Category: slang (page 1 of 2)

Episode 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition

We’re taking your questions on a Mailbag episode!

Along the way, we’re going to find out some pretty strange things about how words and phrases got to be how they are. Do you say zero or oh? What is begging the question? And has the French /r/ always been like that?

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie answer them all on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Antonino Tati


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Thanks to all our patrons for their support in this episode, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

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Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 279: Mailbag – Competitive Edition for patrons


Show notes

The hazards of English spelling
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/lsoa-tho030917.php

Self-Organization In The Spelling Of English Suffixes: The Emergence Of Culture Out Of Anarchy
http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/Berg_Aronoff.pdf

The Standardization of American English
http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/25489

till (prep.)
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=till&allowed_in_frame=0

Wikipedia: Names for the number 0 in English
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_for_the_number_0_in_English#.22O.22_.28.22oh.22.29

How many names does zero have?
http://inmadom-myenglishclass.blogspot.com.au/2011/09/how-many-names-does-zero-have.html

Why getting out for zero is called a “duck” in cricket
https://www.sportskeeda.com/cricket/why-getting-out-zero-called-duck-cricket

Begging the Question, Again
https://afterdeadline.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/09/25/begging-the-question-again/?_r=1

Begging the question: How much should we fight for a correct English usage that no one actually seems to use?
https://www.theguardian.com/media/mind-your-language/2010/may/24/begging-the-question-mind-your-language

This troublesome 3-word phrase perfectly exemplified Antonin Scalia’s obsession with originalism
https://www.businessinsider.com/beg-the-question-meaning-definition-usage-2016-4

Questions to French native speakers…
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t16151.htm

r/French: The rolled “R”
https://www.reddit.com/r/French/comments/2wwz2y/the_rolled_r/

Rolled ‘R’ in French – what area?
http://www.forum.french-linguistics.co.uk/forum/topics/rolled-r-in-french-what-area

Studies in the History of the English Language: A Millennial Perspective
Google Books link

Flipped, rolled, trilled or other…How to deal with the French “r”?
https://dictioncorner.wordpress.com/2014/02/09/flipped-rolled-trilled-or-other-how-to-deal-with-the-french-r/

When did the trilled “r” fall out of use in French and become replaced with a uvular fricative?
https://www.quora.com/When-did-the-trilled-r-fall-out-of-use-in-French-and-become-replaced-with-a-uvular-fricative

The origin of the French uvular “R”
http://www.antimoon.com/forum/t4808-15.htm

Frozen – Let It Go (French version)
https://youtu.be/wQP9XZc2Y_c

Georges Brassens – La Mauvaise Réputation
https://youtu.be/26Nuj6dhte8

What Is the F–kboy?
http://www.slate.com/blogs/lexicon_valley/2015/08/18/what_does_fuckboy_mean.html

Green’s Dictionary of Slang
https://greensdictofslang.com

Diagram for 0800 0077 070


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Episode 278: Like (featuring Alexandra D’Arcy)

Do you, like, like LIKE?

LIKE is often used and often reviled these days, but not everyone realises that LIKE has a long history. And it follows regular patterns — patterns we seem to know instinctively, but which we have a hard time articulating. How did LIKE get this way, and should you be trying to stop using it?

Daniel talks to sociolinguist Alexandra D’Arcy on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., Zoe, Whitney, Matt, and Christy. Thanks to you and all our patrons!

Did you know that if you become a Patreon supporter yourself, you’ll have access to about eight hours of bonus audio? Our Cutting Room Floor posts are where you can hear all the stuff that we didn’t have time for on the show, plus a lot of us just talking about random crap. (Some of it is actually kind of funny.) You’ll also get to listen to the full versions of all our interviews. Plus merch, blog posts, and more more more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 278: Like (featuring Alexandra D’Arcy) [128 kbps]

Interview with Alexandra D’Arcy 2017-03-02 (complete) patrons only

Cutting Room Floor 278: Like patrons only


Show notes

Signs of Australia : a new dictionary of Auslan (the sign language of the Australian deaf community) / edited by Trevor Johnston
http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/377262

Coming soon: First-of-its-kind Indian sign language dictionary
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/coming-soon-first-of-its-kind-indian-sign-language-dictionary-4487058/

The people behind India’s first sign language dictionary
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-39101899

Ethnologue: Indian Sign Language
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/ins

Empowering the Deaf
http://indiansignlanguage.org

Giphy Collects Together Thousands Of Animated GIFs To Help You Learn Sign Language
https://www.lifehacker.com.au/2017/02/giphy-collects-together-thousands-of-animated-gifs-to-help-you-learn-sign-language/

Call to give sign language official status
https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/governance/services/rights/disability-051212

Sign language users have better reaction times and peripheral vision
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170206084253.htm

Online Etymology Dictionary: like
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=like

Like, OMG! ‘Like’ Is, Like, Totally Cool, Linguist Says
http://www.themillions.com/2014/02/like-omg-like-is-like-totally-cool-linguist-says.html

Like, Why Do We Use Like So Much?
http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/lexicon_valley/2017/02/john_mcwhorter_with_alexandra_d_arcy_on_the_word_like.html

Discourse markers are, like, important
https://www.bostonglobe.com/ideas/2017/01/21/discourse-markers-are-like-important/Y92NncxhOIiYsDWQHIkdvJ/story.html

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913
https://www.oldbaileyonline.org

Wiktionary: uberize
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/uberize

How Uber Deceives the Authorities Worldwide
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/03/technology/uber-greyball-program-evade-authorities.html?_r=0

Uber’s unravelling: The stunning, 2 week string of blows that has upended the world’s most valuable startup
https://www.businessinsider.com.au/uber-scandal-recap-2017-3/?r=US&IR=T#/#sunday-february-19-the-beginning-1

Uberfy or Get Uberfied! The Psychology of Digital Disruption
http://digitalintelligencetoday.com/uberfy-or-get-uberfied-the-psychology-of-digital-disruption/

Sexism at Uber from female management #UberStory
https://medium.com/@contactkeala/sexism-at-uber-from-female-management-uberstory-238874075bbb#.w54lc2z4t

Much help from Word-Formation in English by Ingo Plag
https://books.google.com.au/books/about/Word_formation_in_English.html?id=78KFCIHtJS4C&redir_esc=y

What is the difference between the suffixes -ize and -ify
http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/189530/what-is-the-difference-between-the-suffixes-ize-and-ify


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Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

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Episode 271: Words of the Year 2016

Was 2016 a dumpster fire 🗑🔥? Or was it just fire 🔥?

It’s time to look back at the words that defined our time, enlivened our speech, and zeited our geist in the previous year.

Daniel, Ben, and Kylie are staying woke on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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We’re very grateful for the support from our burgeoning community of patrons, including Christopher F., David W., Whitney, Matt, Christy, Zoe, and Keda. You’re helping us to keep the talk happening!

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, our infamous Cutting Room Floor posts, and more!

Patreon extras for this episode

Episode 271: Words of the Year 2016 [128 kbps]

Cutting Room Floor 271: Words of the Year 2016


Show notes

Sussex University to use gender neutral pronouns as students request greater respect for transgender
http://www.independent.co.uk/student/news/sussex-university-gender-neutral-pronouns-transgender-lgbt-rights-brighton-sexuality-politics-a7505671.html

BANSGENDER Students’ union asks members not to use ‘he’ or ‘she’ without asking first as they don’t want to assume gender
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/2510504/students-ban-using-offensive-he-and-she-pronouns-in-meetings-and-emails-as-they-dont-want-to-assume-gender/

Student union asks members to use ‘they’ instead of ‘he’ and ‘she’- because they ‘don’t want to make assumptions about gender’
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4079694/Student-union-bans-use-don-t-want-make-assumptions-gender.html

Oxford University students ‘told to use gender neutral pronoun ze’
http://www.independent.co.uk/student/news/oxford-university-students-gender-neutral-pronouns-peter-tatchell-student-union-ze-xe-a7470196.html

Oxford student union denies telling students to use gender-neutral pronoun
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/dec/13/oxford-student-union-denies-telling-students-to-use-gender-neutral-pronoun

No, Oxford University isn’t ‘banning’ the use of Mr and Mrs prefixes
http://thetab.com/uk/2016/12/19/no-oxford-university-isnt-banning-using-mr-mrs-prefixes-28595

Fear of New Pronouns (U Tenn)
https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/09/08/u-tennessee-withdraws-guide-pronouns-preferred-some-transgender-people

You can be fined for not calling people ‘ze’ or ‘hir,’ if that’s the pronoun they demand that you use
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/volokh-conspiracy/wp/2016/05/17/you-can-be-fined-for-not-calling-people-ze-or-hir-if-thats-the-pronoun-they-demand-that-you-use/

U of T professor’s stand against genderless pronouns draws fire
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/u-of-t-professors-stand-against-genderless-pronouns-draws-fire/article32303037/

U of T professor attacks political correctness, says he refuses to use genderless pronouns
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/u-of-t-professor-attacks-political-correctness-in-video-refuses-to-use-genderless-pronouns

University of Michigan Professors Will Face Disciplinary Action for Ignoring ‘Preferred Pronouns’
http://heatst.com/culture-wars/university-of-michigan-professors-will-face-disciplinary-action-for-ignoring-preferred-pronouns/

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2016 is post-truth
https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/word-of-the-year/word-of-the-year-2016

M-W: Word of the Year 2016: Surreal
https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/word-of-the-year-2016

Dictionary.com’s 2016 Word of the Year: Xenophobia
http://blog.dictionary.com/xenophobia/

Top 10 Collins Words of the Year 2016: Brexit
https://www.collinsdictionary.com/word-lovers-blog/new/top-10-collins-words-of-the-year-2016,323,HCB.html

Democracy sausage snags Word of the Year as smashed avo, shoey lose out
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-12-14/democracy-sausage-snags-word-of-the-year/8117684

2016 Word of the Year is dumpster fire, as voted by American Dialect Society (Press release)
http://www.americandialect.org/wp-content/uploads/2016-Word-of-the-Year-PRESS-RELEASE.pdf

“Dumpster fire” is 2016 American Dialect Society word of the year
http://www.americandialect.org/dumpster-fire-is-2016-american-dialect-society-word-of-the-year

How ‘Dumpster Fire’ Became 2016’s Word of the Year
https://www.wired.com/2017/01/word-of-year-dumpster-fire/

The American Dialect Society’s word of the year is “dumpster fire”
https://qz.com/880501/2016s-word-of-the-year-is-dumpster-fire-beating-out-post-truth-deplorables-cuck-woke-and-slay-for-the-american-dialect-societys-title/

Dumpster Fire Is 2016’s Word Of The Year Because Even Linguists Are Over It
http://www.refinery29.com/2017/01/135191/dumpster-fire-word-of-the-year-2016-american-dialect-society

‘Dumpster Fire’ Is the American Dialect Society’s 2016 Word of the Year
http://time.com/4627056/dumpster-fire-2016-word-of-the-year/

It’s official — the 2016 US Word of the Year is ‘Dumpster fire’
http://www.businessinsider.com.au/2016-word-of-the-year-is-dumpster-fire-2017-1

How Old Is ‘Gaslighting’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2017/01/12/how-old-is-gaslight/

10 Things I’ve Learned About Gaslighting As An Abuse Tactic
http://everydayfeminism.com/2015/08/things-wish-known-gaslighting/

This Millennial Rant Deserves A Trophy For Being Most Wrong
http://www.cracked.com/blog/that-anti-millennial-rant-bs-cracked-destroys-meme/

Who You Calling ‘Snowflake’?
http://www.chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2016/12/04/who-you-calling-snowflake/

The myth of millennial entitlement was created to hide their parents’ mistakes
https://qz.com/720456/the-myth-of-millennial-entitlement-was-created-to-hide-their-parents-mistakes/

How ‘woke’ went from black activist watchword to teen internet slang
http://fusion.net/story/252567/stay-woke/

The term ‘fake news’ is quickly losing meaning in the Trump era
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/the-term-fake-news-is-quickly-losing-meaning-in-the-trump-era/article33617746/

Will ‘Kompromat’ Make It into the Dictionary?
https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/what-does-kompromat-mean

Report alleges Donald Trump paid for ‘golden showers’ in Russia and Twitter cannot contain itself
http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/news-and-views/social/report-alleges-donald-trump-paid-for-golden-showers-in-russia-and-twitter-cannot-contain-itself-20170111-gtpcw7.html

#GoldenShowers Trends on Twitter Following Unverified Trump Intel Dump
http://www.mediaite.com/online/goldenshowers-trends-on-twitter-following-unverified-trump-intel-dump/

The Word of the Year for 2016 Isn’t a Word. It’s a Number.
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2016/12/14/_2016_s_word_of_the_year_isn_t_a_word_it_s_a_number.html

China’s Zhou Youguang, father of Pinyin writing system, dies aged 111
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-38621697


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Episode 253: Secret Professional Slang (featuring Dr Brian Goldman and Ji-Soo Kweon)

Do you know what doctors are really saying?

How about tech support people? Or butchers? They’ve all got their own jargon that they use to communicate amongst themselves — or to exclude.

Linguist Daniel Midgley helps you crack the code on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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This episode is brought to you courtesy of our great patrons Whitney Fielding, and Matt. They’re amazing and wonderful human beings, and they keep us talking.

Become a Patreon supporter yourself and get access to bonus audio, extra blog posts, Talk the Talk merch, and more!


Show notes

Google’s diverse emoji for women at work approved by Unicode Consortium
http://www.theverge.com/2016/7/14/12189442/google-new-emoji-women-jobs-unicode-consortium

Google’s New Emoji Aimed At Promoting Gender Equality Are Coming
https://slashdot.org/story/16/07/14/2031255/googles-new-emoji-aimed-at-promoting-gender-equality-are-coming

Apple creates mysterious ‘eye in speech bubble’ emoji for release in iOS 9.1
http://appleinsider.com/articles/15/09/21/apple-creates-mysterious-eye-in-speech-bubble-emoji-for-release-in-ios-91-

Apple Creates New ‘Eye in Speech Bubble’ Emoji For Release in iOS 9.1
http://www.iphoneincanada.ca/news/apple-creates-new-eye-in-speech-bubble-emoji-for-release-in-ios-9-1/

Emoji ZWJ Sequences: Three Letters, Many Possibilities
http://blog.emojipedia.org/emoji-zwj-sequences-three-letters-many-possibilities/

In Praise of Emoji as Tactful Conversation-Enders
http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2016/06/30/emoji_are_perfect_and_polite_ways_to_cut_off_a_written_interaction.html

Dr Brian Goldman: The Secret Language of Doctors
http://doctorbriangoldman.com/books/the-secret-language-of-doctors/

Dr Brian Goldman: Doctors make mistakes. Can we talk about that?
https://www.ted.com/talks/brian_goldman_doctors_make_mistakes_can_we_talk_about_that?language=en

Secret languages of doctors, waiters, flight attendants, butchers and teachers
http://www.smh.com.au/national/secret-languages-of-doctors-waiters-flight-attendants-butchers-and-teachers-20151022-gkgim1.html

Behind that tray of snags, there’s a rehctub talking backwards
http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2002/05/26/1022243290221.html

The secret language of butchers
http://blogs.smh.com.au/lifestyle/allmenareliars/archives/2006/08/the_secret_lang_1.html

Back Slang: Butchering the Language
http://people.sc.fsu.edu/~jburkardt/fun/wordplay/back_slang.html

The Secret Language Of Flight Attendants Is Your New Inflight Entertainment
http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/flight-attendant-slang_n_6329064

The secret language of hotel staff
http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-advice/accommodation/the-secret-language-of-hotel-staff/news-story/181d06db931871d8cf40cabc104328b5

The secret language of Disney cast members and what all these strange words mean
https://www.yahoo.com/style/secret-language-disney-cast-members-150014968.html

The Secret Sign Language of 1970’s Sawmill Workers were expressed through Gestures?
http://www.newsgram.com/the-secret-sign-language-of-1970s-sawmill-workers-were-expressed-through-gestures/

Eddie McGuire joked about drowning a woman on Triple M radio
http://www.heraldsun.com.au/sport/afl/eddie-mcguire-joked-about-drowning-a-woman-on-triple-m-radio/news-story/55c438a71968a96e381d14623c9612a9

Eddie McGuire in hot water over Caroline Wilson ice pool gibe
http://www.theage.com.au/afl/afl-news/eddie-mcguire-in-hot-water-over-caroline-wilson-ice-pool-threat-20160619-gpmp1x.html

YouTube: Steve Price calls Van Badham ‘hysterical’ on Q and A

Q&A recap: Steve Price’s ‘hysterical’ insult prompts a mic drop from Van Badham
http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/tv-and-radio/qa-recap-steve-prices-hysterical-insult-prompts-a-mic-drop-from-van-badham-20160711-gq3jco

Van Badham: I’m still reeling from Q&A – but not because I was called ‘hysterical’
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/12/im-still-reeling-from-qa-but-not-because-i-was-called-hysterical

#MyOvariesMadeMe: Van Badham retort trends after heated exchange with Steve Price on Q&A
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-12/my-ovaries-made-me-trends-on-twitter-after-q&a-spat/7589942

Etymonline: hysterical
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=hysterical

5 Reasons To Stop Calling Women Crazy
http://www.bustle.com/articles/129528-5-reasons-to-stop-calling-women-crazy

‘It’s just a joke’: the subtle effects of offensive language
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/thefeed/article/2016/07/14/its-just-joke-subtle-effects-offensive-language


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Episode 249: Big Big Mailbag

It’s time to return to our mailbag and answer some questions.

Is the translating earpiece a thing? Is thing a thing? What about New Zealand English? And is it sexist to say guys?

Linguist Daniel Midgley finds out on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


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This episode is brought to you by the generosity of Whitney Fielding and Matt — our greatest Patreons. Thanks, you guys! And we mean guys in the non-sexist sense.

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Show notes

Pilot Bluetooth earpiece crowdfunds the dream of universal, instant language translation
http://www.cnet.com/news/pilot-bluetooth-earpiece-crowdfunds-the-dream-of-universal-instant-language-translation/

Could Two People Use Real-Time Translation to Fall in Love?
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/05/language-and-machine-learning/484028/

Ben Yagoda: I Guess ‘It’s a Thing’
http://chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2012/12/13/i-guess-its-a-thing/

Is That Even a Thing?
http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/04/16/is-that-even-a-thing/?_r=0

Language Log: When did “a thing” become a thing?
http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=25229

Proto-beat-poetry from 1900! It’s the latest thing!
Google Books link

New Zealand Accent Tip | Accents with Amy
https://youtu.be/Ab_MLnr1Q4I

Encyclopaedia of New Zealand: Story: Speech and accent
http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/speech-and-accent

New Zealand English: “not an accent; it is a disease.”
https://uclinguistics.wordpress.com/2013/01/24/new-zealand-english-1/

#WordsAtWork: David Morrison wants Australians to stop saying gender-based terms like ‘guys’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-01/david-morrison-wants-australians-to-stop-saying-‘guys’/7465824

Hey guys: Oxford, Macquarie dictionary experts say using ‘guys’ is not sexist
http://www.afr.com/leadership/company-culture/hey-guys-oxford-macquarie-dictionary-experts-say-using-guys-is-not-sexist-20160601-gp8ssl

‘Gents’, ‘Fellas’, ‘Boys’ – How Language Is Telling Women They Don’t Belong
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kate-van-dellen/gents-fellas-boys-how-language_b_6980468.html

Hey You Guys, Does Being Called ‘You Guys’ Bother You?
http://www.forbes.com/2009/11/30/professional-behavior-sexism-forbes-woman-leadership-workplace-etiquette.html

Online Etymology Dictionary: guy
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=guy&allowed_in_frame=0

How a Country’s Land Shapes Its Language
http://nautil.us/blog/how-a-countrys-land-shapes-its-language

Children can go through a silent period as a result of sudden exposure to a new language
Language, Culture, and Adaptation in Immigrant Children
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3526379/

What parents want to know about bilingualism
http://www.francoisgrosjean.ch/for_parents_en.html

Etymologically Redundant Expressions
http://www.fun-with-words.com/redundant_etymology.html

Redundant Phrases – Pleonasms
http://www.fun-with-words.com/redundant_phrases.html

Why is digitize so often seen in British English? Here’s digitise and digitize from the British section of the Google Ngram Corpus.

And here’s acclimatis* and acclimatiz*.

Digitize (var)
http://www.lukemastin.com/testing/spelling/cgi-bin/database.cgi?action=view_category&database=spelling&category=D

Crosswords in other languages? Why, yes!
http://alwayspuzzling.blogspot.com.au/2013/05/crosswords-in-other-languages.html


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Episode 243: Synaesthesia

Can you hear colours? Or smell sounds?

We’re starting to understand synaesthesia — the blending of senses that some people experience. Now language researchers are using synaesthesia to understand how we process language, and even how language got started in the first place.

Linguist Daniel Midgley finds the synaesthete in all of us on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Justine Dandy


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Show notes

Higgledy-piggledy
http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=higgledy-piggledy

The Kiki-Bouba effect
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/bring-science-home-bouba-kiki-effect/

Google Books just won a decade-long copyright fight
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-switch/wp/2016/04/18/google-books-just-won-a-decade-long-copyright-fight/

Google wins book-scanning copyright case against Authors Guild
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-04-19/google-wins-long-running-book-scanning-copyright-case/7336622

Google’s Court Victory Is Good for Scholarly Authors. Here’s Why.
http://chronicle.com/article/Google-s-Court-Victory-Is/233940

Synesthesia: Why some people hear color, taste sounds
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/04/150413214343.htm

Some Rules of Language are Wired in the Brain
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/some-rules-of-language-are-wired-in-the-brain/

Study links synaesthesia with coloured fridge magnets
http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2013-01/24/synaesthesia

Lots of Cases of Synesthesia Are Based on Alphabet Magnets
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2015/03/04/synesthesia-based-alphabet-magnets/

Synaesthesia could help us understand how the brain processes language
https://www.theguardian.com/science/head-quarters/2016/feb/26/synaesthesia-could-help-us-understand-how-the-brain-processes-language

Paper: Processing compound words: Evidence from synaesthesia (paywall)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010027716300075

V.S. Ramachandran and E.M. Hubbard: Synaesthesia — A Window Into Perception, Thought and Language (long read, but worth it)
http://www.imprint.co.uk/rama/synaesthesia.pdf

Weak Synesthesia in Perception and Language (paywall)
http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199603329.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199603329-e-038

Why ‘Cool’ Is Still Cool
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/22/opinion/why-cool-is-still-cool.html?_r=1

The Birth of Cool
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/cool_story/2013/10/cool_the_etymology_and_history_of_the_concept_of_coolness.html

froobs blog: bork megapost
http://froobs.tumblr.com/post/134822731279/bork-megapost

Stop It Son, You Are Doing Me A Frighten
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/stop-it-son-you-are-doing-me-a-frighten

@ProBirdRights on Twitter
https://twitter.com/ProBirdRights

What Do Swedes Think of the Swedish Chef?
http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/culturebox/2012/08/swedish_chef_what_do_swedes_think_of_him_they_think_he_sounds_norwegian_.html

Understanding the Swedish Pitch Accent
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lXp7_Sjgm34

Brr: It’s in the Duden, the official German dictionary
http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/brr

Cold Comfort: Is Brr Meant to be Spoken, or Only Written?http://www.theparisreview.org/blog/2015/01/26/cold-comfort/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: https://www.alfavita.gr/arthron/υπογράφηκαν-οι-πρώτες-85-απολύσεις-εκπαιδευτικών-μετά-από-100-χρόνια

Episode 227: Are Emoji Words?

Can an emoji be a word?

Oxford Dictionaries thinks so — they chose one as their Word of the Year. And this has language purists fuming. But what exactly is a word?

Linguist Daniel Midgley explains on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Promo with Kylie Sturgess


Show notes

The Linguistics Roadshow: Dialect Maps!
http://lingroadshow.com/resources/englishes-in-australia/vocabulary/mapping-words-around-australia/

Optus removes Arabic ads from shopping centre after alleged threat to staff
http://www.smh.com.au/business/media-and-marketing/optus-removes-arabic-ads-from-shopping-centre-after-alleged-threat-to-staff-20151116-gl0njn.html

This Phone Company Had To Explain What Islam Was To Angry Customers
http://www.buzzfeed.com/bradesposito/optus-had-to-take-down-its-arabic-posters-after-people-kept#.siJ8qAKp4

Islamophobia in US: The Arabic language
http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/civil-rights/237556-islamophobia-in-us-the-arabic-language

Philly Passengers Pulled off Flight for Speaking Arabic
http://www.nbcchicago.com/news/national-international/Philly-Pizza-Shop-Owner-Profiled-Southwest-Airlines-351944441.html

Forget French and Mandarin – Arabic is the language to learn
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/forget-french-and-mandarin-arabic-is-the-language-to-learn-10382690.html

Arabic is fastest-growing language at U.S. colleges (2010)
http://www.thegazette.com/2010/03/25/arabic-is-fastest-growing-language-at-u-s-colleges

Commentary: Teach Arabic in public schools
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/opinion/commentary/ct-arabic-language-public-schools-perspec-0406-20150403-story.html

Teaching Arabic is no cause for fear
http://edition.cnn.com/2011/OPINION/02/10/navarrette.arabic.curriculum/

Alabama: Residents Fear Teaching Arabic To Students Is A Threat To Christianity
http://www.loonwatch.com/2013/10/alabama-residents-fear-teaching-arabic-to-students-is-a-threat-to-christianity/

Here’s an interesting account of what it was like for British Navy soldiers to be learning Russian in the 1950s.
http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/25314/2/Centaur_russia.pdf

Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2015 is… 😂
http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2015/11/word-of-the-year-2015-emoji/

— Oxford Dictionaries (@OxfordWords) November 17, 2015

Oxford Dictionaries Chooses ‘Pictograph’ as Word of the Year
http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/oxford-dictionaries-chooses-pictograph-as-word-of-the-year/225933/

Oxford Dictionary’s word of the year is an emoji, and that is awesome
http://news.nationalpost.com/arts/oxford-dictionarys-word-of-the-year-not-only-reflects-the-current-linguistic-landscape-but-also-the-times-in-which-we-live

Emoji versus the rest
http://www.livemint.com/Home-Page/nCilLJGgCT0A7hT8rjt7rO/Emoji-versus-the-rest.html

Scholarly reflections on ’emoji’
http://blog.oup.com/2015/11/scholarly-reflections-on-emoji-word-of-the-year/

Are Emojis Words? Science And Language Experts Explain.
http://thinkprogress.org/culture/2015/11/20/3724423/an-emoji-investigation/

An emoji was named the Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year and people want to leave planet Earth
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/12000092/An-emoji-was-named-the-Oxford-Dictionaries-Word-of-the-Year-and-people-want-to-leave-planet-Earth.html

Oxford’s Word of the Year…isn’t a word
http://www.skynews.com.au/culture/offbeat/2015/11/17/oxford-s-word-of-the-year—isn-t-a-word.html

Vyv Evans – Signs of our times: why emoji can be even more powerful than words
https://theconversation.com/signs-of-our-times-why-emoji-can-be-even-more-powerful-than-words-50893

Google: word definition
https://www.google.com.au/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=word+definition&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&gfe_rd=cr&ei=ho5KVvWwJqLu8wfomYGQCw&gws_rd=cr

Over time, words in English have had a tendency to compound.

phonological word
http://grammar.about.com/od/pq/g/Phonological-Word.htm

emojitracker.com
http://emojitracker.com

Urban Dictionary: Nyorn
NOTE the downvotes! People hate this definition, so it’s probably wrong. But also note the connection to Aboriginal English.
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Nyorn&defid=7088728

Nyorn dard
https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20120821023225AAfkSRn


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/02946/emoji_2946521b.jpg

Episode 208: Bogan Linguistics (featuring Roz Rowen)

Are you, or have you ever been a bogan?

Bogan English doesn’t get a lot of respect, but one linguist is transcending social boundaries to bring Bogan Linguistics to the world.

Linguist Roz Rowen cracks a tinny with Daniel Midgley on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

Language and Identity in Australia
http://www.convictcreations.com/research/languageidentity.html

Emoji Report Part II: Which is the most popular emoji in your language?
http://swiftkey.com/en/blog/emoji-report-part-ii-which-is-most-popular-emoji-in-your-language/

Linguists launch war of words on emoji as a language debate
http://www.news.com.au/technology/linguists-launch-war-of-words-on-emoji-as-a-language-debate/story-e6frfrnr-1227363153794

Sorry, Emoji Doesn’t Make You Dumber
https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/language-in-the-mind/201506/sorry-emoji-doesnt-make-you-dumber

In Defense Of ‘Textspeak’: A Socio-Linguist Says Emojis And LOLs Are Modernizing English
http://www.wpr.org/defense-textspeak-socio-linguist-says-emojis-and-lols-are-modernizing-english

Library to get new Latin motto after officials realize original’s double-meaning
http://www.startribune.com/new-motto-to-replace-library-s-lost-in-translation-original/306124321/

Sydney Uni calls time on 150-year Latin love affair
http://www.smh.com.au/national/education/sydney-uni-calls-time-on-150year-latin-love-affair-20100216-o8zk.html

Daily Derp: Vermont’s New State Motto Is in Latin – Conservatives Bash Latinos
http://www.ifyouonlynews.com/politics/daily-derp-vermonts-new-state-motto-is-in-latin-conservatives-bash-latinos-screenshots/

Take our word for it: the Aussie ‘bogan’ is in
http://www.couriermail.com.au/questnews/east/take-our-word-for-it-the-aussie-bogan-is-in/story-fni9r0lo-1226763717481

Budju – Pole Top Rescue
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZSBPMJP_00

Tony Abbott confronts Cabinet over leaks on national security split; says discussion was ‘come to Jesus moment’
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-06-02/abbott-confronts-cabinet-colleagues-over-leaks/6515170

Extraordinarily detailed leak from Cabinet challenges PM’s authority despite backbench support
http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/content/2015/s4246599.htm

First Dog on the Moon: The leaks! The lies! The whole nation is doing its nut!
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jun/05/the-leaks-the-lies-the-whole-nation-is-doing-its-nut

Barry Popik: “Come-to-Jesus” Meeting
http://www.barrypopik.com/index.php/new_york_city/entry/come_to_jesus_meeting/

WordWizard: come-to-Jesus moment
http://www.wordwizard.com/phpbb3/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=22599

UD: come-to-Jesus moment
http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=come-to-Jesus+moment

Forbes: ‘Come To Jesus Moment’ Is The Most Annoying Business Expression On Earth
http://www.forbes.com/sites/brettnelson/2013/04/03/come-to-jesus-moment-is-the-most-annoying-business-expression-on-earth/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://resources3.news.com.au/images/2015/02/01/1227204/105803-ab63f950-a79b-11e4-b118-fa709f5f4c7c.jpg

Episode 207: Language Learning App Road-Test

More and more of us are turning to our phones to learn a new language, or brush up on an old one.

And with so many apps available, there have never been so many ways to learn. But what do they offer, and which one is right for you?

Linguist Daniel Midgley offers some advice on this episode of Talk the Talk.


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Click here for more options: How to listen to Talk the Talk


Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

Learn a language while you text: Graduate student’s “WaitChatter” app teaches vocabulary during moments in between text and instant-message replies.
http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2015/learn-language-while-you-text-0514

Learn language while you sleep? Maybe not, but it helps.
https://theconversation.com/learning-a-language-sleep-on-it-and-youll-get-the-grammar-40605

Language is dying – and I’m not chillaxed about it
http://www.newsobserver.com/news/local/news-columns-blogs/barry-saunders/article22749480.html

Most of English vocabulary has been replaced in the last 1,000 years.
The stat about Greek comes from this chart

which can be found here:

Wajarri app: Learning an ancient language in the digital age
http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2015/05/25/4242071.htm

Aboriginal language Wikipedia faces cultural hurdles, say researchers
http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/may/26/aboriginal-language-wikipedia-faces-cultural-hurdles-say-researchers

6 Apps For Learning Languages, Ranked By How You Like To Study
http://www.bustle.com/articles/74329-6-apps-for-learning-languages-ranked-by-how-you-like-to-study

Learning Indonesian
https://itunes.apple.com/au/podcast/learning-indonesian-fun-easy/id271088564?mt=2

Readlang Helps You Learn A Foreign Language As You Surf The Web
http://www.lifehacker.com.au/2015/04/readlang-helps-you-learn-a-foreign-language-as-you-surf-the-web/

Best Apps To Learn Foreign Language: Duolingo, Babbel, Memrise, AnkiApp, Busuu, And More
http://www.techtimes.com/articles/52934/20150514/best-apps-to-learn-foreign-language-duolingo-babbel-memrise-anki-busuu-and-more.htm

Americans On Tumblr Are Trying To Find Out What A “Cheeky Nando’s” Is And Are Struggling
http://www.buzzfeed.com/alanwhite/going-to-westfield-with-the-archbishop-of-banterbury#.xkKAJ6gRb

Ben Yagoda: ‘Cheeky Nando’s’
http://chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2015/05/27/cheeky-nandos/


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://techpp.com/2013/04/15/ios-android-language-learning-apps/

Episode 190: Rap Linguistics (featuring Darin Flynn)

Rap is the music of the street. And now it’s on campus.

Linguist Darin Flynn has created a university linguistics class that puts rap lyrics on the syllabus. What can hip-hop poets tell us about language?

Dr Flynn tells Daniel Midgley all about it on this episode of Talk the Talk.


Listen to this episode

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Promo with Em Burrows


Show notes

Who has the largest vocabulary in hip-hop?
http://rappers.mdaniels.com.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com

Bill Gates reveals his biggest regret in life: not learning another language
http://www.9news.com.au/technology/2015/01/29/13/17/bill-gates-reveals-his-biggest-regret-in-life

I Was Arrested for Learning a Foreign Language. Today, I Have Some Closure.
https://www.aclu.org/blog/free-speech-national-security-technology-and-liberty/i-was-arrested-learning-foreign-language-t

Propaganda poster: “Don’t Speak the Enemy’s Language! Speak American!”

Catholic Church ‘Allah’ appeal shot down in Malaysia
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/01/catholic-church-150121100311536.html

It gets worse. Brunei: Muslim Nation Bans Christians from Using 19 Religious Words
http://www.christianitytoday.com/gleanings/2014/february/muslim-nation-bans-christians-words-brunei-malaysia-allah.html

Rap Linguistics .. one of Canada’s coolest classes
http://llc.ucalgary.ca/news/rap-linguistics-one-canadas-coolest-classes

Rap lyrics the topic of new linguistics course at the University of Calgary
http://metronews.ca/news/calgary/1121050/rap-lyrics-the-topic-of-new-linguistics-course-at-the-university-of-calgary/

Rap linguistics course ‘cool’ but challenging
http://www.ucalgary.ca/utoday/issue/2014-09-22/rap-linguistics-course-cool-challenging

Iggy Azalea v Azalea Banks: Salon writer Brittney Cooper is unhappy about white rappers
http://www.salon.com/2014/07/15/iggy_azaleas_post_racial_mess_americas_oldest_race_tale_remixed/

Azealia Banks vs Iggy Azalea: ‘Privileged white people shouldn’t steal hip-hop’
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/11308082/Azealia-Banks-Vs-Iggy-Azalea-White-people-shouldnt-steal-hip-hop.html

Prayers in a Song | Tall Paul
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=61V69jRF5ys

‘Half Asian’? ‘Half White’? No — ‘Hapa’
http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/12/15/370416571/half-asian-half-white-no-hapa

Rhyming orange with Eminem
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRX8sXdCkfo

A couple of poems with rhymes for silver
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/rec.puzzles/7Wkte-kQu3A

To find a rhyme for silver
Or any “rhymeless rhyme”
Requires only will, ver-
bosity and time
–Stephen Sondheim

A woman asked me to rhyme a penguin.
I said, “Does the erstwhile Emperor Eng win?
If not, I’ll send a brand-new tractor
To “Big Boy” Williams, cinemactor;
On the card attached, a smiling penguin
Will say, “You’re truly a man among men, Guinn.”
“All right,” she said, “so now rhyme silver,”
But I left because I’d had my filver.
–Ira Levin

Rap camp is doing well.
http://calgary.ctvnews.ca/rap-camp-revives-and-reclaims-dying-culture-1.2216037

Elsewhere…
Rapping to preserve a nearly extinct Arctic language
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-23497131


Show tunes

Find the tracks we play on the RTRFM webpage for this episode.

Image credit: http://www.ucalgary.ca/utoday/issue/2014-09-22/rap-linguistics-course-cool-challenging

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