Category: swearing (page 1 of 2)

Episode 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition

We’re taking your questions on a Mailbag episode!

Along the way, we’re going to find out some pretty strange things about how words and phrases got to be how they are. Do you say zero or oh? What is begging the question? And has the French /r/ always been like that?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie answer them all on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Antonino Tati


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Episode 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition for patrons


Show notes

The hazards of English spelling
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/lsoa-tho030917.php

Self-Organization In The Spelling Of English Suffixes: The Emergence Of Culture Out Of Anarchy
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/Berg_Aronoff.pdf

The Standardization of American English
http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/25489

till (prep.)
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=till&allowed_in_frame=0

Wikipedia: Names for the number 0 in English
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_for_the_number_0_in_English#.22O.22_.28.22oh.22.29

How many names does zero have?
http://inmadom-myenglishclass.blogspot.com.au/2011/09/how-many-names-does-zero-have.html

Why getting out for zero is called a “duck” in cricket
https://www.sportskeeda.com/cricket/why-getting-out-zero-called-duck-cricket

Begging the Question, Again
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/25/begging-the-question-again/?_r=1

Begging the question: How much should we fight for a correct English usage that no one actually seems to use?
https://www.theguardian.com/media/mind-your-language/2010/may/24/begging-the-question-mind-your-language

This troublesome 3-word phrase perfectly exemplified Antonin Scalia’s obsession with originalism
https://www.businessinsider.com/beg-the-question-meaning-definition-usage-2016-4

Questions to French native speakers…
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t16151.htm

r/French: The rolled “R”
https://www.reddit.com/r/French/comments/2wwz2y/the_rolled_r/

Rolled ‘R’ in French – what area?
http://www.forum.french-linguistics.co.uk/forum/topics/rolled-r-in-french-what-area

Studies in the History of the English Language: A Millennial Perspective
Google Books link

Flipped, rolled, trilled or other…How to deal with the French “r”?
https://dictioncorner.wordpress.com/2014/02/09/flipped-rolled-trilled-or-other-how-to-deal-with-the-french-r/

When did the trilled “r” fall out of use in French and become replaced with a uvular fricative?
https://www.quora.com/When-did-the-trilled-r-fall-out-of-use-in-French-and-become-replaced-with-a-uvular-fricative

The origin of the French uvular “R”
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t4808-15.htm

Frozen – Let It Go (French version)
https://youtu.be/wQP9XZc2Y_c

Georges Brassens – La Mauvaise Réputation
https://youtu.be/26Nuj6dhte8

What Is the F–kboy?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2015/08/18/what_does_fuckboy_mean.html

Green’s Dictionary of Slang
https://greensdictofslang.com

Diagram for 0800 0077 070


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Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent)

You won’t believe what it takes to make a good linguistic article!

Listicles, or list articles, can be interesting, amusing, and even informative. What goes into the creation of a good linguistic listicle? How can they change someone’s mind about language? And what’s in the future for science communication?

Linguist and writer Arika Okrent talks to Daniel and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 275: The Linguistic Listician (featuring Arika Okrent) [128 kbps]

Interview with Arika Okrent (complete) for patrons

Cutting Room Floor 275: The Linguistic Listician for patrons


Show notes

What’s the Correct Pronunciation of February?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/54846/whats-correct-pronunciation-february

Adoptees advantaged by birth language memory
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170118082828.htm

Infants Exposed to Languages Can Retain Them Later in Life
http://www.livescience.com/57718-infants-language-exposure-impacts-learning.html

Early development of abstract language knowledge: evidence from perception–production transfer of birth-language memory
http://rsos.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/4/1/160660

Learn a New Lingo While Doing Something Else
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/learn-a-new-lingo-while-doing-something-else/

Maternal language shapes infants’ cry melodies
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160819084631.htm

Arika Okrent on Mental Floss
http://mentalfloss.com/authors/arika-okrent

12 Horrible Gobbledygook Words We Reluctantly Accepted
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31854/12-horrible-gobbledygook-words-we-reluctantly-accepted

The Grammar Rules Behind 3 Commonly Disparaged Dialects
http://mentalfloss.com/article/51741/grammar-rules-behind-3-commonly-disparaged-dialects

6 French and German Dialects That Are 100 Percent American
http://mentalfloss.com/article/91584/6-french-and-german-dialects-are-100-percent-american

The listicle as literary form
http://mag.uchicago.edu/arts-humanities/listicle-literary-form

Ben Zimmer: The rise of the shitgibbon
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2017/02/09/the-rise-of-the-shitgibbon/

Linguists Have Been Discussing “Shit Gibbon.” I Argue It’s Not Entirely About Gibbons.
http://www.languagejones.com/blog-1/2017/2/9/linguists-have-been-discussing-shit-gibbon-i-argue-its-not-entirely-about-gibbons

The orgin and constraints of “shitgibbon” compounds
http://allthingslinguistic.com/post/157210818652/the-orgin-and-constraints-of-shitgibbon

Shitgibbon frequencies (by Daniel)
http://goodreasonblog.com/2017/02/shitgibbon-frequencies/

The Raised Fist Emoji Is Social Media’s Resistance Symbol
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/raised-fist-emoji-resistance_us_5899e39fe4b09bd304bd8ac9

Links to “might as well” in Google Books
1 | 2 | 3

May, Might, Muddle
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/14/may-might-muddle/?_r=0

“Tribune” (with commentary from Aven)
https://www.facebook.com/rtrfmtalkthetalk/posts/1658229270870525


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Episode 273: Voice of the Apes

Why don’t monkeys talk to us?

New research tells us that if our primate cousins don’t do language, it’s not because of their vocal tracts. Those appear to be speech-ready. So if the voice is good to go, what’s the holdup?

Daniel is talking apes with Ben and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Coel Healy


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Many thanks to our community of patrons for their support on this episode. That includes Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 273: Voice of the Apes [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 273: Voice of the Apes


Show notes

Swearing meme

Frankly, we do give a damn: The relationship between profanity and honesty
https://www.academia.edu/29725191/Frankly_we_do_give_a_damn_The_relationship_between_profanity_and_honesty

People who swear tend to be more honest
http://www.theverge.com/2017/1/21/14341850/profanity-swearing-honesty-linguistics-language

People who curse a lot have better vocabularies than those who don’t, study finds
http://www.sciencealert.com/people-who-curse-a-lot-have-better-vocabularies-than-those-who-don-t-study-finds

Swearing More Is Actually A Sign Of Having A Better Vocabulary, Study Finds
http://www.iflscience.com/brain/knowing-more-swear-words-linked-wider-vocabulary-study-finds/

People Who Can Swear A Lot Found To Have Larger Vocabularies, So Suck It
http://uproxx.com/life/swearing-correlates-with-bigger-vocabulary-f-ck-yeah-it-does/

Julia Roberts vs. Sally Field in Celebrity Curse Off
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0swXMgM284o

Orangutan Found To Mimic Human Speech
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpoydpDHT8A

Voice control in orangutan gives clues to early human speech
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/du-vci072616.php

Monkeys Could Talk, but They Don’t Have the Brains for It
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/09/science/monkeys-speech.html

Monkey vocal tracts are speech-ready
http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/2/12/e1600723

Fitch (and von Humboldt) on monkey talk
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/

New Thoughts on the Origins of Human Speech
http://www.archaeology.org/news/5197-170112-baboons-vowels-speech

Baboons use vowel sounds strikingly similar to humans
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/01/baboons-show-they-ve-got-another-building-block-language-vowellike-sounds

Why a lowered larynx is good for human speech production
http://www.ling.cam.ac.uk/mark/Lowered_larynx_MJJ_York_Jan_2010.pdf

The descended larynx is not uniquely human.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1088793/

From Grunting To Gabbing: Why Humans Can Talk
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129083762

Why monkeys can’t talk—and what they would sound like if they could
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/12/why-monkeys-can-t-talk-and-what-they-would-sound-if-they-could

Lemurs groom-at-a-distance through vocal networks
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347215003474

‘Baby talk’ in marmoset monkeys
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170116091416.htm

Rogue Scientists Race to Save Climate Data from Trump
https://www.wired.com/2017/01/rogue-scientists-race-save-climate-data-trump/

President Trump ordered the National Park Service to find photos that made his inauguration look huge
http://www.salon.com/2017/01/27/president-trump-ordered-the-national-park-service-to-find-photos-that-made-his-inauguration-look-huge/

Trump admin tells National Park Service to halt tweets
http://edition.cnn.com/2017/01/21/politics/trump-national-park-service-tweets/

Online Etymology Dictionary: rogue
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=rogue

Here’s a List of All the U.S. Govt’s Rogue Twitter Accounts Fighting Trump’s Crackdown on Science
http://www.core77.com/posts/60230/Heres-a-List-of-All-the-US-Govts-Rogue-Twitter-Accounts-Fighting-Trumps-Crackdown-on-Science

These 24 ‘rogue’ Twitter accounts claim to be from federal agencies
http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/opinion/the-conversation/sd-list-rogue-twitter-accounts-from-federal-agencies-20170125-htmlstory.html

Wikipedia: Samizdat
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samizdat

DataRefuge
https://www.datarefuge.org/about

Stony Brook student held at JFK in Trump travel ban released
http://www.newsday.com/long-island/suffolk/stony-brook-student-held-at-jfk-in-trump-travel-ban-released-1.13032310


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Episode 268: Dialect (featuring Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu)

Are dying languages worth saving?

That’s the concept of a new game that allows players to explore language creation, language community, and language death, all in the course of an evening. Heavy concepts. How does it work?

Linguist Daniel Midgley talks to the game’s creators, Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu, on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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Patreon extras for this episode

Interview with Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu of Thorny Games, 2016-11-02 (complete)

Cutting Room Floor 268: Dialect

Episode 268: Dialect (featuring Kathryn Hymes and Hakan Seyalioglu) [128 kbps] (for everyone)


Show notes

Foreign Accent Syndrome: This American Teen Woke Up Speaking Spanish
https://www.inverse.com/article/22798-what-is-foreign-accent-syndrome

Before his coma he spoke English; after waking up he’s fluent in Spanish
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/10/24/health/teen-spanish-new-language-trnd/

High school goalkeeper wakes up from a coma speaking fluent SPANISH
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c085GtExevo

Teen Wakes Up From Coma Speaking Fluent Spanish: ‘It Was Weird’
http://time.com/4542967/teen-coma-fluent-spanish-georgia/

Linguistic prodigy: 4yo Russian girl speaks 7 languages, incl Chinese & Arabic (VIDEO)
https://www.rt.com/viral/363656-child-prodigy-seven-languages/

Incredible four-year-old speaks seven languages fluently
http://www.news.com.au/travel/world-travel/europe/incredible-fouryearold-speaks-seven-languages-fluently/news-story/15e9bbebdc574e1c0f57eece6aa907a1

Thorny Games: Dialect
http://www.thornygames.com/dialect-rpg/

Kickstarter: Dialect: A Game about Language and How it Dies
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/347698129/dialect-a-game-about-language-and-how-it-dies

One Shot Podcast: 168. Dialect Part 1
http://oneshotpodcast.com/podcasts/one-shot/168-dialect-part-1/

LANGUAGE MATTERS: What do we lose when a language dies, and what does it take to save one?
http://www.pbs.org/program/language-matters/

Could the dominance of English harm global scholarship?
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-35282235

Court finds ‘f— Fred Nile’ not offensive language at marriage equality rally
http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/court-finds-f-fred-nile-not-offensive-language-at-marriage-equality-rally-20161025-gs9ymc.html

It’s Perfectly Legal To Tell Anti-LGBT People To “Fuck Off”, Judge Says
https://www.buzzfeed.com/aliceworkman/fck-fred-nile

The ‘F Word’ Is No Longer Deemed Offensive In Australia
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2016/10/the-f-word-is-no-longer-deemed-offensive-in-australia/

Bono Would Call Appeals-Court Decision ‘Fucking Brilliant’
http://www.vulture.com/2007/06/bono_would_call_this_appeals_cou.html

Why are we still celebrating the art of Eric Gill?
http://www.womensviewsonnews.org/2015/07/why-are-we-still-celebrating-the-art-of-eric-gill/


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Episode 262: Universal Grammar

Why do all human languages resemble each other? And how do children learn language so fast?

For many linguists, the answer is Universal Grammar. It’s one of the biggest ideas in linguistics, but now it might possibly be coming unstuck. What is it, and what does its acceptance or rejection mean for modern linguistics?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

The French Number
http://www.thefrenchnumber.fr

Evidence Rebuts Chomsky’s Theory of Language Learning
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/evidence-rebuts-chomsky-s-theory-of-language-learning/

Don’t believe the rumours. Universal Grammar is alive and well.
https://medium.com/@dan.milway/dont-believe-the-rumours-universal-grammar-is-alive-and-well-58c1fbc5608b#.av7h2vini

The bonfire of Noam Chomsky: journalist Tom Wolfe targets the acclaimed linguist
http://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2016/9/14/12910180/noam-chomsky-tom-wolfe-linguist

Tom Wolfe plays mischief with language in ‘Kingdom of Speech’
http://articles.philly.com/2016-09-11/news/75354678_1_language-evolution-darwin-urdu

Noam Chomsky on the Evolution of Language: A Biolinguistic Perspective
http://www.truth-out.org/opinion/item/37725-noam-chomsky-on-the-evolution-of-language-a-biolinguistic-perspective

Dr. Noam Chomsky’s answers to questions from r/linguistics
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/13buz0/dr_noam_chomskys_answers_to_questions_from/?

Universal Grammar- How Do You Back It?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/16avcv/universal_grammar_how_do_you_back_it/?

What are the leading anti-UG theories?
https://www.reddit.com/r/linguistics/comments/4es4pb/what_are_the_leading_antiug_theories/

The language faculty that wasn’t: a usage-based account of natural language recursion
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01182/full

A Cognitive Neural Architecture Able to Learn and Communicate through Natural Language
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0140866

Grammar rules aren’t nearly as clear-cut as we thought
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/01/grammar-rules-aren-t-nearly-clear-cut-we-thought

Child language acquisition: Why universal grammar doesn’t help
http://muse.jhu.edu/article/552064

‘Avengers’ assemble to take on ‘racist, abusive coward’ Donald Trump, urge people to vote
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/movies/avengers-assemble-take-on-racist-abusive-coward-donald-trump-urge-people-to-vote-20160921-grlnmt.html

‘Butt’ is an actual unit of measurement
http://gizmodo.com/butt-is-an-actual-unit-of-measurement-1622427091

The first fuckwit
https://stronglang.wordpress.com/2016/09/14/the-first-fuckwit/

My table

sweary-units-of-measurement


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Episode 218: The F-word

Just how far back in history does the F-word go?

Further than we thought. A historian has discovered evidence that pushes the term back by hundreds of years. Meanwhile, researchers are finding which swears are most popular where.

Linguist Daniel Midgley drops some bombs on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Dubious Facebook graphic: “People who use a lot of swear words tend to be more honest and trustworthy, human behavioural studies suggest.”
https://www.facebook.com/wzpl995/photos/a.458588127782.245850.54234792782/10152326194707783/?type=1&theater

Are People who use a lot of Swear Words MORE Honest and Trust Worthy?
http://badpsychologyblog.org/post/55885010495/are-people-who-use-a-lot-of-swear-words-more

Ig Nobel prize for “Huh?”

Huh? An award for research into the word ‘huh’?
Saying ‘huh’ in 31 languages: huh?

ogle, oogle, oggle

What word do you use for gawking at someone in a lustful way?
http://www4.uwm.edu/FLL/linguistics/dialect/staticmaps/q_121.html

ogle/oggle/oogle
http://telophase.livejournal.com/2666679.html

Urban Dictionary: oogling
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=oogling

— Nancy Friedman (@Fritinancy) July 10, 2015

Learn to speak Australian, mate.

Senator told to “speak Australian” during question time
http://www.news.com.au/national/politics/senator-told-to-speak-australian-during-question-time/story-fns0jze1-1227531655033

US Republican Carly Fiorina unaware that English is not the US official language
http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/fact-check/2015/09/11/carly-fiorina-official-language-fact-check/72016642/

Note how many US politicians are happy to demand English-only laws
http://www.ontheissues.org/Immigration.htm

Fuck

HuffPo: A F*cking Short History of the F-Word by Melissa Mohr
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/melissa-mohr/a-fcking-short-history-of_b_3352948.html

Etymology of ‘fuck’
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=fuck&allowed_in_frame=0

1538: O d fuckin Abbott

Here’s the first recorded instance of the F-word in English
http://io9.com/heres-the-first-recorded-instance-of-the-f-word-in-eng-1519247071

1513: Be his feiris he wald haue fukkit.

William Dunbar: “Brash of Wowing”
Google Books link

1475: Flen, flyys and freris

“Non sunt in coeli, quia gxddbov xxkxzt pg ifmk.”

Language Hat: GXDDBOV XXKXZT PG IFMK.
http://languagehat.com/gxddbov-xxkxzt-pg-ifmk/

Fleas, Flies, Friars and the World’s First F***
http://innocentpleasures.blog.co.uk/2009/11/28/fleas-flies-friars-and-the-world-s-first-f-7475368/

1310: Roger Fuckebythenavele

We Interviewed the Historian Who Just Found the Oldest Use of the Word ‘Fuck’
http://www.vice.com/read/this-historian-just-found-the-oldest-use-of-fuck-920

Fuckebythenavele: Historians uncover oldest known use of the F-word in 1310 court records
http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/fuckebythenavele-historians-uncover-oldest-known-use-f-word-1310-court-020530

‘Fuckebythenavele’: Earliest use of famous Anglo-Saxon swearword unearthed by British historian
https://www.rt.com/uk/315279-oldest-use-swear-word/

1278: John le Fucker (etym. dub.)

Wikipedia: John le Fucker
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_le_Fucker

Jack Grieve’s swearing heatmaps

All the maps: Jack’s Twitter account
https://twitter.com/JWGrieve/media

Do You Live in a “Bitch” or a “Fuck” State? American Curses, Mapped
http://gawker.com/do-you-live-in-a-bitch-or-a-fuck-state-american-cu-1718259899

Bikelash

City Seeing Resistance To New Bike Lanes, Calling It “Bikelash”
http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2015/06/25/city-seeing-resistance-to-new-bike-lanes-calling-it-bikelash/

Is Bikelash Spreading to Some of the More Progressive Neighborhood Councils?
http://la.streetsblog.org/2015/09/03/is-bikelash-spreading-to-some-of-the-more-progressive-neighborhood-councils/


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Episode 211: Newsbag

For this episode, we’re reaching deep into the newsbag, and showing what’s new in the world of linguistics.

Is there a war on women’s voices? Is a popular toy spouting obscenities? And how did the language of trade floor speculation become the latest dead “language”?

Linguist Daniel Midgley and Em Burrows bring you the latest on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Em Burrows

from 21 July 2015

Promo with Em Burrows

from 28 July 2015


Show notes

“Head down, bum up?”
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/head_down,_bum_up

MasterChef winner scores cash, car, column AND a new job with Heston Blumenthal
http://www.news.com.au/entertainment/tv/masterchef-winner-scores-cash-car-column-and-a-new-job-with-heston-blumenthal/story-fn8yvfst-1227459594834

Tracking Hillary Clinton’s Use of Every American Accent East of the Mississippi
https://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-04-22/tracking-hillary-clinton-s-use-of-every-american-accent-east-of-the-mississippi

Naomi Wolf: Young women, give up the vocal fry and reclaim your strong female voice
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/24/vocal-fry-strong-female-voice

Amanda Marcotte: The war on female voices is just another way of telling women to shut up
http://www.dailydot.com/opinion/vocal-fry-99-percent-invisible-womens-voices/

Language Log: And we have a winner…
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=20245

Traders’ language goes the way of Latin and Aramaic
http://www.reuters.com/video/2015/06/30/traders-language-goes-the-way-of-latin-a?videoId=364794821&videoChannel=5&channelName=Business

Closure of futures trading pits will render a language extinct
http://www.marketwatch.com/story/closure-of-futures-trading-pits-will-render-a-language-extinct-2015-07-01

To the Wayback Machine for this tutorial on the lost system of trading floor signs.
http://web.archive.org/web/20050830083840/http://www.cme.com/edu/course/resources/exmpldev9722.html

Is this Minion toy swearing?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tEnPYxFP9Vc&feature=em-hot-b

McDonald’s denies Minion toy swears
http://www.skynews.com.au/culture/offbeat/2015/07/11/mcdonald-s-denies-minion-toy-swears.html

Did a talking doll say “Islam is the light”?
http://urbanlegends.about.com/b/2008/10/10/talking-doll-allegedly-says-islam-is-the-light.htm

Hear some phantom words
http://www.philomel.com/phantom_words/example_phantom_words.php

Scientists Decipher 1,500-Year-Old Hebrew Scroll
http://www.sci-news.com/othersciences/linguistics/science-ein-gedi-scroll-03049.html

The new French-language Scrabble champion doesn’t speak French
http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-07-21/new-french-language-scrabble-champion-doesn-t-speak-french


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Episode 200: Offensive Things

Most of us try to avoid offensive language.

But as language changes, the kind of language that’s considered offensive changes as well. Are there any words you use which may have some unsavoury connotations?

Linguist Daniel Midgley watches his words on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Ben Ainslie


Show notes

“Have you got the morbs?” Some 1880s slang that is due for a big comeback. pic.twitter.com/27pGpUVtyi
— Jason Kapalka (@jasonkapalka) February 6, 2015

Ten old words we need to start re-using immediately
http://i100.independent.co.uk/article/ten-old-words-we-need-to-start-reusing-immediately–gyB1qfylsg

56 Delightful Victorian Slang Terms You Should Be Using
http://mentalfloss.com/article/53529/56-delightful-victorian-slang-terms-you-should-be-using

Are you a sauce box? 83 old slang phrases and their meanings
https://twitter.com/curiositydotcom/status/576459215549534208

University of Glasgow publishes online thesaurus featuring 800,000 words
http://www.eveningtimes.co.uk/news/u/university-of-glasgow-publishes-online-thesaurus-featuring-800000-words.1421325122

The Historical Thesaurus of English
http://historicalthesaurus.arts.gla.ac.uk

Terms for “inferior person”
http://historicalthesaurus.arts.gla.ac.uk/category/?id=124716&qsearch=person&word=person&page=1

Terms for “drunk”
http://historicalthesaurus.arts.gla.ac.uk/category/?id=46961&qsearch=drunk&word=drunk&page=1

An explainer of common gang expressions such as “cool” and “pot,” from this day in 1958. http://t.co/F7WPHOCR8Z pic.twitter.com/fE4P6Jxfkt
— NYT Archives (@NYTArchives) March 24, 2015

Communication Problems in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/voice/pages/communication-problems-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder.aspx

A New Look at Language Delay in Children With Autism
http://www.utexas.edu/news/2015/04/02/language-delay-autism/

Brain Imaging Explains Reason for Good and Poor Language Outcomes in ASD Toddlers
https://health.ucsd.edu/news/releases/Pages/2015-04-09-brain-imaging-and-language-skills-in-ASD-toddlers.aspx

How to Express Possessives and Pronouns in American Sign Language
http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-express-possessives-and-pronouns-in-sign-la.html

The Fruit With the World’s Most Racist Name
http://kitchenette.jezebel.com/the-fruit-with-the-worlds-most-racist-name-1599294613/+Ubertrout

Etymoline: kaffir
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=kaffir

Seven words you didn’t know were racist
http://www.dailylife.com.au/news-and-views/dl-opinion/seven-words-you-didnt-know-were-racist-20150121-12v2cv.html

Dairy Farmers: Coon cheese – Our history
http://www.coon.com.au

Coon’s patent
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/1579196.pdf

Coon cheese is racist, says activist Stephen Hagan
http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/queensland/is-coon-cheese-really-racist/story-e6freoof-1111117595563

Redskins and chicos survive despite racist overtones
http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/food/redskins-and-chicos-survive-despite-racist-overtones/story-fneuz8wn-1226666868983

Geoffrey Nunberg: When Slang Becomes a Slur
http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2014/06/a-linguist-on-why-redskin-is-racist-patent-overturned/373198/

When is a word a slur? One linguist argues Big Data can help tell
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/style-blog/wp/2015/04/07/when-is-a-word-a-slur-one-linguist-argues-big-data-can-help-tell/

Michael Sunderland of VICE: ​It’s Hard out Here for a Twink
http://www.vice.com/read/its-hard-out-here-for-a-twink-456

Dan Savage – Twink: The Other T-Slur
http://www.thestranger.com/blogs/slog/2015/02/24/21776160/twink-the-other-t-slur

Some historical words relating to homosexuality
http://historicalthesaurus.arts.gla.ac.uk/category/?id=57878&qsearch=gay&word=gay&page=1

Rober Shure’s Twink
http://robertshureauthor.com/robert-shure-twink-plus/

Brontosaurus is Back! New Study Finds They Aren’t Apatosaurs After All
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2015/04/07/brontosaurus-is-back/

Brontosaurus, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brontosaurus


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Episode 198: The Geography of Sound (featuring Caleb Everett)

Does climate affect language?

A linguist has found that tone languages appear in regions of high humidity. But the idea that human speech adapts to the environment is not a popular one. So what’s going on?

Daniel Midgley speaks with the author Caleb Everett on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

App That Aims To Make Books ‘Squeaky Clean’ Draws Ire From Edited Writers
http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/03/27/395788461/app-that-aims-to-make-books-squeaky-clean-draws-ire-from-edited-writers

Authors: end to censored versions of books is ‘victory for the world of dirt’
http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/mar/27/clean-reader-books-app-censorship-victory-authors-celebrate

Clean Reader: The app that censors rude words from ebooks
http://www.cnet.com/news/clean-reader-the-app-that-censors-rude-words-from-ebooks/

Jennifer Porter: “My Clean Reader App Experience” Hilarious!
http://www.romancenovelnews.com/joomla/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=1167:my-clean-reader-app-experience&Itemid=53

Some languages don’t have syllables: Larry Hyman on the universality of the syllable
http://dlc.hypotheses.org/263

The idea of syllables doesn’t work with some Native American languages
The Languages of Native North America
Salish Languages and Linguistics: Theoretical and Descriptive Perspectives

Linguists didn’t accept Everett’s first attempt on this theme. See “Ejectives, High Altitudes, and Grandiose Linguistic Hypotheses”
http://languagesoftheworld.info/geolinguistics/ejectives-high-altitudes-grandiose-linguistic-hypotheses.html

Everett pressed the point: “A return to ejectives at high altitude”
http://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:_Xu2id2MHQ0J:scholar.google.com/&hl=en&as_sdt=2005&sciodt=0,5

Long article with lots of background: “Correlational Studies in Typological and Historical Linguistics”
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/pubman/item/escidoc:2071367:4/component/escidoc:2071365/Ladd_roberts_dediu.pdf

Everett’s new paper: “Climate, vocal folds, and tonal languages: Connecting the physiological and geographic dots”
http://m.pnas.org/content/112/5/1322.abstract

Everett talks about the paper
http://serious-science.org/news/2152

Post in Replicated Typo: “Tone and Humidity”
http://www.replicatedtypo.com/tone-and-humidity/10207.html

Other linguists aren’t convinced. Here’s the interview with Ben Zimmer and Geoffrey Nunberg.
http://www.mprnews.org/story/2015/03/10/language-words

You can look at the data for tone in the World Atlas of Linguistic Structures. Lots of other data, too.
http://wals.info/feature/13A#1/6/142

Sweden will make a gender-neutral pronoun official by adding it to the dictionary
http://qz.com/369725/sweden-will-make-a-gender-neutral-pronoun-official-by-adding-it-to-the-dictionary/

Epenthesis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epenthesis

About every dictionary in the world has ‘whale’ as one syllable.
Hey, look, Em: it’s even got “hwayl”.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/whale

The ‘prayer hands’ emoji changed in the latest iPhone update and people are freaking out
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/the-prayer-hands-emoji-is-changing-2015-3

Emojipedia: Person With Folded Hands
http://emojipedia.org/person-with-folded-hands/

Gawker: No, the Praying Hands Emoji Is Not a “High Five”
http://gawker.com/no-the-praying-hands-emoji-is-not-a-high-five-1613936693


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Episode 190: Rap Linguistics (featuring Darin Flynn)

Rap is the music of the street. And now it’s on campus.

Linguist Darin Flynn has created a university linguistics class that puts rap lyrics on the syllabus. What can hip-hop poets tell us about language?

Dr Flynn tells Daniel Midgley all about it on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

Who has the largest vocabulary in hip-hop?
http://rappers.mdaniels.com.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com

Bill Gates reveals his biggest regret in life: not learning another language
http://www.9news.com.au/technology/2015/01/29/13/17/bill-gates-reveals-his-biggest-regret-in-life

I Was Arrested for Learning a Foreign Language. Today, I Have Some Closure.
https://www.aclu.org/blog/free-speech-national-security-technology-and-liberty/i-was-arrested-learning-foreign-language-t

Propaganda poster: “Don’t Speak the Enemy’s Language! Speak American!”

Catholic Church ‘Allah’ appeal shot down in Malaysia
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/01/catholic-church-150121100311536.html

It gets worse. Brunei: Muslim Nation Bans Christians from Using 19 Religious Words
http://www.christianitytoday.com/gleanings/2014/february/muslim-nation-bans-christians-words-brunei-malaysia-allah.html

Rap Linguistics .. one of Canada’s coolest classes
http://llc.ucalgary.ca/news/rap-linguistics-one-canadas-coolest-classes

Rap lyrics the topic of new linguistics course at the University of Calgary
http://metronews.ca/news/calgary/1121050/rap-lyrics-the-topic-of-new-linguistics-course-at-the-university-of-calgary/

Rap linguistics course ‘cool’ but challenging
http://www.ucalgary.ca/utoday/issue/2014-09-22/rap-linguistics-course-cool-challenging

Iggy Azalea v Azalea Banks: Salon writer Brittney Cooper is unhappy about white rappers
http://www.salon.com/2014/07/15/iggy_azaleas_post_racial_mess_americas_oldest_race_tale_remixed/

Azealia Banks vs Iggy Azalea: ‘Privileged white people shouldn’t steal hip-hop’
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/11308082/Azealia-Banks-Vs-Iggy-Azalea-White-people-shouldnt-steal-hip-hop.html

Prayers in a Song | Tall Paul
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=61V69jRF5ys

‘Half Asian’? ‘Half White’? No — ‘Hapa’
http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/12/15/370416571/half-asian-half-white-no-hapa

Rhyming orange with Eminem
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRX8sXdCkfo

A couple of poems with rhymes for silver
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/rec.puzzles/7Wkte-kQu3A

To find a rhyme for silver
Or any “rhymeless rhyme”
Requires only will, ver-
bosity and time
–Stephen Sondheim

A woman asked me to rhyme a penguin.
I said, “Does the erstwhile Emperor Eng win?
If not, I’ll send a brand-new tractor
To “Big Boy” Williams, cinemactor;
On the card attached, a smiling penguin
Will say, “You’re truly a man among men, Guinn.”
“All right,” she said, “so now rhyme silver,”
But I left because I’d had my filver.
–Ira Levin

Rap camp is doing well.
http://calgary.ctvnews.ca/rap-camp-revives-and-reclaims-dying-culture-1.2216037

Elsewhere…
Rapping to preserve a nearly extinct Arctic language
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-23497131


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