns-transgender-lgbt-rights-brighton-sexuality-politics-a7505671.html

BANSGENDER Students’ union asks members not to use ‘he’ or ‘she’ without asking first as they don’t want to assume gender
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/2510504/students-ban-using-offensive-he-and-she-pronouns-in-meetings-and-emails-as-they-dont-want-to-assume-gender/

Student union asks members to use ‘they’ instead of ‘he’ and ‘she’- because they ‘don’t want to make assumptions about gender’
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4079694/Student-union-bans-use-don-t-want-make-assumptions-gender.html

Oxford University students ‘told to use gender neutral pronoun ze’
http://www.independent.co.uk/student/news/oxford-university-students-gender-neutral-pronouns-peter-tatchell-student-union-ze-xe-a7470196.html

Oxford student union denies telling students to use gender-neutral pronoun
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/dec/13/oxford-student-union-denies-telling-students-to-use-gender-neutral-pronoun

No, Oxford University isn’t ‘banning’ the use of Mr and Mrs prefixes
http://thetab.com/uk/2016/12/19/no-oxford-university-isnt-banning-using-mr-mrs-prefixes-28595

Fear of New Pronouns (U Tenn)
https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/09/08/u-tennessee-withdraws-guide-pronouns-preferred-some-transgender-people

You can be fined for not calling people ‘ze’ or ‘hir,’ if that’s the pronoun they demand that you use
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2016/05/17/you-can-be-fined-for-not-calling-people-ze-or-hir-if-thats-the-pronoun-they-demand-that-you-use/

U of T professor’s stand against genderless pronouns draws fire
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/u-of-t-professors-stand-against-genderless-pronouns-draws-fire/article32303037/

U of T professor attacks political correctness, says he refuses to use genderless pronouns
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/u-of-t-professor-attacks-political-correctness-in-video-refuses-to-use-genderless-pronouns

University of Michigan Professors Will Face Disciplinary Action for Ignoring ‘Preferred Pronouns’
http://heatst.com/culture-wars/university-of-michigan-professors-will-face-disciplinary-action-for-ignoring-preferred-pronouns/

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2016 is post-truth
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/word-of-the-year/word-of-the-year-2016

M-W: Word of the Year 2016: Surreal
https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/word-of-the-year-2016

Dictionary.com’s 2016 Word of the Year: Xenophobia
http://blog.dictionary.com/xenophobia/

Top 10 Collins Words of the Year 2016: Brexit
https://www.collinsdictionary.com/word-lovers-blog/new/top-10-collins-words-of-the-year-2016,323,HCB.html

Democracy sausage snags Word of the Year as smashed avo, shoey lose out
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-12-14/democracy-sausage-snags-word-of-the-year/8117684

2016 Word of the Year is dumpster fire, as voted by American Dialect Society (Press release)
http://www.americandialect.org/wp-content/uploads/2016-Word-of-the-Year-PRESS-RELEASE.pdf

“Dumpster fire” is 2016 American Dialect Society word of the year
http://www.americandialect.org/dumpster-fire-is-2016-american-dialect-society-word-of-the-year

How ‘Dumpster Fire’ Became 2016’s Word of the Year
https://www.wired.com/2017/01/word-of-year-dumpster-fire/

The American Dialect Society’s word of the year is “dumpster fire”
https://qz.com/880501/2016s-word-of-the-year-is-dumpster-fire-beating-out-post-truth-deplorables-cuck-woke-and-slay-for-the-american-dialect-societys-title/

Dumpster Fire Is 2016’s Word Of The Year Because Even Linguists Are Over It
http://www.refinery29.com/2017/01/135191/dumpster-fire-word-of-the-year-2016-american-dialect-society

‘Dumpster Fire’ Is the American Dialect Society’s 2016 Word of the Year
http://time.com/4627056/dumpster-fire-2016-word-of-the-year/

It’s official — the 2016 US Word of the Year is ‘Dumpster fire’
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/2016-word-of-the-year-is-dumpster-fire-2017-1

How Old Is ‘Gaslighting’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2017/01/12/how-old-is-gaslight/

10 Things I’ve Learned About Gaslighting As An Abuse Tactic
http://everydayfeminism.com/2015/08/things-wish-known-gaslighting/

This Millennial Rant Deserves A Trophy For Being Most Wrong
http://www.cracked.com/blog/that-anti-millennial-rant-bs-cracked-destroys-meme/

Who You Calling ‘Snowflake’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2016/12/04/who-you-calling-snowflake/

The myth of millennial entitlement was created to hide their parents’ mistakes
https://qz.com/720456/the-myth-of-millennial-entitlement-was-created-to-hide-their-parents-mistakes/

How ‘woke’ went from black activist watchword to teen internet slang
http://fusion.net/story/252567/stay-woke/

The term ‘fake news’ is quickly losing meaning in the Trump era
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/the-term-fake-news-is-quickly-losing-meaning-in-the-trump-era/article33617746/

Will ‘Kompromat’ Make It into the Dictionary?
https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/what-does-kompromat-mean

Report alleges Donald Trump paid for ‘golden showers’ in Russia and Twitter cannot contain itself
http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/news-and-views/social/report-alleges-donald-trump-paid-for-golden-showers-in-russia-and-twitter-cannot-contain-itself-20170111-gtpcw7.html

#GoldenShowers Trends on Twitter Following Unverified Trump Intel Dump
http://www.mediaite.com/online/goldenshowers-trends-on-twitter-following-unverified-trump-intel-dump/

The Word of the Year for 2016 Isn’t a Word. It’s a Number.
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2016/12/14/_2016_s_word_of_the_year_isn_t_a_word_it_s_a_number.html

China’s Zhou Youguang, father of Pinyin writing system, dies aged 111
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-38621697


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Episode 265: Universal Grammar 2 (featuring Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy)

The biggest idea in linguistics is back on the table.

Is there such a thing as the Universal Grammar? Do you have to have a human brain to learn language, or is learning a language just like learning anything else? And are one man’s insights into Amazonian languages sufficient to demolish this theoretical edifice?

Linguists Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy talk to Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Dylan Websdane


Patreon supporters

Support for this episode comes from our patrons: Christy, Matt, and Whitney. Thanks, all! Your support gives life its meaning and texture.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Interview with Dan Everett 2016-10-07 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 265: Universal Grammar 2

265: Universal Grammar 2 (featuring Dan Everett and Lynne Murphy) [128kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Warning: Bad linguistics alert

‘Th’ sound to vanish from English language by 2066 because of multiculturalism, say linguists
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/09/28/th-sound-to-vanish-from-english-language-by-2066-because-of-mult/

Here’s how the English language could sound incredibly different in 50 years
http://www.sciencealert.com/the-english-language-could-sound-incredibly-different-in-50-years-study-finds

Our accents are under threat: dialects may die as computers strip the beauty from language
http://www.wired.co.uk/article/dialect-english-regional-accents

It’s the end of the frog and toad for regional slang, says report
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/sep/29/its-the-end-of-the-frog-and-toad-for-regional-slang-says-report

XKCD:

Better linguistics alert

Researchers are using an app to crowdsource how the English language has changed
http://qz.com/694906/researchers-are-using-an-app-to-crowdsource-how-the-english-language-has-changed/

How do you say ‘scone’? English regional accents decline as ‘southern’ accent becomes widespread
http://home.bt.com/news/uk-news/how-do-you-say-scone-english-regional-accents-decline-as-southern-accent-becomes-widespread-11364064620130

How London has killed off elements of local dialects across England – in seven maps
https://www.indy100.com/article/how-london-has-killed-off-elements-of-local-dialects-across-englandin-seven-maps–ZJxofkDwH7Z

New Scientist: The Electric Kool-Aid language test
https://www.newscientist.com/article/2108618-the-electric-kool-aid-language-test/

Dan Everett: Who’s afraid of the big bad Wolfe? Apparently everyone.
https://daneverettbooks.com/whos-afraid-of-the-big-bad-wolfe-apparently-everyone/

Trump recorded having extremely lewd conversation about women in 2005
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trump-recorded-having-extremely-lewd-conversation-about-women-in-2005/2016/10/07/3b9ce776-8cb4-11e6-bf8a-3d26847eeed4_story.html

A banner day for profanity
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/10/08/a-banner-day-for-profanity/

An Oxford linguist on the dangers of dismissing comments about sexual assault as “locker-room talk”
http://qz.com/807395/donald-trump-oxford-linguist-deborah-cameron-explains-the-dangers-of-dismissing-comments-about-sexual-assault-as-locker-room-talk/

“Locker room” language encourages rape culture, even if it stays private
http://qz.com/806386/donald-trumps-lewd-access-hollywood-video-locker-room-language-encourages-rape-culture/

Lynne Murphy on Twitter: @lynneguist
https://twitter.com/lynneguist

Lynne’s blog: Separated by a Common Language
https://separatedbyacommonlanguage.blogspot.com.au

Linguistics explains why Trump sounds racist when he says “the” African Americans
http://qz.com/806174/second-presidential-debate-linguistics-explains-why-donald-trump-sounds-racist-when-he-says-the-african-americans/

Everything that was said at the second Donald Trump vs. Hillary Clinton debate, highlighted
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2016/10/09/everything-that-was-said-at-the-second-donald-trump-vs-hillary-clinton-debate-highlighted/

“open mic” and “on the mic”


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Episode 258: The Future of French (featuring Sophie Richard)

What’s going to happen to French?

We’re getting conflicting reports. While English-speaking pundits gloat over the decline in French influence, population shifts may see French becoming the next big thing. And French still has a lot of prestige. So what’s in French’s future?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie speak with linguist Sophie Richard on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

Iran’s language watchdog battles ‘Nutella Bars’
http://www.dailysabah.com/life/2016/08/20/irans-language-watchdog-battles-nutella-bars

Iran’s language watchdog targets Nutella Bars in fight against Westernisation
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-19/iran-language-watchdog-battles-nutella-bars/7767296

In Iran, ‘Pizza’ Now Known as ‘Elastic Loaves’
http://slice.seriouseats.com/archives/2006/07/elastic-loaves.html

Iranian Leader: ‘Pizza’ to Be Called ‘Elastic Loaves’ in Foreign Word Ban
http://www.foxnews.com/story/2006/07/29/iranian-leader-pizza-to-be-called-elastic-loaves-in-foreign-word-ban.html

Iran Launches a Holy War on the English Language
http://www.algemeiner.com/2016/05/09/iran-launches-a-holy-war-on-the-english-language/

Understanding Khamenei’s objection to increased use of the English language in Iran
http://www.middleeasteye.net/columns/understanding-khamenei-s-objection-increased-use-english-language-iran-936032844

Let’s Stop Pretending That French Is an Important Language
https://newrepublic.com/article/116443/new-york-citys-french-dual-language-programs-are-mostly-pointless

Jeremy Paxman: French is a useless language and their achievements are ‘long past’
http://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/paxman-french-is-a-useless-language-and-their-achievements-are-long-past-a3220776.html

Zut alors, Jeremy Paxman! French isn’t a ‘useless’ language
https://theconversation.com/zut-alors-jeremy-paxman-french-isnt-a-useless-language-57990

French: Lingua Franca
http://www.ozy.com/acumen/french-lingua-franca/31780

Want To Know The Language Of The Future? The Data Suggests It Could Be…French
http://www.forbes.com/sites/pascalemmanuelgobry/2014/03/21/want-to-know-the-language-of-the-future-the-data-suggests-it-could-be-french/#5f24c13e3933

C’est impossible! French set to be the world’s most commonly spoken language by 2050 because of soaring population growth in sub-Saharan Africa
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3367012/C-est-impossible-French-course-world-s-commonly-spoken-language-2050.html

English is losing its status as the universal language of the Internet
http://www.techinsider.io/english-is-losing-its-status-as-the-universal-language-of-the-internet-heres-why-thats-a-good-thing-2015-12

Liège: le français est une des langues les plus enseignées au monde
https://www.rtbf.be/info/regions/liege/detail_liege-le-francais-est-une-des-langues-les-plus-enseignees-au-monde?id=9357228

Read The Full Text Of Hillary Clinton’s Speech On The Alt-Right
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/hillary-clinton-speech-text_us_57bf4575e4b02673444f2307

Trump’s shock troops: Who are the ‘alt-right’?
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-37021991

Presidential Campaign Brings the Alt-Right Out of the Shadows
http://www.nbcnews.com/politics/2016-election/presidential-campaign-brings-alt-right-out-shadows-n638396

New Democratic Ad Is Just People Reading Gross Breitbart Headlines, Because Breitbart Is Gross
http://wonkette.com/605845/new-democratic-ad-is-just-people-reading-gross-breitbart-headlines-because-breitbart-is-gross


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Episode 256: Numbers

One, two, three… Sounds simple, doesn’t it?

And yet different languages express numbers in very different ways. How are they handled in our brains? And how did –illion get to be the suffix for truly astronomical sums?

Linguist Daniel Midgley runs the numbers on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Cole Healy


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Show notes

First major database of non-native English
http://phys.org/news/2016-07-major-database-non-native-english.html

Treebank of Learner English
http://esltreebank.org

Is “one, two, many” a myth?
https://numberwarrior.wordpress.com/2010/07/30/is-one-two-many-a-myth/

What Happens When a Language Has No Numbers?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2013/10/16/piraha_cognitive_anumeracy_in_a_language_without_numbers.html

The Munduruku people: Can You Count Your Chickens?
http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/can-you-count-your-chickens

Big and small numbers are processed in different sides of the brain
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160304092755.htm

Both hemispheres of the brain process numbers
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/01/160127083844.htm

Brain processes which lead to the concept of ‘zero’ on the number line
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160421133944.htm

Time and numbers mix together in the brain
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-07/afps-tan071911.php

Australian Aboriginal enumeration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Aboriginal_enumeration

Joan Rivers: her best one-liners
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/comedy/11064386/Joan-Rivers-her-best-one-liners.html

Why Is It ‘Eleven, Twelve’ Instead of ‘Oneteen, Twoteen’?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/76007/why-it-eleven-twelve-instead-oneteen-twoteen

French Numbers 1-100
http://blogs.transparent.com/french/french-numbers-1-100/

kasnas-blueberry-muffinpoptarts-source-quasi-normalcy-kellhorreur-sadjadewithcake-french-sixty-seven-sixty-eight-2474484

Number Systems of the World
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number.html

The Number System of Huli
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/huli.html

The Number System of Yoruba
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/yoruba.html

The Number System of Ndom
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/ndom.html

12 Mind Blowing Number Systems From Other Languages
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31879/12-mind-blowing-number-systems-other-languages

Vocabulary.com: You Be “-Illion”!
https://www.vocabulary.com/articles/dictionary/you-be-illion/

MILLIONS and BILLIONS…..
http://www.dozenalsociety.org.uk/numbers/millions.htm

-Illion Numbers
http://www.polytope.net/hedrondude/illion.htm

Names for Large Numbers
https://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/large.html

American / Japanese Higher Numbers
http://www.trussel.com/jnumbers.htm

Public urged to track ‘nurdles’ on Scotland’s beaches
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-36211895

Proud to Love Nerds!
http://www.candyfavorites.com/a-nerd-tastic-history

Gaelic: Counting Objects
http://www.irishgaelictranslator.com/articles/grammar/counting-objects/

How to Count to 10 in Irish
http://www.wikihow.com/Count-to-10-in-Irish

Berliner, Krapfen und Pfannkuchen
http://www.zeit.de/zeit-magazin/2014/53/pfannkuchen-berliner-sprache-deutschlandkarte

US Dialect maps:
caramelpecan


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Episode 254: Plagiarism

Did Melania Trump really plagiarise that speech?

Yeah, she totally did. But how can you tell if someone is copying someone else’s work? How do plagiarism checkers work? And can you beat them?

Linguist Daniel Midgley shows his work on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Show notes

Authorities fry hard to fix Korean menus lost in translation http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2016/07/116_209371.html

Korea to fix mistranslations on English menu http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/culture/2016/07/135_209516.html

Kylie’s post on signs on the Sydney foreshore https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1364794563547332

Melania Trump speech appears to plagiarize Michelle Obama
http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/288274-melania-trump-speech-plagiarized-paragraph-from-michelle-obamas-2008

Team Trump shows how not to respond to a controversy
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/team-trump-shows-how-not-respond-controversy

Trump campaign rolls out brand new plagiarism explanation
http://www.msnbc.com/rachel-maddow-show/trump-campaign-rolls-out-brand-new-plagiarism-explanation

Where Does “Your Word Is Your Bond” Come From, and Why Did Melania Steal It? http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/07/19/your_word_is_your_bond_history_and_origins_from_matthew_to_hip_hop.html

Anne Charity Hudley’s Facebook post: “Your word is your bond” https://www.facebook.com/AnneHarperCharityHudley/posts/10100909532616217?pnref=story

Here’s Why Some People Believe Melania Trump’s Speechwriter Doesn’t Really Exist http://www.inc.com/minda-zetlin/heres-why-some-people-believe-melania-trumps-speechwriter-doesnt-really-exist.html

Yes, Melania Speech Fall Woman Meredith McIver Is Real. Here’s Proof. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_slatest/2016/07/20/yes_meredith_mciver_is_a_real_person_here_s_proof.html

Text: Remarks by First Lady Laura Bush to the Republican National Convention http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A50438-2004Aug31.html

Melania Trump: Astrophysicist calculates there was one in 87 billion chance speech was not plagiarised
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-20/maths-on-melania-trump-speech/7643658

Melania Trump speech: The odds of a word match
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/07/19/melania-trump-speech-the-odds-of-a-word-match.html

Weird and Funny Novelty Bets offered by William Hill and Notable Payouts
http://www.soccerwidow.com/football-gambling/betting-knowledge/betting-advice/bookmakers/weird-and-funny-novelty-bets-offered-by-william-hill-and-notable-payouts/

N-grams data: Corpus of Contemporary American English
http://www.ngrams.info/download_coca.asp

Did Melania Trump Rickroll in her Republican convention speech? http://www.rappler.com/entertainment/news/140321-melania-trump-rickroll-republican-convention-speech

Nowhere to Hide: Finding Plagiarized Documents Based on Sentence Similarity (PDF) http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1149&context=facpub

Turnitoff – Defeating Plagiarism Detection Systems (PDF) http://www.cs.surrey.ac.uk/BIMA/People/L.Gillam/downloads/publications/HEA-ICS_turnitoff.pdf

Plagiarism Detection across Distant Language Pairs (PDF)
http://mt-archive.info/Coling-2010-Barron.pdf

Melania Trump And The Age Of Borrowed Language http://www.forbes.com/sites/rodgerdeanduncan/2016/07/20/melania-trump-and-the-age-of-borrowed-language/

Stop referring to Pokémon Go as augmented reality
http://venturebeat.com/2016/07/14/stop-referring-to-pokemon-go-as-augmented-reality/

L. Frank Baum envisioned AR glasses: Augmented reality history, background and philosophy https://wiki.mq.edu.au/display/ar/Augmented+reality+history,+background+and+philosophy

Sorry AP, there is an accent mark in Pokémon
http://mashable.com/2016/07/12/pokemon-spelling-ap-style/

What’s that é doing in Pokémon? Wiktionary: saké
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/saké

There May Be Four Region Exclusive Pokemon in ‘Pokemon GO’ http://toucharcade.com/2016/07/22/pokemon-go-exclusives/

#115: Kangashkan
http://pokedream.com/pokedex/pokemon/kangaskhan

The Straight Dope: Did humans descend from “aquatic apes”?
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1991/did-humans-descend-from-aquatic-apes


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Episode 247: Singlish (featuring Sean Yeo)

We’re talking about Singapore Colloquial English, or Singlish.

The Singaporean government would love to wipe it out, but Singlish is gaining prestige in the English-speaking world. Oxford is even adding Singlish words to its dictionary. But what is this language like, and what does it mean to its speakers?

Singlish speaker Sean Yeo joins Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Scott Quinn


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Show notes

Brain pattern predicts how fast an adult learns a new language
http://sciencebulletin.org/archives/925.html

Brain waves predict speed of second language learning
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/310181.php

Languages come naturally, so some. Oui?
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/languages-come-naturally-so-some-oui/news-story/b5d717d7f3235fa25c1c14650590290e

What is the function of the various brainwaves?
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-the-function-of-t-1997-12-22/

Foreign Language Skills Wired In The Brain
http://primemind.com/articles/struggling-to-learn-a-new-language-maybe-it-s-all-in-your-head

Crosstalk between left and right brain is key to language development
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-05-crosstalk-left-brain-key-language.html

The rise of Singlish
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-33809914

10 Bizarre Things Singaporeans Do That The Rest Of The World Won’t Understand
(Good example of words from several languages in one sentence.)
http://thesmartlocal.com/read/singaporean-culture-quirks

xSinglish-English-Chinese-Malay-Tamil-Dialects--Sentence.jpg.pagespeed.ic.eh7srapJT-

Singapore Infopedia: Singlish
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_1745_2010-12-29.html

Singapore Colloquial English (Singlish)
http://www.hawaii.edu/satocenter/langnet/definitions/singlish.html

The ‘Speak Good English Movement’
Google Books Link

Me Singlish Damn Powerful One, Ah?
http://www.escapeartistes.com/2011/08/20/me-singlish-damn-powerful-one-ah/

Oxford: New Singapore English words
http://public.oed.com/the-oed-today/recent-updates-to-the-oed/march-2016-update/new-singapore-english-words/

Shiok! 19 Singlish items added to the Oxford English Dictionary
http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/shiok-19-singlish-items-added-to-the-oxford-english-dictionary

What’s a ‘Chinese helicopter’? Latest Singlish entry in Oxford Dictionary has us scratching our heads
http://news.asiaone.com/news/singapore/whats-chinese-helicopter-latest-singlish-entry-oxford-dictionary-has-us-scratching

‘Chinese helicopter’: Singlish OED entry baffles Singaporeans
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-36283670

Some find new Singlish terms in Oxford dictionary ‘ridiculous’
(Note the language attitudes.)
http://news.asiaone.com/news/singapore/some-find-new-singlish-terms-oxford-dictionary-ridiculous

Wah, now can act blur and lepak: Oxford English Dictionary
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/wah-now-can-act-blur-and/2776828.html

Inky’s Daring Escape Shows How Smart Octopuses Are
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/04/160414-inky-octopus-escapes-intelligence/

Anthea Fraser Gupta: Singapore Colloquial English? Or deviant Standard English? (PDF)
http://anthea.id.au/papers/sicol.pdf

mr brown tries to explain the Meaning of Lah
http://www.mrbrown.com/blog/2005/04/mr_browns_meani.html

Singlish Dictionary
http://www.singlishdictionary.com

Singapore scene is entering golden age of indie music
http://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/singapore-scene-is-entering-golden-age-of-indie-music


Show tunes

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Image credit: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/wah-now-can-act-blur-and/2776828.html

Episode 245: Language Fact or Fiction?

Ever read a language story, and felt something was a bit off?

Does your keyboard layout affect how you feel about words? Is it true that people couldn’t see the colour blue until modern times? How are you supposed to tell the difference between linguistic fact and fiction?

Linguist Daniel Midgley gives you some pointers on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Whitney Fielding and Matt were instrumental in the completion of this episode. When we felt like we just couldn’t go on, we thought of them, and realised… someone believes in us. Many thanks!

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Show notes

The Australian man who woke from a coma speaking fluent MANDARIN
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2740708/Aussie-man-wakes-coma-car-crash-speaking-MANDARIN.html

Facebook tests temporary reactions with a flower for Mother’s Day
http://www.theverge.com/2016/5/5/11601916/facebook-temporary-reactions-flower-mothers-day-thankful

ABC Radio staff told to put people with ‘difficult’ accents on air
http://www.smh.com.au/business/media-and-marketing/abc-radio-staff-told-to-put-people-with-difficult-accents-on-air-20160502-gokjsh.html

Queen’s speech ‘less posh’
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/1080228.stm

Study: Queen’s Accent Moving With The Times
http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=81877&page=1

Neil Nunes (BBC Radio 4 and World Service) reads the Shipping Forecast
https://soundcloud.com/jb_uk/neil-nunes-bbc-radio-4-and

The QWERTY Effect: How typing shapes the meanings of words.
http://link.springer.com/article/10.3758%2Fs13423-012-0229-7
PDF: http://csjarchive.cogsci.rpi.edu/proceedings/2011/papers/0408/paper0408.pdf

The QWERTY Effect: The Keyboards Are Changing Our Language!
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/03/the-qwerty-effect-the-keyboards-are-changing-our-language/254211/

The QWERTY keyboard is changing our feelings towards words
http://www.sciencealert.com/the-qwerty-keyboard-layout-is-changing-our-feelings-towards-words

Liberman at Language Log: The QWERTY effect
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=3829

Jasmin & Casasanto respond: The Robustness of the QWERTY Effect
http://www.casasanto.com/QWERTY.html

Liberman: Response to Jasmin and Casasanto’s response to me
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=3848

Stefan at Replicated Typo: QWERTY: The Next Generation
http://www.replicatedtypo.com/qwerty-the-next-generation/8652.html

The QWERTY effect on the web: How typing shapes the meaning of words in online human-computer interaction
https://arxiv.org/abs/1604.02287

QWERTY Effect: How typing makes us love certain words, hate others
http://www.geek.com/science/qwerty-effect-how-typing-makes-us-love-certain-words-hate-others-1652974/

The QWERTY Keyboard’s Origin Story Was Just Totally Debunked
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/qwerty-keyboard_n_3223611.html?section=australia

No one could see the colour blue until modern times
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/what-is-blue-and-how-do-we-see-color-2015-2?r=US&IR=T

Himba color perception
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=18237

Words for snow revisited: Languages support efficient communication about the environment
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-04/cmu-wfs041316.php

CSIRO: Reducing Australia’s carp invasion
http://www.csiro.au/en/Research/BF/Areas/Managing-the-impacts-of-invasive-species/Biological-control/Biocontrol-of-carp

Murray-Darling carp plague requires urgent release of fish virus say farmers, environmentalists
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-01-13/murray-darling-carp-plague-release-fish-virus-farmers-scientists/7084586

Fishermen welcome plan to use herpes to rid waterways of European carp
http://www.smh.com.au/environment/animals/fishermen-welcome-plan-to-use-herpes-to-rid-waterways-of-european-carp-20160506-gooed5.html

How Donald Trump handed Hillary Clinton the ‘woman card’ and the election
http://www.cnbc.com/2016/05/02/how-donald-trump-handed-hillary-clinton-the-woman-card-and-the-election-commentary.html

Trump mocked Clinton’s “woman card.” He forgets that makes the election about masculinity.
http://www.vox.com/2016/5/5/11571446/hillary-clinton-donald-trump-gender-woman-card

UltraViolet: The Woman Card
https://www.facebook.com/weareultraviolet/photos/a.308793015857415.71731.260933440643373/1071706842899358/?type=3&theater
13092176_1071706842899358_5029241016158694836_n

Hillary Clinton made an actual “woman card” for her supporters
http://qz.com/673294/hillary-clinton-made-an-actual-woman-card-for-her-supporters/
img_3031-1

Iowa Siblings Launch ‘Woman Cards’ in Trump Retaliation
http://whotv.com/2016/05/06/iowa-siblings-launch-woman-cards-in-trump-retaliation/

1989: play the race card
National Journal, Volume 21, Issues 35-43

1986: Buthelezi has “… shown no qualms playing the ethnic card
Transafrica Forum

1976: playing the nationalist card
Soviet-American Regional Competition

The Longest Word in the Dictionary That Does Not Repeat A Letter
http://designtaxi.com/news/350983/The-Longest-Word-in-the-Dictionary-That-Does-Not-Repeat-A-Letter/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/wiredscience/2012/03/qwerty-typewriter-flickr-eelke-dekker.jpg

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