Category: etymology (page 1 of 3)

Episode 292: Mailbag of Destiny

We love taking questions, and for this episode, we’ve got a lot of them.

What’s behind the things we say, and why is language the way it is? Is calling someone a drop-kick secretly obscene? Why does Germany have so many names? And why are there italics?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie will answer these and so many more on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Andrzej M. Łęcki: Grammaticalisation Paths of Have in English
Google Books link

Mari Johanne Hertzenberg: The Use and Development of Habere + Infinitive in Latin (PDF)
http://www.hf.uio.no/ifikk/english/research/projects/proiel/Activities/proiel/publications/Mari_ICHL.pdf

login the noun v. login the verb

Online Etymology Dictionary: log
http://etymonline.com/index.php?term=log&allowed_in_frame=0

Oxford Dictionaries: Different from, than, or to?
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/usage/different-from-than-or-to

Stack Exchange: Differences between “price point” and “price”
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/11879/differences-between-price-point-and-price

Green’s Dictionary of Slang: dropkick and punt
https://greensdictofslang.com/search/basic?q=dropkick+and+punt

Why Are There Different Names for the Same Country?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/30810/why-are-there-different-names-same-country

Wikipedia: Names of Germany
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_Germany

土澳 or TuAo: Is this Chinese popular term for Australia affectionate or condescending?
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-07/is-chinese-tuao-for-australia-condescending/8591168

The Visionary Behind Italics
https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/03/highlights-of-a-printer-who-invented-italics/386845/

The Origin of Italics
http://www.blakeatwood.com/origin-italics/

The Hidden Language Of The ~Tilde~
https://www.buzzfeed.com/josephbernstein/the-hidden-language-of-the-tilde

TypeTalk: Italic vs. Oblique
https://creativepro.com/typetalk-italic-vs-oblique/

Bilinguals find it easier to learn a third language
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110201110915.htm

Can a Second Language Help You Learn a Third?
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/life-bilingual/201506/can-second-language-help-you-learn-third

WALS: Number of Cases
http://wals.info/chapter/49

This is the most important moment of the Comey testimony
https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/6/8/15762266/comey-day-hearing-i-took-it-as-direction-risch

The Brussels Binder: Give the Women of Brussels a Voice
https://brusselsbinder.org

Congrats, you have an all male panel!
http://allmalepanels.tumblr.com

The ‘Manels Affliction’ – or those all-male conference panels talking about stuff that affects everyone
http://linkis.com/m.mgafrica.com/artic/hEsFB

Men cite themselves more than women do
http://www.nature.com/news/men-cite-themselves-more-than-women-do-1.20176


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 269: Mailbag Episode

You asked. We answer.

Why do we talk the way we do? Where do our words and phrases come from? And why are they sometimes so very strange?

Linguist Daniel Midgley has something for everyone on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

The Word Detective: Go Bananas
http://www.word-detective.com/2015/04/go-bananas/

The mystery of “going bananas.”
http://discovolonte.typepad.com/discovolonte/2007/12/the-mystery-of.html

First instance of “cool bananas”
Google Books link

Oxford Dictionaries: What is the origin of ‘banana’?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/08/origin-banana/

Why are し/ち transliterated as ‘shi’/’chi’, and not ‘si’/’ti’?
http://japanese.stackexchange.com/questions/19807/why-are-し-ち-transliterated-as-shi-chi-and-not-si-ti

The photo:

Grammarist: Lieutenant
http://grammarist.com/spelling/lieutenant/

Online Etymology Dictionary: Lieutenant
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=lieutenant&allowed_in_frame=0

Online Etymology Dictionary: Colonel
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=colonel

Sorry, it was Roman Jakobsen, not Otto Jespersen who said “Languages differ essentially in what they must convey and not in what they may convey.”
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2010/09/language_and_thought

Wikipedia: Elizabeth (given name)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_(given_name)

Lindsay Lohan Explains Her Unusual New Accent
http://www.vanityfair.com/style/2016/11/lindsay-lohan-new-accent-explanation

Ecosexuals Believe Having Sex with the Earth Could Save It
http://www.vice.com/read/ecosexuals-believe-having-sex-with-the-earth-could-save-it

Ecosexual Bathhouse at Melbourne’s botanic gardens arousing interest in the environment
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-10/ecosexual-bathhouse-in-next-wave-arts-festival/7396720

You Can Literally Have Sex with the Environment in This ‘Ecosexual Bathhouse’
https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/you-can-literally-have-sex-with-the-environment-in-this-ecosexual-bathhouse

On Otherkin and Trans People
https://thingofthings.wordpress.com/2016/01/25/otherkin-are-not-harming-the-trans-movement/

Otherkin
https://www.otherkincommunity.org/wiki/Otherkin#Awakening

Otherkin Are People Too; They Just Identify as Nonhuman
http://www.vice.com/read/from-dragons-to-foxes-the-otherkin-community-believes-you-can-be-whatever-you-want-to-be

“Compersion: A Polyamorous Principle That Can Strengthen Any Relationship.” And the word’s origin.
http://polyinthemedia.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/compersion-polyamorous-principle-that.html

How do you pronounce debut?
https://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/news/view/editor/article/173/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 264: Spurious Etymologies (live at Camp Doogs)

With words, things are not always what they seem.

An etymology is a story about how a word or phrase got to be that way. How did your favourite phrases come about? Is it possible that the origins you’ve heard are not quite true? And how can you spot a fishy story?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are coming at you live for this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Jane Hebiton


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Show notes

Pinjarra
http://www.boodjar.sis.uwa.edu.au/boodjar-placenames/Pinjarra

Pinjarup | Ethnologue
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/pnj

Google’s Quest To Design A Typeface For Every Language On Earth
https://www.fastcodesign.com/3064379/googles-quest-to-design-a-typeface-for-every-language-on-earth

Google Fonts: Noto Sans
https://fonts.google.com/specimen/Noto+Sans

What’s new in Unicode 9.0?
http://babelstone.blogspot.com.au/2016/01/whats-new-in-unicode-90.html

13912551_10153802558073527_633204098457369152_n

Good luck takes a reverse
http://www.news.com.au/national/good-luck-takes-a-reverse/story-e6frfkp9-1111118083194

Wiktionary: chock
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/chock#Etymology_1

List of common false etymologies of English words
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_common_false_etymologies_of_English_words

Was ‘tip’ formed from an acronym of ‘To Insure Promptness’?
http://www.snopes.com/language/acronyms/tip.asp

Folk etymology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folk_etymology

The Word Detective: False etymologies
http://www.word-detective.com/2013/03/false-etymologies/

More about Break A Leg
http://www.theatrecrafts.com/pages/home/glossary-of-technical-theatre-terms/more-about-break-a-leg/

The Phrase Finder — a great resource.
http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/b.html

Wiktionary: global weirding
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/global_weirding

Global Weirding Is Here – The New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/17/opinion/17friedman.html?_r=0

Global warming vs climate change
https://www.skepticalscience.com/print.php?r=326

Orthorexia: when healthy eating turns against you
https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/sep/26/orthorexia-eating-disorder-clean-eating-dsm-miracle-foods

Orthorexia nervosa: when righteous eating becomes an obsession
https://theconversation.com/orthorexia-nervosa-when-righteous-eating-becomes-an-obsession-36484

Orthorexia nervosa – when healthy eating is no longer healthy
http://www.eufic.org/article/en/artid/orthorexia-nervosa/

Pete Evans is clueless about nutrition
http://scepticalnutritionist.com.au/?p=1523

Pete Evans slammed for ‘potentially damaging’ paleo diet advice to osteoporosis sufferer
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-29/pete-evans-slammed-for-advice-to-osteoporosis-sufferer/7793572

Doctor criticises chef Pete Evans for giving ‘potentially deadly’ diet advice
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/doctor-criticises-chef-pete-evans-for-giving-potentially-deadly-diet-advice-20160829-gr3ydb.html

Clean eating trend can be dangerous for young people, experts warn
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/oct/01/clean-eating-trend-dangerous-young-people-food-obsession-mental-health-experts

CSIRO Total Wellbeing Diet online
http://www.csiro.au/en/Research/Health/CSIRO-diets/CSIRO-Total-Wellbeing-Diet-Online

The Butterfly Foundation
https://thebutterflyfoundation.org.au

Etymonline: helicopter
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=helicopter

Bully: A Vicious, Cowardly Word With a Long History
https://www.good.is/articles/the-history-of-the-word-bully


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: Kylie Sturgess

Episode 256: Numbers

One, two, three… Sounds simple, doesn’t it?

And yet different languages express numbers in very different ways. How are they handled in our brains? And how did –illion get to be the suffix for truly astronomical sums?

Linguist Daniel Midgley runs the numbers on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Cole Healy


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Show notes

First major database of non-native English
http://phys.org/news/2016-07-major-database-non-native-english.html

Treebank of Learner English
http://esltreebank.org

Is “one, two, many” a myth?
https://numberwarrior.wordpress.com/2010/07/30/is-one-two-many-a-myth/

What Happens When a Language Has No Numbers?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2013/10/16/piraha_cognitive_anumeracy_in_a_language_without_numbers.html

The Munduruku people: Can You Count Your Chickens?
http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/can-you-count-your-chickens

Big and small numbers are processed in different sides of the brain
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160304092755.htm

Both hemispheres of the brain process numbers
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/01/160127083844.htm

Brain processes which lead to the concept of ‘zero’ on the number line
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160421133944.htm

Time and numbers mix together in the brain
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-07/afps-tan071911.php

Australian Aboriginal enumeration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Aboriginal_enumeration

Joan Rivers: her best one-liners
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/comedy/11064386/Joan-Rivers-her-best-one-liners.html

Why Is It ‘Eleven, Twelve’ Instead of ‘Oneteen, Twoteen’?
http://mentalfloss.com/article/76007/why-it-eleven-twelve-instead-oneteen-twoteen

French Numbers 1-100
http://blogs.transparent.com/french/french-numbers-1-100/

kasnas-blueberry-muffinpoptarts-source-quasi-normalcy-kellhorreur-sadjadewithcake-french-sixty-seven-sixty-eight-2474484

Number Systems of the World
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number.html

The Number System of Huli
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/huli.html

The Number System of Yoruba
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/yoruba.html

The Number System of Ndom
http://www.sf.airnet.ne.jp/ts/language/number/ndom.html

12 Mind Blowing Number Systems From Other Languages
http://mentalfloss.com/article/31879/12-mind-blowing-number-systems-other-languages

Vocabulary.com: You Be “-Illion”!
https://www.vocabulary.com/articles/dictionary/you-be-illion/

MILLIONS and BILLIONS…..
http://www.dozenalsociety.org.uk/numbers/millions.htm

-Illion Numbers
http://www.polytope.net/hedrondude/illion.htm

Names for Large Numbers
https://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/units/large.html

American / Japanese Higher Numbers
http://www.trussel.com/jnumbers.htm

Public urged to track ‘nurdles’ on Scotland’s beaches
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-36211895

Proud to Love Nerds!
http://www.candyfavorites.com/a-nerd-tastic-history

Gaelic: Counting Objects
http://www.irishgaelictranslator.com/articles/grammar/counting-objects/

How to Count to 10 in Irish
http://www.wikihow.com/Count-to-10-in-Irish

Berliner, Krapfen und Pfannkuchen
http://www.zeit.de/zeit-magazin/2014/53/pfannkuchen-berliner-sprache-deutschlandkarte

US Dialect maps:
caramelpecan


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Episode 250: Comma Sutra (featuring Louisa Fitzhardinge)

The Talk the Talk team is taking a break, but Daniel jumped at the chance to speak to Louisa Fitzhardinge, whose new comedy show ‘Comma Sutra’ looks at the lighter side of the use — and misuse — of grammar.

But linguists and self-described grammar mavens don’t always get along. Is concern for good grammar necessary, or does it lead to linguistic discrimination?


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Show notes

Louisa Fitzhardinge: News
http://www.louisafitzhardinge.com/#!news/ur1ar


Image credit: http://cdn.eventfinda.com.au/uploads/events/transformed/474251-205024-14.jpg

Episode 238: Questions, Questions

Our listeners have questions, and we have answers.

Why do we say boo? or a whole ‘nother? And our Latin-minded friends have a few questions, as well.

Linguist Daniel Midgley answers them all on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Scott Quigg


Show notes

Boaty McBoatface: Man behind the name apologises to company for social media ‘storm’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-03-22/boaty-mcboatface-inventor-apologises-to-nerc-for-storm/7265842

The linguistics of signifying time: The human gesture as clock
http://www.mpi.nl/the-linguistics-of-signifying-time-the-human-gesture-as-clock

Study Uncovers Unusual Method of Communicating Human Concept of Time
http://www.sci-news.com/othersciences/linguistics/nheengatu-language-method-concept-time-03711.html

Early draft of Dr Floyd’s paper (PDF)
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/archived-documents/Lg_92.1_Floyd.pdf

Global scare tactics: how to say “boo”
https://www.languagetrainers.com/blog/2011/01/07/global-scare-tactics-how-to-say-boo/

A Biography Of ‘Boo’ Across The World
http://www.npr.org/2014/10/31/360461195/a-biography-of-boo-across-the-world

When Did Ghosts Start Saying “Boo”?
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/explainer/2011/10/why_do_ghosts_say_boo_.html

An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language:
Google Books link

TravelTexas missed a big opportunity.
https://www.traveltexas.com/#/

Linguists discuss a whole ‘nother
https://linguistlist.org/issues/14/14-2909.html

Tmesis: A Whole Nother Word to Use!
https://speechdudes.wordpress.com/2013/10/03/tmesis-a-whole-nother-word-to-use/

What’s a “Napron”?
http://maevemaddox.com/books/bibliography/whats-a-napron

Examples of a whole ‘nother from the Cambridge History of the English Language
Google Books link

Is Irregardless a Word?
http://blog.dictionary.com/is-irregardless-a-word/

Etymonline: bacteria
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bacteria

Phubbing: An invented word that might be too useful to ignore
http://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/phubbing-words-we%27re-watching

Etymonline: snub
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=snub&allowed_in_frame=0


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 236: Spelling Reform

Sometimes English spelling doesn’t make much sense.

But even though many influential people have tried to reform our wacky orthography, the anomalies persist. Will English spelling reform ever work?

Linguist Daniel Midgley spells it out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Scott Quigg


Show notes

Facebook Reactions, the Totally Redesigned Like Button, Is Here
http://www.wired.com/2016/02/facebook-reactions-totally-redesigned-like-button/

Facebook: Emojis to beat words with ‘Reactions’ icons
http://www.deccanchronicle.com/technology/in-other-news/260216/on-facebook-emojis-beat-words.html

Mark Zuckerberg Asks Racist Facebook Employees to Stop Crossing Out Black Lives Matter Slogans
http://gizmodo.com/mark-zuckerberg-asks-racist-facebook-employees-to-stop-1761272768

Mark Zuckerberg Chastises Employees Who Crossed Out ‘Black Lives Matter’ on Facebook’s Signature Wall
https://www.good.is/articles/zuck-stands-up-for-black-lives-matter

Wikipedia: German orthography reform of 1996
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_orthography_reform_of_1996

English Spelling Society: What is wrong with English spelling?
http://www.spellingsociety.org

Stan Carey: A brief history of English spelling reform
http://www.historytoday.com/stan-carey/brief-history-english-spelling-reform

History of Spelling Reform
http://www.barnsdle.demon.co.uk/spell/histsp.html

RationalWiki: English spelling reform
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/English_spelling_reform

Wikipedia: English-language spelling reform
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English-language_spelling_reform#Spelling_reform_proposals

26 of Noah Webster’s Spelling Changes That Didn’t Catch On
http://mentalfloss.com/article/53723/26-noah-webster’s-spelling-changes-didn’t-catch

Cut Spelling (CS)
http://grammar.about.com/od/c/g/cutspellingterm.htm

NPR: Changes To French Spelling Make Us Wonder: Why Is English So Weird?
http://www.npr.org/2016/02/24/467218639/new-changes-to-french-beg-the-question-why-are-english-spellings-so-weird

Failed Attempts to Reform English Spelling: 8 Spelling Suggestions That Didn’t Stick
http://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/spelling-suggestions-that-didnt-stick/kist-instead-of-kissed

What is the origin of the silent ‘b’ at the end of English words such as lamb, comb, crumb and bomb?
“The b-sound was lost by about 1300.”
http://www.theguardian.com/notesandqueries/query/0,,-1417,00.html

Etymonline: limb
“The parasitic -b began to appear late 1500s for no etymological reason”
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=limb&allowed_in_frame=0

Etymonline: indict
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=indict

Oxford: 11 spelling changes that would make English easier
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2015/06/spellings-changes-that-would-make-english-easier/

Trying to change English’s complex spelling is a waste of time
https://theconversation.com/trying-to-change-englishs-complex-spelling-is-a-waste-of-time-38027

Oxford Owl: What is synthetic phonics?
http://www.oxfordowl.co.uk/home/reading-owl/expert-help/what-is-synthetic-phonics

Panicum v panic
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=Panic

Pellie: Steve Price under fire as Tim Minchin rejects George Pell’s sick note
http://www.9news.com.au/national/2016/02/17/06/24/steve-price-takes-on-tim-minchin-as-cardinal-george-pell-faces-visit-from-survivors

Australian Christian Lobby condemns Sydney school’s ‘rainbow politics’ for allowing male students to wear female uniforms
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-02-23/australian-christian-lobby-condemns-sydney-school-uniform-policy/7191908

SBS Backburner: Safe Schools Course Teaches Shorten To Stand Up To Bully
http://www.sbs.com.au/comedy/article/2016/02/24/safe-schools-course-teaches-shorten-stand-bully

As it happened: Unicorns, pixies and politicians hurling abuse over claims of homophobia
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-02-24/federal-politics-live-coverage-feb-24/7194712

A Rainbow Marriage: How did the rainbow become a symbol of gay pride?
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/explainer/2012/06/rainbows_and_gay_pride_how_the_rainbow_became_a_symbol_of_the_glbt_movement_.html

Malcolm Turnbull Issues Language Warning to MPs Over Safe Schools Debate
https://www.pedestrian.tv/news/arts-and-culture/malcolm-turnbull-issues-language-warning-to-mps-ov/9840567e-adaf-4a36-a499-52ac2135afd1.htm

Support the Safe Schools Coalition
http://campaigns.greens.org.au/ea-action/action?ea.client.id=1792&ea.campaign.id=48027&ea.tracking.id=fb&en_chan=fb&en_ref=17768456

Myths debunked: Sadly, Theodore Roosevelt never rode a moose
https://blogs.harvard.edu/houghton/2013/09/20/myths-debunked-sadly-theodore-roosevelt-never-rode-a-moose/

Gizmodo: That Famous Photo of Teddy Roosevelt Riding a Moose Is Fake
http://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/that-famous-photo-of-teddy-roosevelt-riding-a-moose-is-1355349896


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

 

Episode 235: Worst Words (featuring Don Watson)

Are our vocabularies shrinking? Is bureaucratic double-talk a sinister form of code designed to short-circuit original thought?

Author Don Watson thinks so, and explains why in his latest book Worst Words. But how does his view stack up to language science?

Don Watson goes head to head with linguist Daniel Midgley on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

UNESCO: International Mother Language Day
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/events/prizes-and-celebrations/celebrations/international-days/international-mother-language-day-2016/

Language in school: If you don’t understand, how can you learn
https://efareport.wordpress.com/2016/02/19/language-in-school-if-you-dont-understand-how-can-you-learn/

‘40% have no access to education in own language’
http://en.prothom-alo.com/international/news/95665/‘40%25-have-no-access-to-education-in-own-language’

Aboriginal minister Bess Price denied request to speak Indigenous language in NT Parliament
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-02-18/nt-warlpiri-minister-denied-request-to-speak-indigenous-language/7178298

Minister Chastised For Speaking Indigenous Language On Indigenous Land.
http://www.sbs.com.au/comedy/article/2016/02/19/minister-chastised-speaking-indigenous-language-indigenous-land

Worst Words: A compendium of contemporary cant, gibberish and jargon
http://www.randomhouse.com.au/books/don-watson/watsons-word-wisdom-9780857983442.aspx

Don Watson on the warpath against Worst Words
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/arts/review/don-watson-on-the-warpath-against-worst-words/news-story/3d997f3c60acfd8fd69aa8e65236a08d

Worst Words review: Don Watson fires up on howlers, expressions and bad language
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/books/worst-words-review-don-watson-fires-up-on-howlers-expressions-and-bad-language-20151207-glh17i.html

Late Night Live: Don Watson’s worst words
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/latenightlive/don/6948354

Etymonline: attrit
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=attrit

Does the average American student have less vocabulary today than in days gone by?
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2724/does-the-average-american-student-have-less-vocabulary-today-than-in-days-gone-by

Vocabulary Test Results Show Top U.S. Students Losing Ground, Others Stagnate
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/06/vocabulary-test-results-us_n_2249647.html

Fast-growing tumbleweed called hairy panic blows into Australian city
http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2016/feb/18/fast-growing-tumbleweed-called-hairy-panic-blows-into-australian-city

Comment: Are ‘frolleagues’ replacing our friends?
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2016/02/18/comment-are-frolleagues-replacing-our-friends

Urban Dictionary: frolleague
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=frolleague

Groucho Marx: “Politics is the art of looking for trouble, finding it everywhere, diagnosing it incorrectly and applying the wrong remedies.”
http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/g/grouchomar146422.html

From Monica: Copywriting Fundamentals: How to Write in Plain English
http://thecopycollective.com/copywriting-fundamentals-how-to-write-in-plain-english/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Episode 233: Comedy in Translation (featuring Kuah Jenhan)

A joke’s a joke, but is it still funny in translation? How does a comic have to adapt things for different language audiences? And what’s going on in Malaysia’s burgeoning comedy scene?

Multilingual writer and comedian Kuah Jenhan is in the studio with Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

The full list (PDF, French)
http://www.orthographe-recommandee.info/enseignement/regles.pdf

End of the circumflex? Changes in French spelling cause uproar
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-35496893

Changes to spellings of over 2,000 French words sparks outrage
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/backlash-erupts-after-francer-changes-spelling-of-thousands-of-words-a6853551.html

Not the oignon: fury as France changes 2,000 spellings and drops some accents
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/05/not-the-oignon-fury-france-changes-2000-spellings-ditches-circumflex

French Spelling Changes, 26 Years in the Making, Cause a Fracas
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/06/world/europe/french-spelling-changes-26-years-in-the-making-cause-a-fracas.html?_r=0

People Are Freaking Out Over France’s Proposal To Remove The Circumflex
http://www.buzzfeed.com/krishrach/you-say-oignon-i-say-chill#.xw6eKqGzW

Quelle horreur! #JeSuisCirconflexe takes off with changes to French language
http://www.thestar.com/news/world/2016/02/05/quelle-horreur-jesuiscirconflexe-takes-off-with-changes-to-french-language.html

A Time article from the 1990s (paywall):
http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,972149,00.html

Wikipedia: Use of the circumflex in French
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Use_of_the_circumflex_in_French

Kuah Jenhan – Like This Like Dad
http://www.fringeworld.com.au/program/event/2b9074b2-2acc-463f-a6ff-6b3f610a4312/

A few facts about language shift in Malaysia
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~haroldfs/messeas/maltamil/node2.html

Indian Scientists Develop World’s First Zika Vaccine
https://www.good.is/articles/zika-virus-vaccine-brazil-india

Zika virus: Etymology
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Zika_virus#Etymology

Wikipedia: Zika Forest
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zika_Forest

Mapping Zika: From A Monkey In Uganda To A Growing Global Concern
http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/02/05/464442791/mapping-zika-from-a-monkey-in-uganda-to-a-growing-global-concern

Zika outbreak forces India’s Tata Motors to rename car
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/02/zika-outbreak-forces-india-tata-motors-rename-car-160203193201541.html

Indian carmaker Tata to change Zica car name after Zika virus spread
http://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/feb/02/indian-carmaker-tata-change-zica-car-name-zika-virus

11 Brand Names That Simply Couldn’t Survive the Times
http://www.adweek.com/news-gallery/advertising-branding/11-brand-names-simply-couldnt-survive-times-163440

Aunty English in: Aunty English on the Bus


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: Here.

Episode 223: Mailbag

You have questions, and we have answers.

But in the process we find out more about how English works, and how it got to be the way it is.

Daniel and Ben empty out the mailbag on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

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Subscribe on Android
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Promo with Jane Hebiton


Show notes

This map shows the weird names Americans have given the night before Halloween
http://qz.com/289469/this-map-shows-the-weird-names-americans-have-given-the-night-before-halloween/

What do you call the night before Halloween?
http://www4.uwm.edu/FLL/linguistics/dialect/staticmaps/q_110.html

Gate night: Kids used to unhinge farmers’ gates
http://www.livescience.com/5149-devil-night-history-pre-halloween-pranks.html

Goosey Night
https://offeringstone.wordpress.com/2012/10/30/whats-goosey-night/

Dialect Blog: Halloween!
http://dialectblog.com/2011/10/31/halloween/

RationalWiki: Jesusween
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Jesusween

The Pitfalls of Using Google Ngram to Study Language
http://www.wired.com/2015/10/pitfalls-of-studying-language-with-google-ngram/

Characterizing the Google Books Corpus: Strong Limits to Inferences of Socio-Cultural and Linguistic Evolution
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0137041

When OCR Goes Bad: Google’s Ngram Viewer & The F-Word
http://searchengineland.com/when-ocr-goes-bad-googles-ngram-viewer-the-f-word-59181

Syntax in Cambridge History of the English Language
https://books.google.com/books?id=NxHuNOvwt7wC&lpg=PP1&dq=cambridge%20history%20of%20the%20english%20language%20volume%203&pg=PA248#v=onepage&q=%22am%20not%20I%22&f=false

Etymology: mucho
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/mucho#Spanish

Etymology: much
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=much

Etymology: good
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=good

Etymology: god
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=god

15 Pairs of Words That Seem Etymologically Related, But Aren’t
http://mentalfloss.com/article/61678/15-pairs-words-seem-etymologically-related-arent

Arika Okrent announced as winner of LSA Linguistics Journalism Award
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/news/2015/10/22/arika-okrent-announced-winner-lsa-linguistics-journalism-award

New guidelines aimed at reducing gender stereotyping in schools
http://www.itv.com/news/2015-10-18/schools-to-be-sent-guidelines-on-reducing-use-of-sexist-terms/

This is where the expression ‘throw shade’ comes from
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/where-the-expression-throw-shade-comes-from-2015-3

Urban Dictionary: throw shade
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=throw+shade

Go Ahead and Throw All the Shade You Want, Straight People
http://gawker.com/5980303/go-ahead-and-throw-all-the-shade-you-want-straight-people

How to Throw Shade
http://www.stuffmomnevertoldyou.com/blog/how-to-throw-shade/

Grant Barrett: throw shade
http://www.waywordradio.org/throw_shade/

Norwegians Are Literally Using ‘Texas’ As Slang for ‘Crazy’ Now
http://www.alternet.org/culture/norwegians-are-literally-using-texas-slang-crazy-now

How ‘Texas’ became Norwegian for ‘crazy’
http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/10/26/how-texas-became-norwegian-for-crazy/

Norwegians use “Texas” as a synonym for “crazy”
http://qz.com/531921/norwegians-use-texas-as-a-synonym-for-crazy/

Why do Norwegians use ‘texas’ to mean ‘crazy’?
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-34622478

Vegard Vigerust: “The Boy Who Wanted to Buy Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation”
“Would he make it even more texas in the village?”.
“Ville han laga enda meir texas i bygda?”
https://books.google.com/books?id=_f9EAAAAIAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Texas

Etymonline: Ass
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=ass

Etymonline: Arse
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=arse


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.pcj-t.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Question-People.jpg

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