Category: syntax (page 1 of 2)

Episode 303: Creoles 2 (featuring John McWhorter, Knut Olawsky, & Ji-Soo Kweon)

We’re continuing our discussion of a controversial paper about how new languages get started.

When you start talking about creole languages, the linguistic becomes the political very quickly. So what are linguists saying about this work? And is there anything creoles have in common?

We take it up with linguist John McWhorter on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Indigenous dictionary may save the Miriwoong language from extinction
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-09-07/dictionary-saves-miriwoong-language-from-extinction/8877624

Mirima Dawang Woorlab-gerring: ‘Mirima Place for Talking’
http://mirima.org.au

Miriwoong on the App Store
https://itunes.apple.com/au/app/miriwoong/id994029653?mt=8

John McWhorter: LECTURE ONE: ARE CREOLES NOTHING BUT HYBRIDS?

John McWhorter: LECTURE TWO: HAS IT BEEN SHOWN THAT CREOLIZATION DOESN’T YIELD A TYPE OF GRAMMAR?

John McWhorter: LESSON THREE: DOES GENERATIVE SYNTAX REFUTE CREOLE EXCEPTIONALIST CLAIMS?

Lexicon Valley: From Pidgins to Creoles
http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/lexicon_valley/2017/09/john_mcwhorter_on_the_process_by_which_creole_languages_are_born.html

Performative allyship
https://www.facebook.com/YFNSJW/posts/1995533293999768

That meme (which I got a little bit wrong)

How The Women On Obama’s Staff Made Sure Their Voices Were Heard
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/how-the-women-on-obamas-staff-made-sure-their-voices-were-heard_us_57d94d9fe4b0aa4b722d79fe

Lingthusiasm Episode 11: Layers of meaning – Cooperation, humour, and Gricean Maxims
http://lingthusiasm.com/post/164303700686/lingthusiasm-episode-11-layers-of-meaning


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Episode 282: Why Subject First? (featuring Hedvig Skirgård)

This episode going to love you are!

Here’s a linguistic puzzle: Why does “I like you” sound okay, but “Like you I” sounds weird and Yoda-ish? Well, that’s just how English rolls: subjects come first. But surprisingly, most other human languages put their subjects first, too. But why?

Ben, Daniel, and Hedvig get structural on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Hedvig’s blog: Humans Who Read Grammars
http://humans-who-read-grammars.blogspot.com

Sarcasm looks the same in the brain whether it’s words or emoji
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/sarcasm-looks-same-brain-whether-its-words-or-emoji

Smiley Lore 🙂
https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~sef/sefSmiley.htm

Gender-neutral emoji approved for 2017
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2017/03/28/gender-neutral-emoji-approved-2017/

10 Important Conversations We Can Finally Have With the 69 New Emojis Just Announced
http://www.eonline.com/news/839141/10-important-conversations-we-can-finally-have-with-the-69-new-emojis-just-announced

This Year’s New Emoji Include a Hedgehog, Barf, and Brain, and, Yes, Finally, a Merman
http://nymag.com/selectall/2017/03/these-69-new-emoji-might-be-coming-to-your-phone-soon.html

Final 2017 Emoji List
http://blog.emojipedia.org/final-2017-emoji-list/

Reply All: #69 Disappeared (about YAAAS)
https://gimletmedia.com/episode/69-disappeared/

Feature 81A: Order of Subject, Object and Verb
http://wals.info/feature/81A#1/18/153

How to Understand the Deep Structures of Language
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-to-understand-the-deep-structures-of-language/

Charades reveals a universal sentence structure
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn14228-charades-reveals-a-universal-sentence-structure/

At the origin of language structure
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/08/150827083532.htm

Charades does not reveal a universal sentence structure II
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=326

Why are some word orders more common than others? A uniform information density account
http://papers.nips.cc/paper/4085-why-are-some-word-orders-more-common-than-others-a-uniform-information-density-account.pdf

Political correctness: how the right invented a phantom enemy
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/nov/30/political-correctness-how-the-right-invented-phantom-enemy-donald-trump


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Episode 262: Universal Grammar

Why do all human languages resemble each other? And how do children learn language so fast?

For many linguists, the answer is Universal Grammar. It’s one of the biggest ideas in linguistics, but now it might possibly be coming unstuck. What is it, and what does its acceptance or rejection mean for modern linguistics?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

The French Number
http://www.thefrenchnumber.fr

Evidence Rebuts Chomsky’s Theory of Language Learning
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/evidence-rebuts-chomsky-s-theory-of-language-learning/

Don’t believe the rumours. Universal Grammar is alive and well.
https://medium.com/@dan.milway/dont-believe-the-rumours-universal-grammar-is-alive-and-well-58c1fbc5608b#.av7h2vini

The bonfire of Noam Chomsky: journalist Tom Wolfe targets the acclaimed linguist
http://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/9/14/12910180/noam-chomsky-tom-wolfe-linguist

Tom Wolfe plays mischief with language in ‘Kingdom of Speech’
http://articles.philly.com/2016-09-11/news/75354678_1_language-evolution-darwin-urdu

Noam Chomsky on the Evolution of Language: A Biolinguistic Perspective
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/37725-noam-chomsky-on-the-evolution-of-language-a-biolinguistic-perspective

Dr. Noam Chomsky’s answers to questions from r/linguistics
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/13buz0/dr_noam_chomskys_answers_to_questions_from/?

Universal Grammar- How Do You Back It?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/16avcv/universal_grammar_how_do_you_back_it/?

What are the leading anti-UG theories?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4es4pb/what_are_the_leading_antiug_theories/

The language faculty that wasn’t: a usage-based account of natural language recursion
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01182/full

A Cognitive Neural Architecture Able to Learn and Communicate through Natural Language
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0140866

Grammar rules aren’t nearly as clear-cut as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/01/grammar-rules-aren-t-nearly-clear-cut-we-thought

Child language acquisition: Why universal grammar doesn’t help
http://muse.jhu.edu/article/552064

‘Avengers’ assemble to take on ‘racist, abusive coward’ Donald Trump, urge people to vote
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/movies/avengers-assemble-take-on-racist-abusive-coward-donald-trump-urge-people-to-vote-20160921-grlnmt.html

‘Butt’ is an actual unit of measurement
http://gizmodo.com/butt-is-an-actual-unit-of-measurement-1622427091

The first fuckwit
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/09/14/the-first-fuckwit/

My table

sweary-units-of-measurement


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Episode 239: Animal Syntax

Other animals don’t have language like we do, but some of them might be getting awfully close.

A recent experiment claims that some birds use a form of syntax — that they combine their signals in a way that’s always been thought to be unique to humans. Are these bird brains on to something?

Linguist Daniel Midgley sets things in order on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Microsoft’s New Twitter Bot Becomes Nazi Sympathizing Maniac Within 24 Hours
http://theantimedia.org/microsofts-new-twitter-bot-becomes-nazi-sympathizing-maniac-within-24-hours/

Microsoft: Tay
https://www.tay.ai

Microsoft killed its first sentient AI
https://imgur.com/gallery/VhlAW

Artificially Intelligent Robot Tells Creator It Will Keep Humans “In a People Zoo”
http://theantimedia.org/artificially-intelligent-robot-tells-creator-it-will-keep-humans-in-a-people-zoo/

A new study will figure out if cats pick up the dialects of their owners
http://www.sciencealert.com/a-new-study-will-figure-out-if-cats-pick-up-the-dialects-of-their-owners

WATCH: Do you understand what your cat is saying?
http://www.lunduniversity.lu.se/article/watch-do-you-understand-what-your-cat-is-saying

Syntax is not unique to human language
http://phys.org/news/2016-03-syntax-unique-human-language.html

Bird Uses Linguistics Thought to Be Exclusively Human
http://www.i4u.com/2016/03/106816/bird-uses-linguistics-thought-be-exclusively-human

Ape ‘language ace’ gets tripped up by simple grammar
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/03/ape-language-ace-gets-tripped-simple-grammar

Dendrophobia in Bonobo Comprehension of Spoken English (PDF)
http://evolang.org/neworleans/pdf/EVOLANG_11_paper_87.pdf

$380 million ship may be named Boaty McBoatface thanks to an online poll
http://www.smh.com.au/world/380-million-ship-may-be-named-boaty-mcboatface-thanks-to-an-online-poll-20160320-gnmtvx.html

Commuters salute guard after ‘Trainy McTrainface’ pulls into Waterloo
http://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/commuters-salute-guard-after-trainy-mctrainface-pulls-into-waterloo-a3209291.html

Mar 14th ’11: “I agree though. He’s definitely Sexy McSexFace. <3”
http://www.babygaga.com/t-1619410/you-watch-army-wives.html

Insulting nicknames involving “face”
http://ask.metafilter.com/166971/Gimme-some-nicknames-Dorks

Simpsons: Rome-old and Juli-eh — the origin of Esteban De La Sexface
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0918867/

From Cool McCool to Boaty McBoatface: An Investigationy McInvestigation
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2016/03/25/boaty_mcboatface_mcdreamy_tits_mcgee_and_the_internet_s_favorite_naming.html


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Episode 238: Questions, Questions

Our listeners have questions, and we have answers.

Why do we say boo? or a whole ‘nother? And our Latin-minded friends have a few questions, as well.

Linguist Daniel Midgley answers them all on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Scott Quigg


Show notes

Boaty McBoatface: Man behind the name apologises to company for social media ‘storm’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-22/boaty-mcboatface-inventor-apologises-to-nerc-for-storm/7265842

The linguistics of signifying time: The human gesture as clock
http://www.mpi.nl/the-linguistics-of-signifying-time-the-human-gesture-as-clock

Study Uncovers Unusual Method of Communicating Human Concept of Time
http://www.sci-news.com/othersciences/linguistics/nheengatu-language-method-concept-time-03711.html

Early draft of Dr Floyd’s paper (PDF)
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/archived-documents/Lg_92.1_Floyd.pdf

Global scare tactics: how to say “boo”
https://www.languagetrainers.com/blog/2011/01/07/global-scare-tactics-how-to-say-boo/

A Biography Of ‘Boo’ Across The World
http://www.npr.org/2014/10/31/360461195/a-biography-of-boo-across-the-world

When Did Ghosts Start Saying “Boo”?
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/explainer/2011/10/why_do_ghosts_say_boo_.html

An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language:
Google Books link

TravelTexas missed a big opportunity.
https://www.traveltexas.com/#/

Linguists discuss a whole ‘nother
https://linguistlist.org/issues/14/14-2909.html

Tmesis: A Whole Nother Word to Use!
https://speechdudes.wordpress.com/2013/10/03/tmesis-a-whole-nother-word-to-use/

What’s a “Napron”?
http://maevemaddox.com/books/bibliography/whats-a-napron

Examples of a whole ‘nother from the Cambridge History of the English Language
Google Books link

Is Irregardless a Word?
http://blog.dictionary.com/is-irregardless-a-word/

Etymonline: bacteria
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bacteria

Phubbing: An invented word that might be too useful to ignore
http://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/phubbing-words-we%27re-watching

Etymonline: snub
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=snub&allowed_in_frame=0


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Episode 223: Mailbag

You have questions, and we have answers.

But in the process we find out more about how English works, and how it got to be the way it is.

Daniel and Ben empty out the mailbag on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


Show notes

This map shows the weird names Americans have given the night before Halloween
http://qz.com/289469/this-map-shows-the-weird-names-americans-have-given-the-night-before-halloween/

What do you call the night before Halloween?
http://www4.uwm.edu/FLL/linguistics/dialect/staticmaps/q_110.html

Gate night: Kids used to unhinge farmers’ gates
http://www.livescience.com/5149-devil-night-history-pre-halloween-pranks.html

Goosey Night
https://offeringstone.wordpress.com/2012/10/30/whats-goosey-night/

Dialect Blog: Halloween!
http://dialectblog.com/2011/10/31/halloween/

RationalWiki: Jesusween
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Jesusween

The Pitfalls of Using Google Ngram to Study Language
http://www.wired.com/2015/10/pitfalls-of-studying-language-with-google-ngram/

Characterizing the Google Books Corpus: Strong Limits to Inferences of Socio-Cultural and Linguistic Evolution
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0137041

When OCR Goes Bad: Google’s Ngram Viewer & The F-Word
http://searchengineland.com/when-ocr-goes-bad-googles-ngram-viewer-the-f-word-59181

Syntax in Cambridge History of the English Language
https://books.google.com/books?id=NxHuNOvwt7wC&lpg=PP1&dq=cambridge%20history%20of%20the%20english%20language%20volume%203&pg=PA248#v=onepage&q=%22am%20not%20I%22&f=false

Etymology: mucho
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mucho#Spanish

Etymology: much
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=much

Etymology: good
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=good

Etymology: god
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=god

15 Pairs of Words That Seem Etymologically Related, But Aren’t
http://mentalfloss.com/article/61678/15-pairs-words-seem-etymologically-related-arent

Arika Okrent announced as winner of LSA Linguistics Journalism Award
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/news/2015/10/22/arika-okrent-announced-winner-lsa-linguistics-journalism-award

New guidelines aimed at reducing gender stereotyping in schools
http://www.itv.com/news/2015-10-18/schools-to-be-sent-guidelines-on-reducing-use-of-sexist-terms/

This is where the expression ‘throw shade’ comes from
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/where-the-expression-throw-shade-comes-from-2015-3

Urban Dictionary: throw shade
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=throw+shade

Go Ahead and Throw All the Shade You Want, Straight People
http://gawker.com/5980303/go-ahead-and-throw-all-the-shade-you-want-straight-people

How to Throw Shade
http://www.stuffmomnevertoldyou.com/blog/how-to-throw-shade/

Grant Barrett: throw shade
http://www.waywordradio.org/throw_shade/

Norwegians Are Literally Using ‘Texas’ As Slang for ‘Crazy’ Now
http://www.alternet.org/culture/norwegians-are-literally-using-texas-slang-crazy-now

How ‘Texas’ became Norwegian for ‘crazy’
http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/10/26/how-texas-became-norwegian-for-crazy/

Norwegians use “Texas” as a synonym for “crazy”
http://qz.com/531921/norwegians-use-texas-as-a-synonym-for-crazy/

Why do Norwegians use ‘texas’ to mean ‘crazy’?
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-34622478

Vegard Vigerust: “The Boy Who Wanted to Buy Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation”
“Would he make it even more texas in the village?”.
“Ville han laga enda meir texas i bygda?”
https://books.google.com/books?id=_f9EAAAAIAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Texas

Etymonline: Ass
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=ass

Etymonline: Arse
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=arse


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Episode 213: Short and Sweet

Is there anything that all human languages have in common?

With all the diversity in the world’s languages, a true universal is hard to find. But new research has unearthed a principle involving the distances between words, and this discovery has revived a long-standing debate.

Linguist Daniel Midgley keeps it short and sweet on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Marmoset ‘conversations’ may give clues to evolution of human language
http://news.sciencemag.org/plants-animals/2015/04/marmoset-conversations-may-give-clues-evolution-human-language

Related to PharaohKatt’s post: some of my favourite linguistic developments
http://221–bee.tumblr.com/post/125666704553/some-of-my-favourite-linguistic-developments

Know Your Meme: Doge
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/doge

Know Your Meme: Son, I Am Disappoint
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/son-i-am-disappoint

LOLspeak
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/lolspeak-chanspeak/children

Follow Dog Solutions. It funny
https://twitter.com/DogSolutions

NatGeo: Bonobo “Baby Talk” Reveals Roots of Human Language
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/08/150808-animals-bonobos-apes-evolution-speech/

Guardian: Bonobos have mastered the art of babytalk, new research shows
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/aug/04/bonobos-mastered-art-of-babytalk-language-evolution

Daily Mail: Bonobos speak like HUMAN BABIES: Apes use high-pitched ‘peeps’ just like infants learning to talk
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3184869/Bonobos-speak-like-HUMAN-BABIES-Apes-use-high-pitched-peeps-just-like-infants-learning-talk.html

Scientific American: Bonobo Peeps May Be Necessary Language Precursors
http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/bonobo-peeps-may-be-necessary-language-precursors/

MIT Linguists Say Human Languages Might Be Predictable
https://www.inverse.com/article/5136-mit-linguists-say-human-languages-might-be-predictable

The paper: Large-scale evidence of dependency length minimization in 37 languages
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2015/07/28/1502134112

MIT Study Suggests a Universal Property of Language
http://languagemagazine.com/?p=124247

All languages have evolved to have this in common
http://news.sciencemag.org/social-sciences/2015/08/all-languages-have-evolved-have-common

More about language universals (PDF)
http://www.uio.no/studier/emner/hf/ikos/EXFAC03-AAS/h05/larestoff/linguistics/Chapter%203.(H05).pdf

Klittra wins the vote in Sweden as the new word for female masturbation. Don’t be surprised if English adopts it. http://t.co/gQjBOnjsN5

— Wordability (@WordabilityHugh) June 23, 2015

Jezebel: Add the Word ‘Klittra’ to Your Sexual Dictionary
http://jezebel.com/add-the-word-klittra-to-your-sexual-dictionary-1712951840

Guardian: Sweden invents a word for girls’ genitals equivalent to ‘willy’ for boys
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/01/sweden-girls-genitals-feminist-invention-snippa-vagina

Swedish children’s TV dancing genitals cartoon sparks parental outcry
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jan/14/swedish-childrens-tv-cartoon-dancing-sparks-parental-outcry-genitals-penis-vagina-dancing

English remix of Swedish ‘genitals’ song released
http://www.thelocal.se/20150305/english-remix-of-sweden-genitals-song-twinkle-willie

Inevitable dance remix
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4AWRwd6NlXA

Where does on the dole come from?
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=dole


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Episode 201: The First Language

What was the first language, and what was it like?

Does it still exist? And out of all the languages on earth today, which one is the oldest?

These are tricky questions, and linguists have tricky answers. Linguist Daniel Midgley goes back to basics on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


Show notes

What Part of “No, Totally” Don’t You Understand?
http://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/what-part-of-no-totally-dont-you-understand

No, Yes, Definitely: On The Rise Of ‘No, Totally’ As Linguistic Quirk
http://www.npr.org/2015/04/12/399210557/the-rise-of-the-no-totally-linguistic-phenomenon

How to Say ‘Yes’ (by Not Saying ‘Yes’)
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/04/how-to-say-yes-by-not-saying-yes/390129/

People in Northern Sweden have the world’s weirdest way of saying ‘yes’
http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/real-life/people-in-northern-sweden-have-the-worlds-weirdest-way-of-saying-yes/story-fnq2oad4-1227187456841

Russian-language version of Apple personal assistant Siri gives ‘homophobic’ responses to questions about gay people
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3040346/Russian-language-version-Apple-s-Siri-gives-homophobic-responses-questions-gay-people.html

“In Soviet Russia Siri questions you”

Until yesterday, Russian Siri was giving out homophobic replies
http://www.theverge.com/2015/4/15/8420763/apple-russian-siri-homophobic-replies

Apple fixes ‘homophobic’ Russian Siri: ‘This emotion should be considered negative’
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/apr/16/apple-fixes-homophobic-russian-siri-emotion-should/

Russia’s Apple monument dismantled after Tim Cook comes out as gay
http://www.digitalspy.com.au/tech/news/a607640/russias-apple-monument-dismantled-after-tim-cook-comes-out-as-gay.html#~paaNX4QTTVCTl0

Barbara Klein Moss: The Search For The First Language
A good rundown of ideas about early language
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/barbara-klein-moss/the-search-for-the-first-_b_7011208.html

Another one: The first chapter of God’s Sacred Tongue: Hebrew and the American Imagination by Shalom L. Goldman
http://uncpress.unc.edu/browse/page/372

There was some idle talk about making Hebrew the official language of the USA.
http://www.languagepolicy.net/archives/LLPT1.htm
http://www.pbs.org/speak/seatosea/officialamerican/banenglish/

The Ten Lost Tribes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Lost_Tribes

Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism, borrowed the Hebrew origin story for his work of fiction, The Book of Mormon.
http://www.bibleodyssey.org/en/places/related-articles/mormon-scripture-and-the-lost-tribes-of-israel.aspx

Smith also speculated that the Ten Lost Tribes lived at the North Pole. In a kind of hollow.
http://mormonthink.com/QUOTES/losttribes.htm

This ties right into the ‘Hollow Earth’ theory that was also going around at the time. Smith picked up on a lot of stuff that was going around.
http://www.unmuseum.org/hollow.htm

RationalWiki: Sanskrit is not the first language
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Sanskrit

Nutty stuff from The Vedic Foundation: Sanskrit was the first language, and it’s never changed. Warning: crackpottery.
http://www.thevedicfoundation.org/valuable_resources/Sanskrit-The_Mother_of_All_Languages_partI.htm

MIT Press Release: The rapid rise of human language
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-03/miot-trr033115.php

The paper: The precedence of syntax in the rapid emergence of human language in evolution as defined by the integration hypothesis
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00271/full

New paper suggests speech developed in a now-familiar form
http://phys.org/news/2015-03-paper-speech-now-familiar.html

Early humans did not mumble and grunt: Language ‘developed rapidly’
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/early-humans-did-not-mumble-grunt-language-developed-rapidly-1494573

The authors think it all comes down to Merge.
We Got Merge: Noam Chomsky on the Cognitive Function that Made Language Evolve
http://www.brainpickings.org/2012/06/20/noam-chomsky-the-science-language/

Linguist List, Ask a Linguist: What’s the oldest language?
http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/oldest.cfm

Percy Sledge: Soul singer’s link to cricket’s sledging
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-04-15/percy-sledge-soul-singer-link-to-cricket-sledging/6393694

World Wide Words: Sledging
http://www.worldwidewords.org/weirdwords/ww-sle1.htm


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Episode 199: Computer Humour

Why did the computer cross the road?

Linguists are trying to get computers to do very human things: detect humour, recognise irony, and even write jokes. But can computers do funny? What makes something funny, anyway?

Linguist Daniel Midgley hacks the humour mainframe on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

Gina Williams in the Guardian: “Gina Williams on why every Australian should know some Indigenous words”
http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/mar/28/gina-williams-on-why-every-australian-should-know-some-indigenous-words

Discovering the land and its people through Noongar place names
http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2015/04/01/4209443.htm

Boodjar: Nyungar Placenames in the South-West of Western Australia
http://www.boodjar.org.au

Department of Education: Contrary to popular belief, the ‘up’ at the end of south west town names does not reflect ‘plenty of water’ but ‘place of”.
http://www.det.wa.edu.au/aboriginaleducation/apac/detcms/aboriginal-education/apac/regions/southwest/aboriginal-place-names.en?cat-id=9192406

Australian Kids Are Learning the Warumungu Language With a Radio Cockatoo’s Help
http://globalvoicesonline.org/2015/04/03/australian-kids-are-learning-the-warumungu-language-with-radio-cockatoos-help/

“Pinarra Aku”
http://barklyarts.com.au/pinarra-aku-2/

Ethnologue: Warumungu
http://www.ethnologue.com/language/wrm

What is comedy and what makes something funny?
http://www.thinctanc.co.uk/words/comedy.html

Scientists Discovered What Makes Something Funny
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/bob-mankoff-science-of-funny-humor-new-yorker-cartoon-2014-12

Fawlty Towers: The Hotel Inspectors
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x27poly_fawlty-towers-s01e04-the-hotel-inspectors_shortfilms

Abbott and Costello: Who’s on First?

Norm MacDonald’s moth joke
http://www.break.com/video/the-moth-joke-norm-macdonald-2519827

Norm Macdonald and the moth joke: Analysis
http://www.metafilter.com/147672/Regarding-Norm-Macdonald-and-the-moth-joke

Huge list of humour in NLP
http://meta-guide.com/dialog-systems/natural-language-generation/joke-generators/

Zhang and Liu: Recognizing Humor on Twitter
http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2661997

Taylor and Mazlack: Computationally Recognizing Wordplay in Jokes
http://www.ece.uc.edu/%7Emazlack/academic.UC/Taylor.CogSci04.pdf

The Science Behind “That’s What She Said” (TWSS)
http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/84244-the-science-behind-thats-what-she-said-twss

[Subject] Could Eat [Object] All Day. That’s What She Said.
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2011/05/03/subject_could_eat_object_all_day_that_s_what_she_said.html

Kiddon and Brun: “That’s What She Said: Double Entendre Identification”
http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/P11-2016

Ong, et al: Automatically Extracting Templates from Examples for NLP Tasks
http://anthology.aclweb.org//Y/Y08/Y08-1048.pdf

Evaluating the STANDUP Pun Generating Software with Children with Cerebral Palsy.
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/220535519_Evaluating_the_STANDUP_Pun_Generating_Software_with_Children_with_Cerebral_Palsy

The STANDUP project
http://inf.abdn.ac.uk/research/standup/

All Things Linguistic: Nope
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/115516629596/nope-tildes-and-twitter-dialects

“Nope” intensifies, diversifies grammatically
https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/12/22/nope-intensifies-diversifies-grammatically/

House full of Nopespiders, apparently filmed in Nopesico City.

Nope.

NOPE.

The Word Detective: Nope
http://www.word-detective.com/2009/09/nope/

Language Log: Yep and Nope
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=2768

Online Etymology Dictionary: nope
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=nope

Was this poem written by a bot, or not?
http://botpoet.com


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Episode 191: Ape Accents

Do apes have accents?

A recent news story claims that chimps learn a “new language” when they move in with other chimps. What’s behind the story? And what exactly are our fellow primates capable of, language wise?

Linguist Daniel Midgley goes ape on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

One Man’s Quest to Rid Wikipedia of Exactly One Grammatical Mistake
https://medium.com/backchannel/meet-the-ultimate-wikignome-10508842caad

Why Wikipedia’s grammar vigilante is wrong
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/feb/05/why-wikipedias-grammar-vigilante-is-wrong

Language Log: Can 50,000 Wikipedia edits be wrong?
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=17636

Language Log: More on the history of comprised of meaning “composed of”
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=3182

Giraffedata’s manifesto is comprised entirely of misconceptions about how language works.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Giraffedata/comprised_of#Wikipedia_policy

That’s So Gay: Google Fixes Gay Slurs
http://americanlivewire.com/2015-01-28-thats-gay-google-fixes-gay-slurs/

Google Translate MEAT GRINDER turns gay into ‘faggot’, ‘poof’, ‘queen’
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/01/28/google_gay_translation_fail/

Google Fixes Homophobic “Bug” in its Translator
http://www.dailytech.com/Google+Fixes+Homophobic+Bug+in+its+Translator/article37108c.htm

Etymology of <i>camp</i>
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=camp&allowed_in_frame=0

CBBC: “Chimps develop Scottish accents”
http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/31161049

ABC Science: “Chimps have own ‘dialects’ but can learn others”
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2015/02/06/4175466.htm?site=science&topic=latest

NBC: “Chimps Learn New Language When They Change Locale”
http://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/chimps-learn-new-language-when-they-change-locale-n300776

The actual paper
http://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822(14)01635-2

Potent Social Learning and Conformity Shape a Wild Primate’s Foraging Decisions
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/340/6131/483

Chimpanzee grunts mean more than you think
http://www.theverge.com/2015/2/6/7985327/chimpanzee-grunts-mean-more-than-you-think

LA Times: “Chimps learn each other’s grunts, but is it language?”
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-is-human-language-chimp-grunt-20150204-story.html

ABC Science: Chimps ‘talk’ about favourite fruits, best trees
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2015/01/20/4165321.htm

First example of whispering observed in non-human primates
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/first-example-of-whispering-observed-in-nonhuman-primates-8836601.html

Actual paper: Whisper-like behavior in a non-human primate
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/zoo.21099/abstract

Primate call gives clues to human speech origins
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-22067192

Rare primate’s vocal lip-smacks share features of human speech
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/cp-rpv040313.php

Gelada lip smacks and wobbles
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPtcNucxiMg

Terrible headline from ScienceAlert: “A wild-born orangutan has learned to communicate like a human”
http://www.sciencealert.com/a-wild-born-orangutan-has-learned-to-communicate-like-a-human

YouTube video of Tilda
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h6kiA3KCf5k

Orangutans Plan Their Trips Like Humans, Tell Others Their Future Travel Routes
http://www.ibtimes.com/orangutans-plan-their-trips-humans-tell-others-their-future-travel-routes-1404478

<i>Mansplain</i> chosen as Macquarie Dictionary’s 2014 word of the year
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-02-05/mansplain-macquarie-dictionary-2014-word-of-year/6073620

Here’s the Big List (PDF):
https://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/media2/feature_documents/MacquarieWOTY_WordList_2014_2.pdf

“Linguists aren’t language nazis. We’re language hippies.”
http://www.slideshare.net/Jayelem/so-you-know-a-linguist

Ben Harris-Roxas ‏@ben_hr: This perfectly sums up the spill and the coverage of it for me
https://twitter.com/ben_hr/status/563580390942580736/photo/1


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.reuniting.info/images/tam2.jpg

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