Category: it’s in the dictionary

Episode 295: Yawuru (featuring Dalisa Pigram) [live at the Disrupted Festival]

The Talk the Talk team takes the stage in a special live episode at the Disrupted Festival.

The Yawuru language of Western Australia has been going dormant, but many courageous teachers are bringing it back for a new generation. Is it working? What is it to learn and teach one’s traditional language? And what is the Yawuru language like?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are joined by our special guest Dalisa Pigram on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

i before e except after…w?
http://www.nathancunn.com/2017-06-26-i-before-e-except-after-w/

A Student Just Debunked the Most Famous Grammar Rule of All Time
http://www.rd.com/culture/i-before-e-rule/

AI Is Inventing Languages Humans Can’t Understand. Should We Stop It?
https://www.fastcodesign.com/90132632/ai-is-inventing-its-own-perfect-languages-should-we-let-it

Researchers shut down AI that invented its own language
http://www.digitaljournal.com/tech-and-science/technology/a-step-closer-to-skynet-ai-invents-a-language-humans-can-t-read/article/498142

“The Most Worthy Rectangle”: Wikipedia Deletes Amazing List Of Fake Aussie Slang For $100 Note
http://junkee.com/wikipedia-list-slang-100-note/114214

Oxford Dictionary has a new last word
https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/oxford-dictionary-has-a-new-last-word-1.3136466

Just what does the gun emoji most commonly shoot at?
http://www.guns.com/2017/06/20/just-what-does-the-gun-emoji-most-commonly-shoot-at/

Wikipedia: Yawuru language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yawuru_language

Check This Out!–Yawuru Ngan-Ga Language App For iPhone & Android – Yawuru
https://indigenous.sl.nsw.gov.au/recent-updates/check-out-yawuru-ngan-ga-language-app-iphone-android-yawuru

Yawuru ngan-ga language app
https://vimeo.com/123160863

Yawuru Ngan-ga: A phrasebook of the Yawuru Language
https://www.magabala.com/yawurungan-ga.html

Komei Hokosawa: “My face am burning!”: quasi-passive, body parts, and related issues in Yawuru grammar and cultural concepts
Google Books link

Ethnologue: Yawuru
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/ywr

Slides for the language lesson


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.abc.net.au/news/image/7392082-3×2-700×467.jpg

Episode 247: Singlish (featuring Sean Yeo)

We’re talking about Singapore Colloquial English, or Singlish.

The Singaporean government would love to wipe it out, but Singlish is gaining prestige in the English-speaking world. Oxford is even adding Singlish words to its dictionary. But what is this language like, and what does it mean to its speakers?

Singlish speaker Sean Yeo joins Daniel, Ben, and Kylie on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Scott Quinn


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Show notes

Brain pattern predicts how fast an adult learns a new language
http://sciencebulletin.org/archives/925.html

Brain waves predict speed of second language learning
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/310181.php

Languages come naturally, so some. Oui?
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/higher-education/languages-come-naturally-so-some-oui/news-story/b5d717d7f3235fa25c1c14650590290e

What is the function of the various brainwaves?
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-the-function-of-t-1997-12-22/

Foreign Language Skills Wired In The Brain
http://primemind.com/articles/struggling-to-learn-a-new-language-maybe-it-s-all-in-your-head

Crosstalk between left and right brain is key to language development
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-05-crosstalk-left-brain-key-language.html

The rise of Singlish
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-33809914

10 Bizarre Things Singaporeans Do That The Rest Of The World Won’t Understand
(Good example of words from several languages in one sentence.)
http://thesmartlocal.com/read/singaporean-culture-quirks

xSinglish-English-Chinese-Malay-Tamil-Dialects--Sentence.jpg.pagespeed.ic.eh7srapJT-

Singapore Infopedia: Singlish
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_1745_2010-12-29.html

Singapore Colloquial English (Singlish)
http://www.hawaii.edu/satocenter/langnet/definitions/singlish.html

The ‘Speak Good English Movement’
Google Books Link

Me Singlish Damn Powerful One, Ah?
http://www.escapeartistes.com/2011/08/20/me-singlish-damn-powerful-one-ah/

Oxford: New Singapore English words
http://public.oed.com/the-oed-today/recent-updates-to-the-oed/march-2016-update/new-singapore-english-words/

Shiok! 19 Singlish items added to the Oxford English Dictionary
http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/shiok-19-singlish-items-added-to-the-oxford-english-dictionary

What’s a ‘Chinese helicopter’? Latest Singlish entry in Oxford Dictionary has us scratching our heads
http://news.asiaone.com/news/singapore/whats-chinese-helicopter-latest-singlish-entry-oxford-dictionary-has-us-scratching

‘Chinese helicopter’: Singlish OED entry baffles Singaporeans
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-36283670

Some find new Singlish terms in Oxford dictionary ‘ridiculous’
(Note the language attitudes.)
http://news.asiaone.com/news/singapore/some-find-new-singlish-terms-oxford-dictionary-ridiculous

Wah, now can act blur and lepak: Oxford English Dictionary
http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/wah-now-can-act-blur-and/2776828.html

Inky’s Daring Escape Shows How Smart Octopuses Are
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/04/160414-inky-octopus-escapes-intelligence/

Anthea Fraser Gupta: Singapore Colloquial English? Or deviant Standard English? (PDF)
http://anthea.id.au/papers/sicol.pdf

mr brown tries to explain the Meaning of Lah
http://www.mrbrown.com/blog/2005/04/mr_browns_meani.html

Singlish Dictionary
http://www.singlishdictionary.com

Singapore scene is entering golden age of indie music
http://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/singapore-scene-is-entering-golden-age-of-indie-music


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/wah-now-can-act-blur-and/2776828.html

Episode 232: Rabid Linguists

People are asking questions about language and gender equality.

What’s Oxford Dictionaries doing about some of its questionable definitions? And linguists are wondering why Disney princesses don’t talk more.

Linguist Daniel Midgley is listening on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

Elizabeth Close’s blog post: “I don’t care for your brand of racism.”
https://adingonamedgerald.wordpress.com/2016/01/26/i-dont-care-for-your-brand-of-racism/

‘It’s Australia Day, we speak English’: Aboriginal artist ‘abused for speaking an indigenous dialect to her daughter’
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3419333/Aboriginal-artist-Elizabeth-Close-abused-speaking-indigenous-dialect-daughter.html

Ms Close was speaking Pitjantjatjara
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pitjantjatjara

Is France’s unloved AZERTY keyboard heading for the scrapheap?
http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-eu-35365604

France wants to fix the terrible AZERTY keyboard
http://www.engadget.com/2016/01/22/france-wants-to-fix-the-terrible-azerty-keyboard/

QWERTY vs. AZERTY: Why are French and US Keyboards Different?
http://frenchmorning.com/en/qwerty-vs-azerty-why-are-french-and-us-keyboards-different/

AFNOR page: Respect de l’écriture française : vers un nouveau modèle de clavier informatique
http://www.afnor.org/liste-des-actualites/actualites/2015/novembre-2015/respect-de-l-ecriture-francaise-vers-un-nouveau-modele-de-clavier-informatique
(It’s in French, so you might not be able to read it. But you should try, because look at all the trouble they went to.)

Word and Phrase Info
http://www.wordandphrase.info/frequencyList.asp

Michael Oman-Reagan: Sexism in the Oxford Dictionary of English
https://medium.com/space-anthropology/sexism-in-the-oxford-dictionary-of-english-6d335c6a77b5#.yognwxy94

Oxford Dictionary Agrees to Review Language After Accusations of Sexism
http://www.takepart.com/article/2016/01/25/feminism-oxford-rabid

Sexism row prompts Oxford Dictionaries to review language used in definitions
http://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jan/25/oxford-dictionary-review-sexist-language-rabid-feminist-gender

Oxford: How are dictionary examples chosen?
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2016/01/dictionary-examples/

A dictionary entry citing ‘rabid feminist’ doesn’t just reflect prejudice, it reinforces it
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jan/26/rabid-feminist-language-oxford-english-dictionary

Oxford Dictionaries Apologizes for “Rabid” Feminism Tweet; Gets Trolled by Disappointed Misogynists
http://www.themarysue.com/oxford-dictionaries-mra-trolls/

Hottest 100: Chet Faker Backtracks on Twitter Response Against Feminist Writer
http://thevine.com.au/entertainment/hottest-100-chet-faker-backtracks-twitter-response-feminist-writer/

Researchers have found a major problem with ‘The Little Mermaid’ and other Disney movies
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/01/25/researchers-have-discovered-a-major-problem-with-the-little-mermaid-and-other-disney-movies/

Linguists Try to Figure Out How Harmful Disney Princesses Are to Kids
http://io9.gizmodo.com/linguists-try-to-figure-out-how-harmful-disney-princess-1755258488

LSA: A Quantitative Analysis of Gendered Compliments in Disney Princess Films
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/abstract/quantitative-analysis-gendered-compliments-disney-princess-films

“controlled opposition”: Flat-Earthers are back: ‘It’s almost like the beginning of a new religion’
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/jan/20/flat-earth-believers-youtube-videos-conspiracy-theorists

Flat wrong: the misunderstood history of flat Earth theories
https://theconversation.com/flat-wrong-the-misunderstood-history-of-flat-earth-theories-53808

Girl toys, boy toys, and parenting: The science of toy preferences in children
http://www.parentingscience.com/girl-toys-and-parenting.html

Speaking Out: The Female Voice in Public Contexts
Google Books link


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Episode 210: Listener Feedback

We get a lot of feedback from listeners.

So for this episode, we decided to answer questions, and settle some scores. We even ask the musical question: “How do you alphabetise your music collection?”

All on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

The Ladyslipper — a long-running catalogue for music by and for women (and everybody else).
https://www.ladyslipper.org

Feast Your Eyes on This Beautiful Linguistic Family Tree
http://mentalfloss.com/article/59665/feast-your-eyes-beautiful-linguistic-family-tree

The Wave Model of language change
https://prezi.com/_uvdnnm68kkl/wave-model-for-language-change/

What can you do with Linguistics?

Why are some words not allowed in Scrabble
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=125676618

Offensive words omitted from the OSPD3
http://home.teleport.com/%7Estevena/scrabble/expurg.html


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.parachutedigitalmarketing.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Digital-Questions-to-Ask.jpg

Episode 180: Bad English (featuring Ammon Shea)

Are you annoyed by grammar purists?

Do prescriptive pedants pester you with trivial issues of usage?

What you need is some ammunition for fighting back. And it’s here, in the new book ‘Bad English: A History of Linguistic Aggravation’.

Linguist Daniel Midgley talks with author Ammon Shea on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Chris Wheeldon


Show notes

Linguists decry accent contest
http://www.post-gazette.com/local/region/2014/10/04/Linguists-decry-accent-contest-n-at/stories/201410030201

What’s Wrong With “America’s Ugliest Accent”
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2014/10/02/america_s_ugliest_accent_what_s_wrong_with_gawker_s_tournament.html

Bad English: A History of Linguistic Aggravation by Ammon Shea
http://www.penguin.com.au/contributors/6040/ammon-shea

Ammon’s article in The Week
http://theweek.com/article/index/263113/a-brief-history-of-linguistic-aggravation

Ammon Shea’s website
http://www.ammon-shea.com

What is the ‘shirtfront’ Tony Abbott wants to give to Vladimir Putin?
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-10-14/shirtfront-tony-abbott-vladimir-putin-g20/5811502

Russian official mocks Tony Abbott after threat to ‘shirt-front’ Vladimir Putin
http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/russian-official-mocks-tony-abbott-after-threat-to-shirtfront-vladimir-putin-20141014-115pp0.html

buttonhole
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/buttonhole

Buttonhole was originally buttonhold.
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=Buttonhole

“When fashion decreed that upper buttons be eliminated, button-holders didn’t suddenly reform. Instead they began grabbing people by the buttonholes (that) designers, for no good reason, left on the lapels and the phrase became to buttonhole.”
http://www.phrases.org.uk/bulletin_board/6/messages/68.html

The French have the same expression: Serrer le bouton de quelqu’un.
http://www.bartleby.com/81/2731.html


Show tunes

‘Bad Kingdom’ by Moderat
from the album II

‘Take Off Your Shirt’ by Bibio
from the album Mind Bokeh

Episode 76: Bogan

It’s official: bogan has made it into the Oxford dictionary.

It’s language’s highest bar to clear, and its inclusion means that by any definition, bogan is truly a word. How do words get into the dictionary, anyway? And what do these words tell us about ourselves?

Linguist Daniel Midgley brushes up on the lingo on this week’s episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

It’s in Oxford.
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/breaking-news/bogan-breaks-into-oxford-dictionary/story-fn3dxity-1226400667977
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-06-19/bogan-makes-it-into-oxford-dictionary/4078778

Where does it come from? Possibly the river.
http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bogan#Etymology

More bogan history
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogan

How do they decide what goes in the dictionary, anyway?
http://oxforddictionaries.com/words/how-do-you-decide-whether-a-new-word-should-be-included-in-an-oxford-dictionary

Here’s how you can submit evidence for a word.
http://www.oed.com/public/contribute/contribute-to-the-oed

And the Oxford Dictionaries Online has added even more new ones.
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2012/05/totes-amazing-new-words-added-to-odo/

Here are some aptonyms.
http://www.heraldnet.com/section/news010311

Episode 33: Weird Words (featuring Rod L. Evans)

Are you a word maven? Have you ever used an aglet? Do you know where to find an octothorpe?

These and other words are lurking in your dictionary, and they’ve been brought to light in a new book called Thingamajigs and Whatchamacalits: Unfamiliar Terms for Familiar Things.

UWA linguist Daniel Midgley interviews author, philosopher, and philologist Rod L. Evans on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Website for the book:
http://www.penguin.com.au/products/9780399536724/thingamajigs-and-whatchamacallits-unfamiliar-terms-familiar-things

Episode 19: Language Change, Literally

Words don’t always mean what they used to.

Momentarily used to mean ‘for a moment’, and now it means ‘in a moment’. And many people don’t take literally literally. How do we know when it’s time to give the old meaning the old heave-ho?

UWA linguist Daniel Midgley looks at some attempts to do just that, on this week’s Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

The original Slate article by Ben Yagoda
http://www.slate.com/id/2290536/

A response from The Economist
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2011/04/change

Google’s n-gram Viewer
http://ngrams.googlelabs.com/graph?content=pause+momentarily%2C+return+momentarily&year_start=1800&year_end=2000&corpus=0&smoothing=3

Episode 17: OMG, Oxford! WTF?

The Oxford English Dictionary has added 900 new words, including Internet-inspired abbreviations like LOL, OMG, and BFF.

Will this cause the demise of society and the collapse of IQ scores globally?

UWA linguist Daniel Midgley is here to hose down the hysteria, and reveal the surprising history of these new words on this week’s Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

Here’s the Big List!
http://www.oed.com/public/latest/latest-update/

Graeme Diamond explains how words get in
http://www.slate.com/blogs/blogs/browbeat/archive/2011/03/25/how-did-muffin-top-lol-and-omg-get-into-the-oxford-english-dictionary.aspx

Economist article, plus video
http://www.economist.com/blogs/johnson/2011/03/lexicography

Some typical derisive comments
http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110325/ap_on_fe_st/eu_britain_new_words

Episode 3: Pavlova

This week, the Oxford English Dictionary dropped a bombshell: the first reference to Pavlova appears in a New Zealand publication, not an Australian one.

How much do we know about the names of our favourite desserts? Why is a lamington called a lamington? And what are the international semantics of puddings, biscuits, and cookies?

UWA linguist Daniel Midgley hits the pantry on this week’s Talk the Talk.


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Show notes

An article on the Pavlova issue:
http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/dictionary-sides-with-nz-in-pavlova-debate-20101203-18j1t.html

The Wikipedia page on lamingtons:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamington

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